Browsing
     by title


0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

or enter first few letters:   
OK
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMolecular characterization of the bovine GHRL gene
Colinet, Frédéric ULg; Portetelle, Daniel ULg; Renaville, Robert ULg

in Archiv für Tierzucht = Archives Animal Breeding (2009), 52(1), 79-84

Bovine ghrelin, a 27 amino acid pepticle, has been identified in oxyntic glands of the abomasum. It is an endogenous ligand for growth hormone secretagogue receptor and stimulates food intake and growth ... [more ▼]

Bovine ghrelin, a 27 amino acid pepticle, has been identified in oxyntic glands of the abomasum. It is an endogenous ligand for growth hormone secretagogue receptor and stimulates food intake and growth hormone secretion. The bovine GHRL gene was completely sequenced and consists of five exons and four introns. Like mouse and human GHRL genes, we found that the bovine GHRL gene also contains a first non-coding exon of 21 bp. The bovine GHRL gene codes for 116 amino acid pepticle named preproghrelin which contains the ghrelin pepticle and another pepticle similar to obestatin. Sequence analysis revealed eight polymorphisms, which are located in the non-coding sequence of the gene. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 88 (10 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMolecular characterization of the caprine (Capra hircus) lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 alpha subunit
Fett, Thomas ULg; Zecchinon, Laurent ULg; Baise, Etienne ULg et al

in BMC Veterinary Research (2005)

Background: Lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1, CD11a/CD18, alpha L beta 2) is required for many cellular adhesive interactions during the immune response. Results: The Capra hircus CD11a ... [more ▼]

Background: Lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1, CD11a/CD18, alpha L beta 2) is required for many cellular adhesive interactions during the immune response. Results: The Capra hircus CD11a-encoding cDNA was sequenced and compared with its human, murine, rat, bovine and ovine counterparts. Despite some focal differences, it shares all the main characteristics of its known mammalian homologues. Conclusion: Therefore, along with the caprine CD18-encoding cDNA, which has been available for a few months, the sequence data revealed here will allow the Capra hircus LFA-1 expression in vitro as a tool to explore the specificities of inflammation in the caprine species. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (3 ULg)
Full Text
See detailMolecular characterization of the host-pathogen relationships involved during an infection of GF-305 peach trees by the Peach latent mosaic viroid (PLMVd)
Parisi, Olivier ULg

Doctoral thesis (2011)

The Peach latent mosaic viroid (PLMVd) infects peach trees in all production areas. This pathogen is responsible of direct and indirect crop losses. However only a few data are available as regards on one ... [more ▼]

The Peach latent mosaic viroid (PLMVd) infects peach trees in all production areas. This pathogen is responsible of direct and indirect crop losses. However only a few data are available as regards on one hand the determinant of pathogenicity of this viroid and on the other hand the resistance mechanisms of plants against this pathogen. The original approach of this work was to give the foundation of this double characterization. Firstly, the role of the P8 pseudoknot, present in every sequenced PLMVd, was studied by directed mutagenesis. Secondly, the molecular response of different peach trees infected by different variants was evaluated by the use of the cDNA-AFLP. The main objective of this thesis was to identify a metabolic pathway implicated in the plant defence against the PLMVd. In the term of this work, it seemed that the P8 pseudoknot was implicated either in the stability or in the replication of the viroid into the infected cells. Indeed, the inoculated variant (with a destabilized pseudoknot) has shown a reduced replication during the cultural season. In spite of the presence of the mutated variant in the plants, no symptom was observed on the peach tree leaves. However, we cannot conclude if this absence of symptom is due to the low viroid quantity either to an implication of the pseudo-knot in the pathogenicity of the PLMVd. The characterization of the gene expression in the infected peach trees has allowed to highlight that the PLMVd represses genes implicated in the photosynthesis and more specifically genes involved in the protection of the two photosystems. This particular gene expression in the infected leaves was linked to the chlorosis and mosaic induced by the PLMVd. However, we cannot conclude with certitude if these symptoms are a cause or a consequence of this particular genes expression. The cDNA-AFLP has also allowed to identify the repression of genes coding for heat shock proteins (HSPs) in symptomatic leaves. These proteins generally have a role in the protein folding, assembly, translocation, stabilization and degradation. The regulation of their expression may have a great influence in the infected plants and, maybe, play a role in the symptoms expression. The gene coding for the novel cap-binding protein (nCBP) was also identified has repressed in the symptomatic leaves. The biological role of these proteins is unclear but it seems that these proteins act in the regulation of the mRNA translation. The repression of nCBP may thus have an important impact and to destabilize various biological pathways. Finally, two genes implicated in the plant defence were identified. One coding for a polygalacturonase inhibitor (over-expressed in symptomatic leaves) and the other one coding for a thiamine intermediate (involved in the SAR and over-expressed in the non-symptomatic leaves). The role of these proteins in the plant defence against the PLMVd is however unclear. To our knowledge, this is the first work where the host-pathogen relationship established during a PLMVd infection are studied. This is also the first time were the gene expression is linked to the viroid-induced symptoms. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 113 (17 ULg)
See detailMolecular characterization of tunisian variants of Peach Latent Mosaic viroid (PLMVD).
Fekih Hassen, I.; Massart, Sébastien ULg; Roussel, S. et al

