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See detailMeandering flows in rectangular shallow reservoirs
Peltier, Yann ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg

Report (2014)

During this research, previously unexplored meandering flows in free-surface rectangular shallow reservoirs were investigated theoretically, experimentally and numerically. For the first time, a complete ... [more ▼]

During this research, previously unexplored meandering flows in free-surface rectangular shallow reservoirs were investigated theoretically, experimentally and numerically. For the first time, a complete description of the hydrodynamics of the meandering flows was obtained from laboratory experiments. An innovative procedure for the characterisation of the physics of the flow was developed based on several techniques, including Large Scale Particle Image Velocimetry (LSPIV), Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD) and a new topology algorithm. This research provides new insights into these fascinating meandering flows, of high practical relevance in civil and environmental engineering. Six papers were written and, so far, five of them have been accepted for publication (two in international journals and three in peer-reviewed international conference proceedings). [less ▲]

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See detailMeandering jets in shallow rectangular reservoir
Peltier, Yann ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in 7th International Conference in River Hydraulics, River Flow 2014 (2014)

In this article, meandering flows in a shallow rectangular reservoir are experimentally and numerically investigated. Two experiments were performed in a smooth shallow horizontal flume and the surface ... [more ▼]

In this article, meandering flows in a shallow rectangular reservoir are experimentally and numerically investigated. Two experiments were performed in a smooth shallow horizontal flume and the surface velocity fields were measured by Large-Scale PIV (LSPIV). The flow conditions were chosen in such a way that the friction regime of both flows was different. These flows were then modelled using the academic code WOLF2D, which solves the 2D shallow water equations and uses a depth-averaged k- model for modelling turbulence. The main characteristics of the measured and simulated flows were finally extracted from a Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD) of the surface velocity fields and depth-averaged velocity fields respectively and were compared. When the mean fluctuating kinetic energy of the considered POD mode is greater than 1×10-5 m²/s², the numerical modelling and the experiments are in good agreement whatever the friction regime of the flow. [less ▲]

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See detailMeandering jets in shallow rectangular reservoirs: POD analysis and identification of coherent structures
Peltier, Yann ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Experiments in Fluids (2014), 55

The effect of the shallowness on meandering jets in a shallow rectangular reservoir is investigated. Four meandering flows were investigated in an experimental shallow rectangular reservoir. Their ... [more ▼]

The effect of the shallowness on meandering jets in a shallow rectangular reservoir is investigated. Four meandering flows were investigated in an experimental shallow rectangular reservoir. Their boundary conditions were chosen to cover a large range of friction numbers (defined with the sudden expansion width). Due to the unsteady characteristics of the flows, a Proper Orthogonal Decomposition of the fluctu-ating part of the surface velocity fields measured using LSPIV was used for discriminating the flow struc-tures responsible for the meandering of the jet. Less than 1 % of the calculated POD modes significantly contribute to the meandering of the jet and two types of instability are in competition in such a flow con-figuration. The sinuous mode is the dominant mode in the flow and it induces the meandering of the flow, while the varicose mode is a source of local mixing and weakly participates to the flow. The fluctuating velocity fields were then reconstructed using the POD modes corresponding to 80% of the total mean fluctuating kinetic energy and the coherent structures were identified using the residual vorticity, their centres being localised using a topology algorithm. The trajectories of the structures centres emphasize that at high friction number the coherent structures are small and laterally paired in the near, middle and far fields of the jet, while with decreasing friction number the structures merge into large horizontal vortices in the far-field of the jet, their trajectories showing more variability in space and time. The analysis of the stability regime finally reveals that the sinuous mode is convectively unstable and may become absolutely unstable at the end of the reservoir when the friction number is small. [less ▲]

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See detailLes méandres de la réception des travaux : exposé de synthèse
Kohl, Benoît ULg

Scientific conference (2011, December 08)

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (3 ULg)
See detailThe Meaning and Scope of EU Citizenship
Martiniello, Marco ULg

Scientific conference (1998, June 04)

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (4 ULg)
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See detailThe Meaning of ``Formal''
Wolper, Pierre ULg

in ACM Computing Surveys (1996), 28(4es), 127

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See detailThe meaning of formal: from weak to strong formal methods
Wolper, Pierre ULg

in International Journal on Software Tools for Technology Transfer (1997), 1(1-2), 6--8

This short note reflects on what makes formal methods "formal". It concludes that there are weak and strong ways of being formal, the latter being linked to the formality of the method being exploitable ... [more ▼]

This short note reflects on what makes formal methods "formal". It concludes that there are weak and strong ways of being formal, the latter being linked to the formality of the method being exploitable, and exploited, in software tools. [less ▲]

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See detailMeaningful Interiors: An Interview with Clark Coolidge
Delville, Michel ULg

in BELL. Belgian Essays on Language and Literature (1994)

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See detailMeanings and practices of learning from incidents: a social constructivist perspective of incident reporting systems
Rossignol, Nicolas ULg; Hommels, Anique

in Technology Analysis & Strategic Management (2016)

Incident reporting systems (IRSs) are used in many organisations as tools that promote safety by allowing to collectively learn from incidents. In this paper, we propose a social constructivist approach ... [more ▼]

