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Peer Reviewed
See detailPrécisions biostratigraphiques relatives au Dévonien Supérieur de Ferques (Boulonnais).
Brice, D; Coen, M; Loboziak, S et al

in Annales de la Société Géologique du Nord (1981), C

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See detailPrécisions conceptuelles et méthodologiques en matière d’éducation au changement climatique.
Semal, Nathalie ULg

Speech (2003)

Cette allocutiona été présentée lors d'une réunion de travail organisée dans le cadre de la Convention des Nations Unies sur le Changement Climatique, dédiée à l'implémentation de son article 6, relatif à ... [more ▼]

Cette allocutiona été présentée lors d'une réunion de travail organisée dans le cadre de la Convention des Nations Unies sur le Changement Climatique, dédiée à l'implémentation de son article 6, relatif à l'éducation et à la sensibilisation du public au réchauffement climatique. Elle tente de développer quelques principes de base, tirés des enseignements des expériences menées en éducation relative à l'environnement. [less ▲]

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See detailLes précisions de la Cour constitutionnelle quant à la nature juridique de la condamnation d'office visée par l'article 35 § 1er aliéna 3 de la loi du 27 juin 1969 concernant la sécurité sociale des travailleurs salariés
Michiels, Olivier ULg

in Revue de la Faculté de Droit de l'Université de Liège (2008), 2008/3

L'article s'attache à définir la nature juridique des condamnations d'office portées par la loi du 27 juin 1969 concernant la sécurité sociale des travailleurs salariés en cas de non-assujetissement ou d ... [more ▼]

L'article s'attache à définir la nature juridique des condamnations d'office portées par la loi du 27 juin 1969 concernant la sécurité sociale des travailleurs salariés en cas de non-assujetissement ou d'assujettissement frauduleux à la sécurité sociale [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (7 ULg)
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See detailPrecisions on the Palynostratigraphy of the Siluro-Devonian boundary in Lybia
Steemans, Philippe ULg; Rubinstein, C. V.; Le Hérissé, A.

Conference (1996)

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See detailPrécisions sur l'Ouverture de cuisine de Lancelot de Casteau, imprimée à Liège en 1604
Adam, Renaud ULg

in De Gulden Passer = Le compas d'or (2012), 90(1), 89-96

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See detailPrécisions sur la distribution et l'écologie de quelques Coléoptères de Belgique
Baguette, Michel; Dufrêne, Marc ULg; Lesuisse, Emmanuel et al

in Bulletin et Annales de la Société Royale Belge d’Entomologie = Bulletin en Annalen van de Koninklijke Belgische Vereniging voor Entomologie (1985), 121

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See detailPrécisions sur la structure des complexes disaccharide-peptide libérés des parois de Micrococcus lysodeikticus sous l'action des β (I → 4) N-acetylhexosaminidases
Ghuysen, Jean-Marie ULg

in Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (1961), 47(3), 561-568

Two types of disaccaride-peptide complexes have been studied. In a first type of complex, the fragment 6-O-[beta]-N-acetylglucosaminyl-N-acetyl-muraminyl is joined to a peptide moiety consisting of 2 ... [more ▼]

Two types of disaccaride-peptide complexes have been studied. In a first type of complex, the fragment 6-O-[beta]-N-acetylglucosaminyl-N-acetyl-muraminyl is joined to a peptide moiety consisting of 2 alanines, 1 glycine, 1 glutamic acid and 1 lysine, by an amide bond between the COOH of N-acetylmuramic acid and the NH2 of one of the alanine residues of the peptide. The reaction with 1-fluoro-2,4 dinitrobenzene shows that the [epsilon]-NH2 group of lysine is free. The electroheophoretic properties suggest that the [gamma]-COOH group of glutamic acid and an unspecified [alpha]-COOH group are free too. The second type of complex is a dimer of the former, joined by a peptide linkage between an [epsilon]-NH2 group of lysine and, very probably, an [alpha]-COOH group. THe F2B amidase splits the amidic acetylmuraminyl-alanine linkage. Consequently, the disaccharide is liberated and a new free [alpha]-NH2 group of alanine appears in the peptide moiety. [less ▲]

