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See detailPriests and Cult Personnel in Three Hellenistic Families
Carbon, Jan-Mathieu ULg; Pirenne-Delforge, Vinciane ULg

in Horster, Marietta; Klöckner, Anja (Eds.) Cities and Priests. Cult Personnel in Asia Minor and the Aegean Islands from the Hellenistic to the Imperial Period (2013)

This paper offers an examination of three significant familial inscriptions from the Hellenistic period. The texts are detailed cultic dossiers initiated by three individuals—Diomedon on Cos, Poseidonios ... [more ▼]

This paper offers an examination of three significant familial inscriptions from the Hellenistic period. The texts are detailed cultic dossiers initiated by three individuals—Diomedon on Cos, Poseidonios in Halicarnassus, and Epikteta on Thera. Though they are often very briefly grouped together, these inscriptions are discussed here in greater textual and contextual detail. In particular, the analysis focusses on the cult personnel, which is appointed in these families, demonstrating that it remains independent from the polis, but is organised with reference to a civic framework. By setting these inscriptions in parallel, the discussion opens up productive perspectives on the evolutions of familial cults in the Hellenistic period.—The inscription of Poseidonios is reedited in an Appendix by Jan-Mathieu Carbon. [less ▲]

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See detailPRIM related correlations
Mathéi, Axel ULg

Conference (2013, March 07)

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See detailA primal-dual approach in truss topology optimization
Beckers, Maryse; Fleury, Claude ULg

in Topping, B. H. V.; Papadrakakis, Manolis (Eds.) Advances in Structural Optimization (1994)

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See detailA primal-dual approach in truss topology optimization
Beekers, M.; Fleury, Claude ULg

in Computers & Structures (1997), 64(1-4), 77-88

The objective of truss topology optimization is to find, for a given weight, the stiffest truss, defined as a subset of an initially choosen set of bars called the ground structure. The restrictions are ... [more ▼]

The objective of truss topology optimization is to find, for a given weight, the stiffest truss, defined as a subset of an initially choosen set of bars called the ground structure. The restrictions are bounds on bar volumes and the satisfaction of equilibrium equations. For a single load case and without bounds on bar volumes, the problem can be written as a linear programming problem with nodal displacements as variables. The addition to the objective function of a quadratic term vanishing at the optimum allows us to use a dual solution scheme. A conjugate gradient method is well suited to maximize the dual function. Several ground structures are introduced. For large networks, those where each node is connected to those situated in a certain vicinity give a good compromise between generating a reasonable number of bars and obtaining a sufficient number of possible directions. Some examples taken from the literature are treated to illustrate the quality of the solution and the influence of initial topology. (C) 1997 Civil-Comp Ltd and Elsevier Science Ltd. [less ▲]

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See detailA Primal/Dual Approach for the Accurate Evaluation of the Electromechanical Coupling in MEMS
Rochus, V.; Geuzaine, Christophe ULg

in Finite Elements in Analysis & Design (2012), 49(1), 19-27

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See detailPrimary amyloidosis (AL) as a cause of nephrotic syndrome.
Bataille, Yoann ULg; Bovy, Christophe ULg; Lancellotti, Patrizio ULg et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2005), 60(2), 94-7

AL amyloidosis is a rare systemic disease resulting from tissue accumulation of amyloid fibrils derived from monoclonal immunoglobulin light chains. It can disrupt the tissue architecture and consequently ... [more ▼]

AL amyloidosis is a rare systemic disease resulting from tissue accumulation of amyloid fibrils derived from monoclonal immunoglobulin light chains. It can disrupt the tissue architecture and consequently cause organ dysfunction. The prognosis is poor with a median survival of 13 months in untreated patients. By illustrating the case of a patient whose AL amyloidosis was detected after presenting a nephrotic syndrome, the characteristics of the disease are reviewed as well as diagnostic criteria and current available therapeutics. [less ▲]

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See detailPrimary and Predicted Secondary Structures of the Actinomadura R39 Extracellular DD-Peptidase, a Penicillin-Binding Protein (PBP) Related to the Escherichia coli PBP4
Granier, Benoît; Duez, Colette ULg; Englebert, Serge et al

in Biochemical Journal (1992), 282(Pt 3), 781-788

As derived from gene cloning and sequencing, the 489-amino-acid DD-peptidase/penicillin-binding protein (PBP) produced by Actinomadura R39 has a primary structure very similar to that of the Escherichia ... [more ▼]

