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See detailLife cycle assessment of carbon xerogels
Melon, Raphaëlle ULiege; Renzoni, Roberto ULiege; Léonard, Alexandre ULiege et al

in Fagadar-Cosma, Eugenia (Ed.) Book of abstracts - Advanced Workshop - Insights into novel solid materials, their recyclability and integration into Li polymer batteries for EVs (2012, July)

In the framework of the SOMABAT European project, a life cycle assessment applied to the production of 1 kg of carbon xerogels was carried out by comparing three drying technologies (vacuum, microwave and ... [more ▼]

In the framework of the SOMABAT European project, a life cycle assessment applied to the production of 1 kg of carbon xerogels was carried out by comparing three drying technologies (vacuum, microwave and convective drying). These carbon materials with controlled texture are thought to be used as active material at the anode side of Li-polymer battery. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 81 (10 ULiège)
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See detailLife cycle assessment of carbon xerogels
Melon, Raphaëlle ULiege; Renzoni, Roberto ULiege; Léonard, Alexandre ULiege et al

Poster (2011, November 03)

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (6 ULiège)
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Peer Reviewed
See detailLife Cycle Assessment of freight transport in Belgium
Merchan Arribas, Angel ULiege; Belboom, Sandra ULiege; Léonard, Angélique ULiege

in Cools, Mario; Limbourg, Sabine (Eds.) Proceedings of the BIVEC-GIBET Transport Research Days 2017 (2017, May)

BRAIN-TRAINS is a project supported by the Belgian Federal Government that deals with the possible development of rail freight intermodality in Belgium, analysing the current situation of the intermodal ... [more ▼]

BRAIN-TRAINS is a project supported by the Belgian Federal Government that deals with the possible development of rail freight intermodality in Belgium, analysing the current situation of the intermodal freight transport from an interdisciplinary perspective. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology has been chosen to analyse the environmental impact of freight transport in Belgium. In a first stage we have carried out the LCA of rail freight transport, inland waterways transport and road freight transport independently. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the first results obtained from the study of the environmental impacts of inland freight transport using the LCA methodology. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (0 ULiège)
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See detailLife cycle assessment of hemp concret blocks
Groslambert, Sylvie ULiege; de Mahieu, Jean-Baptiste; Léonard, Angélique ULiege

Conference (2016, May 24)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (5 ULiège)
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See detailLife cycle assessment of hemp concret blocks
Groslambert, Sylvie ULiege; de Mahieu, Jean-Baptiste; Léonard, Angélique ULiege

Poster (2016, May 24)

Buildings notably contribute to global environmental negative impacts due to consumption of both embodied energy and natural resources as well as various emissions during their whole life cycle. It is ... [more ▼]

Buildings notably contribute to global environmental negative impacts due to consumption of both embodied energy and natural resources as well as various emissions during their whole life cycle. It is therefore necessary to develop practices to reduce these impacts, mainly by reducing the part of non-renewable resource in material as well as by ensuring the lowest energy consumption possible during their lifetime. New developments in natural fibres and their use in insulating materials can lead to significant improvement in building environmental impact. For this purpose, assessment of environmental performance is needed to support both the design and the production of (new) fibre based insulation solutions. In this context, the Life Cycle in Practice (LCiP) project helps SMEs to reduce the environmental impacts of their products and services across the entire life cycle. Within the frame of this project, Isohemp (BE) hemp concrete block impact is evaluated in a cradle-to-gate LCA. Functional unit is a pallet of hemp concrete blocks ready for shipping. It represents about 1.3 m³ of blocks. Hemp blocks are made by pressing a mix of hemp shives, hydraulic and hydrated limes, and water. Long term carbon storage due to lime carbonation induces a large benefit in Climate Change (CC) category. The balance of the CC indicator for hemp cultivation is also favorable due to carbon dioxide uptake by the photosynthesis occurring during the plant growth. Life Cycle Assessment of hemp concrete blocks ready to ship has also highlights some improvements that can easily be made at the packaging level in order to lower the global environmental impact and increase the sustainability of this insulation material. Data are processed in SimaPro 8 software, with Ecoinvent 3 and ELCD 3 databases, and analyzed with the CML IA method. This method is compliant with the indicators required by EN15804 standard in order to communicate on the environmental performance of Isohemp blocks. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 68 (7 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLife cycle assessment of hybrid vehicles recycling: Comparison of three business lines of dismantling
Belboom, Sandra ULiege; Lewis, Grégory; Bareel, Pierre-François et al

in Waste Management (2016), 50

This paper undertakes an environmental evaluation of hybrid vehicles recycling, using industrial data from Comet Traitement SA in Belgium. Three business lines have been modelled and analysed. The first ... [more ▼]

