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See detailPlasmid replicon typing in veterinary medicine
Mainil, Jacques ULg

Scientific conference (1989, February)

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See detailPlasmid-associated bacteriocin production by Lactobacillus LMG21688 Listeria monocytogenes growth rebound in a food system.
Kouakou, P.; Dortu, C.; Dubois Dauphin, Robin ULg et al

in FEMS Microbiology Letters (2010), 306(1), 37-44

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See detailPlasmids for heavy metal resistance in Alcaligenes eutrophus CH34: Mechanisms and applications
Collard, Jean-Marc; Corbisier, Philippe; Diels, Ludo et al

in FEMS Microbiology Reviews (1994), 14

Alcaligenes eutrophus CH34 is the main representative of a group of strongly related strains (mostly facultative chemolithotrophs) that are well adapted to environments containing high levels of heavy ... [more ▼]

Alcaligenes eutrophus CH34 is the main representative of a group of strongly related strains (mostly facultative chemolithotrophs) that are well adapted to environments containing high levels of heavy metals. It harbors the megaplasmids pMOL28 and pMOL30 which carry resistance determinants to Co2+, Ni2+, CrO42-, Hg2+, Tl+, Cd2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+. Among the best characterized determinants are the cnr operon (resistance to Co, Ni) an pMOL28 and the czc operon on pMOL30 (resistance to Co, Cd and Zn). Although the two systems reveal a significant degree of amino acid similarity in the structural genes, the regulation of the operons is different. The resistance mechanism in both cases is based on efflux. The efflux mechanism leads to a pH increase outside of the cytoplasmic membrane. Metals are sequestered from the external medium through the bioprecipitation of metal carbonates formed in the saturated zone around the cell. This latter phenomenon can be exploited in bioreactors designed to remove metals from effluents. The bacteria are immobilized on composite membranes in a continuous tubular membrane reactor (CTMR). The effluent continuously circulates through the intertubular space, while the external surface of the tubes is in contact with the growth medium. Metal crystals are eventually removed by the effluent stream and collected on a glass bead column. The system has been applied to effluents containing Cd, Zn, Co, Ni and Cu. By introducing catabolic plasmids involved in the aerobic degradation of PCBs and 2,4-D into metal-resistant A. eutrophus strains, the application range was widened to include effluents polluted with both organic and inorganic substances. Biosensors have been developed which are based on the fusion of genes induced by metals to a reporter system, the lux operon of Vibrio fischeri. Bacterial luciferases produce light through the oxidation of fatty aldehydes. The gene fusions are useful both for the study of regulatory genes and for the determination of heavy metal concentrations in the environment. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasmin-activated doxorubicin prodrugs containing a spacer reduce tumor growth and angiogenesis without systemic toxicity
Devy, L.; de Groot, F. M.; Blacher, Silvia ULg et al

in FASEB Journal (2004), 18(3), 565-567

To generate doxorubicin (Dox) specifically at the tumor site, the chemotherapeutic agent was incorporated into a prodrug by linkage to a peptide specifically recognized by plasmin, which is overproduced ... [more ▼]

To generate doxorubicin (Dox) specifically at the tumor site, the chemotherapeutic agent was incorporated into a prodrug by linkage to a peptide specifically recognized by plasmin, which is overproduced in many cancers. ST-9905, which contains an elongated self-elimination spacer, is activated more rapidly in vitro by plasmin than is ST-9802. Prodrug activation in vitro depended on the level of urokinase produced by tumor cells and was inhibited by aprotinin, a plasmin inhibitor. Comparison of equimolar concentrations of ST-9905, ST-9802, and Dox in EF43.fgf-4 and MCF7 models revealed that both prodrugs, in sharp contrast to Dox, displayed antiproliferative and antiangiogenic activities without discernible toxicity. Although MCF7 cells are poor urokinase producers in vitro, prodrug efficacy in this model may be explained by production of plasmin by tumor-infiltrating host cells. Mice treated with equitoxic concentrations (maximum tolerated doses) of prodrugs showed 100% survival and negligible body weight loss, in contrast to results after Dox treatment. ST-9905 was substantially more effective than ST9802 and induced similar tumor growth inhibition as Dox but without apparent toxicity. This finding may be explained by the elongated spacer, which facilitates enzymatic prodrug activation. These data validate both the use of elongated spacers in vivo and the concept of targeting anticancer prodrugs to tumor-associated plasmin. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor PAI-1 Controls in Vivo Tumor Vascularization by Interaction with Proteases, Not Vitronectin. Implications for Antiangiogenic Strategies
Bajou, Khalid ULg; Masson, Véronique ULg; Gerard, R. D. et al

in Journal of Cell Biology (2001), 152(4), 777-84

The plasminogen (Plg)/plasminogen activator (PA) system plays a key role in cancer progression, presumably via mediating extracellular matrix degradation and tumor cell migration. Consequently, urokinase ... [more ▼]

