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See detailLiver transplantation in Jehovah's witnesses
Detry, Olivier ULg; Honoré, Pierre ULg; De Roover, Arnaud ULg et al

in Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica (2001, January), 64(1), 53

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See detailLiver Transplantation Is Feasible in Super-Obese Patients: A Case Report.
Detry, Olivier ULg; Seydel, Benoît ULg; Kohnen, Laurent ULg et al

in Transplantation Proceedings (2009), 41(8), 3430-3431

Short- and long-term results of liver transplantation in morbidly obese patients may be impaired compared with the general transplant population. As a consequence, severe obesity has been considered to be ... [more ▼]

Short- and long-term results of liver transplantation in morbidly obese patients may be impaired compared with the general transplant population. As a consequence, severe obesity has been considered to be a relative contraindication to liver transplantation in many centers. Surgically, liver transplantation in severe obesity may be challenging. Moreover, obesity may lead to an increased rate of early and late medical complications. Herein we have reported successful liver transplantation in a super-obese patient (body mass index, 55.1 kg/m(2)) who had developed terminal acute-on-chronic liver disease. In the first 6 months of follow-up, the patient underwent a severe diet that led to a significant weight loss reduction to a body mass index of 39 kg/m(2). This report of successful liver transplantation in a super-obese patient suggests that severe obesity should not be considered to be an absolute contraindication to liver transplantation. [less ▲]

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See detailLiver transplantation with extended Milan criteria
DETRY, Olivier ULg

Conference (2015, December 04)

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See detailLivestock and veterinary research in the CGIAR
Leroy, Pascal ULg; D'Ieteren, G.

in BADC and FAO, Brussels (1996)

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See detailLivestock farms in Belgium shelter they the mosquitoes (Diptera, Culicidae) potentially vectors of arboviruses?
Boukraa, Slimane ULg; Zimmer, Jean-Yves ULg; Simonon, Grégory et al

Poster (2012, August 23)

Although no major arbovirus which mosquitoes are responsible for its transmission has been recorded in Belgium in recent decades, environment and climate change, current and future, could favor the ... [more ▼]

Although no major arbovirus which mosquitoes are responsible for its transmission has been recorded in Belgium in recent decades, environment and climate change, current and future, could favor the emergence of vector-borne diseases in the country, by inducing changes on Culicidae populations. This study aims to determine the potential importance of agricultural environments, and especially livestock farms, to welcome and favor the proliferation of certain species of mosquito responsible for transmission of arboviruses. A taxonomic inventory was conducted in 2008 (III, VI and X) and 2009 (V and IX) in ten cattle farms, and in 2010 (X) in ten stables located in Belgium. The harvest of mosquitoes is based on larval sampling at the level of 14 biotopes such as water troughs, used tires, abandoned utensils and temporary puddles or not. The morphotaxonomic study of larvae and genitalia has allowed to identify eight species in 18 study stations. These are Anopheles claviger Meigen, 1804 ; A. maculipennis s.l. Meigen, 1818 ; Culiseta annulata Schrank, 1776 ; Cs. morsitans Theobald, 1901 ; Culex modestus Ficalbi, 1889 ; Cx. torrentium Martini, 1925 ; Cx. territans Walker, 1856 and Cx. pipiens s.l. L., 1758. Of the 1843 individuals examined in 2009, Cx. pipiens s.l. represents 79.98% of the total harvest; however, Cx. modestus represents only 0.92%. Used tires form the most favorable habitat for larval development of Culicidae. Therefore, despite the low diversity of mosquito observed within the livestock environments, they represent a significant risk for the reproduction of some potential vectors of arboviruses. In addition, some larval habitats constitute very favorable sites for proliferation of mosquito, causing a real problem of nuisance for animals of farms. [less ▲]

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See detailLivestock Genomics Comes of Age
Georges, Michel ULg; Andersson, L.

in Genome Research (1996), 6(10), 907-21

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See detailLIVESTOCK SYSTEMS--TECHNICAL REPORT
Minet, Julien ULg; Diouf, Abdoul Aziz; Garba, Issa et al

Report (2015)