This paper undertakes an environmental evaluation of hybrid vehicles recycling, using industrial data from Comet Traitement SA in Belgium. Three business lines have been modelled and analysed. The first one is relative to the business as usual with a dismantling to recover batteries and engines followed by shredding and post shredding treatments. The second one considers, in addition, the removal of electronic control units (ECU) before shredding followed by same steps than in the first line and the last one is relative to the additional removal of big plastic parts before shredding and business as usual post shredding treatments. Results show non-significant environmental benefits when ECU or large parts of plastics are recovered before shredding. Improvements in terms of environmental benefits are lower than the uncertainty of the results. Indeed, the performing usual process for end-of-life vehicles (ELV) treatment reaches 97% of the ELV which is valorised in terms of metal and energy recoveries. Post shredding treatment units include metals, plastics and energy recovery of residues. Comet business as usual route for ELV valorisation is in accordance with the requirements of the European directive and recommendations for further improvement with dismantling of other parts (ECU or plastics) before shredding are non-relevant in this case. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (16 ULiège)
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Peer Reviewed
See detailA life cycle assessment of injectable drug primary packaging: comparing the traditional process in glass vials with the closed vial technology (polymer vials)
Belboom, Sandra ULiege; Renzoni, Roberto ULiege; Verjans, Benoît et al

in International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment (2011), 16(2), 159-167

This study compares environmental impacts of two primary packaging alternatives used for injectable drugs: the traditional method based on glass vials and the method developed by Aseptic Technologies ... [more ▼]

This study compares environmental impacts of two primary packaging alternatives used for injectable drugs: the traditional method based on glass vials and the method developed by Aseptic Technologies based on polymer vials. A critical review by an external LCA expert was made. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 69 (19 ULiège)
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See detailLife cycle assessment of on-site accelerated food waste composter
Groslambert, Sylvie ULiege; Léonard, Angélique ULiege; Finet, Sébastien

Poster (2016, November)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (7 ULiège)
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See detailLife cycle assessment of sound insulation solution made from waste paper
Groslambert, Sylvie ULiege; Ernst, Valentin; Léonard, Angélique ULiege

Poster (2016, May 09)

Buildings notably contribute to global environmental negative impacts due to con-sumption of both embodied energy and natural resources as well as various emissions during their whole life cycle. It is ... [more ▼]

Buildings notably contribute to global environmental negative impacts due to con-sumption of both embodied energy and natural resources as well as various emissions during their whole life cycle. It is therefore necessary to develop practices to reduce these impacts, mainly by reducing the part of non-renewable resource in material as well as by ensuring the lowest energy consumption possible during their lifetime. For instance, the use of recycled raw materials can lead to significant improvement in building environmental impact. In this context, the Life Cycle in Practice (LCiP) project helps SMEs to reduce the environmental impacts of their products and services across the entire life cycle. Within the frame of this project, Pan-Terre (BE) Acoustix panel impact is evaluated in a cradle-to-gate life cycle assessment (LCA). Evaluation of environmental performance is needed to support both the design and the production of waste based insulation solutions. Manufactured for the last twenty past years, the Acoustix Pan-Terre panel is designed for airborne sound insulation in walls and or floors. This product can only be obtained by mixing in a sensible way two raw materials from cellulose origin, recycled paper and broken shives of flax. Functional unit is 1 m² of panel ready for shipping. Acoustix panels are made by pressing a mix of cellulose from waste paper, flax shives and water. Scraps materials are entirely recycled in the process. Flax cultivation has a favourable impact on the climate change indicator due to carbon dioxide uptake for the photosynthesis occurring during the plant growth. But the drying of the panels is largely contributing to fossil fuel depletion and climate change due to natural gas burners. Life Cycle Assessment of Acoustix sound insulating panels ready to ship highlights some improvements that can be made by optimisation of the drying technology and the (partial) replacement of natural gas burners by alternative fuel burners (such as waste paper and scrap materials). Data are processed in SimaPro 8.1 software, with Ecoinvent 3 and ELCD 3 databases, and analyzed with the CML IA method. This method is compliant with the indicators required by EN15804 standard in order to communicate on the environmental performance of Acoustix panels. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 80 (4 ULiège)
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See detailLife Cycle Assessment: a key decision tool for biomass valorization
Belboom, Sandra ULiege; Léonard, Angélique ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 104 (31 ULiège)
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See detailLife Cycle Assessment: a useful tool to help sustainable material choices and building eco design
Léonard, Angélique ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2012)

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (5 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLife Cycle Costing for a Near Zero Energy Building in Jordan: Initial Study
Attia, Shady ULiege; Al-Khuraissat, Maysoon

in The 5th Architectural Jordanian International Conference (2016, November 01)

Green Building movement has grown in Jordan for the last 10 year for environmental and financial reasons directly related to energy consumption and cost. Despite the few success stories, green design and ... [more ▼]