As derived from gene cloning and sequencing, the 489-amino-acid DD-peptidase/penicillin-binding protein (PBP) produced by Actinomadura R39 has a primary structure very similar to that of the Escherichia coli PBP4 [Mottl, Terpstra & Keck (1991) FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 78, 213-220]. Hydrophobic-cluster analysis of the two proteins shows that, providing that a large 174-amino-acid stretch is excluded from the analysis, the bulk of the two polypeptide chains possesses homologues of the active-site motifs and secondary structures found in the class A β-lactamase of Streptomyces albus G of known three-dimensional structure. The 74-amino-acid insert occurs at equivalent places in the two PBPs, between helices α2 and α3, away from the active site. Such an insert is unique among the penicilloyl serine transferases. It is proposed that the Actinomadura R39 PBP and E. coli PBP4 form a special class, class C, of low-Mr PBPs/DD-peptidases. A vector has been constructed and introduced by electrotransformation in the original Actinomadura R39 strain, allowing high-level expression and secretion of the DD-peptidase/PBP (250 mg . 1-1). The gene encoding the desired protein is processed differently in Actinomadura R39 and Streptomyces lividans. Incorrect processing in Streptomyces lividans leads to a secreted protein which is inert in terms of DD-peptidase activity and penicillin-binding capacity. [less ▲]

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See detailPrimary central nervous system lymphoma - Report of 32 cases and review of the literature
Dubuisson, Annie ULg; Kaschten, Bruno ULg; Lenelle, Jacques ULg et al

in Clinical Neurology & Neurosurgery (2004), 107(1), 55-63

We retrospectively analyzed 32 cases of primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL). Five cases were diagnosed in the period 1987-1994, for 27 cases in the period 1995-2002. There were 17 men and 15 ... [more ▼]

We retrospectively analyzed 32 cases of primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL). Five cases were diagnosed in the period 1987-1994, for 27 cases in the period 1995-2002. There were 17 men and 15 women whose median age was 69 years. Three patients were immunodeficient. The commonest symptoms were focal deficit (16 patients) and cognitive/behaviour disturbances (14 patients). Radiologically, a total of 47 contrast-enhancing lesions were observed in 32 patients; 18 patients had deep-seated lesions. All but two patients underwent histological diagnosis following craniotomy (11 patients) and/or stereotaxic biopsy (22 patients); diagnosis was obtained on CSF cytology in one patient with a third ventricle tumour. In the last patient, the diagnosis was based on the finding of marked tumour shrinkage under corticotherapy, despite two negative histological examinations. Treatment included surgical resection (10 patients), chemotherapy (25 patients) and/or radiotherapy (12 patients). According to the therapeutic recommendations of the GELA (Groupe d'Etude des Lymphomes de l'Adulte), 19 patients received at least two courses of high-dose methotrexate; intrathecal chemotherapy was used in 20 patients with methotrexate and/or cytosine arabinoside. Radiation therapy consisted of whole brain irradiation followed by a boost on tumour site. Nine patients received a combined treatment of chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Twelve patients showed rapid progression to death. At the time of last contact, 28/32 patients (88%) had died, all from PCNSL disease or from complications due to its treatment. The median Survival time was 13.9 months. We conclude that PCNSL is an increasingly frequent tumour. The diagnosis is obtained by stereotactic biopsy in the majority of cases. The prognosis appears dismal despite an intensive multidisciplinary therapeutic approach. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailPrimary central nervous system lymphoma in a patient treated with Natalizumab.
Phan-Ba, Rémy ULg; Bisig, Bettina ULg; Deprez, Manuel ULg et al

in Annals of Neurology (2011), 69(6), 1060-1

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See detailPrimary cerebral lymphoma. A retrospective study of 27 cases
Grangier, C; COUCKE, Philippe ULg; Baur, A et al

in Strahlentherapie und Onkologie (1994), 170(4), 206-212

Primary cerebral lymphoma is a rare disease. The aim of this study is to compare the survival of the patients treated with radiotherapy alone vs. patients treated with a combined schedule of radio ... [more ▼]

