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See detailUn réactif de choix pour la révélation des flavonoïdes: le mélange Diphénylborate d'aminoéthanol-PEG 400
Brasseur, Thierry; Angenot, Luc ULg

in Bulletin de Liaison- Groupe Polyphenols (1986)

Par les fluorescences et colorations variées qu'il donne, ce réactif est très utile au chercheur et comme il est également capable de révéler d'autres composés tels des depsides, des acides phénols etc ... [more ▼]

Par les fluorescences et colorations variées qu'il donne, ce réactif est très utile au chercheur et comme il est également capable de révéler d'autres composés tels des depsides, des acides phénols etc...il constitue pour le pharmacognoste et le pharmacien d'industrie un réactif de choix pour l'identification des drogues végétales et la recherche de leurs falsifications. [less ▲]

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See detailUne Réaction citoyenne, Les leçons d’un comité d’action à Mellery
Fallon, Catherine ULg; Lamotte, Philippe

Book published by Luc Pire (1997)

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See detailRéaction des enfants face aux personnes handicapées
Giot, Bernadette ULg

in Education (1989), (216), 10-19

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See detailRéaction du carbonate de baryum et du sulfate de sodium sous l'influence de la pression
Spring, Walthère ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Chimique de Paris (1886), XLVI

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See detailRéaction du sulfate de baryum et du carbonate de sodium sous l'influence de la pression
Spring, Walthère ULg

in Bulletin de l'Académie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-arts de Belgique. Sciences. 3e série (1885), X(8), 204-208

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See detailRéaction du sulfate de baryum et du carbonate de sodium sous l'influence de la pression
Spring, Walthère ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Chimique de Paris (1885), XLIV

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See detailReaction Dynamics of Collisionally activated Ammonia Cations.
Leyh, Bernard ULg; Hoxha, A.

in Chemical Physics (1994), 179

In the framework of a research on the collisional mechanisms involved in tandem mass spectrometry, the collisional activation processes of NH3+ with different target gases have been investigated. The ... [more ▼]

In the framework of a research on the collisional mechanisms involved in tandem mass spectrometry, the collisional activation processes of NH3+ with different target gases have been investigated. The experiments have been performed on an upgraded AEI-MS9 sector instrument equipped with two collision cells and include daughter ion spectra, ion kinetic energy spectra, determination of kinetic energy release distributions (KERD) and appearance energy measurements. We have shown that collisionally activated dissociation (CAD) of NH3+ into NH++[H,H] depends upon the internal energy of NH3+. This internal energy effect is also observed for the NH2++H channel, when Xe is the target gas; with He, such an effect could not be detected. The analysis of the KERD shows that production of NH2+ upon CAD takes place from the NH3+ ground electronic state by rotational predissociation; two components are observed, one which corresponds to a near-threshold process (mean kinetic energy release <T>=0.13 eV), and one characterized by <T>=0.56 ev corresponding to an excess energy of 2.1 eV above the dissociation threshold. NH+ fragments can be formed by two processes: the first one occurs at threshold and leads to NH+(X2Pi)+H2(X1Sigma+g); the second one is characterized by large KER values (up to 7 eV) and leads to either electronically excited NH+ or dissociation of H2. [less ▲]

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See detailReaction Dynamics of the Dichlorocarbene Anion Using tandem Mass Spectrometry.
Leyh, Bernard ULg; Mélon, Pierre

in Organic Mass Spectrometry (1993), 28

The dissociation dynamics of CCl2- anions were studied under various internal energy conditions. This study involved the measurement of daughter-ion spectra and branching ratios and of the amount of ... [more ▼]

