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Peer Reviewed
See detailPharmacological treatment of the obese diabetic patient.
Scheen, André ULg; Lefebvre, Pierre ULg

in Diabète & Métabolisme (1993), 19(6), 547-59

Obesity is a well-known risk factor for non-insulin-dependent (or Type 2) diabetes mellitus. Consequently, reduction of weight excess comes to the front line in the prevention and management of NIDDM. It ... [more ▼]

Obesity is a well-known risk factor for non-insulin-dependent (or Type 2) diabetes mellitus. Consequently, reduction of weight excess comes to the front line in the prevention and management of NIDDM. It is only when diet and physical exercise fail that drug treatment should be considered. Pharmacological treatment of obesity should favour drugs which not only promote weight loss, by reducing caloric intake and/or increasing thermogenesis and energy expenditure, but also, and especially, improve insulin sensitivity. Serotoninergic anorectic compounds (dexfenfluramine, fluoxetine) appear to possess, to some extent, all these properties. Metformin significantly reduces insulin resistance and improves glycaemic control without inducing weight gain, and even favouring some weight loss. This biguanide is now considered as the first line drug for the obese diabetic patient. Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors may help to reduce post-prandial glucose excursions but do not promote weight loss per se. Sulfonylureas can be prescribed to an obese patient when hyperglycaemia persists despite diet and the above-mentioned oral agents, but their use should be associated with reinforcement of dietary advices in order to prevent further weight increase; it is also the case for insulin therapy. Finally, drugs specifically stimulating thermogenesis and energy expenditure, new agents sensitizing tissues to the action of insulin and various compounds interfering with lipid metabolism are currently under extensive investigation with promising preliminary results in the obese diabetic patient. In conclusion, obesity remains a major problem in the management of Type 2 diabetes mellitus and this justifies the search for new, safe and effective, pharmacological approaches. [less ▲]

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See detailPharmacologie - Suivez la Flèche
Lambert, Philippe; Angenot, Luc ULg

Article for general public (1995)

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See detailPharmacologie - Suivre la Flèche
Lambert, Philippe; Angenot, Luc ULg

Article for general public (1996)

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Peer Reviewed
See detailPharmacologie clinique des bisphosphonates : revue de littérature axée sur le tiludronate chez le cheval.
Delguste, Catherine ULg; Lepage, Olivier M; Amory, Hélène ULg et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2007), 151

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailPharmacologie des canaux K+ATP-dépendants des cellules B pancréatiques: nouveaux développements
Lebrun, P.; Pirotte, Bernard ULg; Antoine, M. H.

Conference (1997, March 08)

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Peer Reviewed
See detailLa pharmacologie et le problème des résidus des agonistes 2 adrénergiques chez les bovins
Gustin, Pascal ULg; Ansay; Maghuin-Rogister, Guy ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1989), 133

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See detailPharmacology and management of endodontic emergencies
Chavarria Bolanos, Daniel ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2012)

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See detailPharmacology in endodontics: Evidence Based analgesia
Chavarria Bolanos, Daniel ULg

Scientific conference (2013, May 23)

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Peer Reviewed
See detailPharmacology of a new sulfonylurea (BM 27) effective in brain edema
Masereel, B.; Schynts, M.; Pirotte, Bernard ULg et al

Conference (1994, March)

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Peer Reviewed
See detailPharmacology of a new sulfonylurea (BM 27) effective in brain edema
Masereel, B.; Schynts, M.; Pirotte, Bernard ULg et al

in Journal de Pharmacie de Belgique (1994), 49

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Peer Reviewed
See detailPharmacology Of The Hypoglycaemic Sulphonylurea Gliquidone .3. Conformational Analysis
Lins, Laurence ULg; Brasseur, Robert ULg; Malaisse, Wj.

in Pharmacological Research (1996), 34(1-2), 9-10

The hypoglycaemic sulphonylurea gliquidone was found, by conformation analysis, to display a U-shaped configuration, with hydrophobic cycles placed at the extremity of each branch and a peptidic bond ... [more ▼]

The hypoglycaemic sulphonylurea gliquidone was found, by conformation analysis, to display a U-shaped configuration, with hydrophobic cycles placed at the extremity of each branch and a peptidic bond placed at the bottom of the U. This configuration is similar to that recently observed with the hypoglycaemic sulphonylureas glimepiride and glibenclamide and non-sulphonylurea hypoglycaemic agents of the meglitinide family, such as S3075, repaglinide, A-4166 and KAD-1229. The identification of a conformation common to these various hypoglycaemic drugs may provide an imprint of their binding site at the level of the B-cell sulphonylurea receptor. [less ▲]

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Peer Reviewed
See detailPharmacology of the Thromboxane Receptor Antagonist and Thromboxane Synthase Inhibitor Bm-531
Dogné, J. M.; Rolin, S.; de Leval, X. et al

in Cardiovascular Drug Reviews (2001), 19(2, Summer), 87-96

BM-531 (N-tert-butyl-N'-[(2-cyclohexylamino-5-nitrobenzene)sulfonyl]urea), a torasemide derivative, is a novel noncarboxylic thromboxane receptor antagonist and thromboxane synthase inhibitor. Indeed, its ... [more ▼]

