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See detailPersonality modulation of (un)conscious processing: Novelty seeking and performance following supraliminal and subliminal reward cues
Bustin, Gaëlle ULg; Quoidbach, Jordi; Hansenne, Michel ULg et al

Poster (2012, January)

This study provides evidence that personality traits associated with responsiveness to conscious reward cues also influence responsiveness to unconscious reward cues. Participants with low and high levels ... [more ▼]

This study provides evidence that personality traits associated with responsiveness to conscious reward cues also influence responsiveness to unconscious reward cues. Participants with low and high levels of Novelty Seeking (NS) performed updating tasks in which they could either gain 1 euro or 5 cents. Gains were presented either supraliminally or subliminally at the beginning of each trial. Results showed that low NS participants performed better in the high-reward than in the low-reward condition, whereas high NS participants’ performance did not differ between reward conditions. Interestingly, we found that low NS participants performed significantly better when rewards were presented unconsciously, whereas high NS participants’ performance did not differ whether reward cues were presented subliminally or supraliminally. Our findings highlight the necessity to take personality into account in unconscious cognition research. They also suggest that whether implicit and explicit motives have similar or complementary influences might be determined by individual differences. [less ▲]

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See detailPersonality modulation of P300 wave recorded within an emotional oddball protocol.
Mardaga, S.; Hansenne, Michel ULg

in Neurophysiologie Clinique = Clinical Neurophysiology (2009), 39(1), 41-8

OBJECTIVES: Several studies reported that personality modulates responses to emotional stimuli, including cognitive and attentional aspects of the emotional response. The aim of this study was to refine ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: Several studies reported that personality modulates responses to emotional stimuli, including cognitive and attentional aspects of the emotional response. The aim of this study was to refine these results while using visual event-related potentials (ERPs) and referring to Cloninger's personality model. METHODS: ERPs were recorded in 46 normal subjects within a visual oddball protocol with checkerboards as the standard stimuli and pictures selected as neutral, pleasant or unpleasant from the International Affective Picture System as the target stimuli. RESULTS: N200 amplitude was smaller and P300 amplitude was larger following the presentation of pleasant pictures in low-harm avoidance but not high-harm avoidance subjects. CONCLUSIONS: These results support the idea that both automatic and selective cognitive processing of emotional pictures is modulated by personality. [less ▲]

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See detailPersonality profile and drug of choice; a multivariate analysis using Cloninger's TCI on heroin addicts, alcoholics, and a random population group.
Le Bon, O.; Basiaux, P.; Streel, E. et al

in Drug and Alcohol Dependence (2004), 73(2), 175-82

As personality may predispose, precipitate or perpetuate substance abuse and/or dependence, and as it is considered to remain stable across the years in a given subject, potential links with the drug of ... [more ▼]

As personality may predispose, precipitate or perpetuate substance abuse and/or dependence, and as it is considered to remain stable across the years in a given subject, potential links with the drug of choice may help screen future patients before drug consumption. The present study compared three groups: 42 patients with heroin dependence (mean age: 31.2; standard deviation (SD): 5.5; 10 females), 37 patients with alcohol dependence (mean age 44.2; SD: 9.1; 9 females) and 83 subjects from a random population sample (mean age: 38.8; SD: 6.9; 20 females). Personality was measured by Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI). Pillai's MANCOVA with age as a covariate and gender as a cofactor was highly significant. Univariate ANOVA analyses using TCI dimensions as dependent variable showed most variables to vary in parallel for the two patient groups in comparison with controls. Post-hoc tests showed heroin patients to score higher in Novelty-Seeking and Self-Directedness than alcohol patients. Sub-dimensions Exploratory Excitability, Fear of the Uncertain, Responsibility, Congruent Second Nature and Transpersonal Identification were also significantly different in the two patient samples. Logistic regression showed Exploratory Excitability to segregate up to 76% of heroin patients from alcohol patients. In conclusion, personality profiles were linked to some preferential choice of drug and personality screening might be tested in preventive strategies. [less ▲]