The dissociation dynamics of CCl2- anions were studied under various internal energy conditions. This study involved the measurement of daughter-ion spectra and branching ratios and of the amount of kinetic energy released (KER) on the fragments. The competition between C and Cl loss for CCl2- ions created by many of the following sequence of processes: CCl4->CCl2+->(G=Xe, Kr C6H6)->CCl2--> fragments (1); CCl4->(CCl2--+[Cl,Cl]+;CCl2-; CCl2- (Ne)-> Fragments (2); CCl4->(CCl2)2+ (C6H6)->CCl2--> fragments (3) was particularly investigated. For process (1), the amount of fragmentating CCl2- ions is 8-10 times larger with Kr than with Xe or C6H6. The KER for Cl loss is smaller than 0.20 eV with the three target gases used. For the loss of C, the KER is much larger (0.7 eV). This KER is, however, equal to 0.21 eV for the collisionally activated C loss in process (2). For this latter process, the C loss vs Cl loss branching ratio decreases with increasing internal energy. The KERs measured for process (3) are vary similar to those obtained for process (1). It is suggested that repulsive or slightly bound excited states which correlate directly to the Cl2-(X2Sigma+)+C asymptote and which are vibronically coupled to the ground state play an important role in these dissociation processes. [less ▲]

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See detailRéaction inflammatoire exubérante comme effet secondaire d’une infiltration de PRP
Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; LEONARD, Philippe ULg et al

in Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (2013, October), 56(Sup 1), 068

Introduction : Infiltrations of plasma rich platelets (PRP) represent a new treatment of tendinopathies. Currently, no side effects were reported in this indication. Case report: We report the case of a ... [more ▼]

Introduction : Infiltrations of plasma rich platelets (PRP) represent a new treatment of tendinopathies. Currently, no side effects were reported in this indication. Case report: We report the case of a 35-year-old type 1 diabetic patient with right upper patellar tendinopathy that had persisted for more than 6 months. The patient benefited from an intratendinous infiltration of 6 mL of PRP (8.105 platelets/mm3, almost no red or white blood cells) after a carefully disinfection but without local anesthesia. Typically, a standardized program of sub-maximal eccentric rehabilitation should be started 1 week after infiltration. However, the patient experienced local swelling with erythema, increased heating and pain, which appeared just underneath the patella, without biological inflammatory syndrome. In absence of septic general symptoms, no blood or wound culture were made. At 2 weeks post-infiltration, a greatly increased Doppler signal in a thicker tendon was observed by ultrasounds compared to that before infiltration, but there was no sign of infection demonstrated by either MRI or CT. However, the local inflammation did not decrease after a 3-week treatment of local cryotherapy, local and oral NSAID, and adjunct use of colchicine 1 mg. Thus, an insidious infection was suspected, even though there was no evidence of biological inflammatory syndrome or sign of infectious lesion on imagery examination. Antibiotic therapy (rifampicine 600 mg + minocycline 100 mg), was initiated for three months. Due to a lack of improvement via imaging and clinical examination, a 3-phase bone scintigraphy was performed. The results suggested the presence of a complex regional pain syndrome type 1. The patient benefited from classical physical therapy and concomitant pain killers. The evolution was favorable after 6 months of treatment. Discussion : Even though PRP infiltration represents a new and promising treatment for tendinopathy, more studies are needed both to verify its clinical efficacy. Moreover, implementing this innovative treatment requires caution because of potential adverse events. Thus, the balance between benefits and risks must be carefully evaluated before using this treatment, especially in patients with type 1 diabetes. [less ▲]

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See detailRéaction inflammatoire exubérante suite à une infiltration de PRP
Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; LEONARD, Philippe ULg et al

in European Journal of Sports Medicine (2013, September), 1(Supplement 1), 278-279

Background: PRP, obtained from centrifuged autologous blood, contains a large quantity of growth factors, which may enhance the tissue healing processes. Local infiltration of PRP represents a relatively ... [more ▼]