Green Building movement has grown in Jordan for the last 10 year for environmental and financial reasons directly related to energy consumption and cost. Despite the few success stories, green design and green buildings are not yet the norm in the building sector in the country. One main concern for design engineers as well as investors and building owners is the extra cost green building will bring compared to traditional one. This assumption is wrong since a building cost should be analyzed through its life cycle, which not only include design and construction but also operation and maintenance costs as well. Since issuing the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Law No. 13 of 2012, Jordan opened a new era in the RE and EE, a changing point directly related to this law is the ability to sell electricity production to electricity companies and not only being consumers. The building sector is a direct winner if designers and engineers make right decisions. An ambitious but possible goal is to design and build Net Zero Buildings, which are buildings that produce energy as much as they consume. The aim of this paper is to provide real life cost-effective building strategies and design scenarios that will lead to a successful near Zero Energy Building in Jordan. The paper will use a representative residential apartment in the city of Amman (135- 155 m2) as the base case for the study. The design will be upgraded to include main green building strategies recommended for the climatic zone, provide loads for required systems, and test them all against performance and cost. Design scenarios will be tested and refined tell reach the best design formula that will be both functional and cost effective. The paper will provide a list of recommendations for best economically feasible design solutions and system selections that can lead to a near Zero Energy Building in Jordan for residential apartments. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 119 (2 ULiège)
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Peer Reviewed
See detailLife cycle environmental performance of using substitution fuels in cement production
Belboom, Sandra ULiege; Halleux, Hubert; Léonard, Angélique ULiege et al

in Programme book : SETAC EUrope 16th LCA Case Studies Symposium : From simplified LCA to advanced LCA (2010, February)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (1 ULiège)
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Peer Reviewed
See detailLife cycle environmental performance of using substitution fuels in cement production
Belboom, Sandra ULiege; Halleux, Hubert; Léonard, Angélique ULiege et al

Poster (2010, February 01)

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (14 ULiège)
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See detailLife cycle in practice - How to help SMEs to integrate life cycle thinking concept?
Groslambert, Sylvie ULiege

Conference (2017, July 13)

Context The application of Life Cycle Approaches – including Life Cycle Assessment, eco-design and environmental labelling – is becoming an increasing reality for business, and a growing challenge in many ... [more ▼]

Context The application of Life Cycle Approaches – including Life Cycle Assessment, eco-design and environmental labelling – is becoming an increasing reality for business, and a growing challenge in many economic sectors. Businesses are facing increasing legal and market requirements to enhance resource efficiency and reduce the environmental impact of their products & services. To significantly address this challenge, the Life Cycle in Practice project (LCiP - LIFE12 ENV/FR/001113) was conceived, aiming to promote the uptake of LC approaches particularly in SMEs. This project is co-financed by the LIFE Program + Policy and Governance on the theme of the environment of the European Un-ion, supporting technological projects with significant environmental impacts. Project The overall aim of the LCiP project is to help SMEs in France, Belgium, Portugal and Spain in reducing the environmental impacts of their products and services across the entire Life Cycle and to foster the implementation of circular economy in these regions. Three sectors are selected: Buildings & Construction, Waste Management and Energy Equipment. Thirty-two businesses are involved in the four regions, twelve being located in Wallonia. The Competition Clusters GreenWin is the Walloon partner, and it has man-dated several teams well known for their expertise in LCA to coach them Results ULg-PEPs coached three SMS's to help them to carry out the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of their product and accordingly to identify the strengths and weakness of the products and/or processes. Two of them are involved in building insulation (hemp con-crete blocs from IsoHemp and sound insulation panels Acoustix made by Pan-Terre), and the third one is developing an accelerated composting equipment for food waste (Eco-Cleaner). Concretely, the LCA of the three products are realised in a cradle to gate perspective. The results show possible environmental impact improvement for all the products, even if they are eco-designed. As a coach, the experience of working closely with highly motivated people in small structures is very gratifying and a smart way to help life cycle approaches to develop in our region. We are pleased to go on this initiative by hosting one of the Physical Resource Cen-tres in the University of Liège to welcome SMEs seeking to integrate LC approaches into their businesses, and give them access to selected LCA tools, reading material, expertise, training and advice. Results and Online Resource Center are centralised on the LCiP website: http://www.lifelcip.eu/ [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (2 ULiège)
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See detailLIFE CYCLE IN PRACTICE – FEEDBACK FROM A SME'S COACH
Groslambert, Sylvie ULiege; Léonard, Angélique ULiege

Conference (2016, October 27)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (1 ULiège)
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See detailLife Cycle in Practice – Helping SMEs to integrate life cycle approach in their policy
Groslambert, Sylvie ULiege; Léonard, Angélique ULiege

Poster (2017, May 10)

The application of Life Cycle Approaches – including Life Cycle Assessment, eco-design and environmental labelling – is becoming an increasing reality for business, and a growing challenge in many ... [more ▼]