BM-531 (N-tert-butyl-N'-[(2-cyclohexylamino-5-nitrobenzene)sulfonyl]urea), a torasemide derivative, is a novel noncarboxylic thromboxane receptor antagonist and thromboxane synthase inhibitor. Indeed, its affinity for human washed platelet TXA2 receptors labeled with [3H]SQ-29548 (IC50 = 0.0078 microM) is higher than sulotroban (IC50 = 0.93 microM) and SQ-29548 (IC50 = 0.021 microM). Moreover, BM-531 is characterized by a potent antiaggregatory property. Indeed, on one hand, in human citrated platelet-rich plasma BM-531 prevents platelet aggregation induced by arachidonic acid (600 microM) (ED100 = 0.125 microM), U-46619, a stable TXA2 agonist (1 microM) (ED50 = 0.482 microM) or collagen (1 microgram/mL) (percentage of inhibition: 42.9% at 10 microM) and inhibits the second wave of ADP (2 microM)-induced aggregation. On the other hand, when BM-531 is incubated in whole blood from healthy donors, the closure time measured by the recently developed platelet function analyser (PFA-100) is significantly prolonged. In addition, at the concentrations of 10 and 1 microM, BM-531 totally prevents the production of TXB2 by human platelets activated by arachidonic acid. Finally, at 10 microM, BM-531 significantly prevents rat fundus contractions induced by U-46619 but not by prostacyclin. These results suggest that BM-531, which is devoid of the diuretic property of torasemide, can be regarded as a promising antiplatelet agent. [less ▲]

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See detailPharmacology of tiludronate in horses
Delguste, Catherine ULg

Conference (2008, November 08)

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Peer Reviewed
See detailPharmacomodulation of torasemide led to original diuretic, neuroprotective, anticonvulsant and antithrombotic drugs
Masereel, B.; Dogne, J.-M.; Damas, J. et al

in Journal de Pharmacie de Belgique (1997), 52

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailPharmacomodulation of torasemide led to original diuretic, neuroprotective, anticonvulsant and antithrombotic drugs
Masereel, B.; Dogne, J. M.; Damas, J. et al

Conference (1997, April)

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See detailPHARMACOMODULATIONS DU WAY-100635 : DE NOUVELLES PISTES DANS LA CONCEPTION D’ANTAGONISTES SÉLECTIFS DES RÉCEPTEURS 5-HT1A
Dilly, Sébastien ULg; Mangin, Floriane; Joly, Benoît ULg et al

Poster (2012, May 24)

Le composé WAY-100635 est un outil pharmacologique abondamment utilisé dans l’exploration des récepteurs sérotoninergiques 5-HT1A. Dès lors, cette molécule de référence devrait présenter une sélectivité ... [more ▼]

Le composé WAY-100635 est un outil pharmacologique abondamment utilisé dans l’exploration des récepteurs sérotoninergiques 5-HT1A. Dès lors, cette molécule de référence devrait présenter une sélectivité importante pour sa cible. Cependant, des travaux récents ont démontré que, à côté de son activité antagoniste des récepteurs 5-HT1A, le WAY-100635 possédait également une affinité et activité conséquentes vis-à-vis des récepteurs dopaminergiques D4, ce qui pourrait limiter son utilisation comme outil pharmacologique. Dans ce contexte, nous avons entrepris diverses modulations structurales de cette molécule de manière à augmenter sa sélectivité vis-à-vis des récepteurs 5-HT1A. Cette sélectivité a été augmentée de manière significative lors du remplacement de la chaîne latérale basique par un groupement 4-phénylpipérazine ou 4-phényl-1,2,3,6-tétrahydropyridine. Une évaluation biologique plus approfondie des deux composés comprenant un profil d’affinité élargi à d’autres récepteurs a confirmé leur sélectivité vis-à-vis des récepteurs 5-HT1A. De plus, des expériences électrophysiologiques sur tranches de cerveau. [less ▲]

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Peer Reviewed
See detailPharmacophore generation to design new leads for selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibition
Michaux, C.; De Leval, X.; Julemont, F. et al

Poster (2003, May)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailPharmacophore generation to design new leads for selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibition
Michaux, C.; Julemont, F.; De Leval, X. et al

Poster (2004, October 07)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)
See detailPharmacopoea Aegyptia et Graeco-Aegyptia : bibliographie générale
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg; Koemoth, Pierre ULg

Textual, factual or bibliographical database (2003)

Bibliographical references to identify animal, plant and mineral products used in the pharmacopoeias of Pharaonic, Greco-Roman and Byzantine Egypt

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Peer Reviewed
See detailPharmacotherapie du sujet agee: primum non nocere!
Scheen, André ULg

in Revue medicale de Liege (2014), 69(5-6), 282-6

Elderly patients, having various chronic diseases, are generally exposed to polypharmacy that may lead to potential adverse events. The latter may be explained by pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic ... [more ▼]

Elderly patients, having various chronic diseases, are generally exposed to polypharmacy that may lead to potential adverse events. The latter may be explained by pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic particularities that render elderly individuals more vulnerable when exposed to certain medications. Recruitment of elderly patients in clinical trials is often limited, so that it is not always easy to determine the real benefit/risk ratio of pharmacotherapy in this population. Obviously, iatrogenicity is quite frequent. Therefore, in front of unexplained alterations of health status in an elderly individual, the physician should consider the possibility of a drug adverse effect. Because of this situation, the physician should envisage a reasonable drug prescription in an elderly patient. Especially, not only the initiation of drug therapy should be carefully analyzed, but also the opportunity to eventually stop a medication that may be useless or even dangerous. Rather polypharmacy per se, it is the inappropriate prescription that should be avoided in the elderly. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (2 ULg)