Browsing
     by title


0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

or enter first few letters:   
OK
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa photographie aérienne en période de sècheresse comme source de renseignements géologiques en Wallonie
Quoilin, H.; Ozer, André ULg; Cornet, Yves ULg et al

in Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège (2001), 40(2001-1), 33-40

Detailed reference viewed: 53 (11 ULg)
See detailLa photographie comme lieu de débat entre la sémiotique greimassienne et la sémiotique peircienne
Dondero, Maria Giulia ULg

in Panier, Louis (Ed.) Congrès international de l'AFS, Sémio 2007, Paris 15-17 novembre 2007 (2009)

Le champ de la photographie a été étudié selon différents axes de pertinence par les différents courants de la discipline sémiotique : la sémiotique de tradition peircienne a analysé l’image ... [more ▼]

Le champ de la photographie a été étudié selon différents axes de pertinence par les différents courants de la discipline sémiotique : la sémiotique de tradition peircienne a analysé l’image photographique du point de vue de la production, et donc sa spécificité par rapport aux autres types d’images (Dubois, 1983) ; au contraire, la sémiotique d’inspiration greimassienne, consacrée à l’étude des niveaux génératifs des discours, a pu analyser avec pertinence des textualités photographiques (Floch, 1986) sans, par conséquent, s’occuper ni des techniques de production, ni de ses statuts sociaux. Ce travail vise à examiner les résultats de ces deux approches méthodologiques et surtout à les comparer avec les recherches sémiotiques actuelles. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (6 ULg)
See detailLa photographie de mode, entre transition er classicisme. Le cas Prada
Dondero, Maria Giulia ULg

in Villelongue, Martine; Saroli, Julie (Eds.) Défier le temps, une affaire de mode (2013, November)

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLa photographie diagnostic de la contemporanéité
Dondero, Maria Giulia ULg

in Association Française de Sémiotique (2007)

immigration, Cet article porte sur l’efficacité politique d’une série photographique qui problématise des questions socioculturelles contemporaines telles l’immigration, l’exploitation et l’éthique du ... [more ▼]

immigration, Cet article porte sur l’efficacité politique d’une série photographique qui problématise des questions socioculturelles contemporaines telles l’immigration, l’exploitation et l’éthique du travail. L’image photographique devient une ressource dans les mains des acteurs sociaux et fait fonction de diagnostic des tensions du contemporain. La photographie permet de « reconnaître à travers » (c’est-à-dire « diagnostiquer ») et de formuler des jugements. Le potentiel sémantique du diagnostic engendré par cette série et la force illocutoire des jugements qui y sont inscrits fonctionnent comme une sorte d’« argumentation par images ». L’analyse de cette série photographique, réalisée par le photographe et théoricien Allan Sekula, nous a amené à nous interroger sur la relation entre image, corpus, genres d’afférence et statuts (documentaire et artistique). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 77 (2 ULg)
See detailLa photographie entre image commune et œuvre d’art. La philosophie à l’assaut du snobisme culturel
Hagelstein, Maud ULg

Conference (2011, March 10)

Je voudrais ici tester l’hypothèse suivante : si le champ d’étude de l’image populaire (familiale) s’est vu parfois négliger par les théoriciens, peut-être est-ce à cause de l’écart radical que la ... [more ▼]

Je voudrais ici tester l’hypothèse suivante : si le champ d’étude de l’image populaire (familiale) s’est vu parfois négliger par les théoriciens, peut-être est-ce à cause de l’écart radical que la photographie spécialisée, et en particulier la photographie artistique, a voulu établir entre elle et la photographie dite « domestique ». Comment (c’est-à-dire par quels moyens, théoriques ou artistiques) une certaine pratique de la photographie s’est-elle aujourd’hui instituée comme un art à part entière ? Plutôt et surtout : comment la noble pratique de la photographie a-t-elle réussi à prendre ses distances avec la photographie commune, pourtant omniprésente, jusqu’à l’évacuer presque totalement des préoccupations scientifiques ? Car il faut bien voir le paradoxe qui sous-tend ce problème : comment est-on parvenu à assigner à l’image commune (pourtant franchement majoritaire) un rôle aussi périphérique ? La place occupée par la photographie domestique dans les théories de la photographie reste incertaine. Quand elle n’est pas purement et simplement évacuée, l’image commune peut soit être « utilisée » pour porter un sens auquel elle ne prétendait pas, soit être prise en compte pour se voir aussitôt réduite à un stéréotype ; son caractère esthétique est dévalué, son style réduit à un non-style. En tenant à distance la culture la plus populaire, on agrandit certainement le gouffre qui sépare le théoricien des expériences vécues (des expériences sensibles). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (7 ULg)
See detailLa photographie et l'extériorité de l'oeuvre d'art dans les écrits de Kracauer
Barbion, Sébastien ULg

