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See detailLegal Aid in Belgium and The Netherlands : Convergences and Differences between Two Institutional Systems
Schoenaers, Frédéric ULg; Adelaire, Kathleen ULg; Mincke, Christophe et al

in Hubeau, Bernard; Terlouw, Ashley (Eds.) Legal Aid in the Low Countries (2014)

Since the end of the first decade of the 21st century in Belgium, there has frequently been fierce debate between the world of the politician and that of the lawyer. These debates focus on the secondary ... [more ▼]

Since the end of the first decade of the 21st century in Belgium, there has frequently been fierce debate between the world of the politician and that of the lawyer. These debates focus on the secondary legal aid offered citizens in the low income bracket or in a specific social category. On the one hand, lawyers criticise the low rates they can charge when representing their legal aid clients. According to the members of the bar, the system of remuneration is unfavourable since the lawyers believe that the amounts they receive per hour of work provided fall well below the break-even point. On the other hand, the world of politics has noticed an increase in the volume of litigation which results in increases in budget which in turn becomes uncontrollable. All in all, this raises the question of financing secondary legal aid, which in many continental European countries is considered a citizen’s acquired right (Cappeletti and Garth, 1978, Cappeletti, 1972), or has even been recognised by constitutions since it is one of the fundamental pillars of the guarantee to (relatively) equal access to justice (Parker, 1999). Drawing on this observation of lack of budgetary control in Belgium, we ask the question of whether other institutional contexts perform better (Regan 1999; Driesen et al., 2006). [less ▲]

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See detailLEGAL CERTAINTY v LEGAL PRECISION. Some thoughts on comparative law
Gerkens, Jean-François ULg

in Fundamina : A Journal of Legal History (2010), 16-1(2010), 121-129

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See detailA Legal Framework for Plant Biostimulants and Agronomic Fertiliser Additives in the EU - Report to the European Commission, DG Enterprise & Industry
Traon, Daniel; Amat, Laurence; Zotz, Ferdinand et al

Report (2014)

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See detailLegal mobilisation and environmental activism in Wallonia (Belgium): where is Environmental Justice?
Lejeune, Zoé ULg

Conference (2013, September 07)

Environmental justice (EJ) is an important field of research in the USA (Mohai and Bryant 1992, Schlosberg 1999, Bullard 2000, Pellow 2000, Agyeman 2002, Kurtz 2003, Holifield 2009) as well as a framework ... [more ▼]

Environmental justice (EJ) is an important field of research in the USA (Mohai and Bryant 1992, Schlosberg 1999, Bullard 2000, Pellow 2000, Agyeman 2002, Kurtz 2003, Holifield 2009) as well as a framework for grassroots movements and activists who seek to defend their rights to a healthy environment. Environmental inequalities, as they are commonly called in Europe (Emelianoff 2006, Cornut, Bauler et al. 2007, Walker and Eames 2008, Faburel 2012, Walker 2012), are a growing field of research but they are not seen as a specific frame for action and collective mobilisation in Belgium. The use of legal mobilisation as a strategy to fight environmental inequalities in Wallonia (Belgium) is discussed in this paper. I propose to examine access to justice in the field of environmental protection and to link it to considerations in terms of environmental justice, that is to say cases in which groups see themselves as victims of a disproportionate burden of environmental bads (such as exposure to pollution, vicinity to industrial plants, or waste dumps). This paper explores (1) how environmental NGOs and activists can mobilise the law to denounce environmental conflicts and inequalities providing insights into an environmental inequalities perspective on access to justice in Belgium. It also offers an innovative approach to environmental inequalities and justice in Belgium (2) by asking: how is EJ conceived and integrated in environmental research and litigation? Starting on the premise of a weak literature and scholarship on environmental inequalities, I will propose some new avenues for research on these topics in Belgium. For this paper, empirical evidence is based, on the one hand, on legal texts and litigation in Belgium and, on the other hand, on open-ended interviews with stakeholders in Wallonia – main political parties, environmental NGOs, legal practitioners, trade unions, and public institutions. [less ▲]

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See detailLegal Mobilization against Workplace Discrimination in Belgium and Sweden: Transnationalism and Convergence in Internal Decision-Making?
Lejeune, Aude ULg

Conference (2013, March 13)

Some scholarly works on legal mobilization have highlighted the diffusion of litigious policies to address social problems in Europe, considering that a rights’ revolution was underway; others have ... [more ▼]

