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See detailLaryngeal dysfunction after thyroid surgery: diagnostic and treatments
FINCK, Camille ULg

in Acta Chirurgica Belgica (2006), 106

Vocal fold hypomobility after thyroidectomy is a frequent complication of thyroidectomy. Laryngeal nerve paresis or paralysis may present with various symptoms like dysphagia, aspiration, voice alteration ... [more ▼]

Vocal fold hypomobility after thyroidectomy is a frequent complication of thyroidectomy. Laryngeal nerve paresis or paralysis may present with various symptoms like dysphagia, aspiration, voice alteration or dyspnea. Are described: the normal anatomophysiology of the larynx, the symptoms of nerve trauma following thyroidectomy, techniques of thoroughfull laryngeal and voice examination, some clinical entities( unilateral recurrent nerve paralysis, bilateral recurrent nerve paralysis, superior laryngeal nerve paralysis),natural evolution of paralysis, prognosis and management of laryngeal paralysis) [less ▲]

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See detailLaryngeal Mask
Janssens, Marc ULg; Lamy, Maurice ULg

in Intensive Care World (1993), 10(2), 99-102

The laryngeal mask, provides a totally patent airway when positioned in the hypopharynx with remarkable patient tolerance, even at very light planes of sedation. The major advantages of the laryngeal mask ... [more ▼]

The laryngeal mask, provides a totally patent airway when positioned in the hypopharynx with remarkable patient tolerance, even at very light planes of sedation. The major advantages of the laryngeal mask are its ease of insertion, the absence of contact with the vocal cards, and the fact that it frees the hands of the anesthesiologist. Contraindications to its use result from its failure to seal the airway against regurgitation of gastric content. Laryngeal masks can be used easily instead of facial masks during anesthesia with spontaneous ventilation and, with experience, can be used for longer procedures using controlled ventilation. Suspected difficult intubation and establishment of a patent airway in emergency conditions are good indications for the use of this device. The laryngeal mask does not replace endotracheal intubation. It can, however, permit better management of the airway while waiting for personnel trained in endotracheal intubation. The nature of the pulmonary pathology seen in intensive care patients limits use of the laryngeal mask during intensive care. In the operating room few complications have been described, and postoperative discomfort is minimal. The laryngeal mask is a device positioned in the hypopharynx which allows separation of the digestive tract from the airway, without violation of either the larynx or the upper oesophageal sphincter. An endotracheal tube, because of its positioning, hinders normal glottic movement and narrows the airway.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) [less ▲]

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See detailLaryngeal paralysis-polyneuropathy complex in a litter of Pyrenean Mountain dogs.
Peeters, Dominique ULg; Clercx, Cécile ULg; Vanham, Luc et al

in Proceedings of the 10th Annual Congress of the ESVIM (2000)

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See detailLaryngeal paralysis-polyneuropathy complex in young related Pyrenean Mountain dogs.
Gabriel, Alexandra; Poncelet, Luc; Van Ham, Luc et al

in Journal of Small Animal Practice (2006), 47(3)

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See detailLaryngeal Rhabdomyoma in a Golden Retriever
Clercx, Cécile ULg; Desmecht, Daniel ULg; Michiels, L. et al

in Veterinary Record : Journal of the British Veterinary Association (1998), 143(7), 196-8

A three-year-old male golden retriever had had progressive dyspnoea, exercise intolerance, stridor, and a modified bark for five months. A mass 2 cm in diameter was present dorsal to the right side of the ... [more ▼]

A three-year-old male golden retriever had had progressive dyspnoea, exercise intolerance, stridor, and a modified bark for five months. A mass 2 cm in diameter was present dorsal to the right side of the larynx. Histological examination revealed cross-striations in some elongated cells, consistent with a diagnosis of rhabdomyoma, a diagnosis which was confirmed by positive immunohistochemical staining for myoglobin and desmin. The mass could not be removed without total laryngectomy and a permanent tracheostomy and the dog was euthanased. [less ▲]

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See detailLe larynx cicatriciel: rééducation logopédique
Morsomme, Dominique ULg; Ingrid, Verduyckt

Conference (2006, May 05)

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See detailLas Dioxinas
Focant, Jean-François ULg; De Pauw, Edwin ULg

Article for general public (1999)

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See detailLas Vegas in Kinshasa
Geenen, Kristien ULg

in Geenen, Jan (Ed.) De slaap neemt geen plaats in. Le sommeil n'occupe pas de place (2009)

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See detailLa lasagne pur-sang et la société low-cost
Ozer, Pierre ULg; Piet, Grégory ULg; Thoreau, François ULg

Article for general public (2013)

Pour satisfaire des consommateurs en quête de toujours plus de pouvoir d’achat, la Commission européenne soutient des gros producteurs low-cost pour une nourriture low-cost (avec des contrôles limités ... [more ▼]

Pour satisfaire des consommateurs en quête de toujours plus de pouvoir d’achat, la Commission européenne soutient des gros producteurs low-cost pour une nourriture low-cost (avec des contrôles limités). Stop! Et vive l’agriculture locale. [less ▲]

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See detailLaser Additive Manufacturing of Metal Matrix Composites
Mertens, Anne ULg

Learning material (2016)

Current trends in the mechanics and energy industries impose increasing demands on metallic materials, combining elevated service temperatures and severe mechanical solicitations. Metal matrix composite ... [more ▼]

