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See detailPreparation of reactive surfaces by electrografting
Jérôme, Christine ULg; Gabriel, Sabine ULg; Voccia, Samuel et al

in Chemical Communications (2003), (19), 2500-2501

The electrografting process has been applied to a new monomer in order to induce reactivity to the surface of various conducting substrates which are then appropriate for the anchoring of a large variety ... [more ▼]

The electrografting process has been applied to a new monomer in order to induce reactivity to the surface of various conducting substrates which are then appropriate for the anchoring of a large variety of molecules (catalysts, proteins, amino-polymers etc.). [less ▲]

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See detailPreparation of reproducible alkaline phosphatase-antibody conjugates for enzyme immunoassay using a heterobifunctional linking agent
Jeanson, Antoinette; Cloes, Jean-Michel; Bouchet, Mireille et al

in Analytical Biochemistry (1988), 172(2), 392-396

Conjugates of alkaline phosphatase (AP) and mouse monoclonal immunoglobulins G (IgG) were prepared by means of the heterobifunctional linker, N-succinimidyl 3-(2-pyridyldithio)-propionate. The efficiency ... [more ▼]

Conjugates of alkaline phosphatase (AP) and mouse monoclonal immunoglobulins G (IgG) were prepared by means of the heterobifunctional linker, N-succinimidyl 3-(2-pyridyldithio)-propionate. The efficiency of such conjugates can be improved by optimizing the degree of substitution of IgG and AP. We have determined conditions yielding better performing conjugates than those synthesized by methods described previously. Moreover, the results obtained with the technique presented here are quite reproducible with all four monoclonal antibodies tested. [less ▲]

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See detailPreparation of Spherical Submicronic Barium Zirconate particles in Highly Basic Solution below 100°C
Boschini, Frédéric ULg; Cloots, Rudi ULg; Vertruyen, Bénédicte ULg

in IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (2011)

In this study, a new method has been developed to produce pure crystalline BaZrO3 powders from Ba+Zr solution or weakly soluble reactants by using precipitation route in highly basic aqueous solution. The ... [more ▼]

In this study, a new method has been developed to produce pure crystalline BaZrO3 powders from Ba+Zr solution or weakly soluble reactants by using precipitation route in highly basic aqueous solution. The influence of several synthesis parameters is studied. At high OH- concentration ([NaOH] = 20 mol/l), it is possible to obtain the well-crystallized stoichiometric perovskite phase at relatively low temperature (~80°C), after a short reaction time (15 minutes) and without requiring any precaution to avoid the presence of CO2. This synthesis method yields spherical particles, whose size can be controlled by changing the concentration of the Ba+Zr solution. No calcination treatment is necessary since the precipitate is crystalline. Suitable choice of the synthesis parameters ([NaOH] = 20 mol/l, [Ba+Zr] = 1 mol/l, reaction time = 15 minutes) yields a sub-micron precipitate. [less ▲]

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See detailPreparation of stable suspensions of gold nanoparticles in water by sonoelectrochemistry
Aqil, Abdelhafid ULg; Serwas, Harry; Delplancke, J. L. et al

in Ultrasonics Sonochemistry (2008), 15(6), 1055-1061

Stable suspensions of gold nanoparticles in water were prepared with high yield by a novel one-step ultrasound assisted electrochemical process. Various strategies based on the addition of either tailor ... [more ▼]

Stable suspensions of gold nanoparticles in water were prepared with high yield by a novel one-step ultrasound assisted electrochemical process. Various strategies based on the addition of either tailor-made polymers or mixtures of commercially available polymers, in the electrochemical bath have been found successful to avoid nanoparticles aggregation commonly observed by sonoelectrochemistry. α-Methoxy-ω-mercapto-poly(ethylene oxide) or poly(vinyl pyrrolidone)/polyethylene oxide mixtures were able to build up a coalescence barrier around the gold nanoparticles. The results showed that the size of the gold nanoparticles could be easily tuned between 5 nm and 35 nm by simple control of the electrochemical parameters, i.e. the deposition time (TON) from 10 ms to 20 ms. The properties of as-prepared gold nanoparticles were compared to the ones of gold colloids prepared by the more conventional wet nanoprecipitation method using chemical reductive agents. [less ▲]

