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See detailAsymptotic solutions for the case of nearly symmetric gravitational lens systems
Wertz, Olivier ULg; Pelgrims, Vincent ULg; Surdej, Jean ULg

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2012), 424

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See detailAsymptotic stability conditions for time-variant systems and observability : uniform and non-uniform criteria
Aeyels, D.; Sepulchre, Rodolphe ULg; Peuteman, J.

in Mathematics of Control, Signals & Systems (1998), 11

This paper presents some new criteria for uniform and non uniform asymtotic stability of equilibria for time-variant differential equations and this within a Liapunov approach. The stability criteria are ... [more ▼]

This paper presents some new criteria for uniform and non uniform asymtotic stability of equilibria for time-variant differential equations and this within a Liapunov approach. The stability criteria are formulated in terms of certain observability conditions with the output derived from the Liapunov function. For some classes of systems, this system theoretic interpretation proves to be fruitful since - after establishing the invariance of observability under output injection - this enables us to check the stability criteria on a simpler system. This procedure is illustrated for some classical examples. [less ▲]

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See detailAsymptotic standard errors of robust estimators of ability in dichotomous item response models
Magis, David ULg

Conference (2013, October 10)

In item response theory, the classical estimators of ability are highly sensitive to response disturbances and can return strongly biased estimates of the true underlying ability level. Robust methods ... [more ▼]

In item response theory, the classical estimators of ability are highly sensitive to response disturbances and can return strongly biased estimates of the true underlying ability level. Robust methods were introduced to lessen the impact of such aberrant responses onto the estimation process. The computation of asymptotic (i.e., large sample) standard errors (ASE) for these robust estimators, however, has not been fully considered yet. This paper focuses on a broad class of robust ability estimators, de ned by an appropriate selection of the weight function and the residual measure, for which the ASE is derived from the theory of estimating equations. The maximum likelihood (ML) and the robust estimators, together with their estimated ASE, are then compared through a simulation study. It is concluded that both the estimators and their ASE perform similarly in absence of response disturbances, while the robust estimator and its estimated ASE are less biased and outperform their ML counterparts in presence of response disturbances with large impact on the item response process. [less ▲]

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See detailAsymptotics of the S-matrix and unitarisation
Selyugin, O. V.; Cudell, Jean-René ULg

in Physics of Particles and Nuclei (2010), 41

The manner in which the elastic scattering amplitude obeys unitarity, how it enters the circle of unitarity, and what its asymptotic limit is, remains a problem for models which include terms that rise ... [more ▼]

The manner in which the elastic scattering amplitude obeys unitarity, how it enters the circle of unitarity, and what its asymptotic limit is, remains a problem for models which include terms that rise fast with s. We have checked that the features of cross sections which come from unitarisation are present for most unitarisation schemes, e.g. those that saturate the profile function or those that describe multiple exchanges via an analytic formula. We have also obtained a scheme which interpolates between different classes of the unitarisation and found corresponding non-linear equations. Considering different forms of energy dependence of the scattering amplitude, and a variety of unitarisation schemes, we show that, in order to reproduce the data, the fits choose an amplitude that corresponds to an asymptotic value S = 0. [less ▲]

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See detailAt Least Three Subdomains of V-Erba Are Involved in Its Silencing Function
Busch, Kerstin; Martin, Bernd; Baniahmad, Aria et al

in Molecular Endocrinology (1997), 11(3), 379-89

Several members of the thyroid hormone receptor (TR) family are able to switch from a transcriptional repressor to a transcriptional activator upon binding of their ligand. The oncogene v-erbA is a ... [more ▼]

Several members of the thyroid hormone receptor (TR) family are able to switch from a transcriptional repressor to a transcriptional activator upon binding of their ligand. The oncogene v-erbA is a variant form of the TR unable to bind hormone and thus acts as a constitutive repressor. We demonstrate, using fusion proteins between the DNA-binding domain of the yeast factor GAL4 and the silencing domains of v-erbA and TR beta, that point mutations in three different regions severely affect their repression function. Furthermore, the three regions, each as an inactive fusion protein with the GAL4 DNA-binding domain, restore silencing activity when assembled on the same promoter. These observations define at least three silencing subdomains, SSD1-SSD3, which are involved in the silencing function of v-erbA. We propose a model in which full silencing activity is brought about by the combined interaction of each silencing subdomain with corepressors and/or basal transcription factors. [less ▲]

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See detailAt least two expressed genes for transcription factors Pitx2 and Rpx are present in common carp and are upregulated during winter acclimatization.
Kausel, G.; Vera, T.; Valenzuela, G. et al

in General and Comparative Endocrinology (2010), 169(3), 250-257

The mechanisms of seasonal acclimatization in eurythermal fish such as common carp are not fully understood. Here, we concentrate on the regulation of pituitary factors, as this organ was shown to be ... [more ▼]

