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See detailASSOCIATION OF CLASSICAL MICROBIOLOGY AND TARGETED METAGENOMIC ANALYSIS TO EVALUATE THE PRESENCE OF CLOSTRIDIUM DIFFICILE IN A BELGIAN NURSING HOME
Rodriguez Diaz, Cristina ULg; Taminiau, Bernard ULg; Korsak Koulagenko, Nicolas ULg et al

Conference (2013, October 22)

Increasing age, several co-morbidities, environmental contamination, antibiotic exposure and other intestinal perturbations appear to be the greatest risk factors for C. difficile infection (CDI ... [more ▼]

Increasing age, several co-morbidities, environmental contamination, antibiotic exposure and other intestinal perturbations appear to be the greatest risk factors for C. difficile infection (CDI). Therefore, elderly care home residents are considered particularly vulnerable to CDI. The main objective of this study was to evaluate and follow the prevalence of C. difficile in a Belgian nursing home. During a 4-month period, stool samples from a group of 23 elderly care home residents were collected weekly. A C. difficile microbiological detection scheme was performed along with an overall microbial biodiversity study of the faeces content by Targeted Metagenomic analysis. Surfaces and diary meals were also sampled in order to determinate the possible role of environmental and food contamination in the acquisition of CDI. Culture of samples was performed in a selective medium cycloserine cefoxitin fructose cholate. An identification of the isolated colonies was done by PCR detection of tpi, tcdA, tcdB and cdtA genes. Toxic activity was confirmed by a cytotoxic immunoassay. Further characterization was performed by PCR ribotyping. The Metagenomic analysis was targeted on the v1-v3 hyper-variable region of 16S rDNA. The taxonomical assignment of the populations was performed with MOTHUR and Blast algorithms. C. difficile was not detected in any of the tested meals or surfaces samples. For the stools samples, 6 of the 23 controlled residents were identified as C. difficile carriers. The isolates belonged to 4 different PCR ribotypes, including types 020 and 027. This unique association of classical microbiology protocol with pyrosequencing allowed to follow C. difficile in patients and to identify several other bacterial populations whose abundance is correlated with C. difficile. [less ▲]

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See detailAssociation of fibroblastoid features with the invasive phenotype in human bronchial cancer cell lines
Polette, M.; Gilles, Christine ULg; de Bentzmann, S. et al

in Clinical & Experimental Metastasis (1998), 16(2), 105-12

The acquisition of a metastatic phenotype by epithelial cells implicates a series of changes altering their differentiation, their overall behavior and morphology. In the present study, we have examined ... [more ▼]

The acquisition of a metastatic phenotype by epithelial cells implicates a series of changes altering their differentiation, their overall behavior and morphology. In the present study, we have examined the relationships between the cellular morphology, E-cadherin expression, matrix metalloproteinases expression and in vitro invasive properties in two human bronchial immortalized cell lines. The (16HBE14o-) cell line which did not show any invasive abilities in the Boyden chamber assay displayed a typical epithelial morphology in monolayer, expressed high levels of E-cadherin and synthesized neither MMP-2 and MT1-MMP nor vimentin. In contrast, the BZR cell line which was highly invasive displayed a more elongated phenotype in monolayer, did not produce E-cadherin but expressed vimentin, MMP-2 and MT1-MMP. Our data therefore suggest that the metastatic progression of broncho-pulmonary cancer cells results in a cellular dedifferentiation and the gain of some mesenchymal attributes (loss of E-cadherin and expression of vimentin) associated with enhanced degradative properties (expression of metalloproteinases) [less ▲]

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See detailAssociation of IL33-IL-1 receptor-like 1 (IL1RL1) pathway polymorphisms with wheezing phenotypes and asthma in childhood.
Savenije, Olga E.; Mahachie John, Jestinah ULg; Granell, Raquel et al

in The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology (2014)