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See detailPreparation of supported yttrium alkoxides as catalysts for the polymerization of lactones and oxirane
Martin, Eric; Dubois, Philippe ULg; Jérôme, Robert ULg

in Journal of Polymer Science. Part A, Polymer Chemistry (2003), 41(4), 569-578

Two methods have been reported that allow yttrium alkoxides to be supported on porous silica and to be used afterward as heterogeneous catalysts in the ring-opening polymerization of oxirane and e ... [more ▼]

Two methods have been reported that allow yttrium alkoxides to be supported on porous silica and to be used afterward as heterogeneous catalysts in the ring-opening polymerization of oxirane and e-caprolactone. In the two methods, [tris(hexamethyldisilyl)-amide]yttrium [Y[N(SiMe3)(2)](3)} is the metal alkoxide precursor. It is directly reacted with the silanol groups of the support, in the first method, and this is followed by alcoholysis of the unreacted amide groups. The flexibility of this method seems to be limited because the grafting density and the structure of the grafted Y alkoxide (less than one alkoxide by metal) are independent of the experimental conditions. In the second method, Y[N(SiMe3)(2)](3) is first reacted with 1 or 2 equiv of alcohol with the formation of the mixed Y alkoxide/amide. The amide functions are used to attach Y to the support. This method is free from side reactions, quite reproducible, and well suited to support one type of active species (monoalkoxide or dialkoxide). Preliminary experiments with e-caprolactone polymerization have confirmed the activity of the supported Y alkoxide, whatever preparation method is used. (C) 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. [less ▲]

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See detailPreparation of well-defined PVOH/C60 nanohybrids by cobalt-mediated radical polymerization of vinyl acetate
Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Stoilova, Olya; Bryaskova, Rayna ULg et al

in Macromolecular Rapid Communications (2006), 27(7), 498-504

Poly(vinyl acetate) chains end-capped by a Co(acac)(2) complex [PVAc-Co(acac)(2)] were prepared by bulk cobalt-mediated radical polymerization (CMRP) of vinyl acetate and used for grafting fullerene (C60 ... [more ▼]

Poly(vinyl acetate) chains end-capped by a Co(acac)(2) complex [PVAc-Co(acac)(2)] were prepared by bulk cobalt-mediated radical polymerization (CMRP) of vinyl acetate and used for grafting fullerene (C60) with four PVAc arms at low temperature (30 degrees C). A photoactive water-soluble poly(vinyl alcohol)/C60 nanohybrid was then prepared by hydrolysis of the PVAc arms of the nanohybrid. Because of photoactivity and very low cytotoxicity, this type of water-soluble nanohybrid is very promising for the photodynamic cancer therapy. [less ▲]

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See detailPreparation of YBa2Cu3O7-x superconducting thick films by the electrophoretic deposition method
Dusoulier, Laurent; Denis, Samuel ULg; Vanderbemden, Philippe ULg et al

in Journal of Materials Science (2006), 41(24), 8109-8114

YBa2Cu3O7-x thick films have been realised by the Electrophoretic Deposition method (EPD). The influence of several parameters (powder and iodine concentrations in the suspension, applied voltage and ... [more ▼]

YBa2Cu3O7-x thick films have been realised by the Electrophoretic Deposition method (EPD). The influence of several parameters (powder and iodine concentrations in the suspension, applied voltage and deposition time) on the EPD process has been studied by measuring the conductivity of the suspension and the amount of YBa2Cu3O7-x particles deposited on the electrode. Superconducting coatings onto silver substrates have been produced by a multilayer process during different deposition times. The highest critical current density value of these coatings measured by the four-point probe method is about 10^3 A/cm^2 (77 K), in a suitable range for magnetic shielding applications. [less ▲]

