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See detailPrognostic factors in patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome and multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1. Groupe d'Etude des Neoplasies Endocriniennes Multiples (GENEM and groupe de Recherche et d'Etude du Syndrome de Zollinger-Ellison (GRESZE).
Cadiot, G.; Vuagnat, A.; Doukhan, I. et al

in Gastroenterology (1999), 116(2), 286-293

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Risk factors of metachronous liver metastases and death are not well known in patients with the Zollinger-Ellison syndrome and multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1. These factors were ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Risk factors of metachronous liver metastases and death are not well known in patients with the Zollinger-Ellison syndrome and multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1. These factors were retrospectively determined in 77 patients. METHODS: Data chart review was performed. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 102 months (range, 12-366). Surgery was performed on 48 patients, including 9 of the 10 patients with large pancreatic tumors (>/=3 cm). Liver metastases developed in 4 patients (40%) with large pancreatic tumors, in 3 (4.8%) without, and in 1 of the 4 patients with pancreatic tumors of unknown size; all had previously undergone surgery. The only independent factor associated with development of liver metastases identified by multivariate analysis was large pancreatic tumors (risk ratio, 29.0; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3. 2-260.7). Surgery was not selected. The probability of being free of liver metastases in the 63 patients without large pancreatic tumors was 96% (95% CI, 88-100) at 10 and 15 years. Thirteen (16.9%) patients died. The only independent factors of death selected by multivariate analysis were Zollinger-Ellison syndrome diagnosis before 1980 (risk ratio, 8.2; 95% CI, 1.7-40.6) and age at diagnosis (risk ratio/year, 1.08; 95% CI, 1.03-1.14). CONCLUSIONS: Large pancreatic tumors are predictive of the development of metachronous liver metastases, and surgery does not seem to prevent them. [less ▲]

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See detailPrognostic factors in urothelial renal pelvis and ureter tumors: A multicenter Rare Cancer Network study
Ozsahin, Mahmut; Zouhair, Abderrahim; Villà, S. et al

in International Journal of Radiation, Oncology, Biology, Physics (1997), 3(2(supp)), 290

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See detailPrognostic Factors in Urothelial Renal Pelvis and Ureter Tumours: a Multicentre Rare Cancer Network Study
Ozsahin, M; Zouhair, A; Villa, S et al

in European Journal of Cancer & Clinical Oncology (1999), 35/5

To assess the prognostic factors in patients with transitional-cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis and/or ureter, a series of 138 patients with transitional-cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis and/or ureter ... [more ▼]

To assess the prognostic factors in patients with transitional-cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis and/or ureter, a series of 138 patients with transitional-cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis and/or ureter was collected in a retrospective multicentre study. 12 patients with distant metastases were excluded from the statistical evaluation. All but 3 patients underwent radical surgery: nephroureterectomy (n=71), nephroureterectomy and lymphadenectomy (n=20), nephroureterectomy and partial bladder resection or transurethral resection (n=20), nephrectomy (n=10), and ureterectomy (n=5). Sixty-one per cent (n=77) of the tumours were located in the renal pelvis, and 21% (n=27) in the ureter (both in 22 [17%]). Following surgery, residual tumour was still present in 33 patients (16 microscopic and 17 macroscopic). Postoperative radiotherapy was given to 45 (36%) patients. The median follow-up period was 39 months. In a median period of 9 months, 66% of the patients relapsed (34 local, 7 locoregional, 16 regional, and 24 distant). The 5- and 10-year survival were 29% and 19%, respectively, in all patients. In univariate analyses, statistically significant factors influencing the outcome were Karnofsky index, pT-classification, pN-classification, tumour localisation, grade, and residual tumour after surgery. Multivariate analysis revealed that independent prognostic factors influencing outcome were pT-classification, the existence of residual tumour, and tumour localisation. In patients with urothelial renal pelvis and/or ureter tumours, a radical surgical attitude is mandatory; and the presence of tumour in the ureter is associated with a poorer prognosis. [less ▲]

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See detailPrognostic factors of death among nursing homes residents followed prospectively for a period of 2 years
Buckinx, Fanny ULg; Slomian, Justine ULg; Maquet, Didier ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2014), 25(2), 121-122