The mechanisms of seasonal acclimatization in eurythermal fish such as common carp are not fully understood. Here, we concentrate on the regulation of pituitary factors, as this organ was shown to be highly affected by seasonal changes. We cloned and sequenced two different cDNAs for each of the transcription factors Pitx2 and Rpx, known to play a role in pituitary development. We show that these genes are conserved throughout evolution, to different degrees depending on the specific domain considered. Finally, we show that the cDNAs for both factors are clearly up-regulated during the winter season, in sharp contrast to other regulators such as Pit1 or pituitary hormone genes such as prolactin (prl) and growth hormone (gh). Our results suggest that increased expression of Pitx2 and Rpx contributes to seasonal adaptation of common carp to winter conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailAt Least Two Regions Of The Oncoprotein Tre2 Are Involved In Its Lack Of Gap Activity
Bizimungu, C.; Vandenbol, Micheline ULg

in Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications (2005), 335(3),

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See detailAt the center, what?’ Giacomo Joyce, Roland Barthes and the Novelistic Fragment
Delville, Michel ULg

in James Joyce Quarterly (1999), 36(4), 765-780

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See detailAt the crossing of physics and Aercheology : the OSIRIS project
Renotte, Yvon ULg; Laboury, Dimitri ULg; Tilkens, Bernard et al

in Europhysics News (2004), 35/6

How physics can help aercheology, including a path to the parket

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See detailAt the crossroad of thiamine degradation and biosynthesis
Bettendorff, Lucien ULg

in Nature Chemical Biology (2007), 3(8), 454-455

The physiological significance of thiaminase II has escaped our understanding for many years. The recent discovery of a new thiamine salvage pathway shows that this enzyme is involved in the regeneration ... [more ▼]

The physiological significance of thiaminase II has escaped our understanding for many years. The recent discovery of a new thiamine salvage pathway shows that this enzyme is involved in the regeneration of precursors for thiamine biosynthesis. [less ▲]

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See detailAt the Crossroads of Greek and Roman Medicine: the Contribution of Latin Papyri. I. Medical Texts
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg

in Maire, Brigitte (Ed.) 'Greek' and 'Roman' in Latin Medical Texts. Studies in Cultural Change and Exchange in Ancient Medicine (2014, July)

Far fewer Latin medical papyri, whether paraliterary, documentary or magical, have survived compared to Greek medical papyri, but they nonetheless provide interesting information about medical practices ... [more ▼]

Far fewer Latin medical papyri, whether paraliterary, documentary or magical, have survived compared to Greek medical papyri, but they nonetheless provide interesting information about medical practices in the Graeco-Roman world, the relationship between Greek and Latin medical languages, and the choices made to use one rather than the other, a subject that has never been exhaustively studied. As part of the update undertaken by CEDOPAL since 2008 of the Corpus Papyrorum Latinarum, published fifty years ago by the late Robert Cavenaile, we have inventoried Latin papyri containing medical references, classifying them by type or nature of content, provenance, form, layout and writing. We finally analyse their content and what it reveals about the reception of Greek medicine by Latin or Latin-speeking writers. [less ▲]

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See detailAt the Crossroads of Greek and Roman Medicine: The Contribution of Latin Papyri. II. Iatromagical Papyri
de Haro Sanchez, Magali ULg

in Maire, Brigitte (Ed.) Xe Colloque International sur les textes médicaux latins : « A la croisée des médecines grecque et romaine : contributions à l’histoire d’une greffe scientifique et culturelle » (2010, November 04)

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See detailAt the Cutting Edge. Biosynthesis and Paracrine/Cryptocrine Actions of 'Self' Neurohypophysial-Related Peptides in the Thymus
Geenen, Vincent ULg; Robert, F.; Martens, Henri ULg et al

in Molecular & Cellular Endocrinology (1991), 76(1-3), 27-31

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See detail“ At the intersections between Care Labor Migration and Transnational Family Care Circulation: the case of Colombian and Ecuadorian Care-Workers in the Global City of Brussels.”
Vivas Romero, Maria ULg

Conference (2014, May 08)

In Belgium, female migrant Care workers are key elements for the demographic challenges the country faces. The ageing of the population and the insertion of native women in the labor market led to an ... [more ▼]

In Belgium, female migrant Care workers are key elements for the demographic challenges the country faces. The ageing of the population and the insertion of native women in the labor market led to an increasing demand for their liable/affordable care-work. A key aspect that might help us to understand their careers toward their incorporation in Belgium are the circulations of care among and within their transnational family networks; which fluctuate over the life course and are subject to political, economic, cultural and social contexts of both sending and receiving societies. This study focuses precisely on the labor migration of Ecuadorian/Colombian care-workers in the global city of Brussels. Their labor migration could be seen as the result of their specific type of labor Care Work, the transnational care circulations among their families and the individual gender role changes that allow them to mobilize such resources. Considering this context, this research aims to understand how these women are actively mobilizing Transnational/familial Care Circulations in their careers towards their Incorporation in Belgium. In order to do so I will make use of a Care Circulation approach, which allows me to: Firstly, understand the individual characteristics and the transnational changes in Gender roles that either facilitates or constraint this mobilization of care. Secondly, link the individual level to the opportunities and constraints posed by the state institutions and migration regimes in this mobilization of care. Lastly, it allows me to take a look at the networks of co-nationals who over time sustain their settlement in Belgium and their transnational care-giving practices. It is through the combination of these past three aspects that this research contributes to a better understanding of the feminization of care labor migration in Belgium; by analyzing transnational family care circulation and showing the intersections between kinship and economic and political motivations in migratory moves, highlighting the role of family and the domestic sphere in sustaining diaspora ties and certain types of labor migration such as care-work. More over, it seeks to highlight these women’s agency within their transnational families and migratory projects, recognizing the heterogeneity in strategies and profiles even within the so-called “care sector”. [less ▲]

