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See detailLipopeptide production of Pseudomonas cichorii SF154 causing midrib rot on lettuce
Pauwelyn, E.; Ongena, Marc ULg; Hofte, M.

Conference (2011)

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See detailLipopeptides
Jacques, Philippe ULg; Savadogo, A.

in Handbook of Indigenous Foods Involving Alkaline Fermentation (2014)

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See detailLipopeptides alter Bacillus subtilis hydrophobicity by adsorbing onto cell surfaces
Ahimou, François; Razafindralambo, Hary ULg; Paquot, Michel ULg

Poster (1997, October 29)

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See detailLipopeptides as main ingredients for inhibition of fungal phytopathogens by Bacillus subtilis/amyloliquefaciens
Cawoy, H.; Debois, Delphine ULg; Franzil, Laurent ULg et al

in Microbial Biotechnology (2015), 8(2), 281-295

Summary: Some isolates of the Bacillus subtilis/amyloliquefaciens species are known for their plant protective activity against fungal phytopathogens. It is notably due to their genetic potential to form ... [more ▼]

Summary: Some isolates of the Bacillus subtilis/amyloliquefaciens species are known for their plant protective activity against fungal phytopathogens. It is notably due to their genetic potential to form an impressive array of antibiotics including non-ribosomal lipopeptides (LPs). In the work presented here, we wanted to gain further insights into the relative role of these LPs in the global antifungal activity of B.subtilis/amyloliquefaciens. To that end, a comparative study was conducted involving multiple strains that were tested against four different phytopathogens. We combined various approaches to further exemplify that secretion of those LPs is a crucial trait in direct pathogen ward off and this can actually be generalized to all members of these species. Our data illustrate that for each LP family, the fungitoxic activity varies in function of the target species and that the production of iturins and fengycins is modulated by the presence of pathogens. Our data on the relative involvement of these LPs in the biocontrol activity and modulation of their production are discussed in the context of natural conditions in the rhizosphere. © 2014 The Authors. Microbial Biotechnology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd and Society for Applied Microbiology. [less ▲]

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See detailLes lipopeptides de Bacillus subtilis dans le domaine des émulsions
Deleu, Magali ULg

in Triennale de la FABI: évolution technologique et emploi (1997)

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See detailThe lipopeptides mycosubtilin and surfactin enhance spreading of Bacillus subtilis strains by their surface-active properties.
Leclere, Valerie; Marti, Romain; Bechet, Max et al

in Archives of microbiology (2006), 186(6), 475-83

The colonizing behaviour and the pellicle formation of Bacillus subtilis strains producing different families of lipopeptides were evaluated under several cultural conditions. The pattern of lipopeptides ... [more ▼]

The colonizing behaviour and the pellicle formation of Bacillus subtilis strains producing different families of lipopeptides were evaluated under several cultural conditions. The pattern of lipopeptides produced determined the architecture of the colony on a swarming medium as well as the flotation and the thickness of the pellicle formed at the air/liquid interface. The overproduction of mycosubtilin, a lipopeptide of the iturin family, led to increased spreading but had no effect on pellicle formation. A physico-chemical approach was developed to gain an insight into the mode of action of the biosurfactants facilitating the colonization. A relationship between surface tension of the culture medium and spreading of a lipopeptide non-producing strain, B. subtilis 168, was established. Goniometry was used to highlight the modification of the in situ wettability in the area where spreading was enhanced. On a solid medium, co-cultures of a surfactin producing with other strains showed a diffusion ring of the surfactin around the colony. This ring characterized by a higher wettability favoured the propagation of other colonies. [less ▲]

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See detailLe lipopolysaccharide d’Escherichia coli : structure, biosynthèse et rôles
Szalo, Ioan Mihai ULg; Taminiau, Bernard ULg; Mainil, Jacques ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2006), 150(2), 108-124

The lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a major component of the surface of the Gram negative bacteria. The LPS is composed of three separately synthesized entities: the lipid A, the core oligosaccharide and the ... [more ▼]

The lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a major component of the surface of the Gram negative bacteria. The LPS is composed of three separately synthesized entities: the lipid A, the core oligosaccharide and the O antigen, that will be linked together after their respective synthesis. The lipid A, embedded inside the outer membrane, is the proximal part of the LPS and the core is the medial part, whereas the O antigen represents the distal part free in the external environment. Amongst the Enterobacteriaceae family, the lipid A is structurally highly conserved and the variation in the structure of the core oligosaccharide is limited whereas the O antigen is the hypervariable region. Diverse biological activities have been associated with LPS, amongst which the endotoxinic activity carried by the lipid A, and the strain immunogenic specificity carried by the O antigen. In this review manuscript we summarize the state of knowledge on the structures and biosynthesis of the different components of the LPS of Escherichia coli and on their respective roles in the virulence of pathogenic bacteria. [less ▲]

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See detailLipopolysaccharide suppresses immune complex retention by follicular dendritic cells without cytological alterations.
Heinen, Ernst ULg; Cormann, N.; Kinet-Denoel, C. et al

in Immunology Letters (1986), 13(6), 323-7

Follicular dendritic cells (FDC) are peculiar cells only located inside lymph follicles and which may be characterized by complex dendritic evaginations retaining high quantities of immune complexes by Fc ... [more ▼]