Background: PRP, obtained from centrifuged autologous blood, contains a large quantity of growth factors, which may enhance the tissue healing processes. Local infiltration of PRP represents a relatively new treatment for tendinopathies. To date, no side effects have been reported after infiltration of PRP to treat tendinopathy. Case report: A 35-year-old patient had a right upper patellar tendinopathy which was resistant to all conservative treatments for more than 6 months. The patient was a type 1 diabetic (well controlled). He had an intratendinous infiltration of 6 mL of PRP (8.105 platelets/mm3, almost no red or white blood cells) after disinfection but without local anaesthetic. Immediately following the infiltration, local cryotherapy was performed for 15 minutes. NSAIDs were avoided, but class-1 or -2 pain-killers were authorised if necessary. A standardised sub-maximal eccentric rehabilitation should have been started 1 week after. However, the patient experienced local swelling with erythema, increased heating and pain which appeared just underneath the patella, but without biological inflammatory syndrome. A great Doppler signal in a thicker patellar tendon was observed by US, but there was no sign of local infectious disease demonstrated by either CT or MRI. However, the local inflammation did not decrease after a progressive 3-week treatment of local cryotherapy, local and oral NSAIDs and colchicine 1 mg. Thus, an insidious infection was suspected, even though there was neither evidence of biological inflammatory syndrome nor sign of infectious lesion on imagery examination. An antibiotic therapy (rifampicine 600 mg + minocycline 100 mg) was initiated for 3 months. Finally, a 3-phase bone scintigraphy suggested the presence of a complex regional pain syndrome type 1 treated by a classical physical therapy and concomitant class-2 pain killers. The evolution was favourable after 6 months of symptomatic treatment, and the pain decreased to a level similar to that before the infiltration of PRP. Discussion/Conclusions: This case report draws attention to potential side effects that are linked to this new therapy by infiltration of platelet rich plasma in case of tendinopathy, in particular when used in patients with type 1 diabetes. Thus, the balance between benefits and risks must be carefully evaluated before using this treatment in patients with type 1 diabetes. [less ▲]

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See detailReaction of N-benzylideneanilines with methyl 3-aminocrotonate catalyzed by inorganic solids
Balogh, Maria; Delaude, Lionel ULg; Hermecz, Istvan

in Heterocyclic Communications (1998), 4(5), 403-410

N-benzylideneanilines 1 react with methyl 3-aminocrotonate 2 in the presence of solid acidic catalysts (K10 montmorillonite or ZF520 zeolite) to give dimethyl 4-(substituted)phenyl-2,6dimethyl-1,4 ... [more ▼]

N-benzylideneanilines 1 react with methyl 3-aminocrotonate 2 in the presence of solid acidic catalysts (K10 montmorillonite or ZF520 zeolite) to give dimethyl 4-(substituted)phenyl-2,6dimethyl-1,4-dihydropyridine-3,5-dicarboxylates 3 as major products. Methyl 2-(methoxycarbonylmethylene)-6-methyl-4-(substituted)phenyl-1,2,3,4-tetr ahydro-5-pyridinecarboxylates 4 and methyl 4-(methoxycarbonylmethyl)-2-methyl-6- (substituted)phenyl-3-pyridinecarboxylates 5 were isolated as minor products. [less ▲]

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See detailThe reaction of N/2D/ with O2 as a source of O/1D/ atoms in aurorae
Rusch, D. W.; Sharp, W. E.; Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg

in Geophysical Research Letters (1978), 5

The source of O(1D) atoms in the auroral ionosphere is investigated using sounding rocket data. Previously, it has been shown that the conventional sources of O(1D) atoms in the aurora, dissociative ... [more ▼]

The source of O(1D) atoms in the auroral ionosphere is investigated using sounding rocket data. Previously, it has been shown that the conventional sources of O(1D) atoms in the aurora, dissociative recombination of O2(plus) and electron impact excitation of atomic oxygen, fail to explain the measured 6300 A volume emission rate profile. It is suggested that the atom-atom interchange reaction of N(2D) with O2 can be the major source of auroral 6300 A emission if O(1D) is created with high efficiency. [less ▲]

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See detailReaction Window in the single-electron capture by Ammonia Dications.
Leyh, Bernard ULg; Hoxha, Antuan

in Chemical Physics (1995), 192

Single-electron capture (SEC) by (NH3)2+ with rare gases (He, Ne, Ar, Kr, Xe) and benzene, (NH3)2++G->NH3++G+, has been investigated using a forward geometry double-focussing mass spectrometer. The SEC ... [more ▼]

