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See detailKörper, Blick, Kamera : Die "Pointers on Picture Acting" des Selig Polyscope Company (1910)
Belloi, Livio ULg

in KINtop : Jahrbuch zur Erforschung des frühen Films (1998), 7

Etude de la directive publiée en 1910 par la firme américaine Selig Polyscope visant à réglementer le jeu de l'acteur, lui interdisant notamment de retourner à la caméra son propre regard.

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See detailKorpusrecherche in der Dudenredaktion. Ein Werkstattbericht
Münzberg, Franziska ULg

in Konopka, Marek; Kubczak, Jacqueline (Eds.) Grammatik und Korpora 2009 (2011)

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See detailDe kortstondige lotgevallen van de PEN-clubs tijdens het interbellum in Spanje. Een geschiedenis van politieke en regionale polarisatie
Ceballos Viro, Alvaro ULg; Adriaensen, Brigitte

in Nederlandse Letterkunde (2011), 16(3), 257-275

Three separate PEN Clubs were founded in Spain during the turbulent period between the wars. The first Spanish PEN Club met for the first time in the celebrated Madrid restaurant Lhardy on 5th July 1922 ... [more ▼]

Three separate PEN Clubs were founded in Spain during the turbulent period between the wars. The first Spanish PEN Club met for the first time in the celebrated Madrid restaurant Lhardy on 5th July 1922, precisely nine months after the International PEN Club was set up in London. It did not have its own accommodation, but gathered roughly once a month in this restaurant under the chairmanship of the renowned writer José Martínez Ruiz, better known by his pen-name of *Azorín*. It appears from the list of the club’s members, which was published in November 1923, that this varied company included a number of prestigious authors such as Díez-Canedo, Ramiro de Maeztu, Enrique de Mesa, Ramón Pérez de Ayala and José María Salaverría. In addition, the Spanish delegation also aspired to an international profile by incorporating nineteen international honorary members at the top of the list of members, originating from Spanish-speaking America, Portugal and England. Although several regional authors joined this first PEN Club, remarkably enough there were only two Catalan writers on the list: Eugenio D’Ors and Angel Guimerá, the latter as an honorary member. There was a great deal of criticism of the snobbish nature of the *banquetes*, the costly feasts the members took part in at their own expense. One of the fiercest critics was undoubtedly Rafael Cansinos Assens, who not only denounced the elitist nature of the gatherings, but was also annoyed by what he considered the overly regional and national tenor that characterised the club. However, the fact that the club was less internationally oriented did not mean, in the national context, that it reflected only one end of the ideological spectrum. The elitist nature of the club did not stop members with republican sympathies (such as Roberto Castrovido and Luis de Tapia) from joining. Journalists who had taken a critical attitude to the military campaigns in Morocco, such as Alfonso Hernández Catá and Manuel Ciges Aparicio, also found their way to the PEN Club. Even someone like Julio Camba, at that time closely linked to anarchist circles, was a member. It is striking that there were also a substantial number of members from the Liga de Educación Política, an association that José Ortega y Gasset had set up and which was part of the liberal Partido Reformista. The founding of the first Spanish PEN Club in 1922 also coincided with the structural crisis the Ateneo Científico, Literario y Artístico de Madrid found itself in at about that time . It comes as no surprise that many of those in the PEN membership list in 1923 are also to be found in the January 1922 list of Athenaeum members. So the Spanish PEN Club was a valid alternative in the quest for a way of giving Spain’s literary life a minimum of independence and social embedment. Spain’s first PEN Club was not destined for a long life, however. Several reasons for this have been given over the years: the previously mentioned aristocratic nature of the club, the diversity of interests and poetics of its members, the lack of fellow-feeling among Spanish writers and the elitism of the Madrid writers with regard to authors from the periphery, especially those from Catalonia. But the increasing effect of