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See detailLink between learning profile and school achievement in primary school; a transversal study
Frenkel, Stéphanie ULiege; Nobile, Debora ULiege

Conference (2014, July)

School achievement plays an essential role in terms of professional and social adaptation. However, all the students do not always perform as the system requires them to. In Belgium, at the end of ... [more ▼]

School achievement plays an essential role in terms of professional and social adaptation. However, all the students do not always perform as the system requires them to. In Belgium, at the end of compulsory education, one student out of two lags behind in their school education (Indicators from the Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles [Walloon-Brussels Federation], 2012). In this context, we do not consider that there are “bad” learners. Instead, there are those students whose learning profile is more or less in line with the context’s requirements and those whose profile is not. In many works, the student’s learning profile is operationalised by measures on 3 levels: cognitive, metacognitive and psycho-affective. These psychological variables, which are major components of self-regulated learning, play a central role in the explanation of school performance (for more details, see Frenkel, in press; Frenkel & Deforge, in press). This profile is not fixed once and for all. It evolves over time and it represents the result of the interaction between these three variables with other factors, notably bio-medical, socio-demographical ones, factors related to family environment (Pourtois, Desmet & Lahaye, 2004; Trudel, Puentes-Neuman & Ntebutse, 2002) and the too often forgotten factors linked to class management and social interactions between students and teachers (see Wang, Haertel & Walberg, 1994). Determining the students’ learning profile enables us to identify their strengths and work on their weaknesses. Therefore, it is essential that psycho-educational teams have validated tools at their disposal in order to carry out this task. Our aim is to propose new tools which will complement the already-existing ones. In this presentation we propose to introduce and discuss our methodology and the results obtained. The starting target population was made up of 198 primary school students divided equitably into three levels (second year of primary school, fourth year of primary school and sixth year of primary school). A problem-solving task based on the DELF (Büchel & Büchel, 1995) was created. It was completed by two questionnaires to fill in before and after the task. The learning profile defined on this basis was analysed according to several variables (age, gender, socio-professional category, school results). Group testing is still in progress. We will also illustrate our presentation with the first results of individual testing which will begin in May 2014. References - Büchel, F.P. & Büchel, P. (1995). Découvrez vos capacités, rEalisez vos possibilités, pLanifiez votre démarche, soyez créatiFs. Le programme DELF. Russin, Switzerland: Centre d’éducation cognitive - Frenkel, S. (in press). Metacognitive components in learning to learn approaches. International Journal of Psychology: A Biopsychosocial Approach - Frenkel, S., & Deforge, H. (in press). Métacognition et réussite scolaire: Perspectives théoriques. In C. Giraudeau & G. Chasseigne (Eds.), Psychologie, Education et Vie scolaire. Tours, France: Editions Publibook Université - Pourtois, J.-P., Desmet, H., & Lahaye, W. (2004). Connaissances et pratiques en éducation familiale et parentale. Enfances, Familles, Générations, 1, 22-35 - Trudel, M., Puentes-Neuman, G., & Ntebutse J.G. (2002). Les conceptions contemporaines de l’enfant à risque et la valeur heuristique du construit de résilience en éducation. Revue Canadienne de l’Education, 27 (2 & 3), 153-173 - Wang, M.C., Haertel, G.D., & Walberg, H.J. (1994). What helps students learn? Educational Leadership, 51 (4), 74-79 [less ▲]

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See detailLINK BETWEEN MARINE MAMMAL EXPOSURE TO PERFLUOROOCTANE SULFONATE (PFOS) AND STABLE-CARBON ISOTOPE RATIOS IN NERITIC AND OCEANIC WATERS OFF BRAZIL
Dorneles, Paulo; Lailson-Brito, José; Meyer, Johan et al

in Organohalogen Compounds (2008), 70

The main objective of the present study was to determine the current concentrations of PFOS in dolphins from neritic and oceanic waters of a region of high industrialization and urbanization in the ... [more ▼]

The main objective of the present study was to determine the current concentrations of PFOS in dolphins from neritic and oceanic waters of a region of high industrialization and urbanization in the Southern Hemisphere. Since stable carbon isotopes can be used to point out relative contributions to the diet of different potential primary sources in trophic networks, indicating for example the inshore versus offshore contribution to food intake 7,8, stable carbon isotope measurements were carried out in the same dolphins in order to clarify inter-species differences. [less ▲]

