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See detailPreparation and characterisation of Ag incorporated Al2O3 nanocomposite films obtained by sol-gel method
Ivanova, T.; Harizanova, A.; Koutzarova, T. et al

in Crystal Research and Technology (2012), 47(5), 579-584

Sol-gel route has been applied for a deposition of the thin films of aluminum oxide and Ag embedded in Al2O3 films. The films are spin-coated on Si and quartz substrates with the film thickness of 120 nm ... [more ▼]

Sol-gel route has been applied for a deposition of the thin films of aluminum oxide and Ag embedded in Al2O3 films. The films are spin-coated on Si and quartz substrates with the film thickness of 120 nm. XRD analysis has been used for the determination of the film structure. FTIR spectroscopy is applied for studying vibrational properties of the obtained coatings. Optical characterization is done by UV-VIS spectroscopy. The formation of Ag nanoparticles has been confirmed by XRD and optical data. The sol-gel process is found to be useful technology for incorporation of Ag nanoparticles in the metal oxide matrices. (© 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim) Copyright © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. [less ▲]

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See detailPreparation and characterisation of poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) and PLGA/Bioglass((R)) composite tubular foam scaffolds for tissue engineering applications
Boccaccini, Aldo R.; Blaker, Jonny J.; Maquet, Véronique et al

in Materials Science and Engineering C: Biomimetic and Supramolecular Systems (2005), 25(1), 23-31

Polylactide-co-glycolide (PLGA) and PLGA/Bioglass(R) foams of tubular shape have been prepared with a 1 wt% 45S5 Bioglass(R) content. Porous membranes with varying thickness and porosity were fabricated ... [more ▼]

Polylactide-co-glycolide (PLGA) and PLGA/Bioglass(R) foams of tubular shape have been prepared with a 1 wt% 45S5 Bioglass(R) content. Porous membranes with varying thickness and porosity were fabricated via a thermally induced phase separation process from which tubes of controlled diameter and wall thickness in the range 1.5-3 mm were produced. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed that the structure of the tubular foams consisted of radially oriented and highly interconnected pores with two distinct pore sizes, i.e. macropores similar to100-mum average diameter and interconnected micropores of 10-50-mum diameter. Foams with Bioglass(R) inclusions showed similarly well-defined tubular and interconnected pore morphology. Cell culture studies using mouse fibroblasts (L929) were conducted to assess the biocompatibility of the scaffolds in vitro. L929 fibroblasts cultured in medium that was pre-conditioned by incubating with PLGA tubes containing Bioglass(R) had a significant reduction in cell proliferation compared with fibroblasts grown in unconditioned medium (P < 0.0001). The PLGA and PLGA/Bioglass(R) tubular foams developed here are candidate materials for soft-tissue engineering scaffolds. holding promise for the regeneration of tissues requiring a tubular shape scaffold. such as intestine. trachea and blood vessels. [less ▲]

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See detailPreparation and characterization of HMS supported 11-molybdo-vanado-phosphoric acid for selective oxidation of propylene
Benadji, S.; Eloy, P.; Léonard, Alexandre ULg et al

in Microporous and Mesoporous Materials (2010), 130(1-3), 103-114

The preparation of Keggin-type phosphovanadomolybdic acid H4PMo11VO40 (PMo11V) supported on a hexagonal mesoporous silicate (HMS) material was performed via three different methods: dry impregnation, wet ... [more ▼]

The preparation of Keggin-type phosphovanadomolybdic acid H4PMo11VO40 (PMo11V) supported on a hexagonal mesoporous silicate (HMS) material was performed via three different methods: dry impregnation, wet impregnation and mechanical mixing. The state of the heteropolyacid (HPA) on the siliceous surface and the integrity of the support were characterized by several physico-chemical techniques: elemental analysis, X-ray diffraction, transmission and diffuse reflectance (DR) FT-IR study of the framework vibrations, Raman and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopies, nitrogen physisorption, thermal analysis (TG-DTA) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The catalytic performance of supported materials was compared to that of the bulk H4PMo11VO40 in the selective oxidation of propylene by molecular oxygen in the temperature range of 200-400 °C. The physico-chemical characterization of the supported HPA showed mainly that the primary Keggin structure is intact and that a good dispersion of the heteropolyacid on the HMS surface is obtained when the impregnation methods are used. In the case of mechanical mixture, the dispersion of heteropolyacid clusters is not homogeneous. The surface area of HMS decreased when the HPA was added. The impregnation methods lead to mesopores with uniform size of approximatively 3.2 nm in diameter. The TG-DTA showed that the supported HPAs obtained by the impregnation methods have a higher thermal stability than that of bulk HPA. The catalytic results showed that H4PMo11VO40/HMS are more active than the bulk H4PMo11VO40 and lead to oxygenated compounds formation (acrolein, acetaldehyde and acetic acid), whereas the bulk HPA only leads to the formation of COx. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailPreparation and characterization of jellies with reduced sugar content from date (Phoenix dactylifera L.) and lemon (Citrus limon L.) by-products
Masmoudi, Manel; Besbes, Souhail; Blecker, Christophe ULg et al