Conference (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (1 ULg)
See detailMolecular characterization of varicella-zoster virus gene expression
Defechereux, Patricia; Baudoux, Laurence; Jackers, Pascale ULg et al

in Archives Internationales de Physiologie, de Biochimie et de Biophysique (1992), 100

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMolecular classification of T-cell lymphomas.
De Leval, Laurence ULg; Bisig, Bettina ULg; Thielen, Caroline ULg et al

in Critical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology (2009)

T-cell neoplasms encompass a heterogeneous group of relatively rare disease entities. This review, focused on lymphoblastic tumors (T-ALL/LBL) and nodal-based peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCL ... [more ▼]

T-cell neoplasms encompass a heterogeneous group of relatively rare disease entities. This review, focused on lymphoblastic tumors (T-ALL/LBL) and nodal-based peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCL), summarizes recent advances in the molecular characterization of these diseases. In T-ALL/LBL, molecular subgroups delineated by gene expression profiling correlate with leukemic arrest at specific stages of normal thymocyte development and different oncogenic pathways, and seem to be of interest for prognosis prediction. Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL), one of the most common PTCL entities, comprises neoplastic cells with a molecular signature similar to normal follicular helper T cells, and this cellular derivation might account for several of the peculiar aspects of this disease. Except in ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma, defined by ALK gene fusions, chromosomal translocations are otherwise rare in PTCLs, but some recurrent rearrangements might be associated with distinct lymphoma subtypes. In PTCL, not otherwise specified (PTCL, NOS), novel molecular biomarkers of potential therapeutic interest have been recently identified. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 68 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMolecular cloning and characterisation of the CD18 partner in ovine (Ovis aries) beta(2)-integrins
Zecchinon, Laurent ULg; Fett, Thomas ULg; Baise, Etienne ULg et al

in Gene (2004), 334

The leukocyte integrins play a critical role in a number of cellular adhesive interactions during the immune response. We describe here the isolation and characterization of the ovine beta(2) (CD18 ... [more ▼]

The leukocyte integrins play a critical role in a number of cellular adhesive interactions during the immune response. We describe here the isolation and characterization of the ovine beta(2) (CD18) subunit, common to the leukocyte beta(2)-integrin family. The deduced 770-amino-acid sequence reveals a transmembrane protein with 81%, 83% and 95% identity with its murine, human and bovine homologues, respectively. Comparisons of CD18 sequences emphasize the functional importance of the beta(2) subunit I-like domain and included metal ion-dependent adhesion site (MIDAS)-like motif and confirm that of the cytoplasmic tail. The data provided here will offer the possibility to explore new avenues in studies based on the ovine model. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMolecular cloning and characterization of a soluble inorganic pyrophosphatase in potato.
du Jardin, Patrick ULg; Rojas-Beltran, J.; Gebhardt, C. et al

in Plant Physiology (1995), 109(3), 853-60

A cDNA clone encoding a soluble inorganic pyrophosphatase (EC 3.6.1.1) of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) was isolated by screening a developing tuber library with a heterologous probe. The central domain ... [more ▼]

