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See detailLife-cycle assessment of residential buildings in three different European locations, case study
Rossi, Barbara ULiege; Marique, Anne-Françoise ULiege; Reiter, Sigrid ULiege

in Building & Environment (2012), 51

The paper presents the comparative results of the life-cycle assessment (LCA) of one residential building with two constructive systems in Brussels and one steel frame house located in three different ... [more ▼]

The paper presents the comparative results of the life-cycle assessment (LCA) of one residential building with two constructive systems in Brussels and one steel frame house located in three different European towns: Brussels (Belgium), Coimbra (Portugal) and Luleå (Sweden). In a recent study, a modular building was studied in Coimbra and Luleå. It was shown that in terms of CO2 emissions, the Use Stage was the most harmful stage during the building life-cycle for Coimbra climate. Contrarily, in Luleå, it was the Product Stage, despite energy consumption being higher than Coimbra, due to the way electricity and heat are generated. In the present study, two structural systems are first compared for the Belgian house: steel frame and traditional masonry. A different life-cycle scenario is taken into account for the steel frame house for the three different locations, in which the monthly temperatures, energy mix, heating and cooling systems are defined. The LCA is carried out using the basic tool described in the companion paper. It is worth recalling that the results obtained with the basic tool were verified against Pleiades+Comfie and Equer software, enabling to carry out a complete LCA, for Brussels. Our results confirm that for all the three climates, the Use Stage (Operational energy) is the most harmful period during the building life-cycle and that the energy mix of the country strongly influences the equivalent CO2 emissions related to the Use Stage (Operational carbon) and may entirely reverse the conclusions about the life-cycle carbon footprint of the building. [less ▲]

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See detailLife-cycle carbon footprint of a residential steel framed building in different climates
Rossi, Barbara ULiege

Conference (2011, October)

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See detailLife-cycle carbon footprint of a residential steel framed building in different climates
Rossi, Barbara ULiege; Marique, Anne-Françoise ULiege; Reiter, Sigrid ULiege

in World Sustainable Building Conference: SB11, Helsinki 18-21 October 2011 (2011, October 19)

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (7 ULiège)
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See detailLife-cycle impacts assessment of steel, composite, concrete and wooden columns
Rossi, Barbara ULiege; Lukic, Ivan; Iqbal, Naveed et al

in Final International Conference of COST Action C25 - Sustainability of Constructions : Towards a better built environment: Innsbruck 3-5 February 2011 (2011, February)

This paper presents a comparative study showing the environmental profile of structural members used in the construction domain. The functional unit is a column that is realistic in terms of dimensions ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a comparative study showing the environmental profile of structural members used in the construction domain. The functional unit is a column that is realistic in terms of dimensions and load bearing capacity, made of steel or high strength steel sections, steel and concrete (composite), reinforced concrete, solid wood and glue-laminated wood. The design of the columns is made following the Eurocodes. Several environmental impacts are assessed, such as the global warming potential and energy consumption while also focusing on the acidification potential. The results are presented in the forms of bar charts for each considered column. For steel and concrete, depending on the source of information, the inven-tory can vary substantially e.g. the CO and CH4 emissions. Several sources of information are provided and used to perform a brief sensitivity analysis. The influence of the recycling of steel taking into account the IISI methodology will also be discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailLife-cycle impacts assessment of steel, composite, concrete and wooden columns
Rossi, Barbara ULiege

Conference (2011, February)

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See detailLife-cycle modelling of bequests and its implications for annuity valuation
Jousten, Alain ULiege

in Journal of Public Economics (2001), 79

In this paper we introduce a linear bequest motive into a standard life-cycle model, both allowing for credit and annuity market imperfections. First, we characterize the consumption and wealth processes ... [more ▼]

In this paper we introduce a linear bequest motive into a standard life-cycle model, both allowing for credit and annuity market imperfections. First, we characterize the consumption and wealth processes.We find that consumption is non-increasing in the linear bequest parameter for the simplest certainty case, but that the same is not true for life-span uncertainty. Second, we study the issue of annuity valuation. For a sufficiently strong bequest motive, the true value of an annuity is equal to the actuarial value. This invalidates a previous claim that, for imperfect annuity markets, it is close to the simple financial value. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Life-Cycle Proteins Roda of Escherichia Coli and Spove of Bacillus Subtilis Have Very Similar Primary Structures
Joris, Bernard ULiege; Dive, Georges ULiege; Henriques, A. et al

in Molecular Microbiology (1990), 4(3), 513-517

Comparison of the predicted amino acid sequence of the cell-cycle RodA protein with the National Research Foundation protein sequence database shows that the 370-amino-acid RodA, a protein that is ... [more ▼]