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See detailPreparation preoperatoire et surveillance postoperatoire d'un patient atteint d'oedeme angioneurotique hereditaire.
Joris, Jean ULg; Lamy, Maurice ULg

in Annales Françaises d'Anesthésie et de Réanimation (1986), 5(3), 312-4

Hereditary angioneurotic oedema is an autosomal dominant disorder associated with serum deficiency of functionally active C1 inhibitor protein. This decrease is characterized by episodic swelling of ... [more ▼]

Hereditary angioneurotic oedema is an autosomal dominant disorder associated with serum deficiency of functionally active C1 inhibitor protein. This decrease is characterized by episodic swelling of subcutaneous tissues, of abdominal viscera and of the upper airway. Attacks of angioneurotic oedema, sometimes fatal when involving the upper airway, can occur during any surgery. It is therefore necessary to prepare affected patients before surgery. This review article describes the various preventive treatments used to avoid attacks during surgery: antifibrinolytic agents, androgens, fresh frozen plasma, C1 esterase inhibitor concentrate. Preoperative management of one patient with angioneurotic oedema using danazol and C1 esterase inhibitor concentrate is reported. [less ▲]

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See detailPreparation process of a supported catalyst for producing carbon nanotubes
Prada Silvy, Ricardo; LIEGEOIS Fanny; Culot Bénédicte et al

Patent (2006)

Synthesis of a catalyst (I) for the manufacture of multi-wall and nanotubes comprises mixing aluminum hydroxide powder (Ia) (80 mu m) with an aqueous iron (Ib) and cobalt salt solution (Ic) to form a ... [more ▼]

Synthesis of a catalyst (I) for the manufacture of multi-wall and nanotubes comprises mixing aluminum hydroxide powder (Ia) (80 mu m) with an aqueous iron (Ib) and cobalt salt solution (Ic) to form a paste, drying the paste to a powder with a water content (which is lower than 5 wt.%) and selecting a particle shape lower than 70 mu m. [less ▲]

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See detailPréparation, caractérisation et réactivité de l'acide 1-vanado-11-molybdo-phosphorique supporté sur des matériaux silicatés mésoporeux dans l'oxydation du propène
Benadji, S.; Eloy, P.; Léonard, Alexandre ULg et al

in Comptes Rendus Chimie (2012), 15(8), 658-668

The H 4PMo 11VO 40 heteropolyacid (HPA) was supported at 30 wt.% by the dry impregnation method on HMS, CMI-1 and SBA-15 mesoporous materials. The state of the HPA and those of the supports were examined ... [more ▼]

The H 4PMo 11VO 40 heteropolyacid (HPA) was supported at 30 wt.% by the dry impregnation method on HMS, CMI-1 and SBA-15 mesoporous materials. The state of the HPA and those of the supports were examined by nitrogen physisorption, X-ray diffraction, (DR) FT-IR and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopies, thermal analysis (TG-ATD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The effect of support on the catalytic behavior of H 4PMo 11VO 40 was studied in the propene oxidation at 350 °C. It was shown that the presence of H 4PMo 11VO 40, modifies the textural properties of mesoporous materials (decrease of surface area) without destroying their structure. The interaction support-heteropolyacid leads to the formation of (SiOH 2+)(H 3PMo 11VO 40 -) surface species more stable than H 4PMo 11VO 40 species and that appear to be the active sites in the propene oxidation. © 2012 Published by Elsevier Masson SAS on behalf of Academie des sciences. [less ▲]

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See detailPreparation, characterization and in vitro release properties of ibuprofen-loaded microspheres based on polylactide, poly(epsilon-caprolactone) and their copolymers
Zhu, K. J.; Li, Y.; Jiang, H. L. et al

in Journal of Microencapsulation (2005), 22(1), 25-36

In this paper, ibuprofen was encapsulated into microspheres by oil-in-water (o/w) emulsion solvent evaporation method. Biodegradable polymers with certain compositions and characteristics such as ... [more ▼]