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See detailAt the other end of the field lines: the satellite footprints
Bonfond, Bertrand ULg

Conference (2011, April)

The electromagnetic perturbations caused by the interaction between the moons Io, Europa, and Ganymede and the Jovian magnetosphere propagate along magnetic field lines in the form of Alfvén waves and ... [more ▼]

The electromagnetic perturbations caused by the interaction between the moons Io, Europa, and Ganymede and the Jovian magnetosphere propagate along magnetic field lines in the form of Alfvén waves and finally create auroral footprints in Jupiter’s polar ionosphere. Thanks to the high spatial and temporal resolution of the Hubble Space Telescope, the analysis of the footprints in the Far UV domain provides extremely valuable information on these interactions. In the case of the Io footprint, the analysis of the multiplicity of the auroral spots and of their relative motion resulted into a new understanding of the far field interaction, which involves trans-hemispheric electron beams. Consistent with the in-situ energetic electrons observations, this scenario has been later reinforced by theoretical models simulating the Alfvén wave’s propagation and the ways these waves accelerate electrons. Moreover, while the altitude and the vertical profile of the auroral emissions provide crucial information on the energy of the precipitating electrons, the measure of the shape of the different sub-structures of the satellite footprints provides important clues about the size of the interaction region. The evolution of the footprint brightness is also an essential parameter for understanding the energies involved in the interaction. Finally, the study of the satellite footprints can also be used for broader purposes than just the investigation of the satellite-magnetosphere interaction, such as building more accurate Jovian magnetic field models. [less ▲]

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See detailAt which level of vitamin D should we aim?
CAVALIER, Etienne ULg

Conference (2014, January 18)

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See detailAtaxia-telangiectasia genes and breast cancer risk in a French family study
Andrieu, N.; Cavaciuti, E.; Lauge, A. et al

in Journal of Dairy Research (2005), 72(Sp. Iss. SI), 73-80

Ataxia-telangiectasia (AT) is a rare autosomal recessive early childhood disorder, characterized by progressive neuronal degeneration, immunological deficiency, radiosensitivity and an increased risk of ... [more ▼]

Ataxia-telangiectasia (AT) is a rare autosomal recessive early childhood disorder, characterized by progressive neuronal degeneration, immunological deficiency, radiosensitivity and an increased risk of cancer caused in most cases by mutations in the AT-mutated gene (ATM). Epidemiological studies on AT families have shown that AT heterozygous women have an increased risk of developing breast cancer (BC). The ATM protein plays a central role in the recognition and repair of DNA double-strand breaks and the subsequent activation of cell-cycle checkpoints. Whilst AT is a rare disease, 0-5-1 % of the general population are estimated to be AT mutation carriers, thus any increases in the risks of cancer associated with ATM carrier status are of public health relevance. The main results of our published studies on the risk of BC in 34 French AT families according to heterozygote status, type of ATM mutation and exogenous factors are summarized here. The risk of BC was higher in ATM heterozygous (HetATM) women and did not differ significantly according to the type of ATM mutation (missense vs truncating) carried by the AT family members but appeared associated with the position of some truncating mutations in certain binding domains of the ATM protein. The effect of exogenous factors, such as reproductive life factors and exposure to ionizing radiation, on the risk of BC according to ATM heterozygote status was assessed. There was no evidence for interaction (except for age at first full-term pregnancy). These findings does not appear to justify a separate screening program from that already available to other women with a first-degree relative affected by BC, as their risks have similar amplitude. Chest X-rays did not appear to be a risk factor for BC in our study population. More powerful studies, using data sets pooled from international sources are being set up to confirm these observations. [less ▲]

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See detailAtelier 1: la démarche expérimentale comme référent externe à l'autorité du professeur ... ou quand le bruit et l'action sont synonymes d'apprentissage et de compétences...
Hindryckx, Marie-Noëlle ULg; Daussogne, Christine

in Puzzle (2007), (23), 28-29

Comment mener une démarche expérimentale en classe de sciences. Mise en situation concrète du public pour dégager des pistes de réponses aux questions suivantes: que fait-on en classe lorsqu'on ... [more ▼]

Comment mener une démarche expérimentale en classe de sciences. Mise en situation concrète du public pour dégager des pistes de réponses aux questions suivantes: que fait-on en classe lorsqu'on expérimente? Quel est le rôle de l'élève? Celui du professeur? Quels sont les avantages de travailler de la sorte? Qui fait "Autorité" dans tout cela?... Réflexions étayées par des résultats de recherche-action au fondamental [less ▲]

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