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See detailThe link between psychosocial load at work and occupational injuries in Belgium.
Marzucco, Laurence ULiege; Van Risseghem, Marleen; Braeckman, Lutgart et al

Conference (2011, May)

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See detailThe link between self-perceptions of aging, cancer view and physical and mental health of older people with cancer: A cross-sectional study
Schroyen, Sarah ULiege; Marquet, Manon ULiege; Jerusalem, Guy ULiege et al

in Journal of Geriatric Oncology (2017)

Objectives Older people may suffer from stigmas linked to cancer and aging. Although some studies suggested that a negative view of cancer may increase the level of depression, such an association has ... [more ▼]

Objectives Older people may suffer from stigmas linked to cancer and aging. Although some studies suggested that a negative view of cancer may increase the level of depression, such an association has never been studied in the elderly population. Similarly, even though it is established that a negative self-perception of aging has deleterious consequences on mental and physical health in normal aging, the influence in pathological contexts, such as oncology, has not been studied. The main aim of this study is thus to analyze the effect of these two stigmas on the health of elderly oncology patients. Materials and Methods 101 patients suffering from a cancer (breast, gynecological, lung or hematological) were seen as soon as possible after their diagnosis. Their self-perception of age, cancer view and health (physical and mental) was assessed. Results Multiple regressions showed that patients with a more negative self-perception of aging and/or more negative cancer view reported poorer global health. We also observed that negative self-perception of aging was associated with worse physical and mental health, whereas negative cancer views were only linked to worse mental health. No interaction was observed between these two stigmas, suggesting that their action is independent. Conclusion Older patients with cancer face double stigmatization, due to negative self-perception of aging and cancer, and these stigmas have impacts on global and mental health. Self-perception of aging is also linked to physical health. Longitudinal studies will be necessary to analyze the direction of the association between this double stigmatization and health. [less ▲]

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See detailLinkage disequilibrium on the bovine X chromosome: Characterization and use in quantitative trait locus mapping
Sandor, Cynthia ULiege; Farnir, Frédéric ULiege; Hansoul, Sarah ULiege et al

in Genetics (2006), 173(3), 1777-1786

We herein demonstrate that in the Holstein-Friesian dairy cattle population, microsatellites are as polymorphic on the X chromosome as on the autosomes but that the level of linkage disequilibrium between ... [more ▼]

We herein demonstrate that in the Holstein-Friesian dairy cattle population, microsatellites are as polymorphic on the X chromosome as on the autosomes but that the level of linkage disequilibrium between these markers is higher on the X chromosome than on the autosomes. The latter observation is not compatible with the small male-to-female ratio that prevails in this population and results in a higher gonosomal than autosomal effective population size. It suggests that the X chromosome undergoes distinct selective or mutational forces. We describe and characterize a novel Markovian approach to exploit this linkage disequilibrium to compute the probability that two chromosomes are identical-by-descent conditional on flanking marker data. We use the ensuing probabilities in a restricted maximum-likelihood approach to search for quantitative trait loci (QTL) affecting 48 traits of importance to the dairy industry and provide evidence for the presence of QTL affecting 5 of these traits on the bovine X chromosome. [less ▲]

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See detailLinkage Relationships among 20 Genetic Markers in Cattle. Evidence for Linkage between Two Pairs of Blood Group Systems: B-Z and S-F/V Respectively
Georges, Michel ULiege; Lathrop, M.; Bouquet, Y. et al

in Animal Genetics (1990), 21(2), 95-105

Five bovine paternal half-sib pedigrees for a total of 527 individuals were typed for six blood group systems: A, B, F/V, L, S, Z; for nine biochemical polymorphisms: ADA, MPI, PGM-3(slow), NP, Gc, Pi2 ... [more ▼]

Five bovine paternal half-sib pedigrees for a total of 527 individuals were typed for six blood group systems: A, B, F/V, L, S, Z; for nine biochemical polymorphisms: ADA, MPI, PGM-3(slow), NP, Gc, Pi2, Tf, Ptf1 and Ptf2; and for restriction fragment length polymorphisms at five autosomal loci: Tg, GH, LDLr, BoLA-DQ and BoLA-DY. Two of the pedigrees were informative for segregation at the 'muscular hypertrophy' locus, and one was informative at the coat colour determining 'roan' locus. Linkage analysis was performed between all markers. Linkage was demonstrated between the S and F/V blood group systems (z = 3.11), adding one locus to the previously identified linkage group VII (LGVII) [Pi-2 and S], the most likely order being Pi2-S-F/V with maximum likelihood recombination rates of 0.208 and 0.211. Also shown to be linked were the blood group systems B and Z (z = 5.7, theta = 0.245). We confirmed the observation previously made by Andersson et al. (1988) of a high recombination rate between class II genes DQ and DY, suggesting either a larger physical distance between those genes than expected from comparative data, or the presence of a 'recombinational hotspot' in the bovine major histocompatibility complex. No linkage was found either with the 'muscular hypertrophy' locus, or with the 'roan' locus. However, these two loci could be excluded from respectively 1.7 and 2.5 Morgans of the bovine genome. [less ▲]