In this paper, ibuprofen was encapsulated into microspheres by oil-in-water (o/w) emulsion solvent evaporation method. Biodegradable polymers with certain compositions and characteristics such as polylactide (PLA), poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PCL) and their block copolymer were used to prepare the microspheres. The results indicate that, under the same processing conditions, the drug entrapment efficiency was similar (similar to 80%) for microspheres prepared with PLA and P(LA-b-CL) (78.7/21.3 by mole), but it was only 25.4% for PCL microspheres. The in vitro drug release rate decreased in the order of PCL, P(LA-b-CL) (78.7/21.3 by mole) and PLA microspheres. PCL microspheres showed more serious burst release during the first day (almost 80%) than P(LA-b-CL) (50%) and PLA microspheres (18%). The complete ibuprofen release duration from the last two kinds of microspheres exceeded I month. Characterization of the microspheres by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and polarized optical microscope (POM) revealed that ibuprofen was amorphous in PCL microspheres and partially crystalline in P(LA-h-CL) and PI-A microspheres. The different release behaviour of ibuprofen from the three kinds of microspheres could be attributed to the different crystallinity of the studied polymers and drug dispersion state in polymer matrices. All the above results suggest that the copolymer with a certain ratio of lactide to epsilon-caprolactone could have potential applications for long-term ibuprofen release. [less ▲]

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See detailPreparation, characterization, and in vitro degradation of bioresorbable and bioactive composites based on Bioglass (R)-filled polylactide foams
Maquet, Véronique; Boccaccini, Aldo R.; Pravata, Laurent et al

in Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, Part A (2003), 66A(2), 335-346

Highly porous poly(D,L-lactide)/Bioglass composites scaffolds were prepared by thermally induced phase separation process of polymer solutions and subsequent solvent sublimation. A series of composite ... [more ▼]

Highly porous poly(D,L-lactide)/Bioglass composites scaffolds were prepared by thermally induced phase separation process of polymer solutions and subsequent solvent sublimation. A series of composite foams with different polymer/Bioglass weight ratios was prepared to study the influence of Bioglass content on the foam characteristics such as porous structure, density, and pore volume. The pore volume was decreased from 9.5 to 5.7 cm(3)/g when the Bioglass content was increased up to 40 wt %, but the overall pore morphology was not affected very much by changing the polymer/glass composition ratio. The composites foams were then incubated in phosphate-buffered saline at 37 degrees C to study the in vitro degradation of the polymer and to detect hydroxyapatite (HA) formation as an indication of their bioactivity. The addition of Bioglass to polymer foams increased the water absorption and weight loss as compared with pure polymer foams. However, the polymer molecular weight, determined by size exclusion chromatography, was found to decrease more rapidly and to a larger extent in absence of Bioglass. This delayed degradation rate in the composite foams was probably caused by the dissolution of alkaline ions from the Bioglass, resulting in a buffering effect of the incubation medium. After incubation for 7 days, HA was detected by X-ray diffractometry and Raman spectroscopy and confirmed by environmental scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray analysis. The porous composites developed here are promising materials for bone regeneration applications because the formation of HA on the surface of the pore walls should provide good environment for the adhesion and proliferation of osteoblasts and osteoprogenitor cells. [less ▲]

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See detailPreparations and characterisations of semi-solid formulations containing a hydrophilic drug for vaginal administration
Coia, Isabelle ULg; Evrard, Brigitte ULg; Piette, Marie ULg

Poster (2009, April 01)

The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the effect of different types of semi-solid formulations (aqueous gels, liquid jellified emulsions and hydrophilic or lipophilic creams) for vaginal ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the effect of different types of semi-solid formulations (aqueous gels, liquid jellified emulsions and hydrophilic or lipophilic creams) for vaginal administration on the release kinetic of a hydrophilic drug. This drug is an acidic and hydrophilic (log P (octanol/water) = -3.3) molecule with an aqueous solubility upper than 170mg/ml at pH 6-8. The formulations characterisations consisted in the in vitro evaluation of the drug release kinetic and the measure of all formulations viscosity as well as the creams stability and emulsions droplets size. [less ▲]

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See detailPreparative enzymatic synthesis and in situ regeneration of nucleotide sugars with sucrose synthase
Zervosen, Astrid ULg; Stein, Andreas; Elling, Lothar

Conference (1995, July)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (1 ULg)