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See detailQuelques difficultés de l’empiriocriticisme
Dewalque, Arnaud ULg

Conference (2008, February 22)

L’idée centrale de Mach et d’Avenarius est que tous les concepts métaphysiques qui ne trouvent pas leur source directe dans l’expérience (et d’abord les deux grandes catégories traditionnelles de cause et ... [more ▼]

L’idée centrale de Mach et d’Avenarius est que tous les concepts métaphysiques qui ne trouvent pas leur source directe dans l’expérience (et d’abord les deux grandes catégories traditionnelles de cause et de substance) ne sont que des fictions qui répondent à des besoins pratiques et qui doivent être « éliminées » au moyen d’une description des faits empiriques et des relations de « dépendance » dans lesquelles ils se trouvent. Bien qu’insatisfaisante à bien des égards, la position empiriocritique recèle néanmoins, comme le remarque Moritz Schlick, des « contradictions instructives » . Ce sont ces contradictions ou ses difficultés que je tâcherai de faire apparaître. Je commencerai par donner un bref aperçu des deux versants du programme d’Avenarius, que j’appellerai respectivement – à la suite de Wundt – la théorie de l’expérience pure (1°) et la théorie de l’introjection (2°). Ensuite, j’examinerai trois critiques qui ont été adressées à la méthode empiriocriticiste par Wundt, Rickert et Schlick. Ces critiques concernent trois problèmes qui ont été très débattus au tournant du vingtième siècle en raison de la prédominance des courants positivistes : le problème de la description (3°), le problème du sujet connaissant (4°) et le problème de l’immanence (5°). [less ▲]

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See detailQuelques documents inédits relatifs à Guillaume Lekeu
Pirenne, Christophe ULg; Dado, Stéphane; Verdebout, Luc

in Revue de la Société liégeoise de Musicologie (1996), 5

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See detailQuelques données chiffrées concernant la place de la Belgique dans le commerce du bois de Pericopsis elata
Bourland, Nils ULg; Vanden Bloock, A.; Doucet, Jean-Louis ULg

in Rapport général de l’Atelier OIBT/CITES sur l’Afrormosia (Kribi, Cameroun, 02.04.-04.04.08.) (2008)

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See detailQuelques données inédites sur l'accroissement des peuplements de hêtre en Région wallonne
Rondeux, Jacques ULg; Lecomte, Hugues; Florkin, P. et al

Book published by Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques (1997)

This paper presents estimations of volume increments concerning stands of beech (Fagus silvatica) in the southern part of Belgium (Wallonie). The data upon which the study is based are issued from 429 ... [more ▼]

This paper presents estimations of volume increments concerning stands of beech (Fagus silvatica) in the southern part of Belgium (Wallonie). The data upon which the study is based are issued from 429 sampling units belonging to the regional walloonian forest inventory have been remeasured at the end of a period of 10 years in order to provide estimates of a periodic annual increment in volume (to an upper limit of 22 cm in girth). Those sampling units located in public forests have been selected with respect to ecological conditions and natural regions observed in the studied area. The increment amounts 5,9 m³/ha/yr in the Ardenne and 6,8 m³/ha/yr in the Jurassic Region. The variation that has been observed ranged from 4 to 7 m³/ha/yr in Ardenne and from 5 to 8 m³ in Jurassic Region considering basal areas from 15 to 25 m²/ha. [less ▲]

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See detailQuelques données inédites sur l'accroissement des peuplements de hêtre en Région wallonne.
Rondeux, Jacques ULg; Lecomte, H.; Florkin, P. et al

in Silva Belgica (1997), 104(5), 7-14

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See detailQuelques données nouvelles sur les miospores dévoniennes du bassin du Paranà (Brésil).
Burjack, M.I.A.; Loboziak, S; Streel, Maurice ULg

in Sciences Géologiques. Bulletin (1987), 40(4), 381-391

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See detailQuelques données objectives sur la désignation des forêts dans les sites Natura 2000
Claessens, Hugues ULg; Lecomte, H.; Rondeux, Jacques ULg

in Forêt Wallonne (2004), (69-70), 42-47

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See detailQuelques données statistiques récentes sur la forêt wallonne.
Rondeux, Jacques ULg; Lecomte, H.; Fagot, Jean ULg et al

in Bulletin de la Societe Royale Forestiere de Belgique (1986), 93(1), 1-22

L'inventaire des ressources forestières wallonnes, dont il a déjà été question à plusieurs reprises dans cette revue (FAGOT et al., 1984; LECOMTE et al., 1984; RONDEUX et al., 1983) a été réalisé de 1980 ... [more ▼]

