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See detailPrincipal Static Wind Loads on a large roof structure
Blaise, Nicolas ULg; Hamra, Lotfi ULg; Denoël, Vincent ULg

in Proceedings of the 12th ANIV conference of wind engineering In Vento (2012, October 07)

Usually, structural wind design is realized using static wind loads. Such loadings are expected, as a main property, to recover by static analyses, the envelope values that would be obtained by a formal ... [more ▼]

Usually, structural wind design is realized using static wind loads. Such loadings are expected, as a main property, to recover by static analyses, the envelope values that would be obtained by a formal buffeting analysis. For simple structures, equivalent static wind loads might be used but they are established in order to reproduce envelope values of specific structural responses and are thus not suitable to reconstruct efficiently the entire envelope. Recently, more general methods were derived to propose global static loadings that reconstruct the entire envelope but several drawbacks remained as their robust applicability for any structure and accuracy. This paper addresses a new type of static loadings, the principal static wind loads, derived in a strict mathematical way, the singular value decomposition, to make it optimum for the envelope reconstruction problem. The method is illustrated with a large roof and the reconstruction accuracy is analysed by studying the rate of envelope reconstruction, envelope previously obtained by a rigourous stochastic analysis. The way principal loadings are derived makes them suitable for combinations in order to increase the rate of the envelope reconstruction. As a major outcome, the method provides a finite number of design load cases that matches a desired level of accuracy in the envelope reconstruction. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 181 (90 ULg)
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See detailA Principal-Agent Theory Approach to Public Expenditure Management Systems in Developing Countries
Leruth, Luc ULg; Paul, Elisabeth ULg

in OECD Journal on Budgeting (2007), 7(3),

A well-functioning public expenditure management system (PEM) is considered a critical pillar of government efficiency. This article discusses PEM systems in developing countries using an analytical ... [more ▼]

A well-functioning public expenditure management system (PEM) is considered a critical pillar of government efficiency. This article discusses PEM systems in developing countries using an analytical framework based on principal-agent theory. This simple model can be applied to various PEM systems and allows for comparisons between institutional settings. To illustrate this, the authors analyse the benefits derived from the use by the ministry of finance of ex post audits and ex ante controls, and assess their value in terms of their ability to deter cheating. The authors derive a set of possible “control regimes” which can be used by the ministry of finance. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (3 ULg)
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See detailA Principal-Agent Theory Approach to Public Expenditure Management Systems in Developing Countries
Leruth, Luc ULg; Paul, Elisabeth ULg

in IMF Working Paper (2006), 06/204

A well-functioning public expenditure management (PEM) system is considered a critical pillar of government efficiency, on par with a low-distortion tax system and efficient tax administration. The paper ... [more ▼]

A well-functioning public expenditure management (PEM) system is considered a critical pillar of government efficiency, on par with a low-distortion tax system and efficient tax administration. The paper discusses PEM systems in developing countries using an analytical framework based on principal-agent theory. This simple model can be applied to various PEM systems, and allows for comparisons between institutional settings. To illustrate this, we analyze the benefits derived from the use by the Ministry of Finance (MoF) of two control instruments; ex post audits and ex ante controls, and assess their value in terms of their ability to deter cheating. We derive a set of possible “control regimes” which can be used by the MoF. Although we illustrate the use of the model using developing countries, it is also relevant to developed economies. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (4 ULg)
See detailLes principales causes de mortalité des jeunes bovins en race Bleu Blanc
Lomba, Fernand; Lekeux, Pierre ULg

in Vlaams Diergeneeskundig Tijdschrift (1984), 53

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (2 ULg)
See detailLes principales formations végétales
Ouédraogo, M.; Vermeulen, Cédric ULg; Cornélis, D.

in Delvingt, W.; Vermeulen, Cédric (Eds.) Nazinga (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (1 ULg)
See detailLes principales helminthoses chez les carnivores domestiques et leur traitement
Mignon, Bernard ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2000)

Detailed reference viewed: 2 (0 ULg)
See detailLes principales helminthoses chez les carnivores domestiques et leur traitement
Mignon, Bernard ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2000)

Detailed reference viewed: 2 (1 ULg)
See detailLes principales helminthoses chez les carnivores domestiques et leur traitement
Mignon, Bernard ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2000)

Detailed reference viewed: 1 (0 ULg)
See detailPrincipales helminthoses digestives chez les carnivores domestiques et leur traitement
Mignon, Bernard ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2000)

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (1 ULg)
See detailPrincipales helminthoses digestives chez les carnivores domestiques et leur traitement
Mignon, Bernard ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2000)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (1 ULg)
See detailPrincipales helminthoses digestives chez les carnivores domestiques et leur traitement
Mignon, Bernard ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2000)

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (1 ULg)
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See detailPrincipales maladies parasitaires et mycosiques zoonotiques des animaux de compagnie. Partim : Mycoses et parasitoses cutanées
Mignon, Bernard ULg

in Risques zoonosiques liés aux animaux de compagnie (chiens et chats), Proceedings du Symposium de l'AESA (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 84 (21 ULg)
See detailPrincipales maladies parasitaires et mycosiques zoonotiques des animaux de compagnie. Partim : Mycoses et parasitoses cutanées.
Mignon, Bernard ULg

in Risques zoonosiques liés aux animaux de compagnie (chiens et chats) (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (10 ULg)
See detailles principales mycotoxines et leur importance dans les produits alimentaires
Bechet, J.; Thonart, Philippe ULg

Report (1978)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes principales plantes toxiques chez le cheval
Delaunois, A.; Demoulin, V.; Gustin, Pascal ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1998), 142

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (3 ULg)