in Fruits (2010), 65(1), 21-29

Introduction. The increase in diabetes and obesity has increased the demand for reduced sugar products such as jams and jellies. Four jelly formulations were prepared using date juice which was enriched ... [more ▼]

Introduction. The increase in diabetes and obesity has increased the demand for reduced sugar products such as jams and jellies. Four jelly formulations were prepared using date juice which was enriched with pectin and lemon flavors. Materials and methods. Reduced quantities of sugars (45% and 55%) were added to the juice at different pH (3 and 3.5). The prepared jellies were evaluated for physico-chemical and sensory properties. Results and discussion. The water activity values for jellies ranged between 0.767 and 0.804, making them safe from the development of the majority of bacteria. The addition of less quantity of sugar, as well as the decreased pH, resulted in significantly firmer jellies, with higher adhesiveness, chewiness and cohesiveness. Sensory evaluation showed that the prepared jellies averaged 4.17-5.47 and 4.59-5.67 for taste and firmness, respectively, in a 7-point hedonic scale consumer acceptance study. The most appreciated jellies were those prepared with the lowest sugar content, with a slight preference for that with a pH of 3.5. Significant differences were not found between scores for the other sensory attributes (color, transparency, brightness, odor and springiness). [less ▲]

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See detailPreparation and characterization of organic-soluble acetylated starch nanocrystals
Xu, Yue; Ding, Wanqiang; Liu, Ji ULg et al

in Carbohydrate Polymers (2010), 80(4), 1078-1084

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See detailPreparation and characterization of osmodehydrated fruit from lemon and date by-products.
Masmoudi, M.; Besbes, Souhail; Blecker, Christophe ULg et al

Poster (2006, May)

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See detailPreparation and characterization of osmodehydrated fruits from lemon and date by-products
Masmoudi, M.; Besbes, S.; Blecker, Christophe ULg et al

in Food Science & Technology International (2007), 13(6), 405-412

An osmotic dehydration process (ODP) was established in order to formulate osmodehydrated fruits from lemon and date by-products. ODP was conducted at 40 degrees C, maintained using an oven, or a water ... [more ▼]

An osmotic dehydration process (ODP) was established in order to formulate osmodehydrated fruits from lemon and date by-products. ODP was conducted at 40 degrees C, maintained using an oven, or a water bath with continuous stirring. The kinetics of the osmodehydration in a water bath showed a better mass transfer. Then, osmodehydrated fruit (ODF) preparations of about 40 degrees Brix were formulated using different isotonic solutions (sucrose, glucose/sucrose, glucose, and date juice). All the formulated products showed better characteristics (lower acidity, higher sugar content, etc.) than the untreated lemon by-product. The isotonic solution composition influenced their physical characteristics such as microstructure and viscosity. In fact, ODF prepared in glucose and glucose/sucrose solutions presented more open structures, lower viscosities, and water holding capacities (WHC) than the others. The products were microbiologically stable during 3 months at 4 degrees C. These results support the valorization of lemon and date by-products as ODF that could be consumed or incorporated as an ingredient in food formulations. [less ▲]

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See detailPreparation and characterization of thermo-responsive gold nanohybrids
Liu, Ji ULg; Hurtgen, Marie ULg; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg et al

Poster (2011, October 25)

Stimuli-responsive nano-materials have been playing increasingly important roles in the biomedical field due to their ability to alter the physico-chemical properties in response to external stimuli, such ... [more ▼]