Comparison of the predicted amino acid sequence of the cell-cycle RodA protein with the National Research Foundation protein sequence database shows that the 370-amino-acid RodA, a protein that is essential for wall elongation in Escherichia coli and maintenance of the rod shape of the cell, is highly analogous, in terms of primary structure, with the Bacillus subtilis SpoVE protein involved in stage V of sporulation. [less ▲]

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See detailLife-Dairyclim, European project aiming to mitigate methane emissions and carbon footprint of dairy cows
Lessire, Françoise ULiege; Bernard, Maxime; Reding, Romain et al

in Höglind, Mats; Bakken, Anne Kjersti; Hovstad, Knut Anders (Eds.) et al The multiple roles of grassland in the European bioeconomy (2016, September 04)

How can dairy farming contribute to reduce the climate change without compromising food security and farm economy? This is the question the project Life-Dairyclim wants to answer. The project gathers ... [more ▼]

How can dairy farming contribute to reduce the climate change without compromising food security and farm economy? This is the question the project Life-Dairyclim wants to answer. The project gathers partners from research groups, association of advisory services to farmers and feed industry in collaboration with private farmers in three countries (Belgium, Luxembourg and Denmark). It focuses on production of feed, including utilisation of grassland and feeding of dairy cows in order to implement strategies that can contribute to a sustainable development of the dairy sector. Feeding experiments to decrease methane from dairy cows will be assessed at the University of Liège (Belgium) with cows milked by an automatic milking system. Methane production will be analysed individually by a device (Guardian®) inserted in the feeding bin as well as by mid infrared spectrum analysis of milk. The effect of concentrate composition on methane production during grazing in combination with optimization of grazing practices will be studied in collaboration with the industrial partner, Dumoulin (Belgium). The carbon footprint of produced milk will be determined using lifecycle assessment methods based on input from the experiments in combination with effect of feed production on especially carbon sequestration from different type of crop and utilization by Aarhus University (Denmark) and Convis, association of advisory services to farmers (Luxembourg). An important part of the project is dissemination based on pilot farms in all three countries documenting the impact of mitigation strategies adopted during the project [less ▲]

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See detailLifestyle Behaviours and Plasma Vitamin C and β-Carotene Levels from ELAN Population (Liège, Belgium)
PINCEMAIL, Joël ULiege; Vanbelle, Sophie ULiege; Degrune, Fabien et al

in Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism (2011), 2011

Several factors, including fruit and vegetables intakes, have been shown to significantly influence the plasma concentrations of the two antioxidants vitamin C and β-carotene. Deficiency levels of 6 mg/L ... [more ▼]

Several factors, including fruit and vegetables intakes, have been shown to significantly influence the plasma concentrations of the two antioxidants vitamin C and β-carotene. Deficiency levels of 6 mg/L (34.2 μM) for vitamin C and of 0.22 mg/L (0.4 μM) for β-carotene have been suggested below which cardiovascular risk might be increased. The present study performed on 897 presumably healthy subjects aged 40–60 years aimed to examine how modifiable lifestyle factors may be related to vitamin C and/or β-carotene deficiency. Gender, smoking, lack of regular physical activity and of daily fruit consumption (≥2/day), and social status (in particular, unemployment) were found to be significant risk factors for vitamin C deficiency. For β-carotene deficiency, the same factors were identified except social status; moreover, overweight and OC use in women were also found to have a deleterious effect. For non exposed subjects, the probability of developing vitamin C deficiency was 4% in men and 2.4% in women. This probability increased to 66.3% for men and to 44.3% for women (and even to 50.4% under OC use), when all risk factors were present. For β-carotene deficiency, the corresponding probabilities were equal to 29.7% in men and 13.7% in women (no risk factor present), and to 86.1% for men and 69.9% (91.6% for OC use) for women (all factors present), respectively [less ▲]