Primary cerebral lymphoma is a rare disease. The aim of this study is to compare the survival of the patients treated with radiotherapy alone vs. patients treated with a combined schedule of radio-chemotherapy. Our results will be compared with currently published data and main prognostic factors will be briefly discussed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 1974 and 1990, 27 cases of primary cerebral lymphoma were diagnosed at our institution. All patients had biopsy-proven disease, the pathology of which was reviewed for this study. RESULTS: The overall median survival time was 24 months and one-, two- and three-year overall survival was 59, 46 and 29% respectively. The median radiation dose was 46 Gy, ranging from 19.5 to 60 Gy. The median dose per fraction was 2 Gy (ranging from 1.61 to 3 Gy). The median elapsed treatment time was 32 days (ranging from three to 45 days). We were not able to demonstrate any statistically significant difference between patients who received radiotherapy alone (n = 14, median survival time = 24 months) and those who received a combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy (n = 11, median survival time = 30 months), (p = 0.4). Prognostic factors of survival were tested using a univariate analysis (Wilcoxon test). Parameters such as mass appearance (unilobular, p = 0.048), performance status at the time of the diagnosis (0 to 1, p = 0.014), and CT imaging (hypodense, p = 0.043) influenced positively survival. Centroblastic histology (Kiel) was found associated with a negative prognosis (p = 0.043). CONCLUSION: In our experience, there is no statistically significant difference of survival between patients treated with radiotherapy alone or with a combined treatment of radio-chemotherapy. Other prognostic factors of survival were discovered, although the analysis was univariate, due to the limited number of patients. Multicentric prospective studies should be elaborated in order to optimize the treatment of this disease. [less ▲]

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See detailPrimary cerebral lymphoma. A retrospective study of 32 patients
Dubuisson, Annie ULg; Kaschten, Bruno ULg; Lenelle, Jacques ULg et al

Conference (2002, April 25)

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See detailPrimary ciliary dyskinesia and situs inversus in a young dog.
Cavrenne, Romain; De Busscher, Virginie; Bolen, Géraldine ULg et al

in Veterinary Record : Journal of the British Veterinary Association (2008), 163(2), 54-5

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See detailPrimary ciliary dyskinesia in a Bull Mastiff.
Clercx, Cécile ULg; Peeters, Dominique ULg; Beths, Thierry et al

in Proceedings of the 7th Annual Congress of the ESVIM (1997)

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See detailPrimary ciliary dyskinesia in a family of Old English Sheepdogs
Billen, Frédéric ULg; Binst, Dominique; Geyskens, Valerie et al

in Proceedings of the 17th ECVIM-CA congress (2007, September)

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See detailA primary culture of mouse proximal tubular cells, established on collagen-coated membranes.
Terryn, Sara; JOURET, François ULg; Vandenabeele, Frank et al

in American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology (2007), 293(2), 476-85

A simple method is described to establish primary cultures of kidney proximal tubule cells (PTC) on membranes. The permeable membranes represent a unique culture surface, allowing a high degree of ... [more ▼]

A simple method is described to establish primary cultures of kidney proximal tubule cells (PTC) on membranes. The permeable membranes represent a unique culture surface, allowing a high degree of differentiation since both apical and basolateral membranes are accessible for medium. Proximal tubule (PT) segments from collagenase-digested mouse renal cortices were grown for 7 days, by which time cells were organized as a confluent monolayer. Electron microscopic evaluation revealed structurally polarized epithelial cells with numerous microvilli, basolateral invaginations, and apical tight junctions. Immunoblotting for markers of distinct parts of the nephron demonstrated that these primary cultures only expressed PT-specific proteins. Moreover immunodetection of distinct components of the receptor-mediated endocytic pathway and uptake of FITC-albumin indicated that these cells expressed a functional endocytotic apparatus. In addition, primary cultures possessed the PT brush-border enzymes, alkaline phosphatase, and gamma-glutamyl-transferase, and a phloridzin-sensitive sodium-dependent glucose transport at their apical side. Electrophysiological measurements show that the primary cultured cells have a low transepithelial resistance and high short-circuit current that was completely carried by Na(+) similar to a leaky epithelium like proximal tubule cells. This novel method established well-differentiated PTC cultures. [less ▲]