Stimuli-responsive nano-materials have been playing increasingly important roles in the biomedical field due to their ability to alter the physico-chemical properties in response to external stimuli, such as temperature, pH, ionic strength, magnetic field, etc. Nanohybrids bearing an inorganic core and thermo-responsive polymer shell are particularly applicable in target delivery and controlled drug release. Poly (N-vinylcaprolactam) (PNVCL) and its copolymers, exhibiting lower critical solution temperature (LCST) where the transition between hydrophilic and hydrophobic state happens, is one of the optimal choices for this core/shell structure. Here we present the in-situ fabrication of thermo-responsive gold nanohybrids coated with a novel poly(vinyl alcohol)-b-poly(N-vinylcaprolactam) (PVOH-b-PNVCL) block copolymer prepared by the cobalt-mediated radical polymerization (CMRP). The interaction between both PVOH and PNVCL segments and gold nanoparticles was confirmed by FT-IR spectra. A sharp thermo-induced phase transition with a good reversibility upon change in temperature was detected by DLS and UV/vis spectrometer. Furthermore, the presence of hydrophilic PVOH moieties endows the gold nanohybrids with improved colloidal stability above LCST without any flocculation detected, compared with the gold nanoparticles stabilized with PNVCL homopolymer. This kind of gold nanohybrids can be envisaged as a new drug delivery vehicle. [less ▲]

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See detailPreparation and characterization of thermoresponsive iron nanoparticles for biomedical applications
Sibret, Pierre ULg; Aqil, Abdelhafid ULg; Gohy, Jean-François et al

Poster (2008, November 28)

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See detailPreparation and characterization of xerogel catalyst microspheres
Alié, Christelle ULg; Ferauche, Fabrice; Heinrichs, Benoît ULg et al

in Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids (2004), 350

For easier handling and use in fixed bed reactors, Pd-Ag/SiO2 aerogel-like xerogel catalysts were shaped into microspheres using the microencapsulation process developed by BRACE GmbH. Before the bead ... [more ▼]

For easier handling and use in fixed bed reactors, Pd-Ag/SiO2 aerogel-like xerogel catalysts were shaped into microspheres using the microencapsulation process developed by BRACE GmbH. Before the bead production process, the xerogel catalyst was ground in water and mixed with ethylene glycol and sodium alginate, the latter of which is the gelation agent. The beads were formed at a vibrating nozzle and solidified during their fall in a water tank containing calcium ions, which induce cross-linking of the alginate and consequent bead hardening. Preliminary work was done using a syringe instead of the material-consuming BRACE unit. The beads were made from a suspension of dried only, dried and calcined, or dried, calcined, and reduced catalyst. The textural properties of the beads were analyzed by nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherms and mercury porosimetry; and bead catalytic activity was tested for selective hydrodechlorination of 1,2-dichloroethane. The beads made from a suspension of dried catalyst appear to have properties the closest to that of the xerogel reference catalyst. Porosity and surface area are maintained at their level before bead formation. However conversion of 1,2-dichloroethane decreases after the production process, possibly due to poisoning by calcium ions. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailPreparation and characterization of xerogel catalyst microspheres
Alié, Christelle ULg; Ferauche, Fabrice; Heinrichs, Benoît ULg et al

Conference (2003)

For easier handling and use in fixed bed reactors, Pd-Ag/SiO2 aerogel-like xerogel catalysts were shaped into microspheres using the microencapsulation process developed by BRACE GmbH. Before the bead ... [more ▼]

For easier handling and use in fixed bed reactors, Pd-Ag/SiO2 aerogel-like xerogel catalysts were shaped into microspheres using the microencapsulation process developed by BRACE GmbH. Before the bead production process, the xerogel catalyst was ground in water and mixed with ethylene glycol and sodium alginate, the latter of which is the gelation agent. The beads were formed at a vibrating nozzle and solidified during their fall in a water tank containing calcium ions, which induce cross-linking of the alginate and consequent bead hardening. Preliminary work was done using a syringe instead of the material-consuming BRACE unit. The beads were made from a suspension of dried only, dried and calcined, or dried, calcined, and reduced catalyst. The textural properties of the beads were analyzed by nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherms and mercury porosimetry; and bead catalytic activity was tested for selective hydrodechlorination of 1,2-dichloroethane. The beads made from a suspension of dried catalyst appear to have properties the closest to that of the xerogel reference catalyst. Porosity and surface area are maintained at their level before bead formation. However conversion of 1,2-dichloroethane decreases after the production process, possibly due to poisoning by calcium ions. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailPreparation and characterization of ZnO-TiO(2) films obtained by sol-gel method
Ivanova, T.; Harizanova, A.; Koutzarova, T. et al

in Journal Of Non-Crystalline Solids (2011), 357(15), 2840-2845

The sol-gel route has been applied to obtain ZnO-TiO(2) thin films. For comparison, pure TiO(2) and ZnO films are also prepared from the corresponding solutions. The films are deposited by a spin-coated ... [more ▼]

