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See detailLes planètes
Nazé, Yaël ULg

Article for general public (2009)

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See detailPlanets and Stellar Activity: Hide and Seek in the CoRoT-7 system
Haywood, R. D.; Cameron, A. C.; Queloz, D. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2014), 443(3), 2517-2531

Since the discovery of the transiting Super-Earth CoRoT-7b, several investigations have been made of the number and precise masses of planets present in the system, but they all yield different results ... [more ▼]

Since the discovery of the transiting Super-Earth CoRoT-7b, several investigations have been made of the number and precise masses of planets present in the system, but they all yield different results, owing to the star's high level of activity. Radial velocity (RV) variations induced by stellar activity therefore need to be modelled and removed to allow a reliable detection of all planets in the system. We re-observed CoRoT-7 in January 2012 with both HARPS and the CoRoT satellite, so that we now have the benefit of simultaneous RV and photometric data. We fitted the off-transit variations in the CoRoT lightcurve using a harmonic decomposition similar to that implemented in Queloz et al. (2009). This fit was then used to model the stellar RV contribution, according to the methods described by Aigrain et al. (2011). This model was incorporated into a Monte Carlo Markov Chain in order to make a precise determination of the orbits of CoRoT-7b and CoRoT-7c. We also assess the evidence for the presence of one or two additional planetary companions. [less ▲]

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See detailPlanetULg, La Chimie Analytique Verte
Ziemons, Eric ULg; Mantanus, Jérôme ULg; Hubert, Philippe ULg

Learning material (2008)

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See detailPlanification automatique de chargements d'avions cargo
Limbourg, Sabine ULg; Schyns, Michael ULg

Scientific conference (2011, April 18)

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See detailLa planification comme procédure performative
Semal, Nathalie ULg

Conference (2012, May 09)

La planification comme énonciation d’un programme d’action à réaliser est au cœur des processus d’organisation et de leur normalisation. Souvent associée à la notion de formalisation rationalisatrice, la ... [more ▼]

La planification comme énonciation d’un programme d’action à réaliser est au cœur des processus d’organisation et de leur normalisation. Souvent associée à la notion de formalisation rationalisatrice, la planification est aussi porteuse d’une injonction à communiquer. Elle n’exclut pas les situations d’interactions et d’ajustement en face à face ni les pratiques discursives. Bien au contraire, elle repose sur l’articulation de plusieurs formats d’information, de registres d’action et de régimes d’engagement. Basée sur une enquête de type ethnographique menée au cours d’une recherche doctorale, la présente communication s’attache à décrire en quoi ils participent à la mise en convergence d’agencements sociotechniques qui incluent et contribuent à la performance de ce programme d’action. [less ▲]

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See detailLa planification d'urgence sous tension
Fallon, Catherine ULg; Brunet, Sébastien ULg; Cornélis, Bernard ULg

in Cahiers de la Sécurité (2008), 3(Janvier-Mars), 72-83

Emergency preparedness is essential in our Western societies. It serves to reassure the community on the measures taken for its safety and to organise the activities of all those working in the field ... [more ▼]

Emergency preparedness is essential in our Western societies. It serves to reassure the community on the measures taken for its safety and to organise the activities of all those working in the field. However, emergency planning procedures are under pressure as the result of a dual trend: the emergence of new risks and a more complex institutional setting. [less ▲]

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See detailPlanification en santé communautaire
Gosset, Christiane ULg

Learning material (1995)

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See detailPlanification Optimiste dans les Processus Décisionnels de Markov avec Croyance
Fonteneau, Raphaël ULg; Busoniu, Lucian; Munos, Rémi

in 8èmes Journées Francophones de Planification, Décision et Apprentissage pour la conduite de systèmes (JFPDA'13) (2013)

Cet article décrit l'algorithme BOP (de l'anglais ``Bayesian Optimistic Planning''), un nouvel algorithme d'apprentissage par renforcement Bayésien indirect (c'est à dire fondé sur un modèle). BOP étend l ... [more ▼]

Cet article décrit l'algorithme BOP (de l'anglais ``Bayesian Optimistic Planning''), un nouvel algorithme d'apprentissage par renforcement Bayésien indirect (c'est à dire fondé sur un modèle). BOP étend l'approche de l'algorithme OP-MDP (de l'anglais ``Optimistic Planning for Markov Decision Processes'', voir [Busoniu2011,Busoniu2012]) au cas où les probabilités de transitions du MDP sous-jacent sont initialement inconnues, et doivent être apprises au travers d'interactions avec l'environnement. Les connaissances sur le MDP sous-jacent sont représentées par une distribution de probabilités sur l'ensemble de tous les modèles de transitions à l'aide de distributions de Dirichlet. L'algorithme BOP planifie dans l'espace augmenté état-croyance obtenu par concaténation du vecteur d'état avec la distribution postérieure sur les modèles de transitions. On montre que BOP atteint l'optimalité Bayésienne lorsque le paramètre de budget tend vers l'infini. Quelques expériences préliminaires montrent des résultats encourageants. [less ▲]

