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See detailThe Atmospheric Trace Molecule Spectroscopy (ATMOS) experiment: Deployment on the ATLAS Space Shuttle missions
Gunson, Michael R.; Abbas, M. M.; Abrams, M. C. et al

in Geophysical Research Letters (1996), 23(17), 2333-2336

The ATMOS Fourier transform spectrometer was flown for a fourth time on the Space Shuttle as part of the ATLAS-3 instrument payload in November 1994. More than 190 sunrise and sunset occultation events ... [more ▼]

The ATMOS Fourier transform spectrometer was flown for a fourth time on the Space Shuttle as part of the ATLAS-3 instrument payload in November 1994. More than 190 sunrise and sunset occultation events provided measurements of more than 30 atmospheric trace gases at latitudes 3-49 degrees N and 65-72 degrees S, including observations both inside and outside the Antarctic polar vortex. The instrument configuration, data retrieval methodology, and mission background are described to place in context analyses of ATMOS data presented in this issue. [less ▲]

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See detailAtmungsmechanik beim Tier. 3. Mitteilung : Methodische und physiologische Aspekte bei der Anwendung des Impuls-Oszilloresistometrie-Systems (IOS)
Reinhold, Petra; Steinbach, Günther; Langenberg, Annelie et al

in Berliner und Munchener Tierarztliche Wochenschrift (1998), 111

The impulse oscillometry system (IOS) which was originally developed for human medicine was found to be suitable for analysing respiratory mechanics in spontaneously breathing animals. This technique is ... [more ▼]

The impulse oscillometry system (IOS) which was originally developed for human medicine was found to be suitable for analysing respiratory mechanics in spontaneously breathing animals. This technique is non-invasive. METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS: In order to use the IOS-technique in animals, a tightly fitting face mask is necessary. Furthermore, a flexible tube needs to be inserted into the measuring system. While the tube does not influence the measured results significantly, the face mask may affect the measurements. Therefore, its influence on the measured respiratory impedance must be taken into account. To prevent methodological errors, the head and body position of the animal should be standardised during the IOS-measurement. Since the methodological variability of the system is very small, the measuring results are highly reproducible. PHYSIOLOGICAL ASPECTS: In growing subjects, all parameters of respiratory mechanics depend on body weight. Since respiratory physiology is influenced by circadian rhythms, measurements of different days are only comparable when they have been done each day at the same hour. Comparing the respiratory impedance of different animals of similar age and body weight, a considerable inter-individual variability was observed. Due to the low level of physiological intra-individual variability, the method seems to be especially useful for studying influences on the respiratory system (i.e. pharmaceutics, therapeutics) in long-term studies using the same group of subjects. [less ▲]

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See detailAtmungsmechanik beim Tier. 4. Mitteilung : Die diagnostische Aussagefähigkeit von Untersuchungen mit dem Impuls-Oszilloresistometrie-System (IOS) beim Kalb
Reinhold, Petra; Langenberg, Annelie; Lekeux, Pierre ULg

in Berliner und Munchener Tierarztliche Wochenschrift (1998), 111(7-8), 262-267

Taking methodological and physiological aspects into account (see Part 3), the impulse oscillometry system (IOS) was found to be sensitive to detecting and to quantifying clinically relevant changes in ... [more ▼]

Taking methodological and physiological aspects into account (see Part 3), the impulse oscillometry system (IOS) was found to be sensitive to detecting and to quantifying clinically relevant changes in respiratory mechanics in calves. Therefore, the complex respiratory impedance needs to be measured in terms of resistance and reactance within the frequency range between 5 Hz and 20 Hz. The behaviour of resistance and reactance in dependence of frequency allows to differentiate and to localise airway obstructions. Obstructions of upper (extrathoracic) airways were mainly characterised by a frequency independent increase in the resistance. Within the reactance curve, no change in the resonant frequency could be observed. In a peripheral airway obstruction both resistance and reactance changed. The most typical finding concerning resistance was that a negative frequency dependence occurred. The reactance became more negative. Following this, the resonant frequency increased. With progressive obstruction of the peripheral airways, the reactance became more informative than resistance. [less ▲]