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See detailPersonality traits modulate skin conductance response to emotional pictures: An investigation with Cloninger's model of personality
Mardaga, S.; Laloyaux, Olivier ULg; Hansenne, Michel ULg

in Personality & Individual Differences (2006), 40(8), 1603-1614

Several studies found strong relationships between main personality dimensions and emotions, and more particularly between neuroticism and negative emotions, as well as between extraversion and positive ... [more ▼]

Several studies found strong relationships between main personality dimensions and emotions, and more particularly between neuroticism and negative emotions, as well as between extraversion and positive ones. In these studies, personality was mainly assessed with respect to the big five model, and emotions were evaluated with subjective rating scales. To extend the exploration of the associations between personality and emotion, the aim of the present study was to investigate the relationships between Cloninger's dimensions of personality and emotional reactivity assessed by skin conductance response (SCR). In 55 normal subjects, SCR was recorded while they were presented pictures selected as positive, negative and neutral from the International Affective Picture System. The results showed no influence of personality on response magnitude, but subjects with higher harm avoidance scores showed longer half-recovery times for negative relative to neutral pictures. This result is consistent with the dispositional bias of harm avoidance to respond intensely to signals of aversive stimuli. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailLe personnage au carrefour du médiatique et du social: Une analyse des débuts de « l’affaire Calice » à la RTBF
Devresse, Jenifer ULg

in Quaderni : la Revue de la Communication (2011), 74

Que font les médias au social ? Comment le récit de l’information peut-il faire sens ? Comment l’information télévisuelle dispose-t-elle de son public ? Autant de questions qui interrogent les mécanismes ... [more ▼]

Que font les médias au social ? Comment le récit de l’information peut-il faire sens ? Comment l’information télévisuelle dispose-t-elle de son public ? Autant de questions qui interrogent les mécanismes de construction sociale du sens, au carrefour du récit médiatique et de sa "réception". Espérant contribuer de la sorte à l’appréhension de ces mécanismes, cet article souligne, à travers une étude de cas, l’intérêt pour l’analyse des médias de la notion de personnage narratif. Il invite à voir dans ce personnage média-informé l’une des clés fondamentales qui préside à la détermination des possibles de la réception télévisuelle – et a fortiori de l’engagement. Analysant le système des personnages de « l’affaire Calice » tels que mis en scène dans les JT de la RTBF, l’étude examine ainsi la manière dont les positions spectatorielles induites par le récit des débuts de l’affaire tendent à déterminer certaines dispositions du public-acteur social. [less ▲]

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See detailLa personnalisation de l'apprentissage : entre individualisation et capacitation
Verpoorten, Dominique ULg

Conference (2013, October 22)

La communication se propose d’exposer trois discours exhortant à la prise en compte des caractéristiques individuelles des élèves dans les dispositifs d’apprentissage.

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See detailPersonnalité antisociale et psychopathologie
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

Conference (2015, July 14)

Notre communication a pour objectif de confronter les critères de la personnalité antisociale du DSM-IV et du DSM-5 à une réflexion psychopathologique. Nous commencerons par une analyse des différentes ... [more ▼]

Notre communication a pour objectif de confronter les critères de la personnalité antisociale du DSM-IV et du DSM-5 à une réflexion psychopathologique. Nous commencerons par une analyse des différentes contradictions propres au diagnostic qui nous mèneront à l’identification du critère « primaire » de cette entité qui est l’« incapacité à se conformer aux lois et normes sociales ». Nous confronterons ensuite à des situations cliniques l’hétérogénéité des profils pouvant répondre à ce diagnostic. Nos constats nous conduiront à mettre en doute la validité apparente du concept de personnalité antisociale, puisqu’il recouvre des modes de fonctionnement psychologique variés. La valeur discriminative faible, en matière de fonctionnement psychologique, suggère que c’est une dimension autre que psychopathologique qui organise ce diagnostic. Dénuée de toute attention pour les modes d’interactions, pour le vécu émotionnel et pour les états de subjectivité, la notion de personnalité antisociale ne porte pas d’intérêt à l’individu qu’elle catégorise, mais bien à l’acte délinquant commis par ce dernier. Nous conclurons sur le constat de l’absence de dimension psychopathologique de la personnalité antisociale, qui se révèle être un diagnostic principalement criminologique, à l’inverse des fondements de l’éthique psychopathologique. [less ▲]