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See detailPlanification sanitaire
Gosset, Christiane ULg

Learning material (1997)

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See detailPlanification stratégique de Systèmes de transport de marchandises en Europe : Modèles de localisations optimales de hubs de conteneurs sur un réseau multimodal
Limbourg, Sabine ULg

Doctoral thesis (2007)

There is a growing imbalance between modes of transport in the European Union. The increasing success of road results in an ever worsening congestion, more environmental nuisances and accidents. That’s ... [more ▼]

There is a growing imbalance between modes of transport in the European Union. The increasing success of road results in an ever worsening congestion, more environmental nuisances and accidents. That’s why one of the objectives of the European Common Transport Policy is to restore the balance between modes of transport and to develop intermodality. Among the various types of intermodal transport this doctoral dissertation is concerned by rail-road combined transport for which the terminals are embedded in a hub-and-spoke network. This kind of topology can reduce the transportation costs by consolidations at the hubs. The proposed method uses the flows of commodities and their geographic spreading as input to determine a set of good potential locations for transfer container terminals. This set can further be used as input for an iterative procedure based on both the p-HMP and the multi-modal assignment in order to identify the optimal locations for such terminals in Europe. This procedure takes into account the variation of the transshipment cost according to the number of containers that could be transshipped. [less ▲]

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See detailPlanification successorale : les avancées du Règlement européen relatif aux successions
Wautelet, Patrick ULg

Conference (2012, October 02)

Cette présentation a pour objectif de mettre en exergue les grands principes retenus par le Règlement européen relatif aux successions. Pour ce faire, les règles européennes sont contrastées avec le cadre ... [more ▼]

Cette présentation a pour objectif de mettre en exergue les grands principes retenus par le Règlement européen relatif aux successions. Pour ce faire, les règles européennes sont contrastées avec le cadre juridique actuel. [less ▲]

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See detailPlankton dynamics controlled by hydrodynamic processes near a submarine canyon off NW corsican coast: A numerical modelling study
Skliris, Nikolaos ULg; Djenidi, Salim ULg

in Continental Shelf Research (2006), 26(11), 1336-1358

A three-dimensional (3D) non-linear high-resolution hydrodynamic model coupled to a coastal plankton ecosystem model is used to estimate the impact of hydrodynamic processes on the evolution of the spring ... [more ▼]

A three-dimensional (3D) non-linear high-resolution hydrodynamic model coupled to a coastal plankton ecosystem model is used to estimate the impact of hydrodynamic processes on the evolution of the spring phytoplankton bloom in the vicinity of a submarine canyon. Model results for the plankton distribution showed a clear 3D character around and in the canyon, with large horizontal and vertical gradients, induced by the hydrodynamic constraints. Phytoplankton concentrations were significantly larger all along the slope domain with maximum values obtained over the canyon. Upwelling of deep water rich in nitrate takes place both upstream (with respect to the current direction normal to the central axis of the canyon) and downstream of the canyon enhancing primary production. As phytoplankton-rich water enters into the western part of the canyon it is downwelled and trapped by the cyclonic circulation leading to accumulation of phytoplankton biomass there. The effect of wind events was to induce an upward nitrate flux into the upper layer through vertical turbulent diffusion, allowing the start of a short-live phytoplankton bloom. Maximum surface nitrate concentrations were found along the slope and particularly upstream and downstream of the canyon just after the wind stopped. Enhanced turbulent diffusion combined with upwelling motion in these areas resulted in larger upward nitrate transports, further enhancing primary production. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailPlankton ecology of Lake Kivu and the consequences of a planktivore introduction
Descy, Jean-Pierre; Sarmento, Hugo; Isumbisho, Mwapu et al

Conference (2007, July 09)

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See detailPlankton productivity in the Gulf of Calvi
Dauby, Patrick ULg

in Van Grieken, R; Wollast, Roland (Eds.) Progress in Belgian Oceanographic Research (1985)

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See detailPlanktonic and whole system metabolism in a nutrient rich estuary (the Scheldt estuary)
Gazeau, Frédéric; Gattuso, Jean-Pierre; Middelburg, Jack J. et al

in Estuaries (2005), 28(6), 868-883

Planktonic gross primary production (GPP), community respiration (CR), and nitrification (NIT) were measured monthly in the Scheldt estuary by the oxygen incubation method in 2003. No significant ... [more ▼]