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See detailLiving (co)polymerization of adipic anhydride and selective end functionalization of the parent polymer
Ropson, Nathalie; Dubois, Philippe; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

in Macromolecules (1992), 25(14), 3820-3824

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See detailLiving and Printing in Antwerp in the Late Fifteenth and Early Sixteenth Centuries: a Social Enquiry
Adam, Renaud ULg

in Van Bruaene, Anne-Laure; Kavaler, Ethan Matt (Eds.) Urban Perspectives on Sixteenth-Century Netherlandish Art & Culture (in press)

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See detailThe Living and the Dead, a Note on Patrick White
Maes-Jelinek, Hena ULg

in Revue des Langues Vivantes = Tijdschrift voor Levende Talen (1963), 29(6), 521-528

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See detailLiving anionic homo- and block copolymerization of 2-(tert-butylamino) ethyl methacrylate
Creutz, Serge; Teyssié, Philippe; Jérôme, Robert ULg

in Journal of Polymer Science. Part A, Polymer Chemistry (1997), 35(10), 2035-2040

Anionic polymerization of 2-(tert-butylamino)ethyl methacrylate (tBAEMA), which bears an unprotected secondary amine moiety, has been investigated in THF at -78°C. The presence of lithium chloride has ... [more ▼]

Anionic polymerization of 2-(tert-butylamino)ethyl methacrylate (tBAEMA), which bears an unprotected secondary amine moiety, has been investigated in THF at -78°C. The presence of lithium chloride has been shown to be desirable to afford narrow molecular weight distribution as well as a good agreement between theoretical and observed molecular weight. The living character of the polymerization has also been demonstrated, and the synthesis of block copolymers carried out successfully. They have been analyzed by SEC by adding a mixture of secondary and tertiary amines to the eluent (THF) so as to avoid any polymer adsorption during elution. © 1997 John Wiley [less ▲]

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See detailLiving Anionic Homopolymerization and Block Copolymerization of (Dimethylamino)ethyl Methacrylate
Creutz, Serge; Teyssié, Philippe; Jérôme, Robert ULg

in Macromolecules (1997), 30(1), 6-9

Anionic polymerization of (dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA) has been investigated in THF at -78°C. The presence of lithium chloride has been shown to be desirable in order to afford a narrow ... [more ▼]

Anionic polymerization of (dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA) has been investigated in THF at -78°C. The presence of lithium chloride has been shown to be desirable in order to afford a narrow molecular weight distribution as well as a good agreement between theoretical and observed molecular weight. The living character of the polymerization has been demonstrated. Thus the synthesis of block copolymers, some of them unattainable by GTP, has been carried out successfully. Finally, the anionic polymerization of mixtures of tert-butyl methacrylate (tBMA) and DMAEMA has been considered and their relative reactivity ratio estimated. The easy quaternization of (dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate affords amphiphilic water-soluble copolymers displaying interesting characteristics as polymeric dispersants and surfactants. [less ▲]

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See detailLiving Anionic Homopolymerization and Block Copolymerization of 4-Vinylpyridine at "Elevated" Temperature and Its Characterization by Size Exclusion Chromatography
Creutz, Serge; Teyssié, Philippe; Jérôme, Robert ULg

in Macromolecules (1997), 30(1), 1-5

The anionic polymerization of 4-vinylpyridine (4VP) has been investigated in 9/1 pyridine/THF at 0 °C. After characterization of the living character of 4VP polymerization, its copolymerization with tert ... [more ▼]

The anionic polymerization of 4-vinylpyridine (4VP) has been investigated in 9/1 pyridine/THF at 0 °C. After characterization of the living character of 4VP polymerization, its copolymerization with tert-butyl methacrylate (tBMA) has been carried out also successfully. Their relative reactivity ratios have been determined. Solvent composition as well as temperature have been varied in order to evaluate their influence on the final molecular characteristics of the polymers. Finally, a new SEC methodology in 8/1/1 N,N-dimethylformamide/triethylamine/pyridine has been developed. [less ▲]

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See detailLiving anionic polymerization of (meth)acrylic esters : new mechanistic concepts and resulting materials
Teyssié, Philippe; Baran, Janusz; Dubois, Philippe ULg et al

in Macromolecular Symposia (1998), 132

As an illustration of the frantic development of (meth)acrylic esters anionic polymerization during the last decade, three significant breakthroughs will be presented and analyzed: - extension of the LAP ... [more ▼]