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See detailLa personnalité Borderline à travers le test de Rorschach
Rommes, Jennifer; Englebert, Jérôme ULg

Poster (2015, January 21)

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See detailLa personnalité borderline: clinique d'une psychopathologie "sans limites"
Debabeche, Cécile ULg; Lebas, Maud ULg; Triffaux, Jean-Marc ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2007), 62(12), 730-5

The borderline personality disorder is a common psychiatric entity, which is characterized by a varied symptomatology and a significant comorbidity. It seems that its etiologic is heterogeneous ... [more ▼]

The borderline personality disorder is a common psychiatric entity, which is characterized by a varied symptomatology and a significant comorbidity. It seems that its etiologic is heterogeneous, comprising psychosocial factors as much as biological and genetic. So the best approach of the borderline personality disorder would be a multidisciplinary bio-psycho-social one. Through a clinical case, we illustrate this disorder and its treatment in outpatient clinic. [less ▲]

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See detailLa personnalité d'une anorexique mentale et de sa jumelle monozygote : étude comparative
Mormont, Christian ULg; Demoulin, Christian

in Acta Psychiatrica Belgica (1971), 71(6), 477-487

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See detailLa personnalité de l'enfant dyslexique: Données cliniques et apport des techniques projectives
Labar, Paule; Arend-Dufrasne, Régine; Mormont, Christian ULg

in Acta Psychiatrica Belgica (1975), 75(2), 117-132

Examined the personality disorders among relatively old dyslexic children. The degree of disorientation of these Ss parallels the degree of fragmentation of personality. In the Rorschach test and TAT, the ... [more ▼]

Examined the personality disorders among relatively old dyslexic children. The degree of disorientation of these Ss parallels the degree of fragmentation of personality. In the Rorschach test and TAT, the image of the self is poorly differentiated from a poorly structured maternal image and suggests a primary defect of the mother-child relationship at a preobjectal level. The paternal function is obvious but ill-invested, resulting in a relationship between severe, persisting dyslexia and psychosis. [less ▲]

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See detailLa personnalité des voyants
Stassart, Martine ULg

Conference (1993, July 21)

Twelve professional Clairvoyante have been clinically examined with the help of the Rorschach- and Szonditests. The Rorschach results show a low productivity with high A% and P% but a weak F+%. Only two ... [more ▼]

Twelve professional Clairvoyante have been clinically examined with the help of the Rorschach- and Szonditests. The Rorschach results show a low productivity with high A% and P% but a weak F+%. Only two subjects project themselves dramatically into the inkblots with a high amount of confabulated abstract symbolic answers. The Szondi test allows to catch the most peculiar psychic functioning of these subjects. They are easily and fast shifting from a realistic-adaptative position (Sch --) to on a magical-animist one (Sch +-). Such a shape is seldom found by common people but it is the rule by the Clairvoyante. Furthermore almost all the Clairvoyante let show the so-called "epileptoïd" position which accounts both their ability to get down to modified states of consciousness and at once their belonging to the group of "priest"-personnalities. [less ▲]

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See detailPersonnalité et contenus implicites
Garcet, Serge ULg

in Revue des Psychologues et Psychiatres de l'AIGS (1998), 1

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See detailPersonnalité et théories - Quelle cohérence? essai théorique
Garcet, Serge ULg

Master's dissertation (1994)

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See detailPersonnalité, motivation et émotion
Etienne, Anne-Marie ULg; Fontaine, Ovide ULg

in Rondal, Jacques (Ed.) Introduction à la psychologie scientifique (1999)

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See detailLa personne âgée en neurochirurgie
Martin, Didier ULg

Scientific conference (2011, March 23)

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See detailPersonne morale administrateur et comité de direction
Caprasse, Olivier ULg

in Droit des Affaires : Revue Internationale du Droit des Affaires = Ondernemingsrecht : Internationaal Tijdschrift voor Ondernemingsrecht [= DA OR] (2002)

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (12 ULg)