The application of Life Cycle Approaches – including Life Cycle Assessment, eco-design and environmental labelling – is becoming an increasing reality for business, and a growing challenge in many economic sectors. Businesses are facing increasing legal and market requirements to enhance resource efficiency and reduce the environmental impact of their products & services. To significantly address this challenge, the Life Cycle in Practice project (LCiP - LIFE12 ENV/FR/001113) was conceived, aiming to promote the uptake of LC approaches particularly in SMEs. The overall aim of the LCiP project is to help SMEs in France, Belgium, Portugal and Spain in reducing the environmental impacts of their products and services across the entire Life Cycle and to foster the implementation of circular economy in these regions. Three sectors are selected: Buildings & Construction, Waste Management and Energy Equipment. Thirty-two businesses are involved in the four regions, twelve being located in Wallonia. GreenWin, the Walloon partner, has mandated several teams well-known for their expertise in LCA to coach them. ULg-PEPs coached three SMS's to help them to carry out the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of their product and accordingly to identify the strengths and weakness of the products and/or processes. Two of them are involved in building insulation (hemp con-crete blocs from IsoHemp and sound insulation panels Acoustix made by Pan-Terre), and the third one is developing an accelerated composting equipment for food waste (EcoCleaner). Concretely, the LCA of the three products are realised in a cradle to gate perspective. The results show possible environmental impact improvement for all the products, even if they are eco-designed. As a coach, the experience of working closely with highly motivated people in small structures is very gratifying and a smart way to help life cycle approaches to develop in our region. We are pleased to go on this initiative by hosting one of the Physical Resource Centres in the University of Liège to welcome SMEs seeking to integrate LC approaches into their businesses, and give them access to selected LCA tools, reading material, expertise, training and advice. Results and Online Resource Centre are centralised on the LCiP website: http://www.lifelcip.eu/. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (0 ULiège)
See detailLife cycle inventory of stainless steel - A review of challenges, methods and applications
Rossi, Barbara ULiege

in Bragança, Luis; Koukkari, Heli; Blok, Rijk (Eds.) et al Integrated approach towards sustainable constructions (2011)

This chapter presents life cycle inventories (LCI) of stainless steel products (cold-rolled coils) with a focus on the challenges associated to the use of this material in the construction domain: roofs ... [more ▼]

This chapter presents life cycle inventories (LCI) of stainless steel products (cold-rolled coils) with a focus on the challenges associated to the use of this material in the construction domain: roofs, façades, technical equipment, structural components. After an introduction describing recent applications of stainless steel in the construction domain, an overview of the challenges related to the use of this material is presented. In this section, a special attention paid to the Leadership in Environmental and Engineering Design (LEED) developed by the US Green Building Council (USGBC), that was one of the world’s first green building rating system (1990) and most widely used internationally. The most recognized European environmental assessment methods will also be mentioned. Several grades will then be described with regard to their mechanical (resistance and ductility) and physical properties (solar reflectance, thermal emittance) as well as surface finishes available for the construction domain. Afterwards, three grades in the form of cold-rolled coils (grades 304, 316 and 430) will be compared in terms of life-cycle inventory from cradle to gate including the end-of-life treatment. Indeed, since stainless steel is recycled to more than 90% at the end of its life and recyclable and indefinite number of times, the method that will be taken into account is referred as “allocation for scrap inputs and outputs using the closed material loop recycling methodology”. A short description of the reference method will also be provided. Last, depending on the recycling rate and thus net recycling content, several impacts such as the energy demand and CO2 emissions will be compared. The influence of the end-of-life credit method will be underlined and discussed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 121 (11 ULiège)
See detailLife cycle inventory of stainless steel – A review of challenges, methods and applications.
Rossi, Barbara ULiege

Conference (2010, July)

This document gives an overview of the challenges and issues related to a sustainable use of steel in the construction sector. After an introduction that concerns the challenges associated to the use of ... [more ▼]

This document gives an overview of the challenges and issues related to a sustainable use of steel in the construction sector. After an introduction that concerns the challenges associated to the use of steel as a sustainable material, the principles of a life-cycle analysis are presented. The paper then focuses on the life-cycle inventory data of several products: finished cold-rolled coil, electro-galvanized steel, section rolling and rebar. The data are presented for two (sometimes three) different recycling rates. Indeed, since steel is recycled to more than 85% at the end of its life and recyclable and indefinite number of times, the presented inventory includes allocation for scrap inputs and outputs using the closed material loop recycling methodology developed by the International Iron and Steel Institute (IISI). A description of the method principles is also provided. The influence of the end-of-life credit method will be discussed. Corrosion and subsequently maintenance of steel products will be treated afterwards and a brief comparison of the life-cycle inventory will be provided for electro-galvanized steel and finished steel. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (3 ULiège)