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See detailPhD committe presentation - 3rd year
Serino, Gennaro ULg

Report (2014)

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See detailPhellinus caribaeo-quercicolus sp. nov., parasitic on Quercus cubana: taxonomy and preliminary phylogenetic relationships.
Decock, Cony; Herrera Figueroa, Sara; Robledo, Gerardo et al

in Mycologia (2006), 98(2), 265-74

Phellinus caribaeo-quercicolus sp. nov. is described from several collections made in western Cuba, so far exclusively on Quercus cubana. The species is characterized by a perennial, resupinate basidiomes ... [more ▼]

Phellinus caribaeo-quercicolus sp. nov. is described from several collections made in western Cuba, so far exclusively on Quercus cubana. The species is characterized by a perennial, resupinate basidiomes, cushion-shaped to nodulose and multi-layered when old, apically hooked to hamate hymenial setae, and ellipsoid to broadly ellipsoid, thin- to thick-walled, hyaline to faintly yellowish basidiospores, 4.5-5.5 x 3.5-4.5 microm. The species is compared to other Phellinus species with hooked setae, especially Phellinus undulatus, also recorded in Cuba. The preliminary phylogenetic relationships of Ph. caribaeo-quercicolus within the poroid Hymenochaetales complex of genera is presented and discussed here. [less ▲]

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See detailPhencyclidine inhibition of the acetylcholine receptor: measurement of cation flux in a sympathetic neuronal cell line using 22Na+ and spectroscopic detection of Cs+.
Sachs, A. B.; Leprince, Pierre ULg; Karpen, J. W. et al

in Archives of Biochemistry & Biophysics (1983), 225(2), 500-4

The site of action of phencyclidine, a powerful and increasingly abused drug, in sympathetic nerve cells has not previously been identified. Here it is demonstrated that phencyclidine is a powerful ... [more ▼]

The site of action of phencyclidine, a powerful and increasingly abused drug, in sympathetic nerve cells has not previously been identified. Here it is demonstrated that phencyclidine is a powerful, noncompetitive inhibitor of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor in a sympathetic nerve cell line, PC-12. In the presence of 1 mM carbamoylcholine the rate of the receptor-controlled influx of 22Na+ is reduced by a factor of 2 by 0.7 microM phencyclidine. Increasing concentrations of carbamoylcholine cannot reverse the inhibitory effect of the drug. Both the transmission of electrical signals between nerve cells and the secretion of catecholamines in the PC-12 cell line depend on the receptor-controlled ion flux. Thus phencyclidine interferes with at least two specific, physiologically important functions of these nerve cells. A new spectroscopic method has been developed to measure cation flux in cells. It is shown that this method can replace measurements of tracer ion flux. [less ▲]

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See detailPhenolic acid-rich extract of sweet basil restores cholesterol and triglycerides metabolism in high fat diet-fed mice: A comparison with fenofibrate
Harnafi, H.; Ramchoun, M.; Tits, Monique ULg et al

in Biomedicine & Preventive Nutrition (2013), 3(4), 393-397

Many spices are often added to foods as additives to enhance organoleptic qualities, such as flavor, aroma and color. Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) family of Lamiaceae is widely used in cooking for ... [more ▼]

