Browsing
     by title


0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

or enter first few letters:   
OK
Full Text
See detailThe polyphony of public funding instruments in science and innovation policy
Fallon, Catherine ULg

Scientific conference (2012, March 15)

During the last decennia, the Walloon region in Belgium has launched new instruments to strategically fund university research. A new program called "Poles of Competitiveness" supports collaborative ... [more ▼]

During the last decennia, the Walloon region in Belgium has launched new instruments to strategically fund university research. A new program called "Poles of Competitiveness" supports collaborative research between industry and universities (Fallon & Delvenne 2010). Public funds support public-private partnerships between firms and universities. These new instruments interfere with established forms of distributed governance: industry partners are called upon to take the lead in the strategic management of large research programs and universities entered rapidly the game, while the regional administration are put on the side. Based on field research (Fallon 2011), the paper will discuss the impact of this transformation on the spaces of interactions between the actors of the STI regime: university, researchers, public administration, industry and stakeholders (Lepori 2011), all struggling for the definition of settings of participation and of administrative and political control (Buisson-Fenet 2008). We put in the fore historic and recent transformations of these socio-political spaces, to apprehend the complexity of institutions, norms, discourses and networks of the different stakeholders and to analyse how they adapted to the new set of policy instruments. In reference to the new avenue for public policy analysis of the "instruments in action" (Lascoumes & Le Galès 2007), we consider instrument as socio-technical device, carrying a concrete concept of the politics/society relationship, as well as meanings and representations. The choice of an instrument itself is a dynamic translation process (Callon 1986) and the use of methodological approaches derived from ANT help unveil the dynamics of institutional innovation and organisational learning: the researcher observes how actors mobilise objects and are being constrained by them, giving shape to internal procedures of categorisation and hierarchisation, with identification processes contributing to the definition of institutional boundaries (Douglas, 1986). The fieldwork thoroughly deconstructed emerging policy instruments and put them in perspective with the other policy support schemes used by the same researchers. The analysis of the transformation / emergence of instruments contributes to illuminate the diversity of networks, in terms of forms of cooperation, heterogeneity, power relations, time perspectives and representations. This instrumental polyphony can be considered as an asset, particularly for those researchers capable of strategically using them (Shinn & Lamy 2006). An instrument is dynamic, undergoing continuous transformation to adapt to contingency (Rayner 1986). Eg. the research council FNRS was settled in 1927 as a structure of collegiality and it consistently refused to become a part of a formal administration with its specific hierarchy. Recent transformations show confrontation of the logic of mutuality with a logic of global marketisation. In order to enrich the theoretical discussions, we propose to confront the propositions derived from the culturalist approach of coordination schemes (the grid/group cultural theory by Douglas (1986) and mobilised by Hood (1998) distinguishes four basic organizational types: hierarchic, fatalist, egalitarian and individualist; each of them favouring a specific mode of cooperation and control : random /mutuality /hierarchy / market) with the lessons we could learn by using the conceptual framework proposed by Lepori (2011). In their review of the "institutional dynamics of culture", 6 & Mars (2008) showed how the work of Douglas (1986) permeated most disciplines of social sciences: considering the four basic institutional forms of Douglas (1986), researchers further analysed how "anomalies" (anomalies under the system of classification that operate in a given institutional setting) are signs of on going hybridisation and social change (Thompson 1996) grounded on endogenous institutional dynamics. Made visible through a fieldwork mapping emerging hybrid forms, conflicts between the institutional forms are to be analysed as drivers of change. This is also central in the work launched by Hood on the "Art of the State" (1998) when considering the limited forms of institutional coordination to be found in public administrations and in the analysis of policy instruments. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (2 ULg)
See detailPolyphosphate-based copolymers for drug delivery applications
Lecomte, Philippe ULg

Conference (2013, April 09)

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (1 ULg)
See detailPolyplexes Targeting Angiogenesis in Cancer
Frère, Antoine ULg; Peixoto, Paul ULg; Kawalec, Michal et al

Poster (2014, April)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPolyploid formation in cotton is not accompanied by rapid genomic changes
Liu, B.; Brubaker, Cl.; Mergeai, Guy ULg et al

in Genome (2001), 44(3), 321-330

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLa polysémie de la métaphore: Introduction à l’approche cognitive du langage
Perrez, Julien ULg

Scientific conference (2010, February 19)

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPolytropes as simple models of beta Cephei stars
Godart, Mélanie ULg; Scuflaire, Richard ULg; Thoul, Anne ULg et al

in Communications in Asteroseismology (2006), 147

Beta Cephei stars have a simple structure: a convective core surrounded by a radiative envelope. It is therefore worth trying to describe beta Cephei stars with composite polytropes which are useful to ... [more ▼]