As an illustration of the frantic development of (meth)acrylic esters anionic polymerization during the last decade, three significant breakthroughs will be presented and analyzed: - extension of the LAP (ligated anionic polymerization) concept to the practical synthesis of both high iso- or syndio high MW PMMA; - the production of "perfect" hydrocarbon gels from tailored PMMA-polybutadiene-PMMA triblock copolymers; - the use of reactivity "boosters" allowing to climb back up the nucleophilic reactivity scale, i.e. initiating styrene, dienes and (meth)acrylates polymerization with alcoholates and silanolates. [less ▲]

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See detailLiving as a quasi-citizen in Japan: the Brazilian Nikkeijin diaspora
Lara Guerrero, Larisa Viridiana ULg

Scientific conference (2015)

Circular migration has been portrayed as the ultimate solution for migration governance. In fact, policy makers and academics consider circular migration and other temporary forms of migration as a way to ... [more ▼]

Circular migration has been portrayed as the ultimate solution for migration governance. In fact, policy makers and academics consider circular migration and other temporary forms of migration as a way to obtain mutual gains for sending countries, receiving countries and migrants (Vertovec, 2007). Circular migration encompasses different type of processes such as temporary migration programs, return migration, limited term contracts and temporary visas (Yamashiro: 2013, Oda 2010a). In order to understand the advantages and disadvantages of circular migration, it is necessary to unpack each of these programs. The assumption that temporary migration is beneficial for emigration countries, immigration countries and migrants needs to be analysed more critically, since these programs have a transformative effect both in sending and receiving societies. For instance, in some cases temporary migration can disrupt the basis and components of citizenship, identity or ethnicity. One of the most representative cases to illustrate the disruptive effect of temporary programs in the social and political order is the case of Japanese-Brazilian migrants retuning to Japan (Hokara, 2002). Since 1990, the Japanese government approved a law that enables foreign nationals of Japanese ancestry to enter Japan as temporary workers. Several scholars have described this phenomenon as a “temporary status program”, “long term resident program” (Oda, 2010), “return migration program” (Touro, 2001) and “limited-term contracts” (Terasawa, 2000). One of the main contributions in the study of these Brazilian Nikkeijin (descendants of Japanese emigrants) is their conceptualization as secondary citizens (Yamanaka, 2003). According to Joppke (2007), citizenship has three different aspects: status, rights and identity. Using this framework, this essay argues that the Control and Refugee Recognition Act enabling Brazilian immigrants to return temporally to Japan has created a new status of quasi-citizenship. Analysing the circular migration of this population from this perspective enable us to understand the role of the Japanese government on shaping restrictive immigration laws and the living condition of the Nikkeijin. On the one hand, the first part of the essay argues that Nikkeijin migration is an instrument of social closure. The first part uses Joppke’s (2007) framework to demonstrate that Japanese-Brazilians are quasi-citizens in Japan with a legal status, economic rights and a common identity. On the other hand, the second part argues that there are three main obstacles that prevent this migrant community to be fully admitted as citizens. These three factors are the following: the state modelling and concerns role, the lack of accommodation of diversity in the Japanese society and finally the formation of a transnational community. [less ▲]

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See detailLiving cationic polymerization of delta-valerolactone and synthesis of high molecular weight homopolymer and asymmetric telechelic and block copolymer
Lou, Xudong; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Jérôme, Robert ULg

in Macromolecules (2002), 35(4), 1190-1195

Poly(delta-valerolactone) [poly(deltaVL)] of high molecular weight (similar to40 000) and low polydispersity index (similar to1.05) was prepared by activated monomer cationic ring-opening polymerization ... [more ▼]

