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See detailPlasma surface fluorination of hydrogel materials-coating stability and in vitro biocompatibility testing
Bozukova, Dimitriya; Pagnoulle, Christophe; Gillet, Marie-Claire ULg et al

in Soft Materials (2010), 8(2), 164-182

Plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition has been tested for the formation of hydrophobic perfluorinated coating on the surface of hydrophilic poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate-co-methyl methacrylate ... [more ▼]

Plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition has been tested for the formation of hydrophobic perfluorinated coating on the surface of hydrophilic poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate-co-methyl methacrylate) [poly(HEMA-co-MMA)] substrates, used for the fabrication of intraocular lenses (IOLs). The properties of the dry and hydrated surface modified by two plasma techniques, Radio-frequency (RF) and Microwave (MW), were investigated in parallel by contact angle measurements in the dry and hydrated state, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and atomic force microscopy. The coating stability and hydrophobicity were challenged by swelling and sterilizing the samples in water. Investigation of the optical performances of the modified samples was performed by ultraviolet spectroscopy and diopter measurements. Since materials with biomedical application are considered, the performances of their surface in contact with lens epithelial cells were tested at in vitro conditions, and repulsion was not found to be enhanced upon modification. Generally, the results showed poor stability of the coating and bring in question its covalent grafting to the surface. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasma testosterone end LH responses to LHRH in double-muscled bulls treated with trenbolone acetate and zeranol
Fabry, Jules; Renaville, Robert ULg; Halleux, Vincent et al

in Journal of Animal Science (1983), 57

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See detailPlasma trypsin level in horses suffering from acute intestinal obstruction
Grulke, Sigrid ULg; Gangl, M.; Deby, Ginette ULg et al

in Veterinary Journal (2002), 163(3), 283-291

Gastrointestinal disorders in horses leading to endotoxic shock could have further consequences on other splanchnic organs such as the pancreas, as can be seen in humans suffering from septic shock. In ... [more ▼]

Gastrointestinal disorders in horses leading to endotoxic shock could have further consequences on other splanchnic organs such as the pancreas, as can be seen in humans suffering from septic shock. In this study, the range of enzymatically active trypsin (EAT) in healthy horses was established and is similar to the range observed in healthy humans. EAT values were determined in horses with acute abdominal crises on admission as well as during anaesthesia and in the postoperative phase. A significant increase in plasma EAT was found in 59% of the horses with surgical colic when compared to our established reference range. Significantly higher values were found in severe shock cases. When separated in groups according to the duration of colic before referral, significantly higher EAT values were observed in the non-survivor group compared to the survivor group of colics of short duration. EAT plasma values increased significantly during the postoperative phase, and were significantly higher in small intestine obstructions than in large bowel disorders. In human medicine, hypovolaemic or septic shock patients show an increase in pancreatic proteases. Splanchnic hypoperfusion during shock could lead to pancreatic damage resulting in trypsin liberation into the peritoneal space and an increase in plasma levels. Trypsin is able to activate inflammatory cascades and leucocytes and could play a role in multiple organ failure. Further studies are needed to evaluate the implications of changes in plasma trypsin in the disease process of equine acute abdomen and to demonstrate possible pancreatic damage. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasma trypsin level increase in horses during post-operative period after colic surgery.
Grulke, Sigrid ULg; Gangl, Monika; Deby, Ginette ULg et al

Conference (2001, October)

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See detailPlasma urea nitrogen and phosphorus in relation to pregnancy rate in dairy sheep
Karen, A.; Kovacs, P.; Beckers, Jean-François ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 24th World Buiatrics Congress (2006)

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See detailPlasma urea nitrogen in relation to pregnancy rate in dairy sheep
Karen, Aly; Beckers, Jean-François ULg; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg et al

in Animal reproduction science (2011), 124(1-2), 69-72

The aim of this field study was to investigate the relationship of plasma urea nitrogen (PUN) with the pregnancy rate in lactating AwassixMerino ewes. One hundred and eighty-five AwassixMerino ewes were ... [more ▼]

