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See detailParticle Size and Shape Characterisation - Current Technology and Practice
Hart, Jarrod; Zhu, Yingdan; Pirard, Eric ULg

in Christidis, George (Ed.) Advances in the Characterization of Industrial Minerals (2011)

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See detailParticle size distribution of limestone fillers: granulometry and specific surface area investigations
Courard, Luc ULg; Michel, Frédéric ULg

in Particulate Science and Technology (2014), 32(4),

Mineral fillers can be defined as “inert materials included in a mix design for some useful purpose”. They can be added to compounds in order to complete a large variety of final properties without ... [more ▼]

Mineral fillers can be defined as “inert materials included in a mix design for some useful purpose”. They can be added to compounds in order to complete a large variety of final properties without increasing costs or to improve specific characteristics like hardness, brittleness, impact strength, compressive strength, softening point, fire resistance, surface texture, electrical conductivity, …etc. In Belgium, locally available limestone fillers are specifically very well-adapted for the optimisation of particle packing and flow behaviour of cementitious pastes in concrete mixes. Limestone fillers may be easily characterized in terms of chemical and mineralogical properties. These properties are fundamental for the study of the behaviour of concrete mixes in fresh state and for understanding interactions existing at the level of the Interfacial Transition Zone between aggregates and cement paste. These properties are however insufficiently discriminant and particle size, as well as shape distribution, seem to have a potential influence on physical phenomena which happen during the setting process. The aim of this paper is to compare five major techniques used to quantify the size and the shape of limestone fillers particles: laser diffraction scattering, wet sieving and image analysis for particle size measurement and BET adsorption and Blaine permeability methods for specific surface area. [less ▲]

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See detailParticle size, shape and structure characterisation
Pirard, Eric ULg

Scientific conference (2012, May 15)

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See detailParticle texture analysis using polarized light imaging and grey level intercepts
Pirard, Eric ULg; Lebichot, Sophie; Krier, William

in International Journal of Mineral Processing (2007), 84(1-4), 299-309

The usual characterization of particulate ore material with image analysis includes modal analysis and liberation analysis. Both methods include stereological corrections based on intercept length ... [more ▼]

The usual characterization of particulate ore material with image analysis includes modal analysis and liberation analysis. Both methods include stereological corrections based on intercept length distributions within each phase of interest. The first principle of stereology relies on a simple assumption of uniform random sectioning, whereas the liberation models require all particles to have similar textural properties. However, for the sake of adequate prediction of ore behavior in industrial processes it is becoming more and more important to be able to describe particle populations in terms of texture classes. Among the texture analysis techniques, this paper focuses on mean intercept length (MIL). It brings two important improvements: the first one is to improve grain boundary imaging by using images of bireflectant minerals under plane polarized illumination, the second one is to consider intercept analysis on grey level images instead of binary ones. The method is illustrated on a selection of critical hematite textures found within banded iron formations. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailParticle-accelerating colliding-wind binaries: from the study of a few objects to a science case study
De Becker, Michaël ULg

Conference (2013, April 18)

The study of massive stars, and in particular of colliding-wind binaries, revealed the capability of some of them to accelerate particles up to relativistic energies. Since the 1980's, what appeared at ... [more ▼]

The study of massive stars, and in particular of colliding-wind binaries, revealed the capability of some of them to accelerate particles up to relativistic energies. Since the 1980's, what appeared at first sight to be an anomaly in their observational properties turns out to be the signature of important physical processes at work in a large number of objects. In this contribution, I summarize the current census of information relevant to the catalogue of Particle-Accelerating Colliding-Wind Binaries (PACWBs) that constitute a particular class of objects likely to contribute to the production of low energy Galactic cosmic-rays. On the basis of this census of information, some prospects for future observational strategies are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailParticle-in-particle morphology for the dispersed phase formed in reactive compatibilization of SAN/EPDM blends
Pagnoulle, Christophe; Jérôme, Robert ULg

in Polymer (2001), 42(5), 1893-1906

Poly(ethylene-co-propylene-co-diene) (EPDM) containing 50 wt% of poly(ethylene-co-propylene) grafted with maleic anhydride (EP-g-MA) has been melt blended with poly(styrene-co-acrylonitrile) (SAN) added ... [more ▼]

Poly(ethylene-co-propylene-co-diene) (EPDM) containing 50 wt% of poly(ethylene-co-propylene) grafted with maleic anhydride (EP-g-MA) has been melt blended with poly(styrene-co-acrylonitrile) (SAN) added with various amounts of reactive SAN, i.e. SAN bearing either primary amine (SAN-NH2) or carbamate groups (SAN-carb). Carbamate groups are precursors of primary amines by thermal thermolysis during melt processing. These reactive systems are good models for studying the effect of the kinetics of the interfacial reaction on the phase morphology. Reaction of maleic anhydride with the primary amine is indeed very fast, at high temperature, in contrast to the reaction with carbamate, which is controlled by the carbamate thermolyis into primary amine. Special attention has been paid to the experimental conditions required for the development of the particle-in-particle morphology for the dispersed phase. Depending on the mixing sequence and the grafting kinetics (NH2/MA versus carb/MA), this particular phase morphology can be forced or occurs spontaneously. [less ▲]