The plasminogen (Plg)/plasminogen activator (PA) system plays a key role in cancer progression, presumably via mediating extracellular matrix degradation and tumor cell migration. Consequently, urokinase-type PA (uPA)/plasmin antagonists are currently being developed for suppression of tumor growth and angiogenesis. Paradoxically, however, high levels of PA inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) are predictive of a poor prognosis for survival of patients with cancer. We demonstrated previously that PAI-1 promoted tumor angiogenesis, but by an unresolved mechanism. We anticipated that PAI-1 facilitated endothelial cell migration via its known interaction with vitronectin (VN) and integrins. However, using adenoviral gene transfer of PAI-1 mutants, we observed that PAI-1 promoted tumor angiogenesis, not by interacting with VN, but rather by inhibiting proteolytic activity, suggesting that excessive plasmin proteolysis prevents assembly of tumor vessels. Single deficiency of uPA, tissue-type PA (tPA), uPA receptor, or VN, as well as combined deficiencies of uPA and tPA did not impair tumor angiogenesis, whereas lack of Plg reduced it. Overall, these data indicate that plasmin proteolysis, even though essential, must be tightly controlled during tumor angiogenesis, probably to allow vessel stabilization and maturation. These data provide insights into the clinical paradox whereby PAI-1 promotes tumor progression and warrant against the uncontrolled use of uPA/plasmin antagonists as tumor angiogenesis inhibitors. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) controls bone marrow-dependent and independent vascularization
Jost, M; Maillard, C; Lecomte, J et al

Poster (2006)

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See detailPlasminogen activator inhibitor type I (PAI-1) controls bone marrow-dependent and independent vascularization
Jost, M.; Maillard, Catherine ULg; Lambert, Vincent ULg et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2006), 61(2, MAR-APR), 87

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See detailPlasminogen activator inhibitor-1 protects endothelial cells from FasL-mediated apoptosis.
Bajou, Khalid ULg; Peng, H.; Laug, W. E. et al

in Cancer Cell (2008), 14(4), 324-34

Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) paradoxically enhances tumor progression and angiogenesis; however, the mechanism supporting this role is not known. Here we provide evidence that PAI-1 is ... [more ▼]

Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) paradoxically enhances tumor progression and angiogenesis; however, the mechanism supporting this role is not known. Here we provide evidence that PAI-1 is essential to protect endothelial cells (ECs) from FasL-mediated apoptosis. In the absence of host-derived PAI-1, human neuroblastoma cells implanted in PAI-1-deficient mice form smaller and poorly vascularized tumors containing an increased number of apoptotic ECs. We observed that knockdown of PAI-1 in ECs enhances cell-associated plasmin activity and increases spontaneous apoptosis in vitro. We further demonstrate that plasmin cleaves FasL at Arg144-Lys145, releasing a soluble proapoptotic FasL fragment from the surface of ECs. The data provide a mechanism explaining the proangiogenic activity of PAI-1. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasminogen activator is a mitogen for astrocytes in developing cerebellum
Moonen, Gustave ULg; Grau-Wagemans, Marie-Paule; Selak, Ivan ULg et al

in Developmental Brain Research (1985), 20

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See detailPlasminogen activator-plasmin system and neuronal migration.
Moonen, Gustave ULg; Grau-Wagemans, M. P.; Selak, Ivan ULg

in Nature (1982), 298(5876), 753-5

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See detailPlasminogen activators and laminin in developing nervous system
Moonen, Gustave ULg; Leprince, Pierre ULg; Rogister, Bernard ULg

in Metabolism and Development of the Nervous System (1987)

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See detailPlasminogen activators in brain development
Selak, Ivan ULg; Rogister, Bernard ULg; Lefebvre, Philippe ULg et al

in Advances in the Biosciences (1986), 61

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See detailPlasminogen activators in developing peripheral nervous system, cellular origin and mitogenic effect.
Baron-Van Evercooren, A.; Leprince, Pierre ULg; Rogister, Bernard ULg et al

in Brain Research (1987), 433(1), 101-8

Newborn rat dorsal root ganglia release two different plasminogen activators (PAs): the urokinase (UK) and the tissue (tPA) type. The former is secreted by neurons while the latter is secreted by Schwann ... [more ▼]