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See detailLifestyle factors and serum androgens among 636 middle aged men from seven countries in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC).
Suzuki, Reiko; Allen, Naomi E.; Appleby, Paul N. et al

in Cancer causes & control : CCC (2009), 20(6), 811-21

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between lifestyle and dietary factors and serum concentrations of androgens in middle-aged healthy men. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between lifestyle and dietary factors and serum concentrations of androgens in middle-aged healthy men. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the association of lifestyle factors with circulating concentrations of androstenedione (A-dione), 3-alpha-androstanediol glucuronide (A-diol-g), testosterone (T), SHBG (sex hormone-binding globulin), and free testosterone (FT) among 636 men in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. RESULTS: Compared with the youngest age group (40-49 years), the oldest (70-79 years) had a higher mean concentration of SHBG (by 44%) and lower mean concentrations of A-diol-g (by 29%) FT (19%). Men in the highest BMI group (> or =29.83 kg/m(2)) had a higher mean A-diol-g concentration (by 38%) and lower mean concentration of T (by 20%) SHBG (29%) compared with the lowest (<24.16 kg/m(2)). Current smokers had higher mean concentrations of T (by 13%), SHBG (14%), and A-dione (15%) compared with never smokers. Physical activity and dietary factors were not associated with androgen concentrations, although men in the highest fifth of alcohol intake had higher mean concentrations of A-dione (by 9%), FT (11%) compared with the lowest. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that age, body weight, smoking, and alcohol intake are associated with circulating androgen concentrations in men. [less ▲]

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See detailLifetime absolute risk of hip and other osteoporotic fracture in Belgian women.
Hiligsmann, Mickaël ULiege; Bruyère, Olivier ULiege; Ethgen, Olivier ULiege et al

in BONE (2008), 43(6), 991-4

OBJECTIVES: To estimate the lifetime absolute risks of hip and other osteoporotic fracture in Belgian women aged 60 years and to examine the effect of changes in baseline population fracture risk and ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: To estimate the lifetime absolute risks of hip and other osteoporotic fracture in Belgian women aged 60 years and to examine the effect of changes in baseline population fracture risk and changes in life expectancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Estimates were performed using a Markov microsimulation model and were based on the incidence of first fracture as well as life expectancy. Baseline scenario included projected mortality rates and increasing fracture incidence by 1% per year. Alternative scenarios were performed on age, life expectancy and trends in fracture incidence. Lifetime fracture risk for osteoporotic population (T-score <or= -2.5) was also estimated. RESULTS: In the baseline scenario, lifetime absolute risks of hip fracture and of any major osteoporotic fracture (hip, clinical vertebral or wrist) were respectively 24.8% and 44.3%. Alternative scenarios showed that when assuming no change of age-specific fracture rates over time, these lifetime risks were 18.3% and 35.2%, while these values were 20.0% and 38.3% assuming no future mortality reductions. For osteoporotic women, these values were respectively 34.5% and 51.5%. CONCLUSION: We conclude that absolute lifetime fracture risks are substantial and that trends in fracture incidence and changes in life expectancy have a marked impact on absolute lifetime fracture risks. [less ▲]

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See detailLifetime and Landé factor measurements of 5p7p levels of Sn I by time-resolved laser spectroscopy
Zhang, Y.; Xu, J.; Zhang, W. et al

in Physical Review. A (2008), 78

Lifetimes for nine levels and Landé gJ factors for eight levels of the 5p7p configuration of neutral tin have been measured by the time-resolved fluorescence method and by the Zeeman quantum beat ... [more ▼]

Lifetimes for nine levels and Landé gJ factors for eight levels of the 5p7p configuration of neutral tin have been measured by the time-resolved fluorescence method and by the Zeeman quantum beat technique, respectively. A two-step laser excitation technique has been used for the measurements. The results obtained are compared with relativistic Hartree-Fock lifetime and gJ values taking core-polarization effects into account. [less ▲]

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See detailLifetime and transition probability determination in xenon ions - The cases of XeVII and XeVIII
Biémont, Emile ULiege; Clar, Mathieu ULiege; Fivet, V. et al

in European Physical Journal D -- Atoms, Molecules, Clusters & Optical Physics (2007), 44(1), 23-33

Radiative lifetimes have been calculated for 15 levels of Xe VII belonging to the configurations 5s5p, 5p(2), 5s5d, 5s6s, 5p5d, 4f5p, 5p5d and 5s5f and for 4 levels of the 5p and 5d configurations of Xe ... [more ▼]