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See detailPrecisions sur le statut des Nymphalidae en Belgique.
Goffart, Philippe; Baguette, Michel; Dufrêne, Marc ULg

in Bulletin et Annales de la Société Royale Belge d’Entomologie = Bulletin en Annalen van de Koninklijke Belgische Vereniging voor Entomologie (1988), 124

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See detailPreclinical and clinical pharmacology of alcohol dependence
Tambour, Sophie ULg; Quertemont, Etienne ULg

in Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology (2007), 21(1), 9-28

In recent years, advances in neuroscience led to the development of new medications to treat alcohol dependence and especially to prevent alcohol relapse after detoxification. Whereas the earliest ... [more ▼]

In recent years, advances in neuroscience led to the development of new medications to treat alcohol dependence and especially to prevent alcohol relapse after detoxification. Whereas the earliest medications against alcohol dependence were fortuitously discovered, recently developed drugs are increasingly based on alcohol's neurobiological mechanisms of action. This review discusses the most recent developments in alcohol pharmacotherapy and emphasizes the neurobiological basis of anti-alcohol medications. There are currently three approved drugs for the treatment of alcohol dependence with quite different mechanisms of action. Disulfiram is an inhibitor of the enzyme aldehyde dehydrogenase and acts as an alcohol-deterrent drug. Naltrexone, an opiate antagonist, reduces alcohol craving and relapse in heavy drinking, probably via a modulation of the mesolimbic dopamine activity. Finally, acamprosate helps maintaining alcohol abstinence, probably through a normalization of the chronic alcohol-induced hyperglutamatergic state. In addition to these approved medications, many other drugs have been suggested for preventing alcohol consumption on the basis of preclinical studies. Some of these drugs remain promising, whereas others have produced disappointing results in preliminary clinical studies. These new drugs in the field of alcohol pharmacotherapy are also discussed, together with their mechanisms of action. [less ▲]

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See detailPreclinical evidence for a beneficial impact of valproate on the response of small cell lung cancer to first-line chemotherapy
Hubaux, Roland; Vandermeers, Fabian ULg; Crisanti, Cecilia et al

in European Journal of Cancer (2010), 46

Prognosis of small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) is particularly poor, less than 5% of patients with extensive stage being alive after two years.We hypothesized that SCLC chemotherapy could be improved by ... [more ▼]

Prognosis of small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) is particularly poor, less than 5% of patients with extensive stage being alive after two years.We hypothesized that SCLC chemotherapy could be improved by using histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors based on their ability to interfere with lysine acetylation and to alter gene expression. The goal of this study was to evaluate the anticancer efficacy of a HDAC inhibitor (valproate: VPA) on SCLC cells in combination with the standard chemotherapeutic first-line regimen (cisplatin + etoposide). We show that VPA induces apoptosis of small cell lung cancer cell lines and improves efficacy of cisplatin combined with etoposide. Both mitochondrial and death receptor pathways are involved in VPA-induced apoptosis. As expected for an HDAC inhibitor, VPA hyperacetylates histone H3. The mechanism of VPA pro-apoptotic activity involves induction of p21, inhibition of Bcl-xL, cleavage of Bid and phosphorylation of Erk and H2AX. In the presence of VPA, Bax is translocated from the cytoplasm to the mitochondria and cleaved in an 18 kDa isoform. Cytochrome c is released from the mitochondria into the cytosol. Transcriptomic analyses by microarray show that VPA modulates transcription of genes (Na+/ K+ ATPase, Bcl-xL) involved in chemoresistance to cisplatin and etoposide. Finally, the efficacy of VPA combined with cisplatin and etoposide is supported by preclinical models of SCLC cells engrafted into SCID mice. Together, these data demonstrate that VPA augments anticancer activity of cisplatin and etoposide, two components of the standard first-line chemotherapy of small cell lung cancer. [less ▲]