The aim of this field study was to investigate the relationship of plasma urea nitrogen (PUN) with the pregnancy rate in lactating AwassixMerino ewes. One hundred and eighty-five AwassixMerino ewes were used in the present study. Ewes were fed a diet containing 17.4% crude protein and were milked twice a day by the milking machine. The ewes were synchronized for estrus by insertion of intravaginal sponges containing 30mg flurogestone acetate for 14 days. At the time of sponge removal each ewe was administered eCG (600IU). All ewes were inseminated twice with fresh semen into the external os of the cervix at 48 and 56h after sponge removal. The day of insemination was considered as Day 0 for calculating the gestational period. Blood samples were collected from each ewe at Days 0, 18 for measurement of PUN concentrations and at Day 22 after AI for measurement of pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (PAG) by radioimmunoassay (RIA). Thirty-eight ewes (20.5%) were confirmed pregnant by PAG-RIA test at Day 22 and by ultrasonography at Day 80. The mean (+/-S.D.) concentration of PUN in all ewes at Day 0 was 12.7+/-4.6mmol/L. There were non-significant differences in the level of PUN between pregnant and non-pregnant ewes at Days 0 (12.2+/-4.2mmol/L vs. 12.8+/-4.7mmol/L, respectively) and 18 (9.6+/-2.9mmol/L vs. 10.4+/-4.0mmol/L, respectively) after AI. Mean PUN concentrations decreased significantly from Day 0 to Day 18 after AI in both pregnant and non-pregnant ewes. By using logistic regression analysis, there was no effect of PUN concentrations on the probability of pregnancy occurrence in the studied ewes (odds ratio: 0.97; 95% confidence interval: 0.9-1.05; P=0.45). In conclusion, there was no evidence of a relationship between PUN concentration and pregnancy rate for lactating AwassixMerino ewes in the present study because of low pregnancy rate observed. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasma Vitamin E, Total Lipids and Myeloperoxidase Levels During Spinal Surgery. A Comparison between Two Anesthetic Agents: Propofol and Isoflurane
Hans, Pol ULg; Canivet, Jean-Luc ULg; Pincemail, Joël ULg et al

in Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica (1991), 35(4), 302-5

Plasma levels of vitamin E (Vit. E), total lipids (TL), Vit. E to TL ratio and myeloperoxidase (MPO) were studied in 20 patients undergoing lumbar spinal surgery and randomly allocated to two anesthetic ... [more ▼]

Plasma levels of vitamin E (Vit. E), total lipids (TL), Vit. E to TL ratio and myeloperoxidase (MPO) were studied in 20 patients undergoing lumbar spinal surgery and randomly allocated to two anesthetic groups: propofol (bolus dose + continuous infusion and thiopental/isoflurane. Peripheral blood samples were withdrawn prior to induction, each hour during anesthesia and 1 h after the end of surgery. Mean Vit. E and TL levels as well as mean Vit. E to TL ratios remained in the normal range over the entire period of study whatever the anesthetic regimen. MPO levels rose significantly in the post-operative period only, but without statistical difference between the two groups. Therefore, anesthesia with propofol or thiopental/isoflurane modifies neither total lipid concentrations nor plasma Vit. E, which is a potent endogenous inhibitor of lipid peroxidation bound to lipoproteins. The rise of plasma MPO suggests a moderate post-operative neutrophil activation which is not influenced by anesthetic techniques. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasma- en intracellulaire vrije aminozuren concentraties in jonge vleesstieren van 2 verschillende rassen
Van Eenaeme, Christian ULg; Baldwin, Paule; Clinquart, Antoine ULg et al

in Proceedings 16e Studiedag Nederlandstalige Voedingsonderzoekers (1991)