BACKGROUND: Genome-wide association studies identified IL33 and IL-1 receptor-like 1 (IL1RL1)/IL18R1 as asthma susceptibility loci. IL33 and IL1RL1 constitute a single ligand-receptor pathway. OBJECTIVE ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Genome-wide association studies identified IL33 and IL-1 receptor-like 1 (IL1RL1)/IL18R1 as asthma susceptibility loci. IL33 and IL1RL1 constitute a single ligand-receptor pathway. OBJECTIVE: In 2 birth cohorts, the Prevalence and Incidence of Asthma and Mite Allergy (PIAMA) study and Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), we analyzed associations of longitudinal wheezing phenotypes and asthma with single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of 8 genes encoding IL-33, IL1RL1, its coreceptor IL1RAcP, its adaptors myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88 (MyD88) and Toll-IL-11 receptor domain containing adaptor protein (TIRAP), and the downstream IL-1 receptor-associated kinase 1, IL-1 receptor-associated kinase 4, and TNF receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6). Furthermore, we investigated whether SNPs in this pathway show replicable evidence of gene-gene interaction. METHODS: Ninety-four SNPs were investigated in 2007 children in the PIAMA study and 7247 children in ALSPAC. Associations with wheezing phenotypes and asthma at 8 years of age were analyzed in each cohort and subsequently meta-analyzed. Gene-gene interactions were assessed through model-based multifactor dimensionality reduction in the PIAMA study, and gene-gene interactions of 10 SNP pairs were further evaluated. RESULTS: Intermediate-onset wheeze was associated with SNPs in several genes in the IL33-IL1RL1 pathway after applying multiple testing correction in the meta-analysis: 2 IL33 SNPs (rs4742170 and rs7037276), 1 IL-1 receptor accessory protein (IL1RAP) SNP (rs10513854), and 1 TRAF6 SNP (rs5030411). Late-onset wheeze was associated with 2 IL1RL1 SNPs (rs10208293 and rs13424006), and persistent wheeze was associated with 1 IL33 SNP (rs1342326) and 1 IL1RAP SNP (rs9290936). IL33 and IL1RL1 SNPs were nominally associated with asthma. Three SNP pairs showed interaction for asthma in the PIAMA study but not in ALSPAC. CONCLUSIONS: IL33-IL1RL1 pathway polymorphisms are associated with asthma and specific wheezing phenotypes; that is, most SNPs are associated with intermediate-onset wheeze, a phenotype closely associated with sensitization. We speculate that IL33-IL1RL1 pathway polymorphisms affect development of wheeze and subsequent asthma through sensitization in early childhood. [less ▲]

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See detailAssociation of milk traits with SSCP polymorphisms at the growth hormone gene in the serrana goat
Marques, P. X.; Pereira, M.; Marques, M. R. et al

in Small Ruminant Research (2003), 50

The five exons and the 5' and 3'-untranslated regions (5'-UTR and 3'-UTR) of the oGH gene were screened for mutations using PCR-single strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) procedures in 523 Serra ... [more ▼]

The five exons and the 5' and 3'-untranslated regions (5'-UTR and 3'-UTR) of the oGH gene were screened for mutations using PCR-single strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) procedures in 523 Serra da Estrela ewes and were found to be highly polymorphic. The region extending across and between the GH2-N and GH2-Z copies was sequenced allowing the design of primers for the specific PCR amplification of each copy. These were cloned and sequenced in 20 animals representative of all SSCP patterns. The corresponding genotypes were established for each copy following nucleotide sequencing of SSCP alleles. Twenty-four polymorphic sites were found at the GH2-N (or GH1) and fourteen at the GH2-Z copies. Eight amino acid substitutions were predicted at the GH2-N and six at the GH2-Z copies. Milk yield adjusted to 150 lactation days was analysed for the genotype of each oGH gene copy taken separately or together (associated genotypes) by restricted maximum likelihood (REML) through a univariate best linear unbiased prediction (BLUP) animal model with repeated measures. Significant associations between genotypes and milk yield were observed. Within GH2-N genotypes there was a milk yield differential of 21.4+/-0.2 l/150 d between the most (N7) and the least (N5) productive ones. Within GH2-Z genotypes there was a differential of 21.6+/-0.2 l/150 d between the most (Z8) and the least (Z1) productive ones. The effect of associated GH2-N and GH2-Z genotypes revealed a differential of 39.6+/-0.3 l/150 d between the most (N1+Z7) and the least (N3+Z2) productive associated genotypes. The results show that GH2-N and GH2-Z genotypes significantly affect milk yield in Serra da Estrela ewes. Moreover, the apparent joint effect of GH2-N and GH2-Z genotype could improve milk yield in 25% as compared with the mean milk production of the analysed population. [less ▲]