The sol-gel route has been applied to obtain ZnO-TiO(2) thin films. For comparison, pure TiO(2) and ZnO films are also prepared from the corresponding solutions. The films are deposited by a spin-coated method on silicon and glass substrates. Their structural and vibrational properties have been studied as a function of the annealing temperatures (400-750 degrees C). Pure ZnO films crystallize in a wurtzite modification at a relatively low temperature of 400 degrees C, whereas the mixed oxide films show predominantly amorphous structure at this temperature. XRD analysis shows that by increasing the annealing temperatures, the sol-gel Zn/Ti oxide films reveal a certain degree of crystallization and their structures are found to be mixtures of wurtzite ZnO, Zn(2)TiO(4), anatase TiO(2) and amorphous fraction. The XRD analysis presumes that Zn(2)TiO(4) becomes a favored phase at the highest annealing temperature of 750 degrees C. The obtained thin films are uniform with no visual defects. The optical properties of ZnO-TiO(2) films have been compared with those of single component films (ZnO and TiO(2)). The mixed oxide films present a high transparency with a slight decrease by increasing the annealing temperature. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailPreparation and evaluation of liposomes encapsulating synthetic MMP inhibitor (Ro 28-2653) - cyclodextrin complexes
Piette, Marie ULg; Castagne, Delphine ULg; Delattre, Luc ULg et al

in Journal of Inclusion Phenomena and Macrocyclic Chemistry (2007, April), 57(1-4), 101-103

In this study, preparation and evaluation of liposomes, intended for intravenous administration, encapsulating synthetic MMP inhibitor (Ro 28-2653) - cyclodextrin complexes were realized. An increase in ... [more ▼]

In this study, preparation and evaluation of liposomes, intended for intravenous administration, encapsulating synthetic MMP inhibitor (Ro 28-2653) - cyclodextrin complexes were realized. An increase in Ro solubility, via formation of binary (Ro/HP beta CD) or ternary (Ro/HP beta CD/L-lysine) complexes, permitted a similar increase in encapsulation efficiency of liposomes (Table 1). Moreover, Ro release kinetics depend on the encapsulation efficiency. [less ▲]

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See detailPreparation and in vivo toxicity study of solid lipid microparticles as carrier for pulmonary administration
Sanna, V.; Kirschvink, Nathalie; Gustin, Pascal ULg et al

in AAPS PharmScitech (2004), 5(2), 27

The purpose of this research was to investigate the effects of processing conditions on the characteristics of solid lipid microparticles (SLM) with a potential application as carriers for pulmonary ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this research was to investigate the effects of processing conditions on the characteristics of solid lipid microparticles (SLM) with a potential application as carriers for pulmonary administration. Compritol ( 5.0% wt/ wt) SLM dispersions were prepared by rotor-stator homogenization, at different surfactant concentrations and emulsification times. The SLM were characterized, in terms of morphology and size, after lyophilization and sterilization by autoclaving process. In vivo assessment was carried out in rats by intratracheal instillation of either placebo or SLM dispersion, and by bronchoalveolar lavage for cytological analysis. Mean particle size of 4 to 5 mum was achieved using 0.3% and 0.4% ( wt/ wt) of emulsifier ( Poloxamer 188) and emulsification times of 2 and 5 minutes. The particles showed spherical shape and smooth surface. The morphology of microparticles, the size, and the size distribution were not substantially modified after lyophilization and sterilization. Total cell counts showed no significant differences between placebo and SLM 0.5% or 2.5% groups. Regarding cytology, percentage of polymorphonuclear neutrophils and macrophages did not significantly differ between groups. These results suggest that a single intratracheal administration of the SLMs does not induce a significant inflammatory airway response in rats and that the SLMs might be a potential carrier for encapsulated drug via the pulmonary route. [less ▲]

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See detailPreparation and labelling of biodegradable drug nanocarriers
Rieger, Jutta ULg; Qiu, Hongjin; Mazza, Michaël et al

Poster (2003, May 16)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (1 ULg)
See detailPreparation and partial chemical analysis of milk-fat-globule membrane and mammary tumour virus obtained from swiss albino mice
Calberg-Bacq, C. M.; François, C.; Gosselin, L. et al

in Hoppe Seyler's Zeitschrift für Physiologische Chemie (1974)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (0 ULg)