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See detailPlasmacytoma of the thyroid: a case report, a study with use of the immunoperoxidase technique, and a review of the literature.
Beguin, Yves ULg; Boniver, Jacques ULg; Bury, J. et al

in Surgery (1987), 101(4), 496-500

A case of solitary plasmacytoma of the thyroid is reported. A monoclonal component (IgG lambda) was identified in the serum of the patient and disappeared after total thyroidectomy and radiotherapy. The ... [more ▼]

A case of solitary plasmacytoma of the thyroid is reported. A monoclonal component (IgG lambda) was identified in the serum of the patient and disappeared after total thyroidectomy and radiotherapy. The use of the immunoperoxidase technique on thyroid, bone marrow, and lymph node specimens allowed us to demonstrate the production of IgG lambda by the tumor, and to rule out the possibility of multiple myeloma. Previously reported cases are reviewed (15 cases). The diagnostic criteria, the association with thyroiditis, and the treatment of this rare disorder are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasmatic cystatin C for the estimation of glomerular filtration rate in intensive care units
Delanaye, Pierre ULg; Lambermont, Bernard ULg; Chapelle, Jean-Paul ULg et al

in Intensive Care Medicine (2004), 30(5), 980-983

OBJECTIVE: To compare the sensitivity of cystatin C and creatinine in detecting decreased glomerular filtration rate. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Medical intensive care unit at a ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To compare the sensitivity of cystatin C and creatinine in detecting decreased glomerular filtration rate. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Medical intensive care unit at a university hospital. PATIENTS AND PARTICIPANTS: Fourteen patients hospitalised in a medical intensive care unit. INTERVENTIONS: Cystatin C and creatinine plasmatic levels were measured in 40 blood samples taken with an interval of at least 24 h. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Glomerular filtration rate was estimated by creatinine clearance using 24-h urine collection and the classical Cockcroft-Gault equation. The ability of cystatin C to detect a glomerular filtration rate under 80 ml/min per 1.73 m(2) was significantly better than that of creatinine ( p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Cystatin C, a new plasmatic marker of renal function, could be used to detect renal failure in intensive care in the future. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasmatic profiles of pregnancy-associated glycoprotein and progesterone levels during gestation in Churra and Merino sheep
Ranilla, Marie-José; Sulon, Joseph ULg; Carro, M. D. et al

in Theriogenology (1994), 42(3), 537-545

This study was carried out to determine ovine pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (oPAG) and progesterone (P4) levels in the serum of Churra and Merino ewes throughout gestation and the first month post ... [more ▼]

This study was carried out to determine ovine pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (oPAG) and progesterone (P4) levels in the serum of Churra and Merino ewes throughout gestation and the first month post partum. The oPAG levels were determined with an heterologus RIA using bovine PAG as standard and tracer and rabbit antiserum against oPAG, sensitivity was 4.0 ng/ml. The P4 levels were measured with a radioimmunological procedure, including a specific extraction step with petroleum ether (bp 60–80°C) with a sensitivity of less than 0.1 ng/ml. There were no differences (P<0.10) in the oPAG profile between breeds from Weeks 1 to 18. From Week 18 to lambing, oPAG concentrations increased rapidly in Churra ewes (on average, from 250 to 650 ng/ml) while remaining relatively constant in the Merino ewes (around 250 ng/ml). No significant differences (P>0.05) were observed for mean weekly P4 levels between the 2 breeds. In both breeds, P4 increased throughout the whole length of gestation, with the highest level measured at Weeks 19–20, then declined 2 wk before parturition. No correlation was found between P4 and oPAG concentrations during gestation in either of the breeds. After lambing, oPAG and P4 levels decreased rapidly in 4 wk to basal values. In both breeds the oPAG concentrations at Weeks 19, 20 and 21 of gestation in ewes carrying male fetuses were higher than in those carrying female fetuses. From the results, we conclude that the breed and sex of the fetus could influence the production of oPAG. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasmid replicon typing in veterinary medicine
Mainil, Jacques ULg