Many spices are often added to foods as additives to enhance organoleptic qualities, such as flavor, aroma and color. Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) family of Lamiaceae is widely used in cooking for its culinary attributes. In this study, we aimed at the investigation of the hypocholesterolemic and hypotriglyceridemic activities of the basil phenolic acid-rich extract in high fat diet-induced hyperlipemic mice. Hyperlipemia was developed by a high fat diet containing cholesterol, lard and cholic acid. At the beginning of the experiment, animals were divided into three groups, one of them served as normolipidemic control group (NCG), the second hyperlipidemic control group (HCG) and the third basil-treated group (BTG). After 5 weeks of treatment, basil phenolic acid-rich extract significantly decreased plasma total cholesterol, triglycerides and LDL-cholesterol (-42%,-42% and -86%, respectively, P < 0.001). However, HDL-cholesterol was increased (+79%, P < 0.001). The extract reduced the atherogenic index and LDL/HDL-C ratio (-88% and -94%, respectively, P < 0.001). The reductions of liver total cholesterol and triglycerides were of -50% (P < 0.01) and -58% (P < 0.01), respectively. The hypolipemic effect of the phenolic acid-rich extract is comparable to that exerted by fenofibrate. This drug significantly reduced plasma total cholesterol, triglycerides and LDL-cholesterol (-25.5%, -51%, and -83.5%, respectively, P < 0.001) and increased plasma HDL-cholesterol (+136%, P < 0.001). On the other hand, fenofibrate significantly decreased atherogenic index and LDL/HDL-cholesterol ratio (-91% and -93%, respectively, P < 0.001). The fenofibrate decreased hepatic total cholesterol by 59.5% and triglycerides by 72%, respectively (P < 0.01). HPLC analysis led to identify four major compounds: caftaric acid, cafeic acid, chicoric acid and rosmarinic acid. In conclusion, the Sweet basil contains phenolic products that are able to lower hyperlipidemia and prevent atherosclerosis. © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailPhenolic Compounds and Terpenoids from Hypericum lanceolatum
Wabo, H. K.; Kowa, T. K.; Lonfouo, A. H. et al

in Records of Natural Products (2012), 6(2), 94-100

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See detailPhenolic compounds in apple juices - Method of quantification by UHPLC-UV and UHPLC-MS/MS
Verdu, Cindy ULg; Gatto, Julia; Freuze, Ingrid et al

Poster (2012, July)

An UPHLC-UV/MS/MS method was developed for separation and quantification of major polyphenolic compounds present in apple juice. The main classes of polyphenols studied here are monomeric or polymeric ... [more ▼]

An UPHLC-UV/MS/MS method was developed for separation and quantification of major polyphenolic compounds present in apple juice. The main classes of polyphenols studied here are monomeric or polymeric flavan-3-ols, phenolic acids, flavonols and dihydrochalcones. compounds were quantified simultaneously with the two detection systems, i.e. with UV-PDA detection and ESI-triple quadrupole mass detection used in the selected reaction monitoring (SRM) mode. Each method (UHPLC-UV and UHPLC-SRM) was assessed with 2 different apple juice samples and linearity, limit of detection and quantification (LOD and LOQ), accuracy and precision tests were realized on the 15 major compounds. Despite the validation of the UHPLC-UV and UHPLC-SRM methods, significantly different results were obtained by comparing UHPLC-UV and UHPLC-SRM quantifications. Three groups of polyphenols were observed, the first one with equivalent results between the two quantification methods (in most cases), and the two others with overestimated or underestimated results when comparing UHPLC-UV and UHPLC-SRM quantifications. [less ▲]

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See detailPhenological patterns in a natural population of a tropical timber tree species, Milicia excelsa (Moraceae): evidence of Isolation By Time and its interaction with feeding strategies of dispersers
Daïnou, Kasso ULg; Laurenty, Eric; Mahy, Grégory ULg et al

in American Journal of Botany (2012), 99(9), 1-11

Population genetic structuring over limited timescales is commonly viewed as a consequence of spatial constraints. Indirect approaches have recently revealed existence of reproductive isolation due to ... [more ▼]

Population genetic structuring over limited timescales is commonly viewed as a consequence of spatial constraints. Indirect approaches have recently revealed existence of reproductive isolation due to flowering time (the so-called isolation by time, IBT). Since phenological processes can be subject to selection, the persistence of flowering asynchrony may be due to opposing selective pressures during mating, dispersal and regeneration phases. Our study aimed to investigate phenology, fruit-handling by animals and their interaction, in a timber tree species, Milicia excelsa. We analyzed phenological data collected over a 6-year period on 69 genotyped trees in a Cameroonian natural rainforest complemented by data from germination trials and field observations of dispersers. Initiation of flowering correlated with variation in temperature and relative humidity, but was also affected by genetic factors: pairwise differences in flowering time between nearby individuals correlated with kinship coefficient, and earliness of flowering remained stable over time. A decrease in mean seed production per fruit with increasing flowering time suggests selection against late bloomers. However, germination rate was not affected by seed collection date, and the main seed disperser, the bat Eidolon helvum, seemed to increase in abundance at the end of the reproductive season, and preferred trees in open habitats where early and late bloomers are expected. The pairwise approach performs well to detecting IBT. The persistence of different mating pools in such a case may result from a trade-off between selective forces during the mating and seed dispersal processes. [less ▲]