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See detailLinkages and production and marketing of rice vermicelli in traditional craft villages of Bac Giang province
Le Thy Long, Vy; Nguyen Huu, Nhuan; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

Conference (2016, September 10)

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See detailLinkages in the Chicken Chain of Vietnam: A Case Study in Kim Dong District, Hung Yen Province
Bui Thi, Nga; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

in International Review of Research in Emerging Markets and the Global Economy (2016), 2(3), 864-872

Chicken raising in Kim Dong district, Hung Yen province of Vietnam is currently still in the first stage of development with spontaneous, small-scale, and easily vulnerable. These things lead to the ... [more ▼]

Chicken raising in Kim Dong district, Hung Yen province of Vietnam is currently still in the first stage of development with spontaneous, small-scale, and easily vulnerable. These things lead to the inefficiency in the chain activities, and in the long run, all the chain actors will have less benefit. This study aims to analyze and assess the real situation of linkages in the chicken chain and proposed some recommendations to strengthen the linkages and improve the chicken chain in the Kim Dong district based on the questionnaire survey data of chicken chain actors. The findings showed that the chicken chain in the study site was undeveloped. The chain actors included input suppliers, chicken raising farmers, traders, retailers and some restaurants and supermarkets. Farmers accounted for the most important role. The other actors in the chain play a role of a bridge between producers and consumers. Processing agent did not appear in the chain. The linkages in the chain were simple, informal and loose. The actors were discrete and lack of cooperation. To promote the linkage of the chicken chain, farmers should improve their linkages to improve their strength, their voice and their power. Farmers could establish cooperation groups or cooperatives to support each other. Cooperation among chain actors should be enhanced to form a tight and official chain. Local authorities should support in finding markets, creating a bridge and an environment for chain actors. Extension and educational institutions should support farmers and other actors and stakeholders to improve knowledge of the chain, so they could understand the benefit and form effective chain. [less ▲]

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See detailLinkages in the chicken chain of Vietnam: A case study in Kim Dong district, Hung Yen province
Bui Thi, Nga; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

in Global Business Research Journals (Ed.) Proceedings of the Fourth European Academic Research Conference on Global Business, Economics, Finance and Banking (EAR16Swiss Conference) (2016)

Chicken raising in Kim Dong district, Hung Yen province of Vietnam is currently still in the first stage of development with spontaneous, small-scale, and easily vulnerable. These things lead to the ... [more ▼]

Chicken raising in Kim Dong district, Hung Yen province of Vietnam is currently still in the first stage of development with spontaneous, small-scale, and easily vulnerable. These things lead to the inefficiency in the chain activities, and in the long run, all the chain actors will have less benefit. This study aims to analyze and assess the real situation of linkages in the chicken chain and proposed some recommendations to strengthen the linkages and improve the chicken chain in the Kim Dong district based on the questionaire survey data of chicken chain actors. The findings showed that the chicken chain in the study site was undeveloped. The chain actors included input suppliers, chicken raising farmers, traders, retailers and some restaurants and supermarkets. Farmers accounted for the most important role. The other actors in the chain play a role of a bridge between producers and consumers. Processing agent did not appear in the chain. The linkages in the chain were simple, informal and loose. The actors were discrete and lack of cooperation. To promote the linkage of the chicken chain, farmers should improve their linkages to improve their strength, their voice and their power. Farmers could establish cooperation groups or cooperatives to support each other. Cooperative among chain actors should be enhance to form a tight and official chain. Local authorities should support in finding markets, creating a bridge and an environment for chain actors. Extension and educational institutions should support farmers and other actors and stakeholders to improve knowledge of the chain, so they could understand the benefit and form effective chain. [less ▲]

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See detailLinked Contracts and the Construction Industry
Kohl, Benoît ULiege