Scientific conference (1989, February)

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See detailPlasmid-associated bacteriocin production by Lactobacillus LMG21688 Listeria monocytogenes growth rebound in a food system.
Kouakou, P.; Dortu, C.; Dubois Dauphin, Robin ULg et al

in FEMS Microbiology Letters (2010), 306(1), 37-44

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See detailPlasmids for heavy metal resistance in Alcaligenes eutrophus CH34: Mechanisms and applications
Collard, Jean-Marc; Corbisier, Philippe; Diels, Ludo et al

in FEMS Microbiology Reviews (1994), 14

Alcaligenes eutrophus CH34 is the main representative of a group of strongly related strains (mostly facultative chemolithotrophs) that are well adapted to environments containing high levels of heavy ... [more ▼]

Alcaligenes eutrophus CH34 is the main representative of a group of strongly related strains (mostly facultative chemolithotrophs) that are well adapted to environments containing high levels of heavy metals. It harbors the megaplasmids pMOL28 and pMOL30 which carry resistance determinants to Co2+, Ni2+, CrO42-, Hg2+, Tl+, Cd2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+. Among the best characterized determinants are the cnr operon (resistance to Co, Ni) an pMOL28 and the czc operon on pMOL30 (resistance to Co, Cd and Zn). Although the two systems reveal a significant degree of amino acid similarity in the structural genes, the regulation of the operons is different. The resistance mechanism in both cases is based on efflux. The efflux mechanism leads to a pH increase outside of the cytoplasmic membrane. Metals are sequestered from the external medium through the bioprecipitation of metal carbonates formed in the saturated zone around the cell. This latter phenomenon can be exploited in bioreactors designed to remove metals from effluents. The bacteria are immobilized on composite membranes in a continuous tubular membrane reactor (CTMR). The effluent continuously circulates through the intertubular space, while the external surface of the tubes is in contact with the growth medium. Metal crystals are eventually removed by the effluent stream and collected on a glass bead column. The system has been applied to effluents containing Cd, Zn, Co, Ni and Cu. By introducing catabolic plasmids involved in the aerobic degradation of PCBs and 2,4-D into metal-resistant A. eutrophus strains, the application range was widened to include effluents polluted with both organic and inorganic substances. Biosensors have been developed which are based on the fusion of genes induced by metals to a reporter system, the lux operon of Vibrio fischeri. Bacterial luciferases produce light through the oxidation of fatty aldehydes. The gene fusions are useful both for the study of regulatory genes and for the determination of heavy metal concentrations in the environment. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasmin-activated doxorubicin prodrugs containing a spacer reduce tumor growth and angiogenesis without systemic toxicity
Devy, L.; de Groot, F. M.; Blacher, Silvia ULg et al

in FASEB Journal (2004), 18(3), 565-567

To generate doxorubicin (Dox) specifically at the tumor site, the chemotherapeutic agent was incorporated into a prodrug by linkage to a peptide specifically recognized by plasmin, which is overproduced ... [more ▼]

To generate doxorubicin (Dox) specifically at the tumor site, the chemotherapeutic agent was incorporated into a prodrug by linkage to a peptide specifically recognized by plasmin, which is overproduced in many cancers. ST-9905, which contains an elongated self-elimination spacer, is activated more rapidly in vitro by plasmin than is ST-9802. Prodrug activation in vitro depended on the level of urokinase produced by tumor cells and was inhibited by aprotinin, a plasmin inhibitor. Comparison of equimolar concentrations of ST-9905, ST-9802, and Dox in EF43.fgf-4 and MCF7 models revealed that both prodrugs, in sharp contrast to Dox, displayed antiproliferative and antiangiogenic activities without discernible toxicity. Although MCF7 cells are poor urokinase producers in vitro, prodrug efficacy in this model may be explained by production of plasmin by tumor-infiltrating host cells. Mice treated with equitoxic concentrations (maximum tolerated doses) of prodrugs showed 100% survival and negligible body weight loss, in contrast to results after Dox treatment. ST-9905 was substantially more effective than ST9802 and induced similar tumor growth inhibition as Dox but without apparent toxicity. This finding may be explained by the elongated spacer, which facilitates enzymatic prodrug activation. These data validate both the use of elongated spacers in vivo and the concept of targeting anticancer prodrugs to tumor-associated plasmin. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor PAI-1 Controls in Vivo Tumor Vascularization by Interaction with Proteases, Not Vitronectin. Implications for Antiangiogenic Strategies
Bajou, Khalid ULg; Masson, Véronique ULg; Gerard, R. D. et al