Poly(delta-valerolactone) [poly(deltaVL)] of high molecular weight (similar to40 000) and low polydispersity index (similar to1.05) was prepared by activated monomer cationic ring-opening polymerization of delta-VL initiated by the alcohol/HCl.Et2O system. A series of functional alcohols, e.g., 9-anthracenemethanol, 2-hydroxyethyl acrylate, 3-buten-1-ol, 2-bromoethanol, and 5-norbornene-2-metbanol, were successfully used to prepare asymmetric telechelic poly(deltaVL), i.e., chains end-capped by the functional group of the alcohol in a-position and by an w-hydroxyl group. Ring-opening polymerization of delta-VL in the presence of alpha-methoxy-w-hydroxylpoly(ethylene oxide) and poly(ethylene glycol) led to amphiphilic di- and triblock copolymers, respectively. The polydispersity index of all these (co)polymers was low (similar to1.10). [less ▲]

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See detailLiving free radical polymerization of macromonomers: preparation of well defined graft copolymers
Hawker, Craig Jon; Mecerreyes, David; Elce, Edmund et al

in Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics (1997), 198(1), 155-166

Well defined graft copolymers have been synthesized by a nitroxide-mediated "living" free radical process using pre-formed macromonomers. Analysis of the graft systems revealed that the macromonomer was ... [more ▼]

Well defined graft copolymers have been synthesized by a nitroxide-mediated "living" free radical process using pre-formed macromonomers. Analysis of the graft systems revealed that the macromonomer was efficiently incorporated into the polymeric back-bone to give block copolymers of controlled molecular weight and narrow polydispersi-ties. An added benefit of the "living" free radical process is that macromonomers, such as polylactide or polycaprolactone, which contain reactive functional groups can be used to form novel graft Systems using this approach. Functionalized monomers or polymeric initiators were also used in the copolymerization mixture to give graft Systems with a variety of functional groups attached to the backbone. [less ▲]

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See detailLiving hybrid materials capable of energy conversion and CO2 assimilation
Meunier, C. F.; Rooke, J. C.; Léonard, Alexandre ULg et al

in Chemical Communications (2010), 46(22), 3843-3859

This paper reviews our work on the fabrication of photobiochemical hybrid materials via immobilisation of photosynthetically active entities within silica materials, summarising the viability and ... [more ▼]

This paper reviews our work on the fabrication of photobiochemical hybrid materials via immobilisation of photosynthetically active entities within silica materials, summarising the viability and productivity of these active entities post encapsulation and evaluating their efficiency as the principal component of a photobioreactor. Immobilisation of thylakoids extracted from spinach leaves as well as whole cells such as A. thaliana, Synechococcus and C. caldarium was carried out in situ using sol-gel methods. In particular, a comprehensive overview is given of the efforts to find the most biocompatible inorganic precursors that can extend the lifetime of the organisms upon encapsulation. The effect of matrix-cell interactions on cell lifetime and the photosynthetic efficiency of the resultant materials are discussed. Precursors based on alkoxides, commonly used in "Chimie Douce" to form porous silica gel, release by-products which are often cytotoxic. However by controlling the formation of gels from aqueous silica precursors and silica nanoparticles acting as "cements" one can significantly enhance the life span of the entrapped organelles and cells. Adapted characteristic techniques have shown survival times of up to 5 months with the photosynthetic production of oxygen recorded as much as 17 weeks post immobilisation. These results constitute a significant advance towards the final goal, long-lasting semi-artificial photobioreactors that can advantageously exploit solar radiation to convert polluting carbon dioxide into useful biofuels, sugars or medical metabolites. © 2010 The Royal Society of Chemistry. [less ▲]

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See detailLe Living Lab: une méthode parmi tant d'autres?
Elsen, Catherine ULg

Article for general public (2017)

Cette brève s’inscrit dans une série de publications destinées à partager les expériences et réflexions du WeLL. Ce mois-ci, nous nous attelons à repositionner l’approche Living Lab (son caractère centré ... [more ▼]

Cette brève s’inscrit dans une série de publications destinées à partager les expériences et réflexions du WeLL. Ce mois-ci, nous nous attelons à repositionner l’approche Living Lab (son caractère centré utilisateur, ses méthodes) au sein d’un panorama plus large de nouvelles manières de penser la créativité et l’innovation. En particulier, nous nous intéressons à deux approches complémentaires que sont le Design Thinking et le Creative Problem Solving (ou « C.P.S.»). [less ▲]

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