Scientific conference (2013, December 16)

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPhotographier le travail, représenter le futur. Iconographie du chantier des Halles à Paris
Dondero, Maria Giulia ULg

in Communication et Langages (2014), 180

This article investigates the semiotic strategies of visual representation in the urban space, as exemplified by the renovation project of the Forum des Halles in Paris. The corpus of images, taken from ... [more ▼]

This article investigates the semiotic strategies of visual representation in the urban space, as exemplified by the renovation project of the Forum des Halles in Paris. The corpus of images, taken from the brochure of the construction site and from the website www.parisleshalles.fr, includes photographic documentation and illustrations of the future buildings. The analysis of the visual enunciation marks out the relative simulacra of the producers and consumers of these images, and a semiotic study of the modes of representation of the buildings (virtualisation, actualisation, realisation, etc.) helps understanding how the present and the future are articulated in the iconography of a construction work in progress. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (8 ULg)
Full Text
See detailPhotographies hémisphériques
Ligot, Gauthier ULg; Mackels, Benoit ULg

Report (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPhotography as a Witness of Theatre
Dondero, Maria Giulia ULg

in RSSI : Recherches Sémiotiques = RSSI: Semiotic Inquiry (2008), 27-28(1-2), 43-57

My paper investigates the meeting of theatre and photography in ‘theatre photography’. Recognizing that both art forms can determine theoretical and philosophical views on representation and self ... [more ▼]

My paper investigates the meeting of theatre and photography in ‘theatre photography’. Recognizing that both art forms can determine theoretical and philosophical views on representation and self-representation, I aim to compare their visual strategies and the way they construct point of view. In the process several questions are raised: do qualities of photographs belong to objects photographed or to photographs themselves? How important is the object that ‘triggers’ the view? Should the theatre photographer place his camera anywhere? What of framing? In the second section I offer an analysis of photographs taken by Roger Pic in 1957 during the Paris performance of Brecht’s Mother Courage and Her Children by the Berliner Ensemble. This analysis seeks to demonstrate that theatre photography, which often seen as an example of documentary photography, can reach artistic status, provided it relies on enunciative strategies that express what cannot otherwise be photographed in a ‘direct’ manner, namely the characters’ words and emotions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPhotography as diagnosis of contemporaneity
Dondero, Maria Giulia ULg

in Baetens, Jan; Van Gelder, Hilde (Eds.) Critical Realism in Contemporary Art. Around Allan Sekula’s Photography (2006)

Cet article porte sur l’efficacité politique d’une série photographique qui problématise des questions socioculturelles contemporaines telles l’immigration, l’exploitation et l’éthique du travail. L’image ... [more ▼]

Cet article porte sur l’efficacité politique d’une série photographique qui problématise des questions socioculturelles contemporaines telles l’immigration, l’exploitation et l’éthique du travail. L’image photographique devient une ressource dans les mains des acteurs sociaux et fait fonction de diagnostic des tensions du contemporain. La photographie permet de «reconnaître à travers» (c’est-à-dire « diagnostiquer ») et de formuler des jugements. Le potentiel sémantique du diagnostic engendré par cette série et la force illocutoire des jugements qui y sont inscrits fonctionnent comme une sorte d’« argumentation par images ». L’analyse de cette série photographique, réalisée par le photographe et théoricien Allan Sekula, nous a amené à nous interroger sur la relation entre image, corpus, genres d’afférence et statuts (documentaire et artistique). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPhotoinduced birefringence and diffraction efficiency in azo dye doped or grafted polymers: theory versus experiment of the temperature influence
Blanche, Pierre-Alexandre ULg; Lemaire, P. C.; Maertens, Christophe et al

in Journal of the Optical Society of America. B, Optical Physics (2000), 17(5), 729-740