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See detailLe particolarità linguistiche dell'Anfitrione
Longrée, Dominique ULg

Scientific conference (2014)

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See detailA particular multiple endocrine neoplasia
Boccar, S; VROONEN, Laurent ULg; HAMOIR, Etienne ULg et al

in 23rd meeting of the Belgian Endocrine Society - Abstract book (2013, October 19)

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See detailParticular points of elastic analysis of clad pitched roof portal frame structures
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg

in Thin-Walled Structures (1984), 2(2), 165-174

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See detailParticularités de la contraction électro-induite : implications rééducatives
Vanderthommen, Marc ULg; Zahlan, O.; BAUVIR, Philippe ULg et al

in Kine 2000 (1999), 10

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See detailParticularités de la personne âgée malade
Petermans, Jean ULg

Conference (2013, March 22)

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See detailParticularités de la prise en charge de l’excès pondéral chez l’adolescent : résultats d’une enquête exploratoire
Glowacz, Fabienne ULg; Bourguignon, J. P.; Born, Michel ULg

in Bulletin d’Education du Patient (2000), 19(3), 132-140

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See detailParticularités des organismes des abysses et des sources hydrothermales.
Dauby, Patrick ULg; Coulon, Pierre

Article for general public (2003)

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See detailParticularités métaboliques et énergétiques de la contraction électrostimulée
Vanderthommen, Marc ULg

in Julia, M.; Perrey, S.; Dupeyron, A. (Eds.) et al Fatigue musculaire (2010)

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See detailParticularités physiologiques et physiopathologiques de la fonction pulmonaire des bovins
Lekeux, Pierre ULg

in Point Vétérinaire (1991), 23(140), 793-799

This review détails the specific factors of respiratory function in cattle, the purpose being to understand cattle's great sensitivity te respiratory conditions, to be able to breed them for an optimal ... [more ▼]

This review détails the specific factors of respiratory function in cattle, the purpose being to understand cattle's great sensitivity te respiratory conditions, to be able to breed them for an optimal functioning of their respiratory metabolism, and to adapt the prevention of respiratory conditions to the physiological specificity of this species. For each main respiratory syndrome, the consequences on the vital functions, and particularly for the respiratory function, are analyzed (9 tables, 33 references). [less ▲]

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See detailParticularities of Aphidius ervi embryo development and main limitations of its in vitro culture
Sabri, Ahmed ULg; Leroy, Pascal ULg; Hance, Thierry et al

Poster (2010, May 05)

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See detailParticularities of the bucco-pharyngeal apparatus in Zenarchopterus kampeni (Pisces : Hemiramphidae) and their probable significance in feeding
Vandewalle, Pierre ULg; Lambert, Vincianne; Parmentier, Eric ULg

in Belgian Journal of Zoology (2002), 132(2), 125-132

The present study shows several new anatomical particularities of the buccal and pharyngeal parts of the halfbeak Zenarchopterus kampeni. The upper buccal jaw consists of premaxillaries and maxillaries ... [more ▼]

The present study shows several new anatomical particularities of the buccal and pharyngeal parts of the halfbeak Zenarchopterus kampeni. The upper buccal jaw consists of premaxillaries and maxillaries tightly joined by ligaments. A 10degrees lowering of the mandible leads to a 30degrees elevation of the upper jaw. The adductor mandibulae is reduced to bundles A(2) and Aomega. As in the Labridae, the lower pharyngeal jaw articulates with the scapular girdle. The upper pharyngeal jaw consists of distinct second pharyngobranchials followed by the third pharyngobranchials fused into a powerful posterior component. This part fits into and slides along a longitudinal ventral gutter of the neuroranium, thanks not only to the dorsal retractor muscles but also to specific retractors of the second pharyngobranchials. The power and dentition of the pharyngeal parts contrasts with the fragility of the buccal elements. [less ▲]

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See detailParticulate carbon export during a bloom of Emiliania huxleyi in the Northwest European continental margin (northern Bay of Biscay)
Schmidt, Sabine; Harlay, Jérôme ULg; Borges, Alberto ULg et al

Poster (2011, April 03)

Coccolithophores, the dominant pelagic calcifiers in the oceans, play a key role in the marine carbon cycle through calcification, primary production and carbon export, the main drivers of the biological ... [more ▼]