Incident reporting systems (IRSs) are used in many organisations as tools that promote safety by allowing to collectively learn from incidents. In this paper, we propose a social constructivist approach to learning from incidents, in which the focus is not purely on safety, but on the technology of incident reporting itself. We employ Wiebe Bijker’s work on the Social Construction of Technology to open up the analysis of a specific IRS in use at the Belgian Nuclear Research Center. For this purpose, we carried out 28 interviews with key local actors and collected documents and observation notes. Such social constructivist perspective provides detailed insight into the practices of reporting and the meanings of learning from incidents. Our research shows that various actors within the organisation frame the IRS differently. These framings each have their own implications for the vulnerability of the organisation. [less ▲]

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See detailMeans and medians in nonlinear spaces
Collard, Anne ULg; Sepulchre, Rodolphe ULg

Conference (2010, March)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (5 ULg)
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See detailMeans, Motive, and Opportunity: SDH Mutations Are Suspects in Pituitary Tumors.
BECKERS, Albert ULg

in Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism (2013), 98(6), 2274-6

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (19 ULg)
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See detailMeasurable impact of an old MSWI on the level of dioxins in free-range chickens and eggs grown in its vicinity
PIRARD, Catherine ULg; Focant, Jean-François ULg; Massart, A. C. et al

in Organohalogen Compounds (2003), 60-65

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See detailMeasure Noun constructions : an instance of semantically-driven grammaticalization
Brems, Lieselotte ULg

in International Journal of Corpus Linguistics (2003), 8(2), 283-312

Detailed reference viewed: 67 (3 ULg)
See detailMeasure Noun constructions: degrees of delexicalization and grammaticalization
Brems, Lieselotte ULg

in Advances in corpus linguistics: Papers from the 23rd International Conference on English Language Research on Computerized Corpora (ICAME 23). (2004)

Detailed reference viewed: 91 (8 ULg)
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See detailMeasure Nouns (MNs), a case of ongoing grammaticalization?
Brems, Lieselotte ULg

Conference (2003)

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See detailMeasure of nursing time interventions for hospitalized elderly patients
THONON, Olivier ULg; GILLAIN, Daniel ULg; SERMEUS, Walter et al

Poster (2009, July)

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See detailMeasure of phonon-number moments and motional quadratures through infinitesimal-time probing of trapped ions
Bastin, Thierry ULg; von Zanthier, J.; Solano, E.

in Journal of Physics : B Atomic Molecular & Optical Physics (2006), 39

A method for gaining information about the phonon-number moments and the generalized nonlinear and linear quadratures in the motion of trapped ions (in particular, position and momentum) is proposed ... [more ▼]

A method for gaining information about the phonon-number moments and the generalized nonlinear and linear quadratures in the motion of trapped ions (in particular, position and momentum) is proposed, valid inside and outside the Lamb-Dicke regime. It is based on the measurement of first time derivatives of electronic populations, evaluated at the motion-probe interaction time tau = 0. In contrast to other state-reconstruction proposals, based on measuring Rabi oscillations or dispersive interactions, the present scheme can be performed resonantly at infinitesimal short motion-probe interaction times, remaining thus insensitive to decoherence processes. [less ▲]

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See detailMeasure transformation and efficient quadrature in reduced-dimensional stochastic modeling of coupled problems
Arnst, Maarten ULg; Ghanem, Roger; Phipps, Eric et al

in International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering (2012), 92

Coupled problems with various combinations of multiple physics, scales, and domains are found in numerous areas of science and engineering. A key challenge in the formulation and implementation of ... [more ▼]

Coupled problems with various combinations of multiple physics, scales, and domains are found in numerous areas of science and engineering. A key challenge in the formulation and implementation of corresponding coupled numerical models is to facilitate the communication of information across physics, scale, and domain interfaces, as well as between the iterations of solvers used for response computations. In a probabilistic context, any information that is to be communicated between subproblems or iterations should be characterized by an appropriate probabilistic representation. Although the number of sources of uncertainty can be expected to be large in most coupled problems, our contention is that exchanged probabilistic information often resides in a considerably lower-dimensional space than the sources themselves. In this work, we thus propose to use a dimension reduction technique for obtaining the representation of the exchanged information, and we propose a measure transformation technique that allows subproblem implementations to exploit this dimension reduction to achieve computational gains. The effectiveness of the proposed dimension reduction and measure transformation methodology is demonstrated through a multiphysics problem relevant to nuclear engineering. [less ▲]

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See detailMeasured and Calculated Partial Photoionization Cross Sections of CO between 15 and 40 eV.
Leyh, Bernard ULg; Raseev, G.; Hubin-Franskin, Marie-Jeanne ULg et al

in Lahmani, F.; Castex, M. C.; Collin, Jacques (Eds.) et al Photophysics and Photochemistry above 6 eV. (1985)

Vibrationally resolved partial photoionization cross sections of CO have been measured and theoretical partial cross sections have been calculated using the method of Raseev et al. and the two-step MQDT ... [more ▼]

Vibrationally resolved partial photoionization cross sections of CO have been measured and theoretical partial cross sections have been calculated using the method of Raseev et al. and the two-step MQDT formulation of Giusti-Suzor and Lefebvre-Brion. We discuss the physical nature of the shape resonances appearing in the epsilon-sigma continua and we analyze their vibrational selectivity. A new assignment of the Rydberg series converging to CO+(B2Sigma+) is suggested and their electronic and vibrational selectivity is discussed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (1 ULg)