A cDNA clone encoding a soluble inorganic pyrophosphatase (EC 3.6.1.1) of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) was isolated by screening a developing tuber library with a heterologous probe. The central domain of the encoded polypeptide is nearly identical at the sequence level with its Arabidopsis homolog (J.J. Kieber and E.R. Signer [1991] Plant Mol Biol 16: 345-348). Computer-assisted analysis of the potato, Arabidopsis, and Escherichia coli soluble pyrophosphatases indicated a remarkably conserved organization of the hydrophobic protein domains. The enzymatic function of the potato protein could be deduced from the presence of amino acid residues highly conserved in soluble pyrophosphatases and was confirmed by its capacity to complement a thermosensitive pyrophosphatase mutation in E. coli. The potato polypeptide was purified from complemented bacterial cells and its pyrophosphatase activity was shown to be strictly dependent on Mg2+ and strongly inhibited by Ca2+. The subcellular location of the potato pyrophosphatase is unknown. Structure analysis of the N-terminal protein domain failed to recognize typical transit peptides and the calculated molecular mass of the polypeptide (24 kD) is significantly inferior to the values reported for the plastidic (alkaline) or mitochondrial pyrophosphatases in plants (28-42 kD). Two unlinked loci could be mapped by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis in the potato genome using the full-length cDNA as probe. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (5 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailMolecular Cloning And Characterization Of The Enzyme Udp-Glucose: Protein Transglucosylase From Potato
Bocca, Sn.; Kissen, R.; Rojas-Beltran, Ja. et al

in Plant Physiology and Biochemistry (1999), 37(11),

Peer Reviewed
See detailMolecular cloning and characterization of two forms of trout growth hormone cDNA: expression and secretion of tGH-II by Escherichia coli
Rentier-Delrue, Françoise ULg; Swennen, D.; Mercier, L. et al

in DNA (1989), 8(2), 109-17

We constructed a cDNA library using mRNA isolated from rainbow trout pituitaries. Two types of cDNA clones encoding growth hormone (GH) were isolated and their complete nucleotide sequences determined ... [more ▼]

We constructed a cDNA library using mRNA isolated from rainbow trout pituitaries. Two types of cDNA clones encoding growth hormone (GH) were isolated and their complete nucleotide sequences determined. Twenty seven nucleotide substitutions in the coding region and 108 in the noncoding region distinguish the cDNAs of trout GH-I and II. Both cDNAs encode polypeptides of 210 amino acids, including a putative signal peptide of 22 amino acids, which differ by 12 residues. In both trout and salmon, GH-I mRNA is predominant, which suggests that the variation in the amount of secreted GH originates from a transcriptional event. Moreover, comparison of rainbow trout and chum salmon GH reveals that, in both cases, the predominant GH-I has mutated less than its GH-II counterpart. Mature tGH-II was expressed in Escherichia coli using the pIN-III-ompA-Hind secretion vector. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMolecular cloning and chromosomal mapping of olfactory receptor genes expressed in the male germ line: evidence for their wide distribution in the human genome
Vanderhaeghen, P.; Schurmans, Stéphane ULg; Vassart, G. et al

in Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications (1997), 237

Olfactory receptor genes constitute the largest family of G protein-coupled receptors. We have previously shown that members of this family are expressed during spermatogenesis, and that the corresponding ... [more ▼]

Olfactory receptor genes constitute the largest family of G protein-coupled receptors. We have previously shown that members of this family are expressed during spermatogenesis, and that the corresponding proteins are displayed on mature sperm cells. In each mammalian species, a restricted subset of olfactory receptors is expressed in male germ cells and displays a pattern of expression suggestive of their potential implication in the control of sperm physiology. In addition to the cDNA fragments available previously, we now report the molecular cloning of two olfactory receptor cDNAs from a human testis library. Five olfactory receptor genes expressed in germ cells were localized in the human genome by radiation hybrid mapping. Three of the genes map to the short arm of chromosome 19 (19p13.1-19p31.3), one to chromosome 11 (11q22.1-22.3), and one to chromosome 17 (17q21-22). The former two localizations fall within clusters previously identified for members of the putative olfactory receptor gene family expressed in olfactory mucosa. Similarly, sequence analysis has revealed that these testicular genes share no distinctive structural features from the other, non-testicular, members of the family. The expression of a subset of olfactory receptor genes in the male germ line is therefore not correlated to their belonging to a specific structural subgroup, or to a specific gene cluster or chromosomal segment [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMolecular cloning and functional expression of a new aphid isoprenyl diphosphate synthase
Vandermoten, Sophie ULg; Beliveau, C.; Sen, S. et al

in Archives Internationales de Physiologie et de Biochimie (2006, December), 190

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (11 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMolecular cloning and functional expression of a new aphid isoprenyl diphosphate synthase
Vandermoten, Sophie ULg; Beliveau, Catherine; Sen, Stephanie et al

Poster (2006, December 18)