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See detailAtolls et récifs du Frasnien du Synclinorium de Dinant (Belgique, France): sédimentologie et implications paléocéanographiques
Boulvain, Frédéric ULg

in Géologie de la France = Geology of France and Surrounding Areas (2006), (1-2), 53-57

The facies architecture, sedimentary dynamics and palaeogeographical evolution were reconstructed for a number of Middle to Late Frasnian buildups developed on a carbonate platform on the south side of ... [more ▼]

The facies architecture, sedimentary dynamics and palaeogeographical evolution were reconstructed for a number of Middle to Late Frasnian buildups developed on a carbonate platform on the south side of the Dinant Synclinorium (Belgium, France). Nine facies were documented in the buildups, each characterized by a specific range of textures and assemblage of organisms. Sedimentological evidence suggests that facies (1) and (2) correspond to iron bacteria-sponge-dominated communities, developing in a quiet aphotic and hypoxic environment. (3) developed between the storm wave base and the fairweather wavebase, in a oligophotic environment. (5), with stromatolitic coatings and thrombolitic bushes developed close to the fairweather wave base. (6) and the fenestral limestone. (7) correspond to an environment with slightly restricted water circulation. (8) developed at subtidal depths in a quiet, lagoonal environment. The main differences between the Middle and Late Frasnian mounds concerns facies architecture and are a consequence of different palaeoceanographic setting. The large flattened Middle Frasnian Arche and Lion buildups show limited vertical differentiation, large-scale progradation features, extensive exportation of material towards off-reef environment and development of inner lagoonal facies. They grew offshore from a well-developed carbonate platform with a healthy carbonate factory. Middle Frasnian sea level fluctuations were relatively mild, and sedimentation was able to counterpart sea-level rise. At the opposite, during Late Frasnian, severe eustatic rises, together with rising oceanic hypoxic conditions were responsible for frequent collapses of the carbonate factory, drowning of the Middle Frasnian carbonate platform and development of buildups with relatively limited lateral extension, high vertical facies differentiation, low potential for material exportation and high content in microaerophilic iron bacteria. [less ▲]

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See detailAtom Transfer Radical Polymerisation (ATRP) and Kharasch addition mediated by titanium-ruthenium bimetallic systems
Richel, Aurore ULg; Delfosse, Sébastien; Demonceau, Albert ULg et al

Poster (2003)

Numerous studies have been directed towards the synthesis of early-late heterobimetallic complexes. Surprisingly, only few reports have been reported about their catalytic behaviour. However, their ... [more ▼]

Numerous studies have been directed towards the synthesis of early-late heterobimetallic complexes. Surprisingly, only few reports have been reported about their catalytic behaviour. However, their potential in homogeneous catalysis is enormous. Indeed, a co-operative work by the two metal centres in the complex may lead to new catalytic systems with unique reactivity. The Dijon’s team has concentrated their efforts on the synthesis and study of heterobimetallic complexes in which both metal fragments are known for their catalytic activity. Titanocenes are of considerable interest as catalysts for the polymerisation of a-olefins. The catalytic performance of RuCl2(arene) complexes (1) has been demonstrated in different reactions, including olefin metathesis and atom transfer radical polymerisation (ATRP). In attempts to examine such type of catalytic systems, complexation of bent titanocene metallo-ligands by the [RuCl2(p-cymene)]2 dimer is currently investigated. [less ▲]

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See detailAtom transfer radical polymerisation (ATRP) and Kharasch addition mediated by titanium-ruthenium bimetallic systems
Richel, Aurore ULg; Delfosse, Sébastien; Demonceau, Albert ULg et al

Poster (2002, May)

Numerous studies have been directed towards the synthesis of early-Iate heterobimetallic complexes. Surprisingly, only few reports have been reported about their catalytic behaviour. However, their ... [more ▼]