in Journal of Cell Biology (2001), 152(4), 777-84

The plasminogen (Plg)/plasminogen activator (PA) system plays a key role in cancer progression, presumably via mediating extracellular matrix degradation and tumor cell migration. Consequently, urokinase ... [more ▼]

The plasminogen (Plg)/plasminogen activator (PA) system plays a key role in cancer progression, presumably via mediating extracellular matrix degradation and tumor cell migration. Consequently, urokinase-type PA (uPA)/plasmin antagonists are currently being developed for suppression of tumor growth and angiogenesis. Paradoxically, however, high levels of PA inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) are predictive of a poor prognosis for survival of patients with cancer. We demonstrated previously that PAI-1 promoted tumor angiogenesis, but by an unresolved mechanism. We anticipated that PAI-1 facilitated endothelial cell migration via its known interaction with vitronectin (VN) and integrins. However, using adenoviral gene transfer of PAI-1 mutants, we observed that PAI-1 promoted tumor angiogenesis, not by interacting with VN, but rather by inhibiting proteolytic activity, suggesting that excessive plasmin proteolysis prevents assembly of tumor vessels. Single deficiency of uPA, tissue-type PA (tPA), uPA receptor, or VN, as well as combined deficiencies of uPA and tPA did not impair tumor angiogenesis, whereas lack of Plg reduced it. Overall, these data indicate that plasmin proteolysis, even though essential, must be tightly controlled during tumor angiogenesis, probably to allow vessel stabilization and maturation. These data provide insights into the clinical paradox whereby PAI-1 promotes tumor progression and warrant against the uncontrolled use of uPA/plasmin antagonists as tumor angiogenesis inhibitors. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) controls bone marrow-dependent and independent vascularization
Jost, M; Maillard, C; Lecomte, J et al

Poster (2006)

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See detailPlasminogen activator inhibitor type I (PAI-1) controls bone marrow-dependent and independent vascularization
Jost, M.; Maillard, Catherine ULg; Lambert, Vincent ULg et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2006), 61(2, MAR-APR), 87

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See detailPlasminogen activator inhibitor-1 protects endothelial cells from FasL-mediated apoptosis.
Bajou, Khalid ULg; Peng, H.; Laug, W. E. et al

in Cancer Cell (2008), 14(4), 324-34

Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) paradoxically enhances tumor progression and angiogenesis; however, the mechanism supporting this role is not known. Here we provide evidence that PAI-1 is ... [more ▼]

Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) paradoxically enhances tumor progression and angiogenesis; however, the mechanism supporting this role is not known. Here we provide evidence that PAI-1 is essential to protect endothelial cells (ECs) from FasL-mediated apoptosis. In the absence of host-derived PAI-1, human neuroblastoma cells implanted in PAI-1-deficient mice form smaller and poorly vascularized tumors containing an increased number of apoptotic ECs. We observed that knockdown of PAI-1 in ECs enhances cell-associated plasmin activity and increases spontaneous apoptosis in vitro. We further demonstrate that plasmin cleaves FasL at Arg144-Lys145, releasing a soluble proapoptotic FasL fragment from the surface of ECs. The data provide a mechanism explaining the proangiogenic activity of PAI-1. [less ▲]

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