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See detailMetal flows in, out and through the Belgian coastal waters
Baeyens, Willy; Gillain, Gérard; Djenidi, Salim ULg et al

in Van Grieken, R.; Wollast, R. (Eds.) Progress in Belgian Oceanographic Research (1985)

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See detailMetal fluxes through the Strait of Gibraltar: the influence of the Tinto and Odiel rivers (SW Spain)
Elbaz-Poulichet, F.; Morley, N. H.; Beckers, Jean-Marie ULg et al

in Marine Chemistry (2001), 73(3-4), 193-213

A large set of new data concerning dissolved metal concentrations has been acquired in the Gulf of Cadiz and in the Strait of Gibraltar from 1996 to 1999. These data, associated with models (hydrodynamic ... [more ▼]

A large set of new data concerning dissolved metal concentrations has been acquired in the Gulf of Cadiz and in the Strait of Gibraltar from 1996 to 1999. These data, associated with models (hydrodynamic, tracer advection-dispersion and mixing), have been used to assess the influence of rivers draining the South Iberian Pyrite Belt on the Gulf of Cadiz and on the Atlantic inflow in the Strait of Gibraltar. Metal concentrations in surface waters from the Gulf of Cadiz are maximal near the mouth of the Tinto/Odiel rivers with values exceeding 50 nmol/kg (Mn), 5 nmol/kg (Ni), 30 nmol/kg (Cu), 100 nmol/kg (Zn), 0.9 nmol/kg (Cd) and 45 nmol/kg (As). From the Tinto/Odiel river, a plume of contamination follows the coast in the direction of the Strait of Gibraltar. The computation of a tracer advection-dispersion model confirms that the coastal currents carry the metals discharged from the Tinto and Odiel to the Strait of Gibraltar. From temperature-salinity and metal-salinity plots, four water masses can be recognised in the Gulf of Cadiz and in the Strait of Gibraltar: North Atlantic Surface Water (NASW), North Atlantic Central Water (NACW) and metal-enriched Spanish Shelf Waters from the Gulf of Cadiz (SSW). The Mediterranean Outflow Water (MOW) is also clearly seen at depths greater than 300 m. The chemical characteristics of these various water masses have been used in a mixing model to evaluate their relative contribution to the Atlantic inflow through the Strait of Gibraltar. These contributions are seasonally variable. in June 1997, the contribution was: 80 +/- 20%, 5 +/- 5% and 15 +/- 10% for NASW, NACW and SSW, respectively. In September, the SSW contribution was apparently negligible. Finally, these relative contributions allow the evaluation of the metal fluxes in the Strait of Gibraltar. The presence of SSW in the Strait increases the metal flux to the Mediterranean Sea by a factor of 2.3 (Cu), 2.4 (Cd), 3 (Zn) and 7 (Mn). It does not modify significantly As and Ni fluxes. (C) 2001 Published by Elsevier Science B.V. [less ▲]

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See detailMetal Forming Analysis via Eulerian-Lagrangian FEM with Adaptive Mesh
Hogge, Michel ULg; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg

in Latin American Research Review (1991), 21

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See detailMetal Forming Processes Optimization Using Inverse Problems
KLEINERMANN, J. P.; Stainier, Laurent ULg; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg

in Proceedings of the Fifth National Belgian Congress on Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (2000)

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See detailMetal Forming Processes Optimization Using Inverse Problems
KLEINERMANN, J. P.; Stainier, Laurent ULg; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg

in Proceedings of ECCOMAS 2000/COMPLAS VI, European Congress on Computational Methods in Applied Sciences and Engineering (2000)

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See detailMetal homeostasis in hyperaccumulating plants and algae
Hanikenne, Marc ULg

Scientific conference (2011, February 04)

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See detailMetal homeostasis in plants: what can we learn from zinc hyperaccumulators?
Hanikenne, Marc ULg

Conference (2013, February 26)

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See detailMetal hyperaccumulation and hypertolerance: a model for plant evolutionary genomics
Hanikenne, Marc ULg; Nouet, Cécile ULg

in Current Opinion in Plant Biology (2011), 14

In the course of evolution, plants adapted to major variations in metal availability in soils and therefore represent an important source of natural diversity of metal homeostasis networks. Thus, research ... [more ▼]