the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera, who came to power in 1923, was also part of it. The same ideological polarisation and militarization had already led to the downfall of the Athenaeum in Madrid in 1924; a similar scenario was also to be played out at the German PEN Club in 1933. It was in 1924, two years after the Spanish club had been set up, that its Catalan counterpart came into being. On 7th January, in his capacity as chairman, the Catalan grammarian and liberal intellectual Pompeu Fabra sent out a letter in which he invited the Catalan intelligentsia to join the club. Although this letter emphasised that the PEN Club ‘had no political or propaganda tenor whatsoever’, it was obvious that cultural nationalism underlay the establishment of the Catalan delegation. Even before the club had been set up, its future secretary, Millàs Raurell, was already pointing out, in a letter sent to the International PEN member Herman Ould on 11th January 1923, that the Catalan club had no connection with the one in Madrid. This new delegation wanted to represent the ‘Catalan nation’, which belonged to a different culture from its Spanish counterpart. The Catalan association possibly had an even harder time of it than the Spanish PEN Club under the regime of Primo de Rivera: under these circumstances, for example, it was out of the question to organise an international PEN congress in Barcelona. This did change, however. After the Catalan PEN Club had fallen into obscurity for many years, in 1934 it enjoyed a new boost, at the time of the Second Republic. In May of that year the club was re-established in the Athenaeum in Barcelona, which from then on served as the club’s seat. The absolute climax of the activities of the Catalan PEN Club, however, was when the international PEN congress was held in Barcelona from 21st to 25th May 1935. It was the perfect opportunity to showcase the wealth of the Catalan artistic heritage and to give Catalan literature an international boost. The outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in 1936 put a final end to this glorious revival. The success of the international PEN congress in Barcelona was not to everyone’s taste, however. In a newspaper article, Ramón Gómez de la Serna criticised the total absence of Spanish writers from the congress. The prevailing dissatisfaction was the main reason for setting up what was called the ‘Second Madrid PEN Club’. The fact that this second Madrid – not Spanish – club developed in an extremely tense and polarised atmosphere hardly needs mentioning. Although there were still a number of republicans and liberals at the first banquet, such as Max Aub, Américo Castro, Tomás Navarro Tomás, Pedro Salinas, Luis de Tapia and Guillermo de Torre, their numbers steadily declined. The lists of participants at each of the feasts show that it was mainly writers with right-wing affinities (with all the shades of meaning that ‘right-wing’ implies) who attended. They included both adherents of Primo de Rivera’s Falangism (fascists) (Fernández Almagro, Manuel Machado, Sánchez Mazas) and more moderate right-wing intellectuals such as Baroja, el Conde de Romanones et al. As Miguel A. Iglesias has already pointed out in an article on this third PEN Club, this majority of right-wing intellectuals was an even more conspicuous presence since these right-wing movements were socially and politically in the minority during the Second Republic. The various Spanish PEN Clubs between the wars were neither the first nor the most successful attempt to unite Spanish writers regardless of their aesthetic or political tenor. In the 19th century the various liberal Athenaea were founded, as well as a considerable number of other associations that tried to defend the rights of authors, artists and musicians. A number of other initiatives arose between the wars, such as the Unión de Autores, the banquets that *La Gaceta Literaria* organised, and the publishing house named Compañía Iberoamericana de Publicaciones, which was set up with the financial support of the Bauer Bank. Despite their good credentials and undoubtedly extremely noble intentions, these initiatives were all to end in failure. The extreme heteronomy of the Spanish literary and artistic fields and the political polarisation between the wars explain why not only the PEN Clubs, but also other associations turned out not to be feasible in that period. [less ▲]