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See detailPrimary diffuse leptomeningeal gliomatosis: an autopsy case and review of the literature
Somja, Joan ULg; Boly, Mélanie ULg; Sadzot, Bernard ULg et al

in Acta Neurologica Belgica (2010), 110(4), 325-33

We report a case of primary diffuse leptomeningeal gliomatosis (PDLG) in a 76-year-old male presenting with confusion, dysarthria, diplopia, lumbal pain and headaches of recent onset. Neurological ... [more ▼]

We report a case of primary diffuse leptomeningeal gliomatosis (PDLG) in a 76-year-old male presenting with confusion, dysarthria, diplopia, lumbal pain and headaches of recent onset. Neurological examination revealed nuchal rigidity and bilateral sixth cranial nerve palsy. The cerebrospinal fluid showed a marked hyperproteinorachia (4711 mg/L) and mild cytorachia (5-10 leucocytes/mm3) with a few atypical lymphoid cells. On admission, brain CT scan and MRI demonstrated diffuse and nodular leptomeningeal contrast enhancement predominant at the skull base and several osteolytic lesions in the right parietal bone. Extensive serological studies for infectious, autoimmune or neoplastic diseases were negative. The work-up diagnosis was neurosarcoidosis or multiple meningeal and osseous metastases of an unknown primary cancer. Surgical biopsy of the right parietal bone lesion showed only fibrous tissue with no evidence of tumour or inflammation. The patient was treated with high dose corticosteroids but its neurological status progressively worsened and he died of aspiration pneumonia 35 days after admission. Post-mortem examination revealed a PDLG, a rare fatal tumour with about 60 cases reported. PDGL is characterized by the diffusion of neoplastic glial cells throughout the leptomeninges without evidence of a primary intra-parenchymal lesion. Recognition of this rare brain tumour is important as recent reports suggest that radiotherapy and chemotherapy can improve patient survival. [less ▲]

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See detailPrimary Extraction Technologies
Scippo, Marie-Louise ULg; Maghuin-Rogister, Guy ULg

in O'Keefe, Michael (Ed.) Residue Analysis in Food - Principles and Applications (2000)

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See detailPrimary graft nonfunction and Kupffer cell activation after liver transplantation from non-heart-beating donors in pigs
Monbaliu, D.; van Pelt, J.; De Vos, R. et al

in Liver Transplantation (2007), 13(2), 239-247

More extensive use of non-heart-beating donors (NHBD) could reduce mortality on liver transplantation waiting lists, but this is associated with more primary nonfunction (PNF). We assessed which ... [more ▼]

More extensive use of non-heart-beating donors (NHBD) could reduce mortality on liver transplantation waiting lists, but this is associated with more primary nonfunction (PNF). We assessed which parameters are involved in the development of PNF in livers from NHBD in a previously validated pig liver transplantation model, in which livers were transplanted after exposure to incremental periods of warm ischemia. The risk of PNF was unacceptably high (>50%) when livers were exposed to >30 minutes' warm ischemia before a short cold ischemic period. This study examined how PNF is affected by Kupffer cell activation (beta-galactosidase), the generation of cytokines tumor necrosis factor alpha and interleukin 6, antioxidant mechanisms (ascorbic acid, alpha-tocopherol, reduced glutathione), circulating redox-active iron, and sinusoidal endothelial cell function (hyaluronic acid clearance). Kupffer cells were more activated in PNF recipients, as suggested by higher beta-galactosidase levels (15 minutes after reperfusion), and secondarily, by higher production of tumor necrosis factor alpha and interleukin 6 (180 minutes after reperfusion). In addition, a-tocopherol and reduced glutathione were lower, and ascorbic acid and redox-active iron higher in PNF recipients. Finally, PNF grafts displayed progressively decreasing hyaluronic acid clearance (suggesting sinusoidal endothelial cell dysfunction) and parenchymal edema. Consequently, a reduced-flow phenomenon was documented. In grafts from NHBD that are destined to fail, beta-galactosidase activity (a surrogate of Kupffer cell activation) is higher, proinflammatory cytokines are overproduced, some antioxidant mechanisms fail, and circulating redox-active iron is more rapidly released. A no-flow phenomenon is eventually observed in these failing grafts. [less ▲]

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