Radiative lifetimes have been calculated for 15 levels of Xe VII belonging to the configurations 5s5p, 5p(2), 5s5d, 5s6s, 5p5d, 4f5p, 5p5d and 5s5f and for 4 levels of the 5p and 5d configurations of Xe VIII. A relativistic Hartree-Fock approach including core-polarization effects, on the one hand, and a purely relativistic multiconfiguration Dirac-Fock method, on the other hand, have been used for the calculations. The accuracy of the present set of results has been assessed through comparisons with radiative lifetime measurements obtained by beam-foil spectroscopy. A good agreement between theory and experiment is observed for most of the levels. A new set of transition probabilities is proposed for 169 transitions of Xe VII and 45 transitions of Xe VIII. [less ▲]

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See detailLifetime and transition probability determinationin Xe IX
Garnir, Henri-Pierre ULiege; Enzonga Yoca, S.; Quinet, Pascal ULiege et al

in Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy & Radiative Transfer (2009), 110

A new set of transition probabilities is proposed for Xe IX.They have been calculated by two different theoretical approaches i.e. a fully relativistic multiconfiguration Dirac–Fock (MCDF) method and a ... [more ▼]

A new set of transition probabilities is proposed for Xe IX.They have been calculated by two different theoretical approaches i.e. a fully relativistic multiconfiguration Dirac–Fock (MCDF) method and a partly relativistic Hartree–Fock (HFR) approach takingcore-polarization effects in to account. Their accuracy has been evaluated through comparisons with lifetimeme asurements for 11 levels performed using beams of Xeþ ions produced by a 2 MVV an de Graaff accelerator. The agreement theory-experimentis nice for most of the levels and gives more weight to the theoretical models used for the calculations and, consequently,to the new transition probabilities [less ▲]

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See detailLifetime calculations in Yb II
Biémont, Emile ULiege; Dutrieux, J.-F.; Martin, I. et al

in Journal of Physics : B Atomic Molecular & Optical Physics (1998), 31

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See detailLifetime Measurement by Beam-Foil Spectroscopy
Garnir, Henri-Pierre ULiege; Bastin, Thierry ULiege; Dumont, Paul-Dominique ULiege

in Phys. Scr. (1996), T65

The beam-foil source can produce spectra of almost every ion and allows easy measurement of atomic lifetimes of excited levels. Beam-foil spectra have some unique characteristics that made them valuable ... [more ▼]

The beam-foil source can produce spectra of almost every ion and allows easy measurement of atomic lifetimes of excited levels. Beam-foil spectra have some unique characteristics that made them valuable tool for the term analysis of highly charged ions. As an example, we will describe the work undertaken at Liège on Ne IV and Ne V. Beam-foil is still the only general method for measuring the lifetime of atomic levels in highly charged ions. However, the accuracy of the classical beam-foil method is limited by the non-selective broadband excitation in the foil that populates almost all excitation levels up to very high energy and corrupts by cascading phenomena the normal single-exponential decay curves. We will describe some techniques that have been invented to obviate this infamous “cascading effect”, especially the beam-foil-laser spectroscopy method recently developed in our laboratory. We will present an overview of the beam-foil spectroscopy research performed at the University of Liège together with other recent trends in the field of fast-beam spectroscopy. [less ▲]

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See detailLifetime measurement of the 2p3d 3P2 level in N II by beam-foil-laser spectroscopy
Bastin, Thierry ULiege; Baudinet-Robinet, Y.; Dumont, Paul-Dominique ULiege et al

Poster (1992)

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (3 ULiège)
See detailLifetime measurement of the 2p3d 3P2 level in N II by beam-foil-laser spectroscopy
Bastin, Thierry ULiege; Baudinet-Robinet, Y.; Biémont, Emile ULiege et al

Poster (1992)

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See detailLifetime measurements and calculated transition probabilities in WIII
Palmeri, P.; Quinet, Pascal ULiege; Fivet, V. et al

in Physica Scripta (2008), 78

New experimental lifetimes for two levels in doubly ionized tungsten, W III, have been obtained using the time-resolved laser-induced-fluorescence technique. Theoretical oscillator strengths obtained from ... [more ▼]

New experimental lifetimes for two levels in doubly ionized tungsten, W III, have been obtained using the time-resolved laser-induced-fluorescence technique. Theoretical oscillator strengths obtained from a HFR calculation including the effects of core-polarization are reported for all transitions from levels below E < 70 000 cm−1 and with log g f > −2, thus greatly extending our knowledge of the radiative data in W III. Good agreement is found between the calculated lifetimes and the experimental values from this and previous works. These new results fill a gap in the available data for this ion which is expected to play an important role in fusion reactors. [less ▲]

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