Conference (2010, November 26)

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See detailThe linker region plays a key role in the adaptation to cold of the cellulase from an Antarctic bacterium
Sonan, Guillaume K; Receveur-Brechot, Véronique; Duez, Colette ULiege et al

in Biochemical Journal (2007), 407(Part 2), 293-302

The psychrophilic cellulase, Cel5G, from the Antarctic bacterium Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis is composed of a catalytic module (CM) joined to a carbohydrate-binding module (CBM) by an unusually long ... [more ▼]

The psychrophilic cellulase, Cel5G, from the Antarctic bacterium Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis is composed of a catalytic module (CM) joined to a carbohydrate-binding module (CBM) by an unusually long, extended and flexible linker region (LR) containing three loops closed by three disulfide bridges. To evaluate the possible role of this region in cold adaptation, the LR was sequentially shortened by protein engineering, successively deleting one and two loops of this module, whereas the last disulfide bridge was also suppressed by replacing the last two cysteine residue by two alanine residues. The kinetic and thermodynamic properties of the mutants were compared with those of the full-length enzyme, and also with those of the cold-adapted CM alone and with those of the homologous mesophilic enzyme, Cel5A, from Erwinia chrysanthemi. The thermostability of the mutated enzymes as well as their relative flexibility were evaluated by differential scanning calorimetry and fluorescence quenching respectively. The topology of the structure of the shortest mutant was determined by SAXS (small-angle X-ray scattering). The data indicate that the sequential shortening of the LR induces a regular decrease of the specific activity towards macromolecular substrates, reduces the relative flexibility and concomitantly increases the thermostability of the shortened enzymes. This demonstrates that the long LR of the full-length enzyme favours the catalytic efficiency at low and moderate temperatures by rendering the structure not only less compact, but also less stable, and plays a crucial role in the adaptation to cold of this cellulolytic enzyme. [less ▲]

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See detailLinking a Rotaxane to a Polymer Chain: Towards Single Molecule Actuators
Lussis, Perrine ULiege; Fustin, C.-A; Bertocco, A. et al

Conference (2007, May 24)

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See detailLinking a Rotaxane to a Polymer Chain: Towards Single Molecule Actuators
Lussis, Perrine ULiege; Fustin, C.-A; Bertocco, A. et al

Conference (2007, November 15)

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See detailLinking abstract form and grammatical function : a construction-grammar experiment
Parisse, Christophe; Maillart, Christelle ULiege

Poster (2010, September 09)

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See detailLinking bees and flowers: mutualistic interaction networks to study ecosystem functioning
Uyttenbroeck, Roel ULiege; Monty, Arnaud ULiege

Poster (2015, January 30)

In recent years, much attention is going to pollinators, as they are important for the increasing food production while being threatened by agricultural intensification and other environmental drivers ... [more ▼]

In recent years, much attention is going to pollinators, as they are important for the increasing food production while being threatened by agricultural intensification and other environmental drivers. While honeybees (Apis mellifera L.) are generalist according to their flower preferences, wild pollinators’ flower preferences can go from generalist to very specialist. The same goes for plant species, which can be generalist or specialist in the pollinator species they need to get pollinated. The combination of a set of generalist and specialist plant species with a pollinator community consisting of generalists and specialists in a certain habitat, results in an interaction network between pollinators and the visited plant flowers. Studying this mutualistic interaction network is a time-consuming method, but can provide valuable data to calculate indicators of ecosystem functioning. One of the important conclusions that came already out of studies applying this method is that pollination systems are often more generalized than thought based on pollination syndromes. This poster will explore the method of studying mutualistic interaction networks with a focus on the sampling protocol, the indicators that can be derived from the data and their meaning. [less ▲]

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See detailLinking biochemical and biophysical variables derived from imaging spectrometers to ecological models - The HyEco'04 Group Shoot.
Kooistra, L; Clevers, J; Schaepman, M et al

in Zagajewski, B; Sobczak, M; Wrzesien, M (Eds.) New Quality in Environmental Studies. Proceedings of 4th EARSeL Workshop on Imaging Spectroscopy (2005)

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See detailLinking biochemical and biophysical variables derived from imaging spectrometers to ecological models: the HYECO’04 group shoot.
Kooistra, L; Clevers, J; Schaepman, M et al

in Linking biochemical and biophysical variables derived from imaging spectrometers to ecological models: the HYECO’04 group shoot. (2005)