L'inventaire des ressources forestières wallonnes, dont il a déjà été question à plusieurs reprises dans cette revue (FAGOT et al., 1984; LECOMTE et al., 1984; RONDEUX et al., 1983) a été réalisé de 1980 à 1983. Cet important travail a permis de dégager des résultats inédits sur le visage forestier de la Wallonie et sur l'état actuel des ressources ligneuses (RONDEUX et al., 1984a). La présente étude a pour objet de réunir, sous une forme aussi synthétique que possible, un ensemble de résultats concernant les étendues boisées ainsi que les volumes des peuplements actuellement sur pied. Après avoir rappelé brièvement les caractéristiques générales de l'inventaire (paragraphe 2), nous envisagerons les méthodes auxquelles nous avons eu recours pour estimer les surfaces et les volumes (paragraphe 3), puis nous évoquerons les conventions qui ont été retenues en matière de calculs (paragraphe 4). Nous présenterons ensuite plusieurs tableaux de résultats établis selon différents critères, par provinces et par régions forestières (paragraphe 5). Nous mettrons aussi l'accent sur les caractéristiques principales de notre patrimoine forestier (paragraphe 6) et, en guise de conclusion, nous soumettrons à l'attention du lecteur quelques chiffres facilement mémorisables (paragraphe 7). [less ▲]

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See detailQuelques éléments de programmation linéaire
Palm, Rodolphe ULg

in Notes de Statistique et d'Informatique (1989), (1), 37

This note briefly describes what linear programming is, and gives examples of some typical classes of linear programming problems.

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See detailQuelques éléments en faveur d’une réflexion psychopathologique sur la psychopathie : première partie
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

in Annales Médico-Psychologiques (2013), 171(3), 141-146

Objectives: The objectives of this study are to offer some clinical and semiological considerations for a psychopathological conception of psychopathy. In the first part the author provides a history of ... [more ▼]

Objectives: The objectives of this study are to offer some clinical and semiological considerations for a psychopathological conception of psychopathy. In the first part the author provides a history of this diagnosis (see Introduction of this paper) and a description of the current trends in the international literature: the contributions of R.D. Hare and the PCL-R, D.J. Cooke and the Comprehensive Assessment of Psychopathic Personality (CAPP) and T.H. Pham for French-speaking validations (subtitle 2 of this paper). After that, the author proposes a definition of psychopathology in the sense of Minkowski and Jaspers proposals (i.e. these latter come from the principles of the continental phenomenology) (subtitle 3 of this paper). Patients and methods : This theoretical essay is improved by clinical situations. The psychopaths were interviewed in prison or in forensic centers. The method used was a psychopathological analysis from the clinical material , as well as references to the phenomenological psychopathology (continental phenomenology) and the philosophy of J.-P. Sartre, M. Foucault and P. Ricoeur. Results: This study shows that it is useful to consider a psychopathological reflection on psychopathy and this approach gives a framework for the clinical investigations. Regarding that, the author proposes a first comparison between the binswangerian conception of mania and the psychopathic functioning (subtitle 4 of this paper). By this way, we can understand why many studies show a positive correlation between the scoring in the PCL-R and the scale of the MMPI mania. The behavior is similar but the difference is about the dialectic between the “ego” and the “alter ego”. The maniac has a fundamental crisis of the “ego”, which the psychopath does not have. A second finding of our investigations concerns emotions and the dimension of the adaptive psychopathic disorder (subtitle 5 of this paper). An epistemological discussion of the concept of emotions allows us to say that the psychopath is competent in the management of emotional stimuli, which confers a psychological advantage to him. In addition, fundamental research on the management of the emotional stimuli in the psychopath seems to confirm our hypothesis of an adaptive dimension for the psychopathic disorder. The last point we discuss is about “morality” and “ethics” for the psychopath (these notions are from the concepts of empathy and sympathy). On the basis of Foucault's distinction between these two concepts, it becomes possible to study these dimensions and integrate them in the practice of psychopathology. This proposal enables to introduce the concept of narrativity. This observation prompts the clinician to listen to the patient and to pay attention to how he has to tell himself. Conclusions: Our contribution shows that it is possible to conduct a study about the psychopathology of psychopathy. Our study is not intended to be complete and irrefutable. Our goal is rather to give some evidence for a psychopathological consideration on psychopathy (as indicated by the title of this paper). Finally, we offered some thoughts on the practice of psychotherapy by integrating the adaptive dimension of this disorder which, when it is missed, can lead to a psychotherapeutic stalemate. [less ▲]