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See detailAssociation of Simian Virus 40 (SV40) with human breast carcinomas in Tunisian women
Hachana, Mohamed Ridha ULg; Trimeche, Mounir; Ziadi, Sonia et al

in European Journal of Cancer (2008), 6(9), 195

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See detailAssociation Of Synthetic Peptide-Fragments Of Human Apolipoprotein-A-I With Phospholipids
Vanloo, B.; Demoor, L.; Boutillon, C. et al

in Journal of Lipid Research (1995), 36(8), 1686-96

The sequences of the plasma apolipoproteins have a high degree of internal homology as they contain several 22-mer internal repeats. These amphipathic helical repeats are considered as the structural and ... [more ▼]

The sequences of the plasma apolipoproteins have a high degree of internal homology as they contain several 22-mer internal repeats. These amphipathic helical repeats are considered as the structural and functional units of this class of proteins. We proposed that the 22-mer repeats of the plasma apolipoproteins consist of 17-mer helical segments separated by extended beta-strands comprising five amino acid residues with a proline in the center of this segment. These beta-strand segments help reverse the orientation of the consecutive helices of apoA-I, A-IV, and E in a discoidal apolipoprotein-phospholipid complex. In order to support this hypothesis, we synthesized apoA-I fragments consisting of, respectively, one putative helix (residues 166-183), one helix plus a beta-strand (residues 161-183), and a pair of helices separated by a beta-strand (residues 145-183). The structural and lipid-binding properties of these peptides were investigated by turbidity, fluorescence, binding studies with unilamellar phospholipid vesicles, electron microscopy, and circular dichroism measurements. Our data show that one single putative helical segment or one helical segment plus one extended beta-strand do not form stable complexes with phospholipids. The addition of a second adjacent helix has no influence on the lipid affinity of the apoA-I 145-183 peptide compared to the shorter segments but substantially improves the stability of the complexes. The helical content of the peptide increases upon lipid association as observed with apoA-I. The complexes generated with the apoA-I 145-183 peptide appear as discoidal particles by negative staining electron microscopy, with heterogeneous sizes ranging between 250 and 450 A. The relative orientation of the peptide and the phospholipid is the same as in a DMPC/apoA-I complex as the helices are oriented parallel to the acyl chains of the phospholipid. However, the stability of these complexes is significantly lower than that of the corresponding DMPC/apoA-I complexes. The transition temperature, fluidity, and cooperativity of the phospholipid bilayer are only weakly affected by the association with the apoA-I 145-183 peptide. These data suggest that a pair of helical peptides linked through a beta-strand associates more tightly with lipids and can form discoidal lipid-peptide complexes, than a single helix. A comparison with the properties of native apoA-I suggests, however, that the cooperativity between pairs of helices in native apoA-I further contributes to strengthen the lipid-protein association. [less ▲]

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See detailAssociation of telechelic ionomers in apolar solvents
Chassenieux, Christophe; Nicolai, Taco; Tassin, Jean-François et al

in Macromolecular Rapid Communications (2001), 22

The associative properties of well-defined halatotelechelic ionomers in an apolar solvent were studied by means of dynamic mechanical spectroscopy, small-angle X-ray scattering, as well as static and ... [more ▼]

The associative properties of well-defined halatotelechelic ionomers in an apolar solvent were studied by means of dynamic mechanical spectroscopy, small-angle X-ray scattering, as well as static and dynamic light scattering. The effect of end-functionalisation was investigated by comparing results on polystyrene (PS) and polyisoprene (PI) precursors using PS and PI of the same molar mass modified at one or both ends with sulfonate groups. The molar-mass dependence was investigated by comparing difunctionalised samples with different molar masses and the influence of the backbone by comparing polystyrene and polyisoprene. Experimental data suggest a relatively simple model for the association of this material. At low concentrations, the polymer chains organise themselves into well-defined reversed micelles, so-called flowers. Above a certain concentration C+, the flowers associate into larger aggregates according to an open association mechanism. At a critical concentration Cgel, the aggregates fill the whole space and a transient network is formed most likely by a percolation process. A semi-quantitative description of the associating process can be obtained by considering an open association mechanism properly combined with inter-particle interactions. [less ▲]