Some scholarly works on legal mobilization have highlighted the diffusion of litigious policies to address social problems in Europe, considering that a rights’ revolution was underway; others have identified sources of resistance to the diffusion of the mobilization of the courts as a mechanism for promotion of rights in Europe. European national agencies for equality, created in the 2000s to address discrimination issues, use litigation to produce social change, both at national and supranational levels. Their strategies, if not new, may tend to redefine legal mobilization against unlawful treatment in the workplace in Europe. In this paper, I analyze how the Belgian and the Swedish equality agencies select the cases they bring to court. How and according to which criteria do they choose, among the complaints they receive, the ones which are relevant for litigation? Although litigation policy at the organizational level has been studied in scholarly works, only a few scholars have examined how European networks influence the internal decision-making. How does Equinet, the European network of equality agencies, promote common frames of interpreting and addressing discrimination in the workplace among European countries? Referring to recent works on social structure and individual actor agency, this contribution aims to highlight organizations’ constraints and resources within different legal regimes, current anti-discrimination policies and legal culture. More broadly, this contribution aims to call into question the processes of transnationalisation and policy transfer from one country to another within the European Union. [less ▲]

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See detailLegal mobilization in comparative perspective: workplace discrimination and access to domestic labor court in Sweden and Belgium
Lejeune, Aude ULg

Conference (2015)

Some scholarly works on legal mobilization have highlighted the diffusion of litigious policies to address social problems in Europe, considering that a rights’ revolution was underway. While many of ... [more ▼]

Some scholarly works on legal mobilization have highlighted the diffusion of litigious policies to address social problems in Europe, considering that a rights’ revolution was underway. While many of these studies have examined the diffusion of litigious policy at European level or in the United Kingdom, I suggest paying attention to Belgium and Sweden, two countries that have been under-examined by the socio-legal literature. Focusing on the implementation of anti- discrimination policy and norms, this paper explores the litigious activity of national equality agencies in the domestic labor court. The analysis of organizations’ litigious policy in Continental Europe invites to integrate another variable to the analysis of the structure of legal opportunities: the relationship between the State and interests groups. I suggest here that labor unions shape the access to labor courts by equality agencies in each national setting. This contribution aims to highlight equality agencies’ structure and agency within different labor contexts, current anti- discrimination policies and legal culture. It relies on open-ended interviews conducted with lawyers from equality agencies and labor unions in Belgium and Sweden. More broadly, this contribution examines the processes of policy implementation of European directive within member states. [less ▲]

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See detailLegal Mobilization Within the Bureaucracy: Disability Rights and the Implementation of Antidiscrimination Law in Sweden
Lejeune, Aude ULg

in Law and Policy (2017)

This paper argues that the analysis of legal mobilization needs to give more attention to the state and its relationship with social movements in order to examine how the state either sustains social ... [more ▼]

This paper argues that the analysis of legal mobilization needs to give more attention to the state and its relationship with social movements in order to examine how the state either sustains social movements' demands or is a field of contention for those demands. Focusing on how disability bureaucrats and activists mobilize antidiscrimination law in Sweden, this article shows that two main factors shape legal mobilization within the bureaucracy and alter the state's ability to become a legal mobilization actor: (1) the institutional relationships between social movement organizations and government agencies; and (2) the profiles and careers of bureaucrats and activists. It concludes by suggesting several lines for further research on law and social movements in nonpluralist countries. [less ▲]

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See detailLegal presumptions in abuse regulation: (where) do EU and U.S. antitrust approaches meet?
Van Cleynenbreugel, Pieter ULg

Scientific conference (2015, May 22)

Both EU and U.S. law prohibit - in some way or another - the abuse of a dominant economic position as part of their competition law framework. In establishing dominance and abusive behaviour, they ... [more ▼]

Both EU and U.S. law prohibit - in some way or another - the abuse of a dominant economic position as part of their competition law framework. In establishing dominance and abusive behaviour, they essentially rely on economic assumptions and legal presumptions. In this presentation, I dissected the presumptions and conceptualised their role within the competition law legal framework of both jurisdictions. [less ▲]

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See detailLegal presumptions of fault in the wake of the transposition of Directive 2014/104/EU
Van Cleynenbreugel, Pieter ULg

Scientific conference (2017, June 14)

This paper looks at the role played by legal presumptions in the transposition of the directive on damages and whether this differs from the use of legal presumptions in other contexts of EU competition ... [more ▼]

This paper looks at the role played by legal presumptions in the transposition of the directive on damages and whether this differs from the use of legal presumptions in other contexts of EU competition law enforcement. [less ▲]

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See detailLa légalité de la preuve confrontée au droit à la vie privée du salarié
Kefer, Fabienne ULg

in de Leval, Georges (Ed.) La preuve et la difficile quête de la vérité judiciaire (2011)

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See detailLa légalité de la preuve confrontée au droit à la vie privée du salarié
Kefer, Fabienne ULg

in Verdussen, Marc; Joassart, Pierre (Eds.) La vie privée au travail (2011)

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See detailUne légation au coeur des réseaux de la Monarchie de Philippe II. La légation des Pays-Bas espagnols et de la Franche-Comté près le Saint-Siège au temps de l'agent Laurent du Blioul (1573-1598)
Regibeau, Julien ULg