Follicular dendritic cells (FDC) are peculiar cells only located inside lymph follicles and which may be characterized by complex dendritic evaginations retaining high quantities of immune complexes by Fc and C3b receptors. After lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection in mice the retention of gold-labelled immune complexes was abolished in draining lymph nodes. In order to examine the possibility that the transport of immune complexes to lymph follicles was impaired, we isolated FDC from lymph nodes and incubated them in presence of gold-labelled complexes: no or strongly reduced retention was then observed at the ultrastructural level. This LPS-induced impairment of immune complex fixation by FDC is not due to morphological alteration to the cells but to the inhibition of their Fc and C3b receptors. Further, LPS induces changes in the composition of the lymphocyte population in lymph follicles as higher numbers of blast cells and plasmocytes are observed after treatment. [less ▲]

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See detailLipopolysaccharide-mediated interferon regulatory factor activation involves TBK1-IKK epsilon-dependent lys(63)-linked polyubiquitination and phosphorylation of TANK/I-TRAF
GATOT, Jean-Stéphane ULg; Gioia, Romain ULg; Chau, Tieu-Lan ULg et al

in Journal of Biological Chemistry (2007), 282(43), 31131-31146

Type I interferon gene induction relies on IKK-related kinase TBK1 and IKK epsilon-mediated phosphorylations of IRF3/7 through the Toll-like receptor-dependent signaling pathways. The scaffold proteins ... [more ▼]

Type I interferon gene induction relies on IKK-related kinase TBK1 and IKK epsilon-mediated phosphorylations of IRF3/7 through the Toll-like receptor-dependent signaling pathways. The scaffold proteins that assemble these kinase complexes are poorly characterized. We show here that TANK/ITRAF is required for the TBK1- and IKK epsilon-mediated IRF3/7 phosphorylations through some Toll-like receptor-dependent pathways and is part of a TRAF3-containing complex. Moreover, TANK is dispensable for the early phase of double-stranded RNA-mediated IRF3 phosphorylation. Interestingly, TANK is heavily phosphorylated by TBK1-IKK epsilon upon lipopolysaccharide stimulation and is also subject to lipopolysaccharide- and TBK1-IKK epsilon-mediated Lys(63)-linked polyubiquitination, a mechanism that does not require TBK1-IKK epsilon kinase activity. Thus, we have identified TANK as a scaffold protein that assembles some but not all IRF3/7-phosphorylating TBK1-IKK epsilon complexes and demonstrated that these kinases possess two functions, namely the phosphorylation of both IRF3/7 and TANK as well as the recruitment of an E3 ligase for Lys63-linked polyubiquitination of their scaffold protein, TANK. [less ▲]

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See detailLIPOSOME CONTAINING ESTETROL FOR THE TREATMENT OF ISCHEMIA DISEASES IN PREMATURE BABIES
Palazzo, Claudio ULg; Karim, Reatul ULg; Mawet, Marie et al

Poster (2015, April 14)

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See detailLiposome electrokinetic chromatography based in vitro model for early screening of the drug-induced phospholipidosis risk.
Wang, Tingting; Feng, Ying; Jin, Xiaohan et al

in Journal of Pharmaceutical & Biomedical Analysis (2014), 96

Drug-induced phospholipidosis (PLD) is a storage disorder of lysosomes characterized by the excessive accumulation of phospholipids as a result of improper medical treatments. Although few evidences have ... [more ▼]

Drug-induced phospholipidosis (PLD) is a storage disorder of lysosomes characterized by the excessive accumulation of phospholipids as a result of improper medical treatments. Although few evidences have supported that PLD can induce significant pathological consequences, this potential toxicity indeed can put off the drug discovery process. In this research, a high-throughput liposome electrokinetic chromatography (LEKC) method was validated to evaluate the PLD risk of drug candidates by screening drug-phospholipid interaction, which correlates to the phospholipidosis inducing risk. A statistical analysis based on the Spearman's correlation test showed that the retention factors (log k) of the tested drugs in the LEKC system and the literature reported in vivo and in vitro PLD data were highly correlated. In order to investigate the predictability of LEKC, the effect of liposome composition such as the molar ratio of phospholipids and the addition of cholesterol were also discussed in this study. The results indicated that the LEKC method could offer a fast, reliable and cost-effective screening tool for early prediction of the PLD inducing potential of drug candidates. [less ▲]

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See detailLiposome surface charge influence on skin penetration behaviour
Gillet, Aline ULg; Compère, Philippe ULg; Lecomte, Frédéric ULg et al

in International Journal of Pharmaceutics (2011), 411(1-2), 223-231

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See detailLiposomes and parameters affecting their skin penetration behaviour
Gillet, Aline ULg; Evrard, Brigitte ULg; Piel, Géraldine ULg

in Journal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology [=JDDST] (2011), 21

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See detailLiposomes entrapping apigenin for the treatment of glioblastoma
Karim, Reatul ULg; Palazzo, Claudio ULg; Dubois, Nadège ULg et al

Poster (2015, April 17)

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See detailLiposomes loaded with diglyceride ester of methotrexate and mephalan: sutdies on stability and hemocompatibilit
Kuznetsova, N; Sevrin, Chantal ULg; Lespineux, David et al

Poster (2009, September 28)

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See detailLiposomes loaded with diglyceride esters of methotrexate and melphalan: studies on stability and hemocompatibility
Kuznetsova, N; Kandyba, A; Bovin, N et al

in Proceedings of the International Liposome Society 2009 Meeting (2009, December 12)

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See detailLiposomes loaded with diglyceride esters of methotrexate and mephalan studies on stability and hemocompatibility
Kuznetsova, N; Kandyba, A.K.; Bovin, N et al

in European Cells and Materials (2010, November 03), 20(3), 152

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