Current trends in the mechanics and energy industries impose increasing demands on metallic materials, combining elevated service temperatures and severe mechanical solicitations. Metal matrix composite coatings with ceramic reinforcements are good candidates in view of fulfilling the requirements for an improved mechanical durability, and for other complex functions (e.g. self-lubrication, biocompatibility...). First of all, this paper provides an introduction to metal matrix composites with a particular attention for the process known as laser cladding that appears as a promising technology for making composite coatings. In this process, a (mixture of) metallic powder(s) is projected onto a substrate through a nozzle and simultaneously melted by a laser beam. Laser cladding is characterised by ultra-fast solidification and cooling rates, thus giving rise to ultra-fine microstructures and potentially enhanced mechanical properties. The paper thus focuses on the relationships between the thermal history during the production of a composite coating, and the resulting microstructure and properties, with special attention to the dissolution of ceramic particles (e.g. carbides) and to interfacial reactions taking place between the particles and the metallic matrix. [less ▲]

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See detailLaser cladding as repair technology for Ti6Al4V alloy: Influence of building strategy on microstructure and hardness
Paydas, Hakan ULg; Mertens, Anne ULg; Carrus, Raoul et al

in Materials & Design (2015), 85

Laser cladding is a metal deposition technique used to fabricate or repair components made from high value metallic alloys. In the present work Ti-6Al-4V deposits with variable thickness are made to ... [more ▼]

Laser cladding is a metal deposition technique used to fabricate or repair components made from high value metallic alloys. In the present work Ti-6Al-4V deposits with variable thickness are made to assess the use of laser cladding as a repair technology. Both the effect of the building strategy (BS) and the incident energy (IE) on the metallurgical characteristics of the deposits in relation to their complex thermal history have been studying. It is shown that for the configuration consisting in a decreasing track length (DTL) under high IE, a gradient of cooling rate exists that leads to the presence of different phases within the microstructure. Conversely homogeneous microstructures are present either for the configuration with a constant track length (CTL) under high IE, and for the strategy obtained from a DTL under low IE. Depending on the possible heat accumulation the nature of the phases are determined together with hardness maps within the deposits. Some qualification criteria are set prior to tensile tests to selected the adequate candidate-deposit that does not weaken the cladded material when it is stressed. A thermo-metallurgical scheme is proposed that helps understanding the effect of both the BS and the IE on the microstructure. [less ▲]

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See detailLaser Cladding Finite Element Modelling Application to Ti6Al4V,
Tran, Hoang Son ULg; Brusten, Romain; Jardin, Ruben et al

Conference (2016, November 03)

Corrélation entre les champs thermiques prédits et la microstructure observée.

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See detailLaser control in a bifurcating region
Sugny, Dominique; Kontz, Cyrill; Ndong, Mamadou et al

in Physical Review. A (2006), 74(4), 0434191-14

We present a complete analysis of the laser control of a model molecular system using both optimal control theory and adiabatic techniques. This molecule has a particular potential energy surface with a ... [more ▼]

We present a complete analysis of the laser control of a model molecular system using both optimal control theory and adiabatic techniques. This molecule has a particular potential energy surface with a bifurcating region connecting three potential wells which allows a variety of processes such as isomerization, tunneling, or implementation of quantum gates on one or two qubits. The parameters of the model have been chosen so as to reproduce the main features of H3CO which is a molecule benchmark for such dynamics. We show the feasibility of different processes and we investigate their robustness against variations of laser field. We discuss the conditions under which each method of control gives the best results. We also point out the relation between optimal control theory and local control. [less ▲]

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See detailLaser control in open molecular systems: STIRAP and optimal control
Sugny, Dominique; Ndong, Mamadou; Lauvergnat, David et al

in Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A : Chemistry (2007), 190

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See detailLaser control in open quantum systems: preliminary analysis toward the Cope rearrangement control in methyl-cyclopentadienylcarboxylate dimer
Dive, Georges ULg; Robiette, Raphaël; Chenel, Aurélie et al

in Theoretical Chemistry Accounts : Theory, Computation, & Modeling (2012), 131(6), 1236-1247

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See detailLaser cooling of atoms : Monte-Carlo wavefunction simulations
Chrétien, Renaud ULg

Master's dissertation (2014)

The purpose of our master thesis is to present an original synthesis of various works dealing with the Monte-Carlo wavefunction (MCWF) method in quantum optics and its applications to laser cooling of ... [more ▼]

The purpose of our master thesis is to present an original synthesis of various works dealing with the Monte-Carlo wavefunction (MCWF) method in quantum optics and its applications to laser cooling of atoms with a particular focus on Doppler and Sisyphus cooling mechanisms. We introduce the MCWF method which is used to solve master equations describing the dynamics of open quantum systems in quantum optics. This method turns out to be much more efficient than a method based on the full integration of the density matrix. We perform laser cooling simulations in 1D both with a classical and a quantum treatment of the atomic centre-of-mass motion and investigate Doppler and Sisyphus cooling. Our numerical results turn out to be in very good agreement with those predicted by semiclassical theories, except for large detuning and/or low intensity laser where semiclassical theories fail. For such cases, our method provides a good alternative and predicts temperatures much larger than the recoil temperature. Finally, we also consider a classical treatment of the centre-of-mass motion and we compare the subsequent results with those obtained with a full quantum approach. [less ▲]

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