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See detailAssociation of the adaptor TANK with the IκB kinase (IKK) regulator NEMO connects IKK complexes with IKKε and TBK1 kinases
Chariot, Alain ULg; Leonardi, Antonio; Muller, Jean-Noel ULg et al

in Journal of Biological Chemistry (2002), 277(40), 37029-37036

Canonical activation of NF-kappaB is mediated via phosphorylation of the inhibitory IkappaB proteins by the IkappaB kinase complex (IKK). IKK is composed of a heterodimer of the catalytic IKKalpha and ... [more ▼]

Canonical activation of NF-kappaB is mediated via phosphorylation of the inhibitory IkappaB proteins by the IkappaB kinase complex (IKK). IKK is composed of a heterodimer of the catalytic IKKalpha and IKKbeta subunits and a presumed regulatory protein termed NEMO (NF-kappaB essential modulator) or IKKgamma. NEMO/IKKgamma is indispensable for activation of the IKKs in response to many signals, but its mechanism of action remains unclear. Here we identify TANK (TRAF family member-associated NF-kappaB activator) as a NEMO/IKKgamma-interacting protein via yeast two-hybrid analyses. This interaction is confirmed in mammalian cells, and the domains required are mapped. TANK was previously shown to assist NF-kappaB activation in a complex with TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1) or IKKepsilon, two kinases distantly related to IKKalpha/beta, but the underlying mechanisms remained unknown. Here we show that TBK1 and IKKepsilon synergize with TANK to promote interaction with the IKKs. The TANK binding domain within NEMO/IKKgamma is required for proper functioning of this IKK subunit. These results indicate that TANK can synergize with IKKepsilon or TBK1 to link them to IKK complexes, where the two kinases may modulate aspects of NF-kappaB activation. [less ▲]

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See detailAssociation of tibolone and fluoride displays a pronounced effect of bone mineral density in postmenopausal women
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Agnusdei, D; Gennari, C et al

in Osteoporosis International (1996), 6(S1), 210

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See detailAssociation of Tibolone and Fluoride Displays a Pronounced Effect on Bone Mineral Density in Postmenopausal Osteoporotic Women
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Agnusdei, D.; Gennari, C. et al

in Gynecological Endocrinology : The Official Journal of the International Society of Gynecological Endocrinology (1999), 13(5), 361-8

A double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized, prospective two-center study was carried out to assess the effects of tibolone + fluoride versus placebo + fluoride therapy on trabecular and cortical bone ... [more ▼]

A double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized, prospective two-center study was carried out to assess the effects of tibolone + fluoride versus placebo + fluoride therapy on trabecular and cortical bone in postmenopausal osteoporotic women. Ninety-four subjects (mean age 61.1 years, postmenopausal 13.5 years on average) with low bone mineral density (BMD) at baseline were randomized to 2.5 mg of tibolone (Org OD 14, Livial) plus 26.4 mg of fluoride (Fluocalcic) or placebo plus 26.4 mg of fluoride daily over 2 years; 55 (58.5%) subjects completed the study, the main reason for discontinuation being untoward gastrointestinal effects. BMD at the lumbar spine was measured by both dual photon absorptiometry (DPA) and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), and at the hip by DXA at 6-month intervals. Baseline values (DXA, g/cm2) for tibolone + fluoride and placebo + fluoride groups were 0.733 and 0.744 for the lumbar spine, and 0.761 and 0.788 for the hip. Change from baseline and percentage change from baseline were calculated for the intent-to-treat and completers groups. An analysis of variance (ANOVA) model or Wilcoxon test was used for statistical evaluation. There was a mean increase in BMD at the lumbar spine measured by DPA of 25.3% and 12.3% in tibolone + fluoride and placebo + fluoride groups, respectively (p = 0.01); with DXA, respective changes were 32.6% and 14.0% (p = 0.013). Data on BMD at the hip showed mean increases of 7.9% and 2.6% for the tibolone + fluoride and placebo + fluoride groups, respectively. We conclude that combined tibolone + fluoride treatment induces a highly significant increase in BMD at the lumbar spine without simultaneous loss of the cortical bone allowing for a meaningful reduction of the fluoride dose when given in combination with tibolone. [less ▲]