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See detailKorvel onstaan uit Korvelo?
Vromans, Joseph ULg

in Actum Tilliburgis (1976), 7(2), 33-39

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See detailKosovo : la reconnaissance internationale après six années d'indépendance
Lika, Liridon ULg

Article for general public (2014)

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See detailKosovo, premier bilan
Jamin, Jérôme ULg

Article for general public (1999)

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See detailKostas Axelos : Marx, penseur de la technique
Lejeune, Guillaume ULg

in Actu-philosophia (2015)

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See detailThe Koundoum sheep breed in Niger: morpho-biometric study and description of the production system
Hamadou, Issa; Moula, Nassim ULg; Siddo, Seyni et al

in Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics (2015), 116(1), 49-58

The diffusion of highly productive breeds across developing countries goes along with a neglect of indigenous breeds, which are well suited to their environment but often show low yields. Thus, in Niger ... [more ▼]

The diffusion of highly productive breeds across developing countries goes along with a neglect of indigenous breeds, which are well suited to their environment but often show low yields. Thus, in Niger, the flock of Koundoum sheep are rapidly decreasing. The Koundoum is one of the few wool sheep breeds of Africa and shows important adaptive feature to its native environment, i.e. the humid pastures on the banks of the Niger River. To characterise the breed and to understand its production context, a survey has been conducted in 104 herds in four communes along the Niger River (Kollo, Tillabery, Say and Tera). Nine body measurements, including live weight, were taken on 180 adult sheep (101 females and 79 males). The herds varied from 2 to 60 heads, with a median size of eight animals and two thirds of the herds having less than 10 animals. Mainly fed on natural pastures, 85.6% of the herds received crop residues. Only natural mating was practiced. Veterinary care was restricted to anti-helminthic and some indigenous treatments. The frequent affiliation of breeders to professional unions appeared as favourable to the implementation of a collective conservation program. The Koundoum sheep were white or black coated, with the black colour being most frequent (75.6%). Wattles were present in both sexes at similar frequencies of around 14%. All biometric variables were significantly and positively correlated between them. The thoracic perimeter showed the best correlation with live weight in both males and females. Three variables were selected for live weight prediction: thoracic perimeter, height at withers and rump length. From the present study, it is expected that the in situ conservation of the Koundoum sheep will be highly problematic, due to lack of market opportunities for wool and the willingness of smallholders to get involved in pure Koundoum rearing. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Kozani-Grevena (Greece) earthquake of May 13, 1995, Ms=6.6, Preliminary results of a field multidisciplinary survey
Hatzfeld, D.; Nord, J.; Paul, A. et al

in Seismological Research Letters (1995), 66

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See detailKozani-Grevena Earthquake and the Active tectonics of Northern Greece
Meyer, B.; Armijo, R.; Hubert, Aurelia ULg et al

Scientific journal (1995)

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See detailKPC2 relocalizes HOXA2 to the cytoplasm and decreases its transcriptional activity.
Bridoux, Laure; Bergiers, Isabelle; Draime, Amandine et al

in Biochimica et biophysica acta (2015), 1849(10), 1298-311

Regulation of transcription factor activity relies on molecular interactions or enzymatic modifications which influence their interaction with DNA cis-regulatory sequences, their transcriptional ... [more ▼]

Regulation of transcription factor activity relies on molecular interactions or enzymatic modifications which influence their interaction with DNA cis-regulatory sequences, their transcriptional activation or repression, and stability or intracellular distribution of these proteins. Regarding the well-conserved Hox protein family, a restricted number of activity regulators have been highlighted thus far. In the framework of a proteome-wide screening aiming at identifying proteins interacting with Hoxa2, KPC2, an adapter protein constitutive of the KPC ubiquitin-ligase complex, was identified. In this work, KPC2 was confirmed as being a genuine interactor of Hoxa2 by co-precipitation and bimolecular fluorescence complementation assays. At functional level, KPC2 diminishes the transcriptional activity and induces the nuclear exit of Hoxa2. Gene expression analyses revealed that Kpc2 is active in restricted areas of the developing mouse embryo which overlap with the Hoxa2 expression domain. Together, our data support that KPC2 regulates Hoxa2 by promoting its relocation to the cytoplasm. [less ▲]

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See detailKracauer : Peinture et Wirklichkeit
Barbion, Sébastien ULg

Scientific conference (2014, December 08)

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See detailKracauer : Photographie et Wirklichkeit
Barbion, Sébastien ULg

Scientific conference (2014, December 12)

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See detailKraft RB : classification of relevant variables with Random Forests
Sainlez, Matthieu ULg

Poster (2010, June)

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See detailKraft RB : recurrent neural network prediction of steam production
Sainlez, Matthieu ULg; Heyen, Georges ULg

Poster (2011, May 30)

In this study, neural networks approaches are compared for predicting the high pressure (HP) steam flow rate from a Kraft recovery boiler. We apply two types of neural networks: a static multilayer ... [more ▼]

In this study, neural networks approaches are compared for predicting the high pressure (HP) steam flow rate from a Kraft recovery boiler. We apply two types of neural networks: a static multilayer perceptron and a dynamic Elman’s recurrent neural network. Starting from a one-day database of raw process data related to the boiler, the goal is to model and predict the next 12-hours of HP steam flow production from the boiler to the steam turbine. The results illustrate the potential of the dynamic approach in this task. [less ▲]

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See detailKraft recovery boiler analysis : a data mining approach
Sainlez, Matthieu ULg

Poster (2010, July)

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See detailKraft-Abstands-Messung mit einem Atomic Force Microscope für hochviskose Systeme
Liu, Yang; Pfennig, Andreas ULg

in Chemie Ingenieur Technik (2010), 82(9), 1583

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See detailKranzhugeln et seconde révolution urbaine en Haute Mésopotamie au IIIe millénaire av. J.-C.
Mas, Juliette ULg

Scientific conference (2017, April)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (1 ULg)