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See detailPreclinical radiation dosimetry for the novel SV2A radiotracer [18F]UCB-H
Bretin, Florian ULg; Warnock, Geoffrey; Bahri, Mohamed Ali ULg et al

in European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging Research (2013), 3(1), 35

Background: [18F]UCB-H was developed as a novel radiotracer with a high affinity for synaptic vesicle protein 2A, the binding site for the antiepileptic levetiracetam. The objectives of this study were to ... [more ▼]

Background: [18F]UCB-H was developed as a novel radiotracer with a high affinity for synaptic vesicle protein 2A, the binding site for the antiepileptic levetiracetam. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the radiation dosimetry of [18F]UCB-H in a preclinical trial and to determine the maximum injectable dose according to guidelines for human biomedical research. The radiation dosimetry was derived by organ harvesting and dynamic micro positron emission tomography (PET) imaging in mice, and the results of both methods were compared. Methods: Twenty-four male C57BL-6 mice were injected with 6.96 ± 0.81 MBq of [18F]UCB-H, and the biodistribution was determined by organ harvesting at 2, 5, 10, 30, 60, and 120 min (n = 4 for each time point). Dynamic microPET imaging was performed on five male C57BL-6 mice after the injection of 9.19 ± 3.40 MBq of [18F]UCB-H. A theoretical dynamic bladder model was applied to simulate urinary excretion. Human radiation dose estimates were derived from animal data using the International Commission on Radiological Protection 103 tissue weighting factors. Results: Based on organ harvesting, the urinary bladder wall, liver and brain received the highest radiation dose with a resulting effective dose of 1.88E-02 mSv/MBq. Based on dynamic imaging an effective dose of 1.86E-02 mSv/MBq was calculated, with the urinary bladder wall and liver (brain was not in the imaging field of view) receiving the highest radiation. Conclusions: This first preclinical dosimetry study of [18F]UCB-H showed that the tracer meets the standard criteria for radiation exposure in clinical studies. The dose-limiting organ based on US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European guidelines was the urinary bladder wall for FDA and the effective dose for Europe with a maximum injectable single dose of approximately 325 MBq was calculated. Although microPET imaging showed significant deviations from organ harvesting, the Pearson’s correlation coefficient between radiation dosimetry derived by either method was 0.9666. [less ▲]

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See detailPrecocious puberty associated with partial trisomy 18q and monosomy 11q
Mutesa, Léon; Hellin, A. C.; Jamar, Michelle ULg et al

in Genetic Counseling (Geneva, Switzerland) (2007), 18(2), 201-207

We report a 10-years-old female patient with a partial trisomy 18q and monosomy 11q due to a maternal translocation. The phenotype of our proband is partially common with Jacobsen syndrome and duplication ... [more ▼]

We report a 10-years-old female patient with a partial trisomy 18q and monosomy 11q due to a maternal translocation. The phenotype of our proband is partially common with Jacobsen syndrome and duplication 18q but she has also some atypical anomalies such as precocious puberty, a retinal albinism and hypermetropia. Based on cytogenetics and FISH analysis, the karyotype of the proband was 46,XX,der(11)t(11;18)(q24;q13). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of precocious puberty associated with either dup(18q) or del(11q) syndromes. [less ▲]

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See detailPreconditioning and protection against ischaemia-reperfusion in non-cardiac organs: a place for volatile anaesthetics?
Minguet, Grégory ULg; Joris, Jean ULg; Lamy, Maurice ULg

in European Journal of Anaesthesiology (2007), 24(9), 733-745

There is an increasing body of evidence that volatile anaesthetics protect myocardium against ischaemic insult by a mechanism termed 'anaesthetic preconditioning'. Anaesthetic preconditioning and ... [more ▼]