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailMolecular Cloning of a Mutated Hoxb7 Cdna Encoding a Truncated Transactivating Homeodomain-Containing Protein
Chariot, Alain ULg; Senterre-Lesenfants, Sylviane; Sobel, Mark E et al

in Journal of Cellular Biochemistry (1998), 71(1), 46-54

Homeodomain-containing proteins regulate, as transcription factors, the coordinated expression of genes involved in development, differentiation, and malignant transformation. We report here the molecular ... [more ▼]

Homeodomain-containing proteins regulate, as transcription factors, the coordinated expression of genes involved in development, differentiation, and malignant transformation. We report here the molecular cloning of a mutated HOXB7 transcript encoding a truncated homeodomain-containing protein in MCF7 cells. This is a new example of mutation affecting the coding region of a HOX gene. In addition, we detected two HOXB7 transcripts in several breast cell lines and demonstrated that both normal and mutated alleles were expressed at the RNA level in MCF7 cells as well as in a variety of breast tissues and lymphocytes, suggesting that a truncated HOXB7 protein might be expressed in vivo. Using transient co-transfection experiments, we demonstrated that both HOXB7 proteins can activate transcription from a consensus HOX binding sequence in breast cancer cells. Our results provide evidence that HOXB7 protein has transcription factor activity in vivo and that the two last amino acids do not contribute to this property. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (5 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailMolecular cloning of bovine viral diarrhea viral sequences
Renard, A.; Guiot, C.; Schmetz, D. et al

in DNA (1985), 4(6), 429-38

Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) genomic RNA was identified as a 12.5-kb single-stranded RNA molecule in both infected bovine embryonic kidney cells (BEK-1) and partially purified virions. BVD virion ... [more ▼]

Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) genomic RNA was identified as a 12.5-kb single-stranded RNA molecule in both infected bovine embryonic kidney cells (BEK-1) and partially purified virions. BVD virion RNA was partially purified and used as a template for cDNA synthesis. BVDV-specific cDNA sequences were molecularly cloned and shown to hybridize to infected cell RNA but not to uninfected cell RNA or DNA. A single RNA species of 12.5 kb, representing the viral RNA genome, was detected in infected cells. A preliminary map of the BVDV specific cDNA clones was constructed and five major, nonoverlapping families were observed, accounting for approximately one-half of the viral genome. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailMolecular cloning of DNA complementary to bovine growth hormone mRNA
Miller, Walter L; Martial, Joseph ULg; Baxter, John D

in Journal of Biological Chemistry (1980), 255(16), 7521-4

We have cloned DNA complementary to mRNA coding for bovine growth hormone (bGH). Double-stranded DNA complementary to bovine pituitary mRNA was inserted into the Pst I site of plasmid pBR322 by the dC x ... [more ▼]

We have cloned DNA complementary to mRNA coding for bovine growth hormone (bGH). Double-stranded DNA complementary to bovine pituitary mRNA was inserted into the Pst I site of plasmid pBR322 by the dC x dG tailing technique and amplified in E. coli x 1776. A recombinant plasmid containing bGH cDNA ws identified by hybridization to cloned rat growth hormone cDNA. It contains the entire coding and 3'-untranslated regions and 31 bases in the 5'-untranslated region. Nucleotide sequence analysis determined the sequence of the 26-amino acid signal peptide and confirmed the published amino acid sequence of the secreted hormone at all but 2 residues. Codon usage is nonrandom, with 81.7% of the codons ending in G or C. The nucleotide sequence of bGH mRNA is 83.9% homologous with rat GH mRNA and 76.5% homologous with human GH mRNA, while the respective amino acid sequence homologies are 83.5% and 66.8%. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailMolecular cloning of the bovine viral diarrhea virus genomic RNA
Renard, A.; Schmetz, D.; Guiot, C. et al

in Annales de Recherches Vétérinaires = Annals of Veterinary Research (1987), 18(2), 121-5

The genomic RNA from Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus (BVD) was cloned in E. coli. The complete sequence has been obtained and the genomic organization has been deduced. Some of the BVD specific cDNA have been ... [more ▼]

The genomic RNA from Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus (BVD) was cloned in E. coli. The complete sequence has been obtained and the genomic organization has been deduced. Some of the BVD specific cDNA have been expressed in bacteria, eucaryotic cells and in vitro. We suggest that BVDV belongs to a new family different from Togaviridae and Flaviviridae. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (2 ULg)