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See detailPhenologie des Basidiomycetes lignicoles de l'ile de Laing (Papouasie Nouvelle-Guinee)
Castillo Cabello, Gabriel ULg; Demoulin, Vincent ULg

in Belgian Journal of Botany (1998)

In the framework of a study of wood-inhabiting fungi on Laing Island, a small coral island located on the northern coast of Papua New Guinea, we have established a phenological table of the 96 taxa of ... [more ▼]

In the framework of a study of wood-inhabiting fungi on Laing Island, a small coral island located on the northern coast of Papua New Guinea, we have established a phenological table of the 96 taxa of encountered Basidiomycetes. Within six species presenting large phenological amplitude, two groups can be distinguished. On the one hand a group of species (Hexagonia tenuis, Polyporus philippinensis and Microporus xanthopus) with narrow ecological amplitude restricted to dense vegetation cover and thus growing in an environment buffered against desiccation and on the other hand a group of species (Pycnoporus sanguineus, Schizophyllum commune and Trametes scabrosa) with a very large ecological amplitude very resistant to desiccation. Furthermore, a large number of species are found too sporadically in order to draw some conclusions concerning their phenology. [less ▲]

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See detailPhénologie et diamètre de fructification du wengé, Millettia laurentii De Wild : implications pour la gestion
Menga, Pisco; Nasi, Robert; Bayol, Nicolas et al

in Bois et Forêts des Tropiques (2012), 312(2), 31-41

L'étude fait partie d'un effort de caractérisation de l'autoécologie du wengé, Millettia laurentii De Wild., une essence majeure de la filière bois en République démocratique du Congo (Rdc). Dans cet ... [more ▼]

L'étude fait partie d'un effort de caractérisation de l'autoécologie du wengé, Millettia laurentii De Wild., une essence majeure de la filière bois en République démocratique du Congo (Rdc). Dans cet article sont présentés les éléments relatifs à la phénologie foliaire et reproductrice de l'espèce et les implications de ces résultats pour la gestion. La phénologie de 774 arbres, répartis dans trois concessions d'exploitation forestière de la Société de développement forestier (SODEFOR) dans la région de Mai-Ndombe (258 arbres par site) a été suivie mensuellement pendant 15 mois. Millettia laurentii présente une phénologie foliaire et reproductrice fortement saisonnière. La chute des feuilles et l'apparition des nouvelles feuilles se produisent deux fois par an, respectivement pendant les saisons sèches et au début des saisons pluvieuses. La phénologie reproductrice (floraison et fructification) présente également une forte saisonnalité, avec cependant des différences entre sites. La floraison se produit au début des saisons pluvieuses en même temps que l'apparition des feuilles. La maturité complète avec possibilité de récolte des semences (éclatement de gousses) a lieu durant l'intersaison (fin de la saison sèche et début de la saison pluvieuse). Le type de floraison est majoritairement annuel. Les individus fleurissent par groupe, mais chaque groupe ne fleurit qu'une fois par an. Toutefois, en dehors des pics s'observent des événements de floraison et de fructification occasionnels, en particulier dans le site le plus arrosé et le moins saisonnier. Millettia laurentii est une espèce à fructification précoce. Le diamètre minimal de fertilité est inférieur ou égal à 10 cm mais l'efficacité de la fructification dépend néanmoins du diamètre et du statut social des arbres. Le diamètre minimum d'exploitation (Dme) en vigueur en Rdc (60 cm) est supérieur au diamètre de fructification régulière (Dfr) qui se situe entre 40-50 cm, ce qui est nécessaire pour le maintien de semenciers dans les peuplements après le passage en exploitation. [less ▲]

