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Peer Reviewed
See detailProducción y circulación de óxidos de hierro por sociedades cazadoras-recolectoras-pescadoras del periodo arcaico en el norte de Chile
Salinas, Hernan; Salazar, Diego; Salomon, Hélène ULg et al

in El pasado tecnologico, cambio y persistencia (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Producerist Narrative in Right-wing Flanders
Jamin, Jérôme ULg

Conference (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (1 ULg)
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Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Producerist Narrative in Right-wing Flanders
Jamin, Jérôme ULg

in De Wever, Bruno (Ed.) Why is Flanders leaning more to the right, Wallonia more to the left ? - Re-Bel Initiative 2011 (2011)

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See detailProducing Objectivity Under Assumption of Values
Dewalque, Arnaud ULg

Conference (2010, May 29)

My intention is to put the problem of objectivity under examination from a very specific viewpoint, namely by focusing on the theory of judgement, which has been defended in the so-called South-Western ... [more ▼]

My intention is to put the problem of objectivity under examination from a very specific viewpoint, namely by focusing on the theory of judgement, which has been defended in the so-called South-Western School of neo-Kantianism. As one knows, the main representatives of this School are Wilhelm Windelband, Heinrich Rickert, Emil Lask and Bruno Bauch. Those authors are known, first and foremost, for having supported the view that valuation and assumption of values play a basic role in almost all the domains of our life, including our scientific life. This view forms the basis of their theory of knowledge or epistemology, which is prior to any methodological distinction between natural and cultural sciences (so it would be misleading to say that they confine that view to their foundation of cultural sciences and humanities). What, then, does such an ‘axiological’ theory of knowledge exactly mean? What does it imply for the construction of a theory of objectivity? And how is it related to Kant’s foundational program? [less ▲]

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See detailProducing transient climate change scenarios for AquaTerra catchments
Blenkinsop, Stephen; Burton, Aidan; Fowler, Hayley J et al

Poster (2009, March)

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See detailProduct policy in the context of the indoor environmental quality
Spruyt, Maarten; Kuske, Martyna; Goelen, Eddy et al

Report (2006)

A. Context One of the objectives of the European Construction Products Directive (CPD) is to harmonize the technical specifications with regard to dangerous substances and construction materials ... [more ▼]

A. Context One of the objectives of the European Construction Products Directive (CPD) is to harmonize the technical specifications with regard to dangerous substances and construction materials. Construction products could emit or contain dangerous substances that have been defined as dangerous substances under Commission directives and national regulations. In the future construction products may only be placed on the market in the European Union if they accord with the (second generation) harmonized technical specifications including health aspects and bear the CE mark. B. Objectives The goal of this research project is to improve the flow of knowledge and information vis-à-vis normalisation activities in the domain of indoor air measurements, indoor product emission testing, labeling and certification by proposing an evaluation method and standardized assessment methods for a harmonized approach relating to emissions from building materials into indoor air for implementation in Belgium. This approach will comply with current European harmonizing efforts ongoing on European level. C. Conclusions  International tendencies as well as national developments indicate the growing importance of building material emission testing  Harmonisation of governmental schemes to assess volatile organic emissions in the context of the CPD is necessary to obtain transparency  The topic of different limit values in different countries is a difficult problem to solve  It was demonstrated that it is possible with alternative methods (µ-chamber and FLEC) to achieve a qualitative and quantitative correlation with the reference method. However there is a need to extend this comparative study to more materials  The important influence of the quantification procedure on the emission results was demonstrated  The possiblity to investigate microbial resistance of building materials with the so called µ-chamber technique was demonstrated  A twofold methodology for the odour determination of building materials was developed: a quantitative method based on intensity and a qualitative method based on hedonic scale. Furthermore the basis for the development of an electronic nose specific for evaluation of building materials was laid down  A possible evaluation scheme for Belgium on the basis of AFSSET/AgBB/prEN15052 was proposed with two modifications: - Time path modification (7 or 10 days) - Prescreening with alternative method (< 20 L) D. Contribution of the project in a context of scientific support to transfer of knowledge and innovation This research project for implementation of the essential requirement “Hygiene, health and the environment” of the Construction Products Directive has besides its informative and sensitizing role also performed a supporting role in the development of new innovative low emission construction products. The research project has also ensured a Belgian input in the validation work of the draft standard "Emissions into indoor air" - WI 351009 - Construction products - Assessment of emissions of regulated dangerous substances from construction products - Determination of emissions into indoor air” in development in working group 2 of CEN/TC 351. Furthermore this research project has lead to the development of new innovative test methods tailored to the specific needs of construction products. [less ▲]