Planktonic gross primary production (GPP), community respiration (CR), and nitrification (NIT) were measured monthly in the Scheldt estuary by the oxygen incubation method in 2003. No significant evolution of planktonic GPP was observed since the 1990s with high rates in the freshwater area (salinity 0; 97 6 65 mmol C m22 d21) decreasing seaward (22–37 mmol C m22 d21). A significant decrease of NIT was observed with regard to previous investigations although this process still represents up to 20% of total organic matter production in the inner estuary. Planktonic CR was highest in the inner estuary and seemed to be mainly controlled by external organic matter inputs. Planktonic net community production was negative most of the time in the estuary with values ranging from 2300 to 165 mmol C m22 d21. Whole estuary net ecosystem production (NEP) was investigated on an annual scale using the results mentioned above and published benthic metabolic rates. A NEP of 239 6 8 mmol C m22 d21 was estimated, which confirms the strong heterotrophic status of this highly nutrified estuary. NEP rates were computed from June to December 2003 to compare with results derived from the Land-Ocean Interaction in the Coastal Zone budgeting procedure applied to dissolved inorganic phosphorus and carbon (DIP and DIC). DIP budgets failed to provide realistic estimates in the inner estuary where abiotic processes account for more than 50% of the nonconservative DIP flux. DIC budgets predicted a much lower NEP than in situ incubations (2109 6 31 versus 242 6 9 mmol C m22 d21) although, as each approach is associated with several critical assumptions, the source of this discrepancy remains unclear. [less ▲]

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See detailPlanktonic Archaea in Lake Kivu
Llirós, Marc; Darchambeau, François ULg; Plasencia, Anna et al

Conference (2007, September 02)

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See detailPlanktonic Archaea in Lake Kivu
Llirós, Marc; Darchambeau, François ULg; Plasencia, Anna et al

Conference (2007, June 12)

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See detailPlanning Decisions of Physical Education Teachers
Piéron, Maurice ULg; Cloes, Marc ULg

in Retos. Nuevas tendencias en Educación Física, Deporte y Recreación (2007), 12(2e semestre), 5-12

Forty-six PE teachers participated in the study. Among them, 27 had an experience of more than five years in teaching (12 women and 15 men) and 19 beginning teachers (12 women and 7 men). Teachers were ... [more ▼]

Forty-six PE teachers participated in the study. Among them, 27 had an experience of more than five years in teaching (12 women and 15 men) and 19 beginning teachers (12 women and 7 men). Teachers were presented five scenarios of instructional situations. They were asked to read each scenario and write a response detailing how they would react if the situation occurred during their teaching. Four hundred thirty-four proposals of actions were gathered and analysed since an answer could have many different proposals. The actions proposed were analysed from audiotapes of teachers’ interviews. They were classified according to an inductive technique. The opinions of experienced teachers, men and women, differed than those of their beginning colleagues, as indicated by the number and content of categories. Four categories of decisions dealt with the content of education: «adaptation of the exercises to the student», «creation of levels groups», «gradation of the difficulty», and «same activity for all.» The teachers had strategies immediately available to deal with the students’ individual differences. According to their personal characteristics, experienced teachers displayed a greater variety of application of sound principles of teaching. [less ▲]

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See detailPlanning flood risk reducing measures based on combined hydraulic and socio-economic impact modelling at a micro-scale
Ernst, Julien ULg; Coninx, Ingrid; Dewals, Benjamin ULg et al

in Christodoulou, S. E. (Ed.) Proc. 7th Int. Conf. on Water Resources Conservancy and Risk Reduction Under Climatic Uncertainty (2009, June)

Risk management is currently shifting from the full protection against flooding towards the management of the consequences of flooding. To reduce these consequences, micro-scale analysis is compelled. In ... [more ▼]

Risk management is currently shifting from the full protection against flooding towards the management of the consequences of flooding. To reduce these consequences, micro-scale analysis is compelled. In addition to the hydraulic modelling of the inundation flow, nearby land use and vulnerability of elements-at-risk are taken into consideration. This new approach requests an interdisciplinary collaboration of scientists from hydraulic and social science, as is the case for this paper. The research teams have developed a methodology to evaluate socio-economic consequences of flooding based on the analysis at the micro-scale of the flood characteristics, the exposure and the vulnerability of elements-at-risk and the adaptive capacity of society. The hydrodynamic simulations are conducted by means of 2D flow modelling run on a highly accurate Digital Surface Model - DSM with a resolution of 2 by 2 meters. The two-dimensional modelling provides high resolution flood maps detailing the distribution of water depth and flow velocity field in the floodplains, which constitute key inputs for the subsequent flood risk analysis. The methodology will be illustrated for a case study along River Ourthe, which is the main tributary of River Meuse in Belgium, for selecting and designing flood protection measure. The geographic data in this area are available at a resolution consistent with the conducted micro-scale risk analysis. They include data on social vulnerability coming from the most recent socio-economic national survey (NIS). [less ▲]

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See detailPlanning of the river Ourthe in Wallonia, Belgium.
Petit, François ULg; Pirotton, Michel ULg; Philippart, Jean-Claude ULg et al

in River design and environmental protection in Europe (1999)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (2 ULg)