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See detailPhénologie et domaine vital de la salamandre terrestre Salamandra salamandra terrestris (Amphibia, Caudata) dans un bois du Pays de Herve (Belgique)
Denoël, Mathieu ULg

in Cahiers d'Ethologie (1996), 16

The aim of this study was to approach some aspects of the life-history of the fire salamander Salamandra s. terrestris in a small wood of the Vesdre Valley (Liege Province, Belgium). In 1996, 189 ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to approach some aspects of the life-history of the fire salamander Salamandra s. terrestris in a small wood of the Vesdre Valley (Liege Province, Belgium). In 1996, 189 salamanders were marked and 68 recaptured. Their cartographic position and the meteorological conditions were noted. Salamanders were active from March to October, mated from May to August and females gave birth to larvae in March-April. Only a small part of the population was active at the same moment. Salamanders were generally faithful to a home range, in spite of some erratic individuals, and are apparently non-territorial. They moved principally along a path. The population is important but strongly threatened by the perturbation of its environment: stream drying, clearing and forest fire. [less ▲]

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See detailPhénologie et intensité de la migration postnuptiale diurne en Ardenne du nord-est par le suivi migratoire (Ramecroix, 2006 à 2010)
Beckers, Arnaud ULg; Baron, André

in Aves (2014), 51(2), 87-106

We present the results of five years of monitoring postnuptial migration in the northeast Ardennes (the Ramecroix site) from 2006 to 2010. The timing and intensity of migration have been calculated for ... [more ▼]

We present the results of five years of monitoring postnuptial migration in the northeast Ardennes (the Ramecroix site) from 2006 to 2010. The timing and intensity of migration have been calculated for the 19 commonest species. Phenology for each species varied markedly from year to year. The passage of two particular species (Northern Lapwing and Song Trush) was extremely concentrated in time. Comparison with data from the Netherland and from Les Awirs (Liège, Belgium) show differences between locations, for which we propose some explanations. The full dataset constitute a useful benchmark for future studies on the spatial variability of migration flow. [less ▲]

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See detailPhenology of marine turtle nesting revealed by a statistical model of the nesting season
Girondot, Marc; Rivalan, Philippe; Wongsopawiro, Ronald et al

in BMC Ecology (2006)

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See detailPhenology of the invasive coccinellid Harmonia axyridis Pallas and other aphidophages in crops
Vandereycken, Axel ULg; Durieux, Delphine ULg; Joie, Emilie ULg et al

Poster (2012, May 22)

The multicoloured Asian ladybird Harmonia axyridis Pallas (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), previously introduced as a biological control agent to control aphids populations, is now frequently considered as an ... [more ▼]

The multicoloured Asian ladybird Harmonia axyridis Pallas (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), previously introduced as a biological control agent to control aphids populations, is now frequently considered as an intraguild predator, consuming other aphids natural enemies. The interactions between this exotic ladybird and other aphidophagous species present in Belgian agro-ecosystems are mainly asymmetric in support of H. axyridis. An aphidophages sampling has been performed between 2009 and 2011 in four agrosystems such as broad bean, wheat, corn and potato. The sampling method consisted in the counting of aphids and all developmental stages of aphidophages present in quadrats of 1m² from April to September. Harmonia axyridis, the invasive coccinellid, was mainly observed in broad bean (21.84 ± 6.30 individuals/100m²) and corn (70.83±6.60 individuals/100m²) with other aphidophages such as Episyrphus balteatus (De Geer), Chrysoperla carnea sensus lato (Stephens), Coccinella septempunctata (Linné) and Propylea quatuordecimpunctata (Linné). In corn, our field data showed that immature stages and adults of H. axyridis were found throughout the summer. Adults were observed from mid-June to the beginning of September with two peaks, in the late June and in the beginning of August. The life history of larvae starts in late-June to the beginning of Augustus with only one peak (347.91 ± 59.99 individuals /100m²) in the beginning of July. The peak of H. axyridis arrives when no extraguild preys are present. At this moment, pupae of E. balteatus and C. septempunctata are the main food available to ensure the development of H. axyridis so that native aphidophages could be intraguild prey for H. axyridis. In the four crops, reproduction of H. axyridis starts after those of other aphidophages and so it does not benefit of available prey such as aphid: in corn and broad bean, C. septempunctata reproduce the first, in wheat it is E. balteatus and in potato it is C. carnea. That could be explained by several reasons: (1) H. axyridis reproduces firstly in arboreal habitats and after that comes in agrosystems, (2) the delay between aphidophage reproductions allows a reduction of interactions with other larvae during spring and therefore decrease mortality levels and (3) H. axyridis is able to use pollen as food substitute when no aphids are available. [less ▲]