Numerous studies have been directed towards the synthesis of early-Iate heterobimetallic complexes. Surprisingly, only few reports have been reported about their catalytic behaviour. However, their potential in homogeneous catalysis remains fantastic. Indeed, a cooperative work by the two metal centres in the complex would lead to new catalytic systems with unique reactivity. [less ▲]

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See detailAtom transfer radical polymerization of MMA with a macromolecular ligand in a fluorinated solvent and in supercritical carbon dioxide
Grignard, Bruno ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg; Calberg, Cédric ULg et al

in European Polymer Journal (2008), 44(3), 861-871

Macromolecular fluorinated ligands were prepared according to a three-step strategy that consists of the random copolymerization of heptadecafluorodecyl acrylate and 2-hydroxyethylacrylate, followed by ... [more ▼]

Macromolecular fluorinated ligands were prepared according to a three-step strategy that consists of the random copolymerization of heptadecafluorodecyl acrylate and 2-hydroxyethylacrylate, followed by the esterification of the pendant hydroxyl groups with acryloyl chloride and the Michael-type addition of tetraethyldiethylenetriamine onto the acrylic double bonds of the polymeric chains. These fluorinated macroligands were successfully used in the atom transfer radical polymerization of MMA catalyzed by a copper salt in a fluorinated solvent. The polymerization control was analyzed in relation to the copper salt, the initiator and the molecular weight and composition of the macroligand before being extended to the heterogeneous ATRP of MMA in scCO2. [less ▲]

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See detailAtom-transfer radical polymerization of vinyl monomers mediated by stable ruthenium-carbene complexes.
Demonceau, Albert ULg; Simal, François; Delaude, Lionel ULg et al

in Abstracts of Papers - American Chemical Society, National Meeting (1999), 218(Part 2), 289-

We reported on the exceptional efficacy of new catalytic systems based on well-defined and fully characterized [RuCl2(p-cymene)(PR3)] complexes (p-cymene = 4-isopropyltoluene) to promote the controlled ... [more ▼]

We reported on the exceptional efficacy of new catalytic systems based on well-defined and fully characterized [RuCl2(p-cymene)(PR3)] complexes (p-cymene = 4-isopropyltoluene) to promote the controlled free-radical polymerization of vinyl monomers without cocatalyst activation. It appeared that only phosphines which are both strongly basic and which possess a well-defined steric bulk presented both high catalytic activity and high control of the polymerization process. The most suitable phosphines were triisopropylphosphine and tricyclohexylphosphine (PCy3, Cy = cyclohexyl). Surprisingly, the best catalyst systems for ATRP were also the most active ones for the ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) of cycloolefins. With this in mind, [RuCl2(=CHPh)(PCy3)2], the Grubbs' ruthenium-carbene complex commonly used for olefin metathesis, was tested and found to be also highly efficient for ATRP. In this paper, we present some studies on the scope and limitations of stable ruthenium-carbene complexes as potential catalysts for the ATRP of vinyl monomers. [less ▲]

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See detailAtomic data and spectral model for Fe III
Bautista, M A; Ballance, C; Quinet, Pascal ULg

in Astrophysical Journal (2010), 718

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See detailAtomic data and the spectrum of the solar photosphere.
Grevesse, Nicolas ULg; Noels-Grötsch, Arlette ULg

in Physica Scripta (1993), 47

Even though the solar photospheric abundances are now on the whole in very good agreement with the meteoritic values, some problems remain which will only be solved with a higher level of accuracy in the ... [more ▼]

Even though the solar photospheric abundances are now on the whole in very good agreement with the meteoritic values, some problems remain which will only be solved with a higher level of accuracy in the atomic data, especially the transition probabilities for faint lines. The authors justify this request for many more very accurate gf-values through a few particularly striking points. [less ▲]

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See detailAtomic data for radioactive elements RaI, RaII, AcI and AcII and application to their detection in HD 101065 and HR 465
Quinet, Pascal ULg; Argante, C.; Fivet, V. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2007), 474(1), 307-314