We have investigated the influence of the temperature on the photoinduced birefringence as well as on the diffraction efficiency of azo dye doped or grafted polymers. The samples are composed of three ... [more ▼]

We have investigated the influence of the temperature on the photoinduced birefringence as well as on the diffraction efficiency of azo dye doped or grafted polymers. The samples are composed of three polymer matrices containing 2, 5-dimethyl-4-(p-nitrophenylazo anisole). We propose two theoretical models to explain the experimental increase of both phenomena when the temperature is decreased. Models are based on the statistical angular distribution of the chromophores that depends on the intensity of the polarized laser beam in the media, counteracted by the thermal agitation. Parameters introduced in both models can be used to characterize the polymeric system properties. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPhotoinduced ultrafast local volume changes in intermediate-valence solids.
Diakhate, Momar ULg

in Physical Review. B : Condensed Matter (2009), 79

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (11 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPhotoionization and photoabsorption cross sections for the aluminium iso-nuclear sequence
Witthoeft, M; Bautista, M A; Garcia, J et al

in Atomic Data & Nuclear Data Tables (2013), 99

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Photoionization Dynamics of Methyl Iodide (CH3I): a joint Photoelectron and Mass Spectrometric Investigation.
Locht, Robert ULg; Dehareng, Dominique ULg; Hottmann, K. et al

in Journal of Physics : B Atomic Molecular & Optical Physics (2010), 43(10), 105101

The threshold photoelectron (TPES) and the photoionization mass spectrometric (PIMS) study of CH3I in the 8-20 eV photon energy range are presented. The interpretation and assignments are supported by ab ... [more ▼]

The threshold photoelectron (TPES) and the photoionization mass spectrometric (PIMS) study of CH3I in the 8-20 eV photon energy range are presented. The interpretation and assignments are supported by ab initio calculations. The TPES shows many new discrete features in the Jahn-Teller split ground X 2E (2A'-2A”) state of CH3I+. A new continuous band starting at about 11.7 eV is detected. These observations are essentially correlated with autoionizing transitions. This interpretation is supported by constant ion state (CIS) spectroscopy. A large enhancement of the transitions to the A 2A and B 2E ionic states is ascribed to large autoionizing contributions. Based on the present calculations, the weak to very weak bands in the 18.0 eV-23.0 eV photon energy range are mainly assigned to 2a1-1 ionization and to double excitations corresponding essentially to the 2e-2 4a11 and 3a1- 1 2e-1 4a11 configurations. The photoionization mass spectrometric study allowed us to investigate in detail the ionization and dissociation of CH3I+ leading to CH2+, CH3+, I+ and CH2I+ from the threshold up to 20 eV photon energy. The experimental data are compared to ab initio calculated dissociation energies. The threshold of appearance of CH3+, I+ and CH2I+ fragments are concentrated in the 12.2-12.7 eV photon energy range. All three exit channels are correlated with the ground state of CH3I+ via nonadiabatic transitions. All three fragment ions have to appear through predissociation of the ionic X 2E state and autoionizing dissociation from the (2E3/2)6p Rydberg state. This interpretation is strongly supported by the photoabsorption spectrum measured recently in the same photon energy range [1]. At higher energies, beside direct or predissociation of the A 2A1 and B 2E states of CH3I+, autoionization is also suggested to contribute to the fragmentation in all decay channels. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (8 ULg)
Full Text
See detailPhotoionization Dynamics of Mono- and Difluoroethylenes.
Leyh, Bernard ULg; Locht, Robert ULg; Hottmann, K. et al

Book published by Berliner Elektronen Speicherring für Synchrotron Strahlung m.b.H (1995)

Using synchrotron radiation, the threshold photoelectron spectrum and vibrationally resolved CIS-spectra have been recorded between 10-28 eV photon energy for C2H3F and 1,1-C2H2F2.