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See detailPhenomenal characteristics associated with projecting oneself back into the past and forward into the future: Influence of valence and temporal distance
D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

in Consciousness & Cognition (2004), 13(4), 844-858

As humans, we frequently engage in mental time travel, reliving past experiences and imagining possible future events. This study examined whether similar factors affect the subjective experience ... [more ▼]

As humans, we frequently engage in mental time travel, reliving past experiences and imagining possible future events. This study examined whether similar factors affect the subjective experience associated with remembering the past and imagining the future. Participants mentally "re-experienced" or "pre-experienced" positive and negative events that differed in their temporal distance from the present (close versus distant), and then rated the phenomenal characteristics (i.e., sensorial, contextual, and emotional details) associated with their representations. For both past and future, representations of positive events were associated with a greater feeling of re-experiencing (or pre-experiencing) than representations of negative events. In addition, representations of temporally close events (both past and future) contained more sensorial and contextual details, and generated a stronger feeling of re-experiencing (or pre-experiencing) than representations of temporally distant events. It is suggested that the way we both remember our past and imagine our future is constrained by our current goals. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailPhenomenal characteristics of autobiographical memories and imagined events in sub-clinical obsessive-compulsive checkers
Zermatten, Ariane; Van der Linden, Martial ULg; D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg et al

in Applied Cognitive Psychology (2008), 22(1), 113-125

Phenomenal characteristics of autobiographical memories and imagined experiences were examined in checking- and non-checking-prone individuals. Participants were asked to retrieve a positive, a negative ... [more ▼]

Phenomenal characteristics of autobiographical memories and imagined experiences were examined in checking- and non-checking-prone individuals. Participants were asked to retrieve a positive, a negative and a neutral memory, and to imagine a positive, a negative and a neutral experience. They were then requested to evaluate each event according to characteristics such as sensory and contextual details. The main results revealed that non-checking-prone participants reported more general vividness than checking-prone individuals for real events. In addition, non-checking-prone individuals reported more visual details and vividness for real than imagined experiences, while no difference between real and imagined events was found for checking-prone participants. These results suggest that checking-prone participants report poor memories of real events, which could in turn explain their difficulties distinguishing between real and imagined events. Copyright (c) 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [less ▲]

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See detailPhenomenal characteristics of autobiographical memories for emotional and neutral events in older and younger adults
Comblain, Christine; D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

in Experimental Aging Research (2005), 31(2), 173-189

The authors investigated age-related differences in phenomenal characteristics of autobiographical memories for positive, negative, and neutral events. Younger and older participants were asked to recall ... [more ▼]

The authors investigated age-related differences in phenomenal characteristics of autobiographical memories for positive, negative, and neutral events. Younger and older participants were asked to recall two specific memories of each type and then to rate their memories on several sensorial ( e. g., visual, taste) and contextual ( e. g., location, time) characteristics. The authors found that emotional ( both positive and negative) memories contained more sensorial and contextual details than neutral memories in both age groups, whereas positive and negative memories did not differ on most dimensions. In addition, negative memories were associated with a higher intensity of positive feelings and a reduced complexity of storyline in older as compared to younger adults. These results suggest that the effect of emotion on phenomenal characteristics of autobiographical memories is similar in younger and older adults, but that older adults tend to reappraise negative events in a more positive light than younger adults. [less ▲]