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See detailPrognostic impact of electrocardiographic signs in patients with Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease: results from the PROactive study
Pfister, R.; Cairns, R.; Erdmann, E. et al

in Diabetic Medicine : A Journal of the British Diabetic Association (2011), 28

Aims Although a resting electrocardiograph is broadly applied in clinical practice for evaluating patientswith Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, the independent prognostic relevance of ... [more ▼]

Aims Although a resting electrocardiograph is broadly applied in clinical practice for evaluating patientswith Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, the independent prognostic relevance of electrocardiographic signs has not thoroughly been examined. Methods Baseline 12-lead electrocardiographs available in 5231 of the 5238 participants of the PROactive trial were analysed for heart rate, heart rate corrected QT-interval, presence of atrial fibrillation ⁄ flutter, left axis deviation, right and left bundle branch block. The association of electrocardiographic signs with total mortality, the principal secondary composite endpoint (death, myocardial infarction and stroke) and serious adverse heart failure events was examined by Cox-regression analysis. Results Two hundred and twenty-three (4.3%) patients showed atrial fibrillation ⁄ flutter, 213 (4.1%) patients had right bundle branch block, 111 (2.1%) patients had left bundle branch block and 706 (13.5%) patients had left axis deviation. Mean cQT-interval was 418 ms ( 25 ms) and mean heart ratewas 72 ⁄min ( 14 ⁄ min). Inmultivariate adjusted analyses, heart rate and cQT-interval were significantly associated with mortality, the composite secondary endpoint and heart failure, whereas right and left bundle branch blockswere significantly associated with heart failure only. Left axis deviationwas associated with heart failure and atrial fibrillation ⁄ flutter was associated with mortality and heart failure in univariate but not multivariate analyses. Conclusion Easily assessable electrocardiographic signs such as heart rate, cQT-interval and bundle branch blocks were predictive for adverse outcome independently of multiple risk factor adjustment and should be considered in clinical care. [less ▲]

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See detailPrognostic importance of exercise brain natriuretic peptide in asymptomatic degenerative mitral regurgitation
Magne, Julien ULg; Mahjoub, H.; Pibarot, P. et al

in European Journal of Heart Failure (2012), 14(11), 1293-1302

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See detailPrognostic Importance of Exercise Brain Natriuretic Peptide in Asymptomatic Degenerative Mitral Regurgitation.
Magne, Julien ULg; Mahjoub, H; Pibarot, P et al

Conference (2012)

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See detailPrognostic importance of exercise-induced changes in mitral regurgitation in patients with chronic ischemic left ventricular dysfunction
Lancellotti, Patrizio ULg; Troisfontaines, P.; Toussaint, A. C. et al

in Circulation (2003), 108(14), 1713-1717

Background-In the post-myocardial infarction phase, mortality risk is related to the severity of mitral regurgitation (MR). Ischemic MR is a dynamic condition that can be studied during exercise. Whether ... [more ▼]

Background-In the post-myocardial infarction phase, mortality risk is related to the severity of mitral regurgitation (MR). Ischemic MR is a dynamic condition that can be studied during exercise. Whether the assessment of exercise-induced changes in the degree of MR provides prognostic information is unknown. Methods and Results-Ninety-eight consecutive patients with chronic ischemic left ventricular dysfunction and at least mild MR who prospectively underwent quantitative measurement of the regurgitant volume and the effective regurgitant orifice (ERO) of MR at rest and during semisupine exercise test were followed up for 19+/-8 months. The 16 patients who underwent surgery were censored at the time of operation. Of the 82 patients who were medically treated, 9 (11%) died. No clinical data demonstrated a distinction between survivors and nonsurvivors. By multivariate Cox regression analysis, independent predictors of cardiac death were an increase in ERO by greater than or equal to13 mm(2) (P=0.0045) during exercise, an ERO >20 mm(2) at rest (P=0.01), and a shorter mitral deceleration time (P=0.044). Half of the patients with exercise-induced significant increases in MR who died had moderate MR at rest. In contrast, none of the 14 patients with a decrease in MR at exercise displayed cardiac death. Conclusions-In patients with ischemic MR and left ventricular dysfunction, quantitative assessment of exercise-induced changes in the degree of MR provides independent prognostic information. Significant exercise-induced increases in MR unmask patients at high risk of poor outcome. [less ▲]