There is an increasing body of evidence that volatile anaesthetics protect myocardium against ischaemic insult by a mechanism termed 'anaesthetic preconditioning'. Anaesthetic preconditioning and ischaemic preconditioning share several common mechanisms of action. Since ischaemic preconditioning has been demonstrated in organs other than the heart, anaesthetic preconditioning might also apply in these organs and have significant clinical applications in surgical procedures carrying a high risk of ischaemia-reperfusion injury. After a brief review on myocardial preconditioning, experimental and clinical data on preconditioning in non-cardiac tissues will be presented. Potential benefits of anaesthetic preconditioning during non-cardiac surgery will be addressed. [less ▲]

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See detailPreconditioning of the tumor vasculature and tumor cells by intermittent hypoxia: implications for anti-cancer therapies
Martinive, Philippe ULg

Poster (2007, January)

Hypoxia is a common feature in tumors associated with an increased resistance of tumor cells to therapies. In addition to O(2) diffusion-limited hypoxia, another form of tumor hypoxia characterized by ... [more ▼]

Hypoxia is a common feature in tumors associated with an increased resistance of tumor cells to therapies. In addition to O(2) diffusion-limited hypoxia, another form of tumor hypoxia characterized by fluctuating changes in pO(2) within the disorganized tumor vascular network is described. Here, we postulated that this form of intermittent hypoxia promotes endothelial cell survival, thereby extending the concept of hypoxia-driven resistance to the tumor vasculature. We found that endothelial cell exposure to cycles of hypoxia reoxygenation not only rendered them resistant to proapoptotic stresses, including serum deprivation and radiotherapy, but also increased their capacity to migrate and organize in tubes. By contrast, prolonged hypoxia failed to exert protective effects and even seemed deleterious when combined with radiotherapy. The use of hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha)-targeting small interfering RNA led us to document that the accumulation of HIF-1alpha during intermittent hypoxia accounted for the higher resistance of endothelial cells. We also used an in vivo approach to enforce intermittent hypoxia in tumor-bearing mice and found that it was associated with less radiation-induced apoptosis within both the vascular and the tumor cell compartments (versus normoxia or prolonged hypoxia). Radioresistance was further ascertained by an increased rate of tumor regrowth in irradiated mice preexposed to intermittent hypoxia and confirmed in vitro using distinctly radiosensitive tumor cell lines. In conclusion, we have documented that intermittent hypoxia may condition endothelial cells and tumor cells in such a way that they are more resistant to apoptosis and more prone to participate in tumor progression. Our observations also underscore the potential of drugs targeting HIF-1alpha to resensitize the tumor vasculature to anticancer treatments. PMID: 17178869 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] [less ▲]

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See detailPreconditioning of the Tumor Vasculature and Tumor Cells by Intermittent Hypoxia: Implications for Anticancer Therapies
Martinive, Philippe ULg; DEFRESNE, Florence; BOUZIN, Caroline et al

in Cancer Research (2006), 66(24), 11736-44

Hypoxia is a common feature in tumors associated with an increased resistance of tumor cells to therapies. In addition to O2 diffusion–limited hypoxia, another form of tumor hypoxia characterized by ... [more ▼]