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See detailPhenomenal characteristics of autobiographical memories for positive, negative, and neutral events
D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg; Comblain, Christine; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

in Applied Cognitive Psychology (2003), 17(3), 281-294

We investigated memory qualifies for positive, negative, and neutral autobiographical events. Participants recalled two personal experiences of each type and then rated their memories on several ... [more ▼]

We investigated memory qualifies for positive, negative, and neutral autobiographical events. Participants recalled two personal experiences of each type and then rated their memories on several characteristics (e.g. sensorial and contextual details). They also reported whether they 'see' the events in their memories from their own perspective ('field' memories) or whether they 'see' the self engaged in the event as an observer would ('observer' memories). Positive memories contained more sensorial (visual, smell, taste) and contextual (location, time) details than both negative and neutral events, whereas negative and neutral memories did not differ on most dimensions. Positive and negative events were more often recollected with a field perspective than neutral events. Finally, participants were classified in four groups according to the repressive coping style framework. Emotional memories of repressors were not less detailed than those of the other groups. Copyright (C) 2002 John Wiley Sons, Ltd. [less ▲]

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See detailPhenomenal characteristics of autobiographical memories for social and non-social events in social phobia
D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg; d'Acremont, Mathieu et al

in Memory (2006), 14(5), 637-647

Previous studies failed to show clear differences between people with social phobia and non-anxious individuals regarding the specificity and affective intensity of their autobiographical memories for ... [more ▼]

Previous studies failed to show clear differences between people with social phobia and non-anxious individuals regarding the specificity and affective intensity of their autobiographical memories for social events. However, these studies did not assess the subjective experience associated with remembering. In this study, people with social phobia and non-anxious control participants recalled social and non-social events, and rated the phenomenal characteristics of their memories. The memories of people with social phobia for social events contained fewer sensorial details but more self-referential information than controls memories. In addition, people with social phobia remembered social situations from an observer perspective, viewing themselves as if from outside, to a greater extent than controls. By contrast, the two groups did not differ concerning their memories for non-social events. These findings are discussed in relation to cognitive models of social phobia. [less ▲]

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See detailPhenomenal characteristics of cryptomnesia
Brédart, Serge ULg; Lampinen, J. M.; Defeldre, A. C.

in Memory (2003), 11(1), 1-11

Qualitative characteristics of cryptomnesia, or unintentional plagiarism were investigated. In Experiment I we compared accurate and inaccurate source attributions in terms of their level of confidence ... [more ▼]

Qualitative characteristics of cryptomnesia, or unintentional plagiarism were investigated. In Experiment I we compared accurate and inaccurate source attributions in terms of their level of confidence using instructions that did not require a fixed number of responses. Confidence was lower for plagiarised responses than for correct responses. Nevertheless, participants provided high ratings of certainty for a large proportion of their plagiarised responses. In Experiment 2 the phenomenological differences between plagiarised recall and veridical recall were compared by using an adaptation of the memory characteristics questionnaire (Johnson, Foley, Suengas, [less ▲]

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See detailPhenomenal Intentionality and the Parts of the Mental
Dewalque, Arnaud ULg

Scientific conference (2012, April 26)

How do the phenomenal character and the intentional content of a mental state relate to one another? I discuss here the view recently supported under the label "inseparatism". My claim is that the two ... [more ▼]

How do the phenomenal character and the intentional content of a mental state relate to one another? I discuss here the view recently supported under the label "inseparatism". My claim is that the two main suggestions made by supporters of inseparatism, namely the supervenience of the intentional upon the phenomenal and the intentional-phenomenal identity, are not compatible with a Brentanian approach. I then suggest that, for Brentano, the relationship between the phenomenal and the intentional should rather be construed as a mereological relation. [less ▲]

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