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See detailPrognostic importance of quantitative exercise Doppler echocardiography in asymptomatic valvular aortic stenosis
Lancellotti, Patrizio ULg; Lebois, Florence ULg; Simon, Marc et al

in Circulation (2005), 112(9 Suppl.), 377-382

BACKGROUND: In patients with asymptomatic valvular aortic stenosis, exercise testing may help to stratify the clinical risk. However, data are limited, and the role of quantitative exercise Doppler ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: In patients with asymptomatic valvular aortic stenosis, exercise testing may help to stratify the clinical risk. However, data are limited, and the role of quantitative exercise Doppler echocardiography has never been investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty-nine consecutive patients with severe asymptomatic aortic stenosis (aortic valve area <1 cm2) who prospectively underwent quantitative Doppler echocardiographic measurements at rest and during semisupine exercise test were followed up for 15+/-7 months. Of these, 26 had an abnormal response to exercise [occurrence of > or =1 of the following findings: angina, dyspnea, > or =2 mm ST segment depression, or fall or small (<20 mm Hg) rise in systolic blood pressure during the test] and 18 presented cardiac events during follow-up (symptoms in 2 patients, acute pulmonary edema in 2, aortic valve replacement in 12, and cardiac death in 2). In univariate analysis, patients who had cardiac events exhibited a higher increase in both peak (29+/-16 versus 22+/-14 mm Hg; P=0.019) and mean (23+/-8 versus 12+/-7 mm Hg; P=0.000003) transvalvular pressure gradients, whereas the left ventricular ejection fraction reached at peak stress was lower. These patients experienced more frequently symptoms during exercise (14 of 18 versus 12 of 51; P=0.0008). By multivariate Cox regression analysis, independent predictors of cardiac events were as follows: an increase in mean transaortic pressure gradient by > or =18 mm Hg during exercise (P=0.0015), an abnormal exercise test (P=0.0026), and an aortic valve area <0.75 cm2 (P=0.0031). Exercise Doppler echocardiographic findings provided incremental prognostic value over resting echocardiographic and exercise electrocardiographic parameters. CONCLUSIONS: Quantitative Doppler exercise echocardiography could be useful to identify a high-risk subset of patients with asymptomatic valvular aortic stenosis and help for clinical decision making. [less ▲]

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See detailPrognostic markers in malignant diseases
Chapelle, Jean-Paul ULg; Duvivier, J.; Gielen, J.

Conference (1995, July)

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See detailPrognostic markers in malignant diseases
Chapelle, Jean-Paul ULg; Duvivier, J.; Gielen, Jacques

in Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation. Supplementum (1995), 55

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See detailPrognostic significance of a low peak serum creatine kinase level in acute myocardial infarction
Pierard, Luc ULg; Dubois, Christophe ULg; Albert, Adelin ULg et al

in American Journal of Cardiology (1989), 63(12), 792-6

To assess the prognostic significance of a low peak creatine kinase (CK) level, 723 consecutive patients admitted with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) within 16 hours after onset of symptoms were ... [more ▼]

To assess the prognostic significance of a low peak creatine kinase (CK) level, 723 consecutive patients admitted with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) within 16 hours after onset of symptoms were studied. Thrombolytic therapy was not attempted during the study. Patients were dichotomized according to their peak CK levels, determined from a cluster analysis of peak CK distribution among the population of patients who died within 3 years after hospital discharge. The 139 patients with low peak CK (less than or equal to 650 IU/liter) (group 1) were compared to the 584 patients with high peak CK (greater than 650 IU/liter) (group 2). Patients in group 1 were older and had a higher incidence of previous AMI, angina pectoris before AMI and non-Q-wave AMI. Despite a lower incidence of in-hospital complications and a nonsignificantly lower hospital mortality rate (4 vs 9%) the group 1 three-year posthospital mortality rate was higher (26 vs 17%; p less than 0.02), especially in the subgroup of patients with a Q-wave infarct (mortality 31% in group 1 vs 16% in group 2; p less than 0.001). Among the 491 patients who had a first Q-wave AMI, 55 had a peak CK less than or equal to 650 IU/liter. Compared to the 436 patients with a higher peak CK, these 55 patients had a higher incidence of early postinfarction angina (31 vs 14%; p less than 0.01), a similar hospital mortality (4 vs 7%) but a higher 3-year posthospital mortality (23 vs 12%; p less than 0.05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) [less ▲]