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailThe Photoionization Mass Spectrometric Study of the Three membered Ring Systems C3H6, C2H4O and C2H4S and their open Chain Isomers.
Locht, Robert ULg; Leyh, Bernard ULg; Jochims, H.-W. et al

Book published by Berliner Elektronen Speicherring für Synchrotron Strahlung m.b.H - on CD-ROM (2004)

The dissociative photoionization mass spectrometric study of C2H6, C2H4O and C2H4S has been measured using synchrotron radiation. The ionization efficiency curves of the molecular ions of the three ... [more ▼]

The dissociative photoionization mass spectrometric study of C2H6, C2H4O and C2H4S has been measured using synchrotron radiation. The ionization efficiency curves of the molecular ions of the three species are reported. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA photoionization mass spectrometric and threshold photoelectron-photoion coincidence study of vinylbromide (C2H3Br) in the vacuum ultraviolet range of 6-21 eV.
Hoxha, A.; Yu, S.-Y.; Locht, Robert ULg et al

in Chemical Physics (2011), 379(1-3), 99-108

The dissociative photoionization of vinyl bromide (C2H3Br) has been investigated by photoionization mass spectrometry (PIMS) and time-of-flight threshold photoelectron-photoion coincidence (TOF-TPEPICO ... [more ▼]

The dissociative photoionization of vinyl bromide (C2H3Br) has been investigated by photoionization mass spectrometry (PIMS) and time-of-flight threshold photoelectron-photoion coincidence (TOF-TPEPICO) spectrometry using synchrotron radiation. The photoionization efficiency curves of the three most abundant ions, i.e. C2H3Br+, C2H3+ and C2H2+, are measured and analyzed in detail. A C2H3+/Br- photoion-pair formation process has been detected for the first time. Some arguments are provided in favor of the electronic excitation of the C2H3+ fragment and of the isomerization of the C2H2+ ions. The breakdown diagram for these ions in the 9.8–21 eV photon energy range, derived from TOF-TPEPICO mass spectra, is discussed. The involvement of the successive C2H3Br+ ionic states and the role of autoionization of C2H3Br Rydberg states are emphasized. For the two minor HBr+ and Br+ fragment ions only the breakdown diagrams are measured and appearance energies are derived. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (14 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPhotoionization Mass Spectrometry of Kinetic energy-selected ions. An Ion Retarding Potential Difference method applied to NO+ and O+ from N2O.
Locht, Robert ULg; Hagenow, G.; Hottmann, K. et al

in Chemical Physics (1991), 151

A new method is described to obtain photoionization efficiency curves of kinetic energy-selected fragment ions. The method is tested and discussed in the case of the dissociative photoionization yields of ... [more ▼]

A new method is described to obtain photoionization efficiency curves of kinetic energy-selected fragment ions. The method is tested and discussed in the case of the dissociative photoionization yields of NO+ and O+ from N2O. The attention is focussed on the dissociative autoionization processes in the threshold region, in the Franck-Condon region of the N2O(A2Sigma+) state and in the Franck-Condon gap between the A2Sigma+ and B2Pi states. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPhotoionization Mass Spectrometry of Kinetic Energy-selected ions. The Translational Energy Distribution of N+/N2 in the Inner-shell Ionization energy range.
Locht, Robert ULg; Denzer, W.; Rühl, E. et al

in Chemical Physics (1992), 160

An ion retarding potential difference (IRPD) method has been used to investigate the ion yield and the kinetic energy distributions of N+/N2 produced by photoionization mass spectrometry using synchrotron ... [more ▼]

An ion retarding potential difference (IRPD) method has been used to investigate the ion yield and the kinetic energy distributions of N+/N2 produced by photoionization mass spectrometry using synchrotron radiation. Photoion yield curves of energy selected N+ ions are deduced. Translational energy distributions of N+ at the energies of the N(1s)->pi*, N(1s)->(nl)1 and above the N(1s)-1 threshold are determined. Comparison is made with previous photoion-photoelectron coincidence work using time-of-flight (TOF) measurements. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPhotoionization modeling of oxygen K absorption in the interstellar medium : the Chandra grating spectra of XTE J1817-330
Gatuzz, E; Garcia, J; Mendoza, C et al

in Astrophysical Journal (2013), 768

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (0 ULg)