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See detailAssociation of two single-isomer anionic CD in NACE for the chiral and achiral separation of fenbendazole, its sulphoxide and sulphone metabolites: Application to their determination after in vitro metabolism
Rousseau, Anne ULg; Gillotin, Florian; Chiap, Patrice ULg et al

in Electrophoresis (2010), 31

A NACE method was developed for the separation of fenbendazole (FBZ), a prochiral drug giving rise to chiral (oxfendazole or OFZ) and nonchiral (FBZ sulphone or FBZSO2) metabolites. First, the effect of ... [more ▼]

A NACE method was developed for the separation of fenbendazole (FBZ), a prochiral drug giving rise to chiral (oxfendazole or OFZ) and nonchiral (FBZ sulphone or FBZSO2) metabolites. First, the effect of the nature and the concentration of CD as well as that of the acidic BGE on the enantiomeric separation of OFZ were studied. OFZ enantiomers were completely resolved using a BGE made up of 10 mM ammonium formate and 0.5 M TFA in methanol containing 10 mM heptakis(2,3-di-O-acetyl-6-O-sulfo)-beta-CD and 10 mM heptakis(2,3-di-O-methyl-6-O-sulfo)-beta-CD. Moreover, the NACE method was found to be particularly well suited to the simultaneous determination of FBZ, OFZ enantiomers, and FBZSO2. Thiabendazole was selected as an internal standard. The CD-NACE potential was then evaluated for in vitro metabolism studies using FBZ as a model case. The OFZ enantiomers and FBZSO2 could be detected after incubation of FBZ in the phenobarbital-induced male rat liver microsomes systems. [less ▲]

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See detailL'Association. Une utopie éditoriale et esthétique
Groupe ACME; Dejasse, Erwin ULg; Habrand, Tanguy ULg et al

Book published by Les Impressions nouvelles (2011)

L’Association, Une utopie éditoriale et esthétique est le premier volume d’histoire et d’analyse consacré à ce projet à tous égards exceptionnel. Richement illustré, interrogeant l’économie globale du ... [more ▼]

L’Association, Une utopie éditoriale et esthétique est le premier volume d’histoire et d’analyse consacré à ce projet à tous égards exceptionnel. Richement illustré, interrogeant l’économie globale du collectif, ses auteurs et ses réalisations, mais aussi ses crises de croissance, L’Association, Une utopie éditoriale et esthétique est aussi l’œuvre de passionnés de bande dessinée. Passant d’un chapitre chronologique à une étude sémiotique, d’un article critique à une analyse esthétique, l’ouvrage forme un ensemble généreux et passionnant. Il offre plus de deux cents pages d’images célèbres et de documents rares qui nous donnent envie de (re)découvrir les auteurs et les albums de L’Association. Bel hommage éditorial, ce superbe album donne à voir et à comprendre vingt ans d’édition et de croisades esthétiques. [less ▲]

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See detailL’associationnisme ethnique à l’épreuve du temps : étude de cas. Le Movimiento Asociativo de Emigrantes Españoles en Bélgica
Molina Marmol, Maïté ULg

in Actes des journée d’étude du 10 novembre 2011 « Immigration et troisième âge. Vieillir en migration, constats et solutions pour des populations silencieuses » (2014, January)

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See detailL'associationnisme régional italien en Belgique : point final de l'immigritude ?
Martiniello, Marco ULg

Scientific conference (1989, November 21)

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See detailL'associationnisme régional italien en Belgique : point final de l'immigritude?
Martiniello, Marco ULg

in Van Der Wee, H.; Dumoulin, M. (Eds.) Hommes, cultures et capitaux dans les relations italo-belges aux XIXe et XXe siècles (1993)

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (3 ULg)
See detailAssociations among BCS, milk production and days-open in Walloon primiparous dairy cows
Laloux, Laurent; Bastin, Catherine ULg; Gillon, Alain ULg et al

in Book of abstracts of the 60th annual meeting of the European Association for Animal Production (2009, August)

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (11 ULg)