Single-electron capture (SEC) by (NH3)2+ with rare gases (He, Ne, Ar, Kr, Xe) and benzene, (NH3)2++G->NH3++G+, has been investigated using a forward geometry double-focussing mass spectrometer. The SEC cross-section goes through a maximum within a reaction window centered at an exothermicity of approximately 4.5 eV. This corresponds to a target-projectile distance for the charge transfer of about 3.2 Angstöm. The average internal energy of NH3+-ions resulting from SEC has been obtained both via translational energy gain measurements and via an analysis of the daughter ion spectra. The agreement between both methods is satisfactory and shows that the lower the ionisation energy of the target, the more probable the excitation of NH3+ to the A2E state. With benzene (ionization energy=9.25 eV) as the target gas, however, the excess energy is converted partly to internal energy of C6H6+, leading most probably to the D2B2u, E2B1u and F2A1g states of C6H6+. A model based on the Landau-Zener non-adiabatic formalism, including one entrance channel (NH32++G) and two exit channels (NH3+ X2A"2+G+ and NH3+ A2E+G+) accounts qualitatively for the observed results in the case of exothermic single-electron capture. This model is not appropriate for slightly exothermic and endothermic charge transfer, i.e., in the present case, for the Ne and He target gases. [less ▲]

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See detailReactions cutanees a l'encre de tatouage.
FRANCHIMONT, Claudine ULg; Hermanns, Jean-François ULg; PIERARD, Gérald ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2011), 66(7-8), 430-3

Ritual and artistic tattoos rely on the use of numerous pigments which are not all entirely inert once placed in the dermis. The compositions of some tattoo inks are identified. However, new but less well ... [more ▼]

Ritual and artistic tattoos rely on the use of numerous pigments which are not all entirely inert once placed in the dermis. The compositions of some tattoo inks are identified. However, new but less well identified compounds appear on the market. Allergic reactions can be present under different aspects. They may correspond to allergic contact dermatitis or to photodermatitis. Other reactions include allergic hypersensitivity reactions as well as lichenoid, granulomatous or pseudolymphoma reactions. Pulsed light and laser are typically used for regular tattoo removal. These procedures are not indicated in inflamed tattoos. Indeed, the pigment dispersed during photolysis may perpetuate the reaction. Pseudotattoos due to the stratum corneum staining are frequently responsible for photoeczema. [less ▲]

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See detailReactions cutanees indesirables a la chimiotherapie et leurs traitements.
Pierard, Gérald ULg; Paquet, Philippe; Pierard, Claudine ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2007), 62(5-6), 457-62

Chemotherapy is an essential component in the multidisciplinary management of many cancers. Skin reactions to chemotherapeutics are rather frequent, and their morbidity may be significant. It is wise to ... [more ▼]

Chemotherapy is an essential component in the multidisciplinary management of many cancers. Skin reactions to chemotherapeutics are rather frequent, and their morbidity may be significant. It is wise to identify them with precision in order to chose the most adequate preventive and therapeutic measures. The dermatopathology assessment is helpful for the diagnostic. [less ▲]

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See detailRéactions cutanées indésirables aux antidépresseurs.
Braham, C.; Paquet, Philippe ULg; Pitchot, William ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2003), 58(1), 22-4

Due to the widespread usage of antidepressants by the population, they represent a class of drugs which is at high risk for cutaneous side effects. The diversity in the clinical presentations is large ... [more ▼]

Due to the widespread usage of antidepressants by the population, they represent a class of drugs which is at high risk for cutaneous side effects. The diversity in the clinical presentations is large. The variability in their severity is large as well. Morbidity may be quite severe, but the vital prognosis is rarely affected. [less ▲]

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See detailReactions cutanees indesirables des traitements par anticorps monoclonaux.
Pierard, Claudine ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2009), 64(5-6), 339-46

A number of adverse skin reactions can occur during some treatments using monoclonal antibodies. Some of the reactions are specifically linked to the pharmacological effect of the drug. Others are the ... [more ▼]

A number of adverse skin reactions can occur during some treatments using monoclonal antibodies. Some of the reactions are specifically linked to the pharmacological effect of the drug. Others are the expression of more common drug reactions. Their early recognition and their adequate management are important to consider in order to avoid a morbidity severely altering the quality of life and even the life prognosis. [less ▲]

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