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See detailProduct Specialization, Efficiency and Productivity Change in the Spanish Insurance Industry
Fuentes, Hugo; Griffel-Tatjé, Emili; Perelman, Sergio ULg

Report (2005)

In this paper we analyze the levels of technical efficiency and productivity growth attained by Spanish insurance companies during a period of deregulation. We compute Malmquist productivity indexes using ... [more ▼]

In this paper we analyze the levels of technical efficiency and productivity growth attained by Spanish insurance companies during a period of deregulation. We compute Malmquist productivity indexes using the estimates of parametric distance function for several specialized insurance branches. In this way, we show that branch specialization matters a great deal and that firms combining two or three product lines (Health, Property-Liabilities and Life) perform better than firms operating in one insurance line exclusively. In the light of these results, we recommend that the remaining restrictions coming from the European Third Directives on the operations of multi-branch firms should be removed. Moreover, from a management point of view, it would be appropriate to encourage the creation of multi-branch insurance firms. However, in all cases, the estimated scores indicate low productivity growth (less than 2% per year) compared with a huge increase in insurance activity (premiums were multiplied by nearly 3 in a decade) [less ▲]

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See detail« Product-oriented engineering » applied to the development of porous scaffolds for tissue engineering.
de Bien, Charlotte ULg; Ounally, Thameur; Collard, Valérie ULg et al

Poster (2013, November 15)

Ce travail vise à appliquer une approche « génie-orienté produit » à la fabrication de matrices poreuses synthétiques (scaffolds) susceptibles d’être utilisées en ingénierie tissulaire [1]. Parmi les ... [more ▼]

Ce travail vise à appliquer une approche « génie-orienté produit » à la fabrication de matrices poreuses synthétiques (scaffolds) susceptibles d’être utilisées en ingénierie tissulaire [1]. Parmi les différents polymères biosourcés et biodégradables déjà utilisés pour la fabrication de scaffolds, l’acide polylactique (PLA) a été choisi [2]. Des matrices poreuses ont été obtenues par un procédé de moussage par lyophilisation puis leur microstructure 2D/3D a été caractérisée par microtomographie à rayons X avant d’être mise en lien avec les conditions d’élaboration testées [3]. La diminution de la porosité ainsi que l’augmentation de l’épaisseur des parois avec l’augmentation de rapport polymère/solvant ont été confirmées. [less ▲]

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Peer Reviewed
See detail"Product-oriented engineering" applied to the development of porous scaffolds for tissue engineering.
de Bien, Charlotte ULg; Ounally, Thameur ULg; Collard, Valérie ULg et al

in Procedia Engineering (2013, September 02)

This work applies a “product-oriented engineering” approach to the development of porous scaffolds for tissue engineering. Polylactic acid scaffolds were obtained by a freeze-drying process. Their 2D/3D ... [more ▼]

This work applies a “product-oriented engineering” approach to the development of porous scaffolds for tissue engineering. Polylactic acid scaffolds were obtained by a freeze-drying process. Their 2D/3D microstructure was characterized by X-ray microtomography and related to the operating conditions used. Two types of scaffold end-use properties were characterized in relation to their microstructure: the mechanical and the transport properties. Scaffold young's modulus was computed from data measured on tension-compression devices. To evaluate the permeability, Darcy’s experiments were carried out. The obtained results allowed highlighting the quantitative relationships existing between elaboration conditions, microstructure and end use properties of the fabricated PLA scaffolds. [less ▲]

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See detailLa production agricole et les méthodes de production
Burny, Philippe ULg; Ledent, Albert

in Association belge d'Economie Rurale (Ed.) Livre commémoratif 1979-1989 (1989)

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See detailProduction and activation of matrix metalloprotease-9 (MMP-9) by HL-60 promyelocytic leukemia cells
Devy, L.; Noël, Agnès ULg; Baramova, E. et al

in Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications (1997), 238

Human promyelocytic HL-60 cells have been used as a model of acute leukemia to investigate the expression and the regulation of matrix metalloproteases (MMPs), known to contribute to the degradation of ... [more ▼]