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (2014), 92(2),

The Southern Netherlands and Franche-Comté Legation to the Holy See at the time of agent Laurent du Blioul (1573-1598) has never truly received interest from the historians. Most probably this is due to ... [more ▼]

The Southern Netherlands and Franche-Comté Legation to the Holy See at the time of agent Laurent du Blioul (1573-1598) has never truly received interest from the historians. Most probably this is due to its apparent lack of stature. Indeed, at that time, it is subjected to Philippe II’s ambassador to Rome, and the freedom and flexibility allowed to its agent seems very limited. In this paper, this institution is studied under a socio-political perspective to point out the place that it would take up within the Monarchía’s romans networks of power. It appears from this research work that the legation is far to be marginalised. Quite at the opposite, the legation is able to use, maintain and increase the royalty influence on the city. Knowing how to use efficiently the many available exogenous resources, the institution does not appear anymore like an image of the Southern Netherlands diplomatic decline. On the contrary, it find its own place in thePhilippe II’s logic about composite Monarchy incorporation. [less ▲]

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See detailLa légation des Pays-Bas en cour de Rome au temps de l’agent Laurent du Blioul (1573-1598): Une légation au cœur des réseaux de la monarchie de Philippe II
Regibeau, Julien ULg

in Actes du neuvième congrès de l'Association des Cercles francophones d'Histoire et d'Archéologie de Belgique (2016, August)

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See detailLa légation des Pays-Bas et de la Franche-Comté en cour de Rome sous Philippe II (1573-1598). Entre limites institutionnelles et efficacité pragmatique
Regibeau, Julien ULg

in Forum Romanum Belgicum (in press)

Dans le dernier quart du XVIe siècle, Philippe II d’Espagne est à la tête de l’ensemble territorial le plus puissant d’Europe. Fils préféré de l’Église romaine et souverain reconnu d’une grande partie de ... [more ▼]

Dans le dernier quart du XVIe siècle, Philippe II d’Espagne est à la tête de l’ensemble territorial le plus puissant d’Europe. Fils préféré de l’Église romaine et souverain reconnu d’une grande partie de l’Italie, il exerce une influence considérable sur la papauté à travers l’action de son ambassadeur espagnol résidant près le Saint-Siège. Ce dernier a pour tâche d’étendre le réseau des alliés au sein de la Curie. Il chapeaute aussi les différents services diplomatiques et ecclésiastiques des États de la monarchie présents dans la cité des papes . Si elle conserve une certaine autonomie, la légation des Pays-Bas et de la Franche-Comté près le Saint-Siège – conduite par l’agent Laurent du Blioul de 1573 à 1598 – est également soumise à la volonté de cet envoyé. Ce n’est d’ailleurs pas un hasard si l’étude de la légation à l’époque du règne de Philippe II a peu passionné les historiens . Effacée derrière la puissance de l’ambassadeur espagnol, celle-ci semble être un piètre avatar des services ecclésiastiques et diplomatiques dépêchés à Rome par les ducs de Bourgogne , Philippe le Beau ou les archiducs Albert et Isabelle . Or, si, aux temps de Laurent du Blioul, la légation, considérée en tant qu’actrice isolée dans le paysage romain, joue un rôle modeste qui se cantonne au suivi des affaires ecclésiastiques provenant des Pays-Bas et de la Franche-Comté, il faut envisager qu’elle fait partie intégrante d’une toile religieuse, diplomatique, sociale et politique plus vaste tissée à Rome par le roi Philippe II et ses agents. Dépassant les seuls intérêts des Pays-Bas, l’étude de cette institution conduit à appréhender tout un pan de la stratégie politique habsbourgeoise. L’imbrication de la légation dans le théâtre diplomatique espagnol à Rome a deux facettes : si, d’une part, elle limite les prérogatives institutionnelles de l’agent du Blioul, d’autre part, elle favorise régulièrement l’efficacité de son action. [less ▲]

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See detailLa légende d'Isis et de Rê conservée sur le P. Turin 1993
Sojic, Nathalie ULg

Conference (2013, December 04)

The Story of Isis and Ra is a text famous in the world of Egyptology, since its publication by Pleyte and Rossi in the Catalogue des papyrus de Turin at the end of the nineteenth century. Although it has ... [more ▼]

The Story of Isis and Ra is a text famous in the world of Egyptology, since its publication by Pleyte and Rossi in the Catalogue des papyrus de Turin at the end of the nineteenth century. Although it has been translated many times, this text has however never received a full philological treatment and several problems remain hitherto unsolved. In my paper I will first present P. Turin 1993, its text and the parallel sources. I well then contextualise the text within the broader frame of Egyptian magic during the New Kingdom. The second part of my paper will be devoted to an analysis of the document, of its text and of the sources, stressing the contribution of such a study to the general issue of text composition, conservation and transmission in ancient Egypt. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 153 (10 ULg)