Hypoxia is a common feature in tumors associated with an increased resistance of tumor cells to therapies. In addition to O2 diffusion–limited hypoxia, another form of tumor hypoxia characterized by fluctuating changes in pO2 within the disorganized tumor vascular network is described. Here, we postulated that this form of intermittent hypoxia promotes endothelial cell survival, thereby extending the concept of hypoxia-driven resistance to the tumor vasculature. We found that endothelial cell exposure to cycles of hypoxia reoxygenation not only rendered them resistant to proapoptotic stresses, including serum deprivation and radiotherapy, but also increased their capacity to migrate and organize in tubes. By contrast, prolonged hypoxia failed to exert protective effects and even seemed deleterious when combined with radiotherapy. The use of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α)–targeting small interfering RNA led us to document that the accumulation of HIF-1α during intermittent hypoxia accounted for the higher resistance of endothelial cells. We also used an in vivo approach to enforce intermittent hypoxia in tumor-bearing mice and found that it was associated with less radiation-induced apoptosis within both the vascular and the tumor cell compartments (versus normoxia or prolonged hypoxia). Radioresistance was further ascertained by an increased rate of tumor regrowth in irradiated mice preexposed to intermittent hypoxia and confirmed in vitro using distinctly radiosensitive tumor cell lines. In conclusion, we have documented that intermittent hypoxia may condition endothelial cells and tumor cells in such a way that they are more resistant to apoptosis and more prone to participate in tumor progression. Our observations also underscore the potential of drugs targeting HIF-1α to resensitize the tumor vasculature to anticancer treatments. (Cancer Res 2006; 66(24): 11736-44) [less ▲]

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See detailThe Precthl's method for neurological examination of neonates
Battisti, Oreste ULg

Learning material (2005)

This lecture by video explains the method and presents samples of normal and abnormal states of neonates according to the neurological examination by the stidu of general movements of newborns

Detailed reference viewed: 85 (11 ULg)
See detailLes précurseurs d'ozone dans le secteur tertiaire
Romain, Anne-Claude ULg; Nicolas, Jacques ULg

Report (2008)

Une enquête réalisée par le laboratoire TAUW à la demande de la chambre de commerce a été menée sur un certain nombre d'entreprises du secteur tertiaire dans la province de Luxembourg(coiffeurs ... [more ▼]

Une enquête réalisée par le laboratoire TAUW à la demande de la chambre de commerce a été menée sur un certain nombre d'entreprises du secteur tertiaire dans la province de Luxembourg(coiffeurs, imprimeries, nettoyage, ...). Cette enquête portait sur une tentative d'évaluation des composés précurseurs d'ozone (solvants, ...). L'ULg a été chargée de l'analyse des résultats. Ceux-ci restent encore très partiels et ne donne pas de tendance précise pour la province. [less ▲]

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See detailPrecursor Gas Measurements (Chapter 2)
Notholt, J.; Bingemer, H.; Berresheim, H. et al

in Thomason, Larry W.; Peter, Thomas (Eds.) Assessment of Stratospheric Aerosol Properties (2006)

Assessments of stratospheric ozone have been conducted for nearly two decades and have evolved from describing ozone morphology to estimating ozone trends, and then to attribution of those trends ... [more ▼]

Assessments of stratospheric ozone have been conducted for nearly two decades and have evolved from describing ozone morphology to estimating ozone trends, and then to attribution of those trends. Stratospheric aerosol has only been integrated in assessments in the context of their effects on ozone chemistry and has not been critically evaluated itself. As a result, the Assessment of Stratospheric Aerosol Properties (ASAP) has been carried out by the WCRP project on Stratospheric Process and their Role in Climate (SPARC). The objective of this report is to present a systematic analysis of the state of knowledge of stratospheric aerosols including their precursors. It includes an examination of precursor concentrations and trends, measurements of stratospheric aerosol properties, trends in those properties, and modeling of aerosol formation, transport, and distribution in both background and volcanic conditions. The scope of this report is extensive; however, some aspects of stratospheric aerosol science have been deliberately excluded. For instance, we have not attempted to include an examination of polar stratospheric clouds (PSCs) or other clouds (such as cirrus clouds) occurring at or above the tropopause except in as much as they influence aerosol observations. Polar stratospheric clouds are the subject of a separate SPARC activity. We have produced a gap-free aerosol data base for use beyond this report. This required some new analysis that has not previously appeared in the technical literature. Similarly, the trend analysis required the development of a new analysis technique that is the subject of an article published in the Journal of Geophysical Research. New work is clearly identified in the present report. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (1 ULg)