Radiative data for transitions of astrophysical interest in radioactive elements Ra I, Ra II, Ac I and Ac II have been computed using a semi- empirical relativistic Hartree- Fock approach including core ... [more ▼]

Radiative data for transitions of astrophysical interest in radioactive elements Ra I, Ra II, Ac I and Ac II have been computed using a semi- empirical relativistic Hartree- Fock approach including core polarization effects. Most of the oscillator strengths reported in the present paper are new. A possible detection of radium ( Ra II) and actinium ( Ac II) in the spectrum of the stars HD 101065 and HR 465 is examined and discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailAtomic data for VUV lines of astrophysical interest in singly ionized rhodium
Quinet, Pascal ULg; Biémont, Emile ULg; Palmeri, P et al

in Journal of Electron Spectroscopy & Related Phenomena (2011), 184

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See detailAtomic data from the IRON Project. XIX. Radiative transition probabilities for forbidden lines in Fe II
Quinet, Pascal ULg; Le Dourneuf, M; Zeippen, C J

in Astronomy and Astrophysics. Supplement Series (1996), 120

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See detailAtomic decay data for modeling K lines of iron peak and light odd-Z elements
Palmeri, P; Quinet, Pascal ULg; Mendoza, C et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2012), 543

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See detailAtomic decay data for modeling the Al K-lines
Palmeri, P; Quinet, Pascal ULg; Mendoza, C et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2011), 525

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See detailAtomic force microscopy investigation of the morphology and the biological activity of protein-modified surfaces for bio- and immunosensors
Cecchet, Francesca; Duwez, Anne-Sophie ULg; Gabriel, Sabine ULg et al

in Analytical Chemistry (2007), 79(17), 6488-6495

With the purpose of developing biosensors, the reliable proof of the biological activity of two new sensor systems was obtained by atomic force microscopy (AFM) in both the imaging and the single-molecule ... [more ▼]

With the purpose of developing biosensors, the reliable proof of the biological activity of two new sensor systems was obtained by atomic force microscopy (AFM) in both the imaging and the single-molecule force spectroscopy modes. Antigens or antibodies of pharmacological interest were grafted onto self-assembled monolayers of thiols on gold, and AFM imaging demonstrated that the grafting process produced homogeneous submonolayers of isolated proteins. The analysis of the morphology of the surfaces at the different functionalization steps allowed evaluating the protein grafting density and showed that the recognition of complementary species present in the surrounding solution occurred. Single-molecule force spectroscopy experiments between the sensing surfaces and AFM probes, onto which the complementary species were grafted, enabled a direct and rapid test of the biological activity of the sensors by investigating the interaction occurring at the level of one single ligand-receptor bond. Ellipsometry and surface plasmon resonance allowed further characterization of the sensor surfaces and confirmed that the biological recognition took place. [less ▲]

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See detailAtomic force microscopy of supported lipid bilayers.
Mingeot-Leclercq, Marie*-Paule; Deleu, Magali ULg; Brasseur, Robert ULg et al

in Nature Protocols (2008), 3(10), 1654-9

Supported lipid bilayers (SLBs) are widely used in biophysical research to investigate the properties of biological membranes and offer exciting prospects in nanobiotechnology. Atomic force microscopy ... [more ▼]

Supported lipid bilayers (SLBs) are widely used in biophysical research to investigate the properties of biological membranes and offer exciting prospects in nanobiotechnology. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) has become a well-established technique for imaging SLBs at nanometer resolution. A unique feature of AFM is its ability to monitor dynamic processes, such as the interaction of bilayers with proteins and drugs. Here, we present protocols for preparing dioleoylphosphatidylcholine/dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DOPC/DPPC) bilayers supported on mica using small unilamellar vesicles and for imaging their nanoscale interaction with the antibiotic azithromycin using AFM. The entire protocol can be completed in 10 h. [less ▲]

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