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See detailQuelques éléments en faveur d’une réflexion psychopathologique sur la psychopathie : seconde partie
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

in Annales Médico-Psychologiques (2013), 171(3), 147-153

Objectives: The objectives of this study are to offer some clinical and semiological considerations for a psychopathological conception of psychopathy. In the first part the author provides a history of ... [more ▼]

Objectives: The objectives of this study are to offer some clinical and semiological considerations for a psychopathological conception of psychopathy. In the first part the author provides a history of this diagnosis (see Introduction of this paper) and a description of the current trends in the international literature: the contributions of R.D. Hare and the PCL-R, D.J. Cooke and the Comprehensive Assessment of Psychopathic Personality (CAPP) and T.H. Pham for French-speaking validations (subtitle 2 of this paper). After that, the author proposes a definition of psychopathology in the sense of Minkowski and Jaspers proposals (i.e. these latter come from the principles of the continental phenomenology) (subtitle 3 of this paper). Patients and methods : This theoretical essay is improved by clinical situations. The psychopaths were interviewed in prison or in forensic centers. The method used was a psychopathological analysis from the clinical material , as well as references to the phenomenological psychopathology (continental phenomenology) and the philosophy of J.-P. Sartre, M. Foucault and P. Ricoeur. Results: This study shows that it is useful to consider a psychopathological reflection on psychopathy and this approach gives a framework for the clinical investigations. Regarding that, the author proposes a first comparison between the binswangerian conception of mania and the psychopathic functioning (subtitle 4 of this paper). By this way, we can understand why many studies show a positive correlation between the scoring in the PCL-R and the scale of the MMPI mania. The behavior is similar but the difference is about the dialectic between the “ego” and the “alter ego”. The maniac has a fundamental crisis of the “ego”, which the psychopath does not have. A second finding of our investigations concerns emotions and the dimension of the adaptive psychopathic disorder (subtitle 5 of this paper). An epistemological discussion of the concept of emotions allows us to say that the psychopath is competent in the management of emotional stimuli, which confers a psychological advantage to him. In addition, fundamental research on the management of the emotional stimuli in the psychopath seems to confirm our hypothesis of an adaptive dimension for the psychopathic disorder. The last point we discuss is about “morality” and “ethics” for the psychopath (these notions are from the concepts of empathy and sympathy). On the basis of Foucault's distinction between these two concepts, it becomes possible to study these dimensions and integrate them in the practice of psychopathology. This proposal enables to introduce the concept of narrativity. This observation prompts the clinician to listen to the patient and to pay attention to how he has to tell himself. Conclusions: Our contribution shows that it is possible to conduct a study about the psychopathology of psychopathy. Our study is not intended to be complete and irrefutable. Our goal is rather to give some evidence for a psychopathological consideration on psychopathy (as indicated by the title of this paper). Finally, we offered some thoughts on the practice of psychotherapy by integrating the adaptive dimension of this disorder which, when it is missed, can lead to a psychotherapeutic stalemate. [less ▲]

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See detailQuelques exemples d'utilisation des géotextiles dans le domaine de la géomorphologie appliquée
Picazzo, M.; Cornet, Yves ULg; Corradi, N. et al

in Documents de travail du Centre National de Recherches Géomorphologiques (1989), 28

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See detailQuelques expériences sur l'imbibition du sable par les liquides et les gaz ainsi que sur son tassement
Spring, Walthère ULg

in Nouveaux Mémoires de la Société Belge de Géologie, de Paléontologie et d'Hydrologie. Série in-4 (1903), XVII

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See detailQuelques expériences sur la perméabilité de l'argile
Spring, Walthère ULg

in Annales de la Société Géologique de Belgique (1901), XXVIII

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See detailQuelques facteurs d'augmentation du taux de thromboxane et de prostacycline chez l'homme
Deby, Ginette ULg; Deby, C.; Larbuisson, Robert ULg et al

in Bulletin de l'Académie Royale de Médecine de Belgique (1983)

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See detailQuelques faits pour servir à l'étude de la constitution des composés oxygénés du soufre
Spring, Walthère ULg

in Bulletin de l'Académie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-arts de Belgique. Sciences. 2e série (1873), XXXVI(7), 72-82

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See detailQuelques histoires du japonisme
Bawin, Julie ULg

in La Lettre des Académies (2010), 20

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See detailQuelques idées saussuriennes chez Jorge Luis Borges
Sofia, Estanislao ULg

E-print/Working paper (2008)

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