Beta Cephei stars have a simple structure: a convective core surrounded by a radiative envelope. It is therefore worth trying to describe beta Cephei stars with composite polytropes which are useful to retrieve structure parameters from frequency spectra. We show that the structure of beta Cephei models can relatively well be described with two-zone polytropic models. However this description is not convincing to depict oscillations of beta Cephei models. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (7 ULg)
See detailPolyubiquitination of the scaffold protein tank/I-traf: implications for the TLR-mediated signalling pathways
Gatot, J. S.; Gioia, R.; Chau, Tieu-Lan ULg et al

Poster (2007, March)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (4 ULg)
Full Text
See detailThe Pomeron and odderon to order alpha-s**3
Cudell, Jean-René ULg; Nguyen, Bao

in Schechter, J. (Ed.) WALIFEST - MRST 15: NEW DIRECTIONS IN THE APPLICATION OF SYMMETRY PRINCIPLES TO ELEMENTARY PARTICLE PHYSICS (1993)

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailPomme: maladies de conservation. La lutte biologique au moyen de deux souches de levures.
Jijakli, Mohamed ULg

in Arboriculture Fruitiere (2000), (539), 19-23

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (4 ULg)
See detailLe pompage éolien
Debouche, Charles ULg; Leclercq, Vincent; Xanthoulis, Dimitri ULg

Book - FAO (1994)

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (5 ULg)
Full Text
See detailPompe externe à perfusion continue d'insuline et lipodystrophies
RADERMECKER, Régis ULg

in Infusystemes France (2007), 24(2), 13-16

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa pompe musculo-veineuse de la personne âgée
Petermans, Jean ULg; Zicot, M.

in Journal des Maladies Vasculaires (1994), 19(2), 115-8

We study the musculo-venous pump in an elderly population, free of venous disease, by use of a digitized photoplethysmograph. We measure the venous refilling time (To) and the venous drainage (Vo) during ... [more ▼]

We study the musculo-venous pump in an elderly population, free of venous disease, by use of a digitized photoplethysmograph. We measure the venous refilling time (To) and the venous drainage (Vo) during active and passive movement. In the first part, we measure Vo and To during active and passive ankle flexions among 17 patients (34 limbs) aged 82.2 years. These variables are compared to the results of the same measurements obtained among 15 young adults aged 45.1 years (30 limbs). We find that To and Vo are significantly lower in the oldest population (To j 35.9 +/- 4.8 sec, To aged 16.1 +/- 5.2 sec, p < 0.001, Vo j 4.98 +/- 1.1%, Vo ag 2.97 +/- 1%, p < 0.001). In the second part of this work, a passive massage of the calf is substituted to the ankle flexions. This technique is applied to 19 elderly people aged 80.4 years (37 limbs) compared to 6 young adults aged 24 years (12 limbs). In these conditions the comparison is no more in favour of the younger group (To j 37 +/- 7.5 sec, To ag 30.6 +/- 4.1 sec, Vo j 4.03 +/- 1.5%, Vo ag 3.8 +/- 0.06%). The values measured in the elderly group are in the range of normal values. We conclude that senescence does not alter the venous system itself. The present work confirms the influence of extravascular factors as muscles, understanding and coordination of the motions, articular flexibility, on the performance of the musculo venous pomp. As far as possible, the muscular and articular activity has to be encouraged in elderly people in order to reduce the venous stasis. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe ponA gene of Enterococcus faecalis JH2-2 codes for a low-affinity class a penicillin-binding protein
Duez, Colette ULg; Hallut, Séverine; Rhazi, Noureddine ULg et al

in Journal of Bacteriology (2004), 186(13), 4412-4416

soluble derivative of the Enterococcus faecalis JH2-2 class A PBP1 (*PBP1) was overproduced and purified. It exhibited a glycosyltransferase activity on the Escherichia coli (14)C(-)labeled lipid 11 ... [more ▼]

soluble derivative of the Enterococcus faecalis JH2-2 class A PBP1 (*PBP1) was overproduced and purified. It exhibited a glycosyltransferase activity on the Escherichia coli (14)C(-)labeled lipid 11 precursor. As a DD-peptidase, it could hydrolyze thiolester substrates with efficiencies similar to those of other class A penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) and bind beta-lactams, but with k(2)/K (a parameter accounting for the acylation step efficiency) values characteristic of penicillin-resistant PBPs. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (8 ULg)
See detailLa ponctuation avant la ponctuation. L’organisation du message écrit dans l’Égypte pharaonique
Winand, Jean ULg

in À qui appartient la ponctuation ? (1998)

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (8 ULg)