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See detailPrognostic significance of aberrant promoter hypermethylation of CpG islands in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphomas
Amara, Khaled; Trimeche, Mounir; Ziadi, Sonia et al

in Annals of Oncology (2008), 19(10), 1774-1786

Background: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) exhibits heterogeneous clinical features and a marked variable response to treatment. Patients and methods: We investigated the prognostic significance of ... [more ▼]

Background: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) exhibits heterogeneous clinical features and a marked variable response to treatment. Patients and methods: We investigated the prognostic significance of the methylation status of DAPK, GSTP1, P14, P15, P16, P33, RB1, SHP1, CDH1, APC, BLU, VHL, TIMP3, and RASSF1A genes in 46 DLBCL specimens from Tunisian patients. Methylation status of each gene was correlated with clinicopathological parameters including the International Prognostic Index (IPI), the germinal center immunophenotype, and response to treatment and survival. Overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) rates were calculated by the Kaplan–Meier method and differences were compared with the log-rank test. Results: Hypermethylation of SHP1 was associated with elevated lactate dehydrogenase level (P = 0.031). P16 and VHL were frequently hypermethylated in patients with high IPI scores (P = 0.006 and 0.004) and a performance status of two or more (P = 0.007 and 0.047). In addition, hypermethylation of P16 was significantly associated with advanced clinical stages and B symptoms (P = 0.041 and 0.012). Interestingly, hypermethylation of DAPK was significantly correlated with resistance to treatment (P = 0.023). With regard to survival rates, promoter hypermethylation of DAPK, P16, and VHL were significantly associated with shortened OS (P = 0.003, 0.001, and 0.017, respectively) and DFS (P = 0.006, 0.003, and 0.046, respectively). In multivariate analysis, hypermethylation of DAPK remains an independent prognostic factor in predicting shortened OS (P = 0.001) and DFS (P = 0.024), as well as the IPI and the germinal center status. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that DLBCLs with hypermethylated P16, VHL, DAPK, and SHP1 commonly show a biologically aggressive phenotype and worse prognosis. Interestingly, hypermethylation of DAPK was found to be an independent prognostic factor that may be used in conjunction with the conventional prognostic factors such as the IPI and the germinal center status. [less ▲]

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See detailPrognostic Significance of bcl-2 Protein Expression in Aggressive Non-Hodkin's Lymphoma
Hermine, Olivier; Haioun, Corinne; Lepage, Eric et al

in Blood (1996)

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See detailPrognostic significance of electrocardiographic findings in angina at rest. Therapeutic implications.
Demoulin, J. C.; Bertholet, M.; Chevigne, M. et al

in British heart journal (1981), 46(3), 320-4

Ninety-five patients with angina at rest were observed in the coronary care unit. Eighty-one per cent presented concomitantly or had previously presented some other manifestations of coronary artery ... [more ▼]

Ninety-five patients with angina at rest were observed in the coronary care unit. Eighty-one per cent presented concomitantly or had previously presented some other manifestations of coronary artery disease. These patients were divided into two subgroups. In subgroup 1 (40 patients), episodes of non-exertional angina were associated with a pattern of hyperacute subepicardial injury and, frequently, with ventricular arrhythmias. In subgroup 2 (55 patients), the episodes of angina at rest were attended by horizontal ST depression, isolated T wave inversion, or trivial ST-T changes. Coronary angiographic findings were similar in both subgroups. Symptoms regressed in only 9% of patients in subgroup 1 while they were receiving beta-receptor antagonists, whereas amiodarone alone or amiodarone with nifedipine was successful in 58%. Of these patients, 25% developed a myocardial infarction shortly after admission. In subgroup 2 patients, beta-blockers were successful in 61%. Amiodarone isolated or associated with nifedipine was successful in 55% of the patients in whom it was tried. Only 5% of patients in this subgroup developed a myocardial infarction during their hospital stay. It is concluded that: (1) observation of the electrocardiogram during spontaneous angina in patients with known atherosclerotic coronary heart disease may be of prognostic significance and may influence therapeutic decision. (2) Amiodarone by virtue of its anginal and antiarrhythmic properties may be particularly useful in the treatment of non-exertional angina. [less ▲]

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