Coccolithophores, the dominant pelagic calcifiers in the oceans, play a key role in the marine carbon cycle through calcification, primary production and carbon export, the main drivers of the biological CO2 pump. Massive blooms of Emiliania huxleyi are observed each year at the continental margin of the Bay of Biscay. The BG02/11 cruise (RV Belgica), supported by near-real time remote sensing data, was conducted in early May 2002, along a transect on the outer shelf of the Northern Bay of Biscay between the La Chapelle Bank (southern region of the transect) and Goban Spur (northern region of the transect) (47.0°-50.5°N, 5.0°-11.0°W). Biogeochemical variables including primary production, calcification, partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2), chlorophyll-a (Chl-a), particle load, particulate organic and inorganic carbon (POC, PIC), Th-234 were measured in surface waters to assess particle dynamics, and carbon export in relation to the development of a coccolithophore bloom. We observed a marked northward decrease in water irradiance, Chl-a concentration and calcification rates: the bloom exhibited lower values and may have been less well developed in the Goban Spur area. There was also a large northward decrease in particulate 234Th settling fluxes along the transect from La Chapelle Bank to Goban Spur. The export fluxes of POC and PIC from the top 80 m, determined using the ratios of POC and PIC to Th-234 of particles, ranged from 81 to 323 mgC m-2 d-1 and from 30 to 128 mgC m-2 d-1, respectively. The highest fluxes were observed in waters presenting a well-developed coccolithophore bloom, as shown by high reflectance of surface waters. Despite the high calcification rates at the southernmost stations, surface waters were a net sink of atmospheric CO2 during this cruise. These results tend to demonstrate the enhancement of coccolithophore blooms on the efficiency of the surface community to export carbon to deep ocean. However, improvements in the estimation of POC and PIC export during coccolithophore blooms are needed to not only understand the present calcification to primary production (C:P) ratio, but also to help understand future sequestration of organic and inorganic carbon to the deep ocean. [less ▲]

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See detailParticulate soils adherence and surface cleanability: influence of biomacromolecules at interfaces and of substrate hydrophobicity
Toure, Yetioman ULg

Doctoral thesis (2014)

Cleaning of particulate soils is an important issue in food and pharmaceutical production. Understanding the adherence of these soils is a fundamental requirement for improving surfaces cleanability. The ... [more ▼]

Cleaning of particulate soils is an important issue in food and pharmaceutical production. Understanding the adherence of these soils is a fundamental requirement for improving surfaces cleanability. The combination of particles and macromolecules substances appears in many processes. Adsorbed compounds from these mixtures may influence interactions at interfaces and thus fouling and cleaning. This thesis deals with a deeper understanding of the physico-chemical mechanisms affecting soiling and cleanability of open substrates in the presence of biomacromolecules (dextran, bovine serum albumin – BSA, beta-lactoglobulin – β-LGB). Model substrates were chosen according to their hydrophobicity. The influence of macromolecules was examined by introducing them in the quartz suspension taken as a model of hard hydrophilic soil used for soiling, or by conditioning the substrate prior to soiling. The substrates were pretreated with ethanol (-Eth.), piranha or UV-Ozone (-UVO); soiled by spraying the quartz suspensions, then dried, before cleaning assessment. The removal of the soiling particles was evaluated after exposure to water in a radial flow chamber (RFC). Auxiliary characterizations were surface tension and contact angle measurements, surface analysis of the substrate by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The interpretation of XPS data allowed the complexity due to the ubiquitous presence of organic contaminants to be coped with, and the surface composition to be expressed in terms of both the amount of adlayer and the mass concentration of adlayer constituents. The contact of substrates with proteins led to their adsorption, which dominated the composition of the organic layer with respect to contaminants initially present, and was not markedly desorbed upon rinsing. Dextran was easily removed in presence of water, independently on the substrate nature. Surface hydrophobicity was shown to influence the morphology of the aggregates resulting from drying. The rounder aggregates formed on polystyrene when soiling was performed with suspension in pure water are more sensitive to wall shear stress than flatter ones formed on more hydrophilic substrate. This is the result of the competing processes of droplet rolling and coalescing, on the one hand, and droplet spreading, on the other hand. It affects the shape and compactness of the adhering aggregates, the efficiency of shear forces upon cleaning and finally, the adherence of soiling particles. The presence of proteins (either native or denatured) at the interface improved strongly the cleanability of more hydrophilic substrate (glass, StSteel-UVO). This is attributed to the lower surface tension. The dependence of cleanability on capillary forces, and in particular on the liquid surface tension, is predominant as compared with its dependence on the size and shape of the soiling aggregates, which influence the efficiency of shear forces exerted by the flowing water upon cleaning. The cleanability of less hydrophilic substrate (stainless steel only pre-cleaned with ethanol) did not change markedly in the presence of proteins; this may be due to a more complex interaction between surface tension and contact angle, on one hand, and a more complex interaction between proteins and contaminants, on the other hand. The presence of dextran did not affect the cleanability, as neither the liquid surface tension nor the contact angle was appreciably affected. [less ▲]

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