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See detailLinking biochemical and biophysical variables derived from imaging spectrometers to ecological models: the HYECO’04 group shoot.
Kooistra, L; Clevers, J; Schaepman, M et al

Poster (2005)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (2 ULiège)
See detailLinking CAI abundance to polarimetric response in a population of ancient asteroids
Devogele, Maxime ULiege; Tanga, Paolo; Bendjoya, Philippe et al

Conference (2016, October 18)

Polarimetry constitutes one of the fundamental tools for characterizing the surface texture and composition of airless Solar System bodies. In 2006, polarimetric observations led to the discovery of a new ... [more ▼]

Polarimetry constitutes one of the fundamental tools for characterizing the surface texture and composition of airless Solar System bodies. In 2006, polarimetric observations led to the discovery of a new type of asteroids, which displays a peculiar polarimetric response. These asteroids are collectively known as "Barbarians", from (234) Barbara the first discovered one.The most commonly accepted explanation for this perculiar polarization response seems to be the presence of a high percentage of fluffy-type Calcium Aluminium-rich Inclusions (CAIs), whose optical properties could produce the observed polarization. Their reflectance spectra also exibit an absorption feature in the near-infrared around 2.1-2.2 microns, that is characteristic of this peculiar group.Based on these results, we organized a systematic polarimetric and near-infrared observational campaign of known Barbarians or candidate asteroids. These campaigns include members of the family of 1040 Klumpkea, 2085 Henan and 729 Watsonia, which are known to contain Barbarian and/or L-type asteroids also suspected to have such a polarimetric behaviour. We have made use of the ToPo polarimeter at the 1m telescope of the Centre pédagogique Planète et Univers (C2PU, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, France). The spectroscopic observations in the near-infrared were obtained with the SpeX instrument at the NASA's InfraRed Telescope Facility (IRTF).By combining polarimetry and spectroscopy we find a correlation between the abundance of CAIs and the inversion angle of the phase-polarization curve of Barbarian asteroids. This is the first time that a direct link has been established between a specific polarimetric response and the surface composition of asteroids. In addition, we find a considerable variety of CAI abundance from one object to the other, consistent with a wide range of possible albedos. Since these asteroids constitute a reservoir of primitive Solar System material, understanding their origin can shed light on the processes driving the formation and transport of the refractory minerals that first condensed in the protoplanetary disk. [less ▲]

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See detailLINKING CATTLE GRAZING BEHAVIOR TO METHANE AND CARBON DIOXIDE DYNAMICS
Blaise, Yannick ULiege; Lebeau, Frédéric ULiege; Andriamandroso, Andriamasinoro ULiege et al

in Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences (2016, February), 81(1), 107-112

Various methods are presently used to measure methane (CH4) emissions of ruminants on pasture. Those measurements are essential to evaluate nutritional strategies to mitigate enteric CH4 emissions as well ... [more ▼]

Various methods are presently used to measure methane (CH4) emissions of ruminants on pasture. Those measurements are essential to evaluate nutritional strategies to mitigate enteric CH4 emissions as well as addressing the selection of low producing individuals. On pasture and in the barn, variations in CH4 emissions are observed depending on the time of the day. However, no studies have been made to link these diurnal fluctuations to behavioural phases, especially on pasture. The aim of this study was to understand the individual dynamics of CH4 production and their links to the grazing behaviour. For this purpose, a new tool was specifically developed. Five red-pied dry cows were equipped with infrared CH4 and carbon dioxide (CO2) sensors measuring concentrations in the exhaled air at 4 Hz. The animals were equipped with a heart rate belt (HR) and motion sensors to detect their feeding behaviours (grazing vs. rumination) for periods of 8 h/d. Wind speed (WS) was also monitor to verify interference with sampled gas concentrations. Results showed that using the CH4:CO2 ratio reduced the interference with WS that was observed on raw CH4 and CO2 concentration signals. CH4:CO2 ratio average over 5 min periods indicated that CH4 emissions were lower during grazing than rumination (P<0.01). The eructation frequency during grazing (0.48 eructation/min, P<0.01) was also lower than during rumination (0.65 eructation/min). HR was higher during grazing that rumination. Because HR is usually linked to metabolic CO2 production intensity, hence influencing the denominator of the CH4:CO2 ratio, further investigation should focus on the quantification of changes in fermentative and metabolic CO2 emissions along the day to estimate total CH4 production more accurately and the relationship between CH4 emissions patterns and post-feeding times. [less ▲]

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