Human promyelocytic HL-60 cells have been used as a model of acute leukemia to investigate the expression and the regulation of matrix metalloproteases (MMPs), known to contribute to the degradation of extracellular matrix components. As shown by gelatin zymography, HL-60 cells constitutively released significant amounts of proMMP-9 (92 kDa) and moderate amounts of proMMP-2 (72 kDa). Furthermore, casein zymography confirmed the presence of serine proteases in the form of pro-urokinase. Activation of proMMP-9 was dependent on the plasminogen activator/plasmin (PA/plasmin) system and was inhibited by aprotinin. MMP-9 was only detected in cellular extracts or conditioned media incubated with HL-60 cells, indicating that cells are essential to the activation process. Addition of plasminogen increased by 3-fold the basal invasive rate of these cells across a matrigel layer (2.1%versus0.7% in control cells after 4 h of incubation). Taken together, these results indicate that HL-60 cells exhibit an autocrine activation mechanism of proMMP-9 via the PA/plasmin system and that activation of proMMP-9 increases their invasive potential [less ▲]

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See detailProduction and characterization of monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies against Scd14
Halleux, Caroline; Boudry, Christelle ULg; Thewis, André ULg et al

Poster (2006, May 17)

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See detailProduction and Characterization of Monoclonal Antibodies to Bovid Herpesvirus-4
Dubuisson, J.; Thiry, Etienne ULg; Bublot, M. et al

in Veterinary Microbiology (1989), 19(4), 305-15

Thirty-five hybridoma cell lines secreting monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) against bovid herpesvirus-4 (BHV-4) strain V. Test were produced. These hybrid cells resulted from the fusion of SP2/0 myeloma cells ... [more ▼]

Thirty-five hybridoma cell lines secreting monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) against bovid herpesvirus-4 (BHV-4) strain V. Test were produced. These hybrid cells resulted from the fusion of SP2/0 myeloma cells with splenocytes of BALB/c mice previously immunized with purified BHV-4. A modified indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) was applied as a screening procedure and was compared with an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The selected Mabs were tested by the same IFAT against a panel of BHV-4 field isolates and against bovine herpesvirus-1, bovine herpesvirus-2 and alcelaphine herpesvirus-1 (AHV-1). Comparison of BHV-4 field isolates with Mabs confirmed their close antigenic relationships, but slight antigenic differences were observed between different isolates. One of the Mabs also reacted against AHV-1, indicating an antigenic relationship between BHV-4 and AHV-1. None of the Mabs reacting with BHV-4 possessed neutralizing activity against the strain used for immunization. [less ▲]

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See detailProduction and down-stream processing of an extracellular lipase from the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica
Fickers, Patrick ULg; Ongena, MARC ULg; Destain, Jacqueline ULg et al

in Enzyme & Microbial Technology (2006), 38(6), 756-759

Lipase constitutes an interesting class of enzyme with many biotechnological applications. However, the development of a fruitful process must be set up to obtained a product compatible with the ... [more ▼]

Lipase constitutes an interesting class of enzyme with many biotechnological applications. However, the development of a fruitful process must be set up to obtained a product compatible with the industrial and commercial needs. Here, we report the development of such a process for the extracellular lipase secreted by the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica. The enzyme production, carried out in a 2000 L bioreactor, led to a lipase activity of approximately 1100 U mL(-1) after 53 h of fermentation. The post-culture treatment, consisting of a centrifugation, a filtration and an ultra-filtration steps, led to 15-fold volume reduction and a 8-fold increased of the lipase activity. Finally, addition of 12% of milk powder and 3% of gum arabic before spray-drying dehydration led to a stable powder with a lipolytic activity of 37,500 U g D.W.(-1). (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailProduction and freeze-drying of Lactococcus starters isolated from Tunisian Lben.
Hamdi, M.; Cornelius, C.; Achour, M. et al

Poster (1999, September)

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Peer Reviewed
See detailProduction and freeze-drying of leben lactic starter
Ziadi, M.; Mhir, S.; Abdelsam, M. et al

in Research in Microbiology (2009), 4(1), 31-37

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (9 ULg)