Newborn rat dorsal root ganglia release two different plasminogen activators (PAs): the urokinase (UK) and the tissue (tPA) type. The former is secreted by neurons while the latter is secreted by Schwann cells. tPA release by Schwann cells is modulated by choleratoxin, a known mitogen for these cells. UK but not tPA stimulates in a dose-dependent fashion the proliferation of Schwann cells. This effect is observed in the absence of plasminogen, suggesting that the substrate for PAs in the developing nervous system is not plasminogen. Since UK is secreted by neurons, our data suggest a new mechanism for neuronal control of Schwann cell proliferation. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasmocytome solitaire de l'urètre
Bonnet, Pierre ULg; de Leval, Jean ULg; Fillet, Georges ULg et al

in Acta Urologica Belgica (1988), 51

Solitary extra-medullary plasmocytomas are mostly located in the upper respiratory airways. Genito-urinary localizations have been rarely described. The authors report one case of solitary plasmocytoma of ... [more ▼]

Solitary extra-medullary plasmocytomas are mostly located in the upper respiratory airways. Genito-urinary localizations have been rarely described. The authors report one case of solitary plasmocytoma of the urethra which was treated by external radiotherapy and surgery. A review of the diagnosis, treatment, evolution and prognosis is given. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasmon-Enhanced Sub-Wavelength Laser Ablation: Plasmonic Nanojets
Valev, V.K.; Denkova, D.; Zheng, X. et al

in Advanced Materials (2012), 24

Plasmonic hotspots are regions on the surface of metal nanostructures where light causes very strong oscillation of the electrons. Because electron oscillations constitute an electric current and because ... [more ▼]

Plasmonic hotspots are regions on the surface of metal nanostructures where light causes very strong oscillation of the electrons. Because electron oscillations constitute an electric current and because electric currents heat up the material the same way an electric stove heats up in the kitchen, the plasmonic hotspots are extremely hot. So hot that they can melt the gold in a spot much smaller than the wavelength of light. We were successfully able to demonstrate that this tiny little pool of molten gold can give rise to the smallest nanojets ever observed. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasmonic Ratchet Wheels: Switching Circular Dichroism by Arranging Chiral Nanostructures
Valev, V. K.; Smisdom, N.; Silhanek, Alejandro ULg et al

in Nano Letters (2009), 9(11), 3945-3948

We demonstrate circular dichroism (CD) in the second harmonic generation (SHG) signal from chiral assemblies of G-shaped nanostructures made of gold. The arrangement of the G shapes is crucial since upon ... [more ▼]

We demonstrate circular dichroism (CD) in the second harmonic generation (SHG) signal from chiral assemblies of G-shaped nanostructures made of gold. The arrangement of the G shapes is crucial since upon reordering them the SHG-CD effect disappears. Microscopy reveals SHG "hotspots" assemblies, which originate in enantiomerically sensitive plasmon modes, having the novel property of exhibiting a chiral geometry themselves in relation with the handedness of the material. These results open new frontiers in studying chirality. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasmons Reveal the Direction of Magnetization in Nickel Nanostructures
Valev, Ventsislav K; Silhanek, Alejandro ULg; Gillijns, Werner et al

in ACS Nano (2011), 5(1), 91-96

We have applied the surface sensitive nonlinear optical technique of magnetization induced second harmonic generation. (MSHG) to plasmonic, magnetic nanostructures made of Ni. We show that surface plasmon ... [more ▼]

We have applied the surface sensitive nonlinear optical technique of magnetization induced second harmonic generation. (MSHG) to plasmonic, magnetic nanostructures made of Ni. We show that surface plasmon contributions to the MSHG signal can reveal the direction of the magnetization. Both the plasmonic and the magnetic nonlinear optical responses can be tuned; our results indicate novel ways to combine nanophotonics, nanoelectronics, and nanomagnetics and suggest the possibility for large magneto-chiral effects in metamaterials. [less ▲]

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See detailPlastic analysis of concrete structures subjected to fire
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg

in Fire design of concrete structures - structural behaviour and assessment. State-of-art report. (2008)

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See detailPlastic Analysis of Concrete Structures Subjected to Fire
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg

in Gambarova, P. G. (Ed.) Proceedings of the Workshop "Pire Design of Concrete Structures: What now? What next?" (2005)

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See detailPlastic analysis of continuous beams
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg; Riva, P.

in Fire design of concrete structures - structural behaviour and assessment. State-of-art report. (2008), Bulletin 46

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