In the course of evolution, plants adapted to major variations in metal availability in soils and therefore represent an important source of natural diversity of metal homeostasis networks. Thus, research on plant metal homeostasis can provide insights into the functioning, regulation and adaptations of biological networks. Here, we describe major breakthroughs in our understanding of the genetic and molecular basis of metal hyperaccumulation and associated hypertolerance, a naturally selected complex trait which represents an extreme adaptation of the metal homeostasis network. Investigations in this field reveal further the molecular alterations underlying the evolution of natural phenotypic diversity and provide a highly relevant framework for comparative genomics. [less ▲]

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See detailMetal hyperaccumulation in Arabidopsis halleri: How is Zinc accumulating in the leaves?
Hanikenne, Marc ULg

Scientific conference (2008, October 21)

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See detailMetal hyperaccumulation in Arabidopsis halleri: How is Zinc accumulating in the leaves?
Hanikenne, Marc ULg

Scientific conference (2008, June 23)

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See detailMetal hyperaccumulation in Arabidopsis halleri: How is Zinc accumulating in the leaves?
Hanikenne, Marc ULg

Scientific conference (2010, September 17)

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See detailMetal hyperaccumulation in Arabidopsis halleri: How is Zinc accumulating in the leaves?
Hanikenne, Marc ULg

Scientific conference (2009, October 02)

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See detailMetal Ion Binding and Coordination Geometry for Wild Type and Mutants of Metallo-Beta -Lactamase from Bacillus Cereus 569/H/9 (Bcii): A Combined Thermodynamic, Kinetic, and Spectroscopic Approach
De Seny, Dominique ULg; Heinz, U.; Wommer, S. et al

in Journal of Biological Chemistry (2001), 276(48), 45065-78

One high affinity (nm) and one low affinity (microM) macroscopic dissociation constant for the binding of metal ions were found for the wild-type metallo-beta-lactamase from Bacillus cereus as well as six ... [more ▼]

One high affinity (nm) and one low affinity (microM) macroscopic dissociation constant for the binding of metal ions were found for the wild-type metallo-beta-lactamase from Bacillus cereus as well as six single-site mutants in which all ligands in the two metal binding sites were altered. Surprisingly, the mutations did not cause a specific alteration of the affinity of metal ions for the sole modified binding site as determined by extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) and perturbed angular correlation of gamma-rays spectroscopy, respectively. Also UV-visible absorption spectra for the mono-cobalt enzymes clearly contain contributions from both metal sites. The observations of the very similar microscopic dissociation constants of both binding sites in contrast to the significantly differing macroscopic dissociation constants inevitably led to the conclusion that binding to the two metal sites exhibits negative cooperativity. The slow association rates for forming the binuclear enzyme determined by stopped-flow fluorescence measurements suggested that fast metal exchange between the two sites for the mononuclear enzyme hinders the binding of a second metal ion. EXAFS spectroscopy of the mono- and di-zinc wild type enzymes and two di-zinc mutants provide a definition of the metal ion environments, which is compared with the available x-ray crystallographic data. [less ▲]

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See detailMetal matrix nanocomposite coatings for improving the usage properties of metallic materials
Mertens, Anne ULg; Lecomte-Beckers, Jacqueline ULg

Conference (2015, January)

The use of metal matrix nanocomposite is at the present time not as widespread as for their polymer-based counterparts. Yet, the addition of nanoparticles in a metallic matrix also allows to significantly ... [more ▼]

The use of metal matrix nanocomposite is at the present time not as widespread as for their polymer-based counterparts. Yet, the addition of nanoparticles in a metallic matrix also allows to significantly improve its usage properties, thus opening new and interesting prospects in terms of applications. This presentation aims at providing a broad overview of the various usage properties that can be enhanced by the addition of nanoparticles as illustrated by a number of examples taken from the scientific literature as well as from the researches carried out by the Metallic Materials Science Unit at the University of Liege. [less ▲]

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See detailMetal plastic behaviour linked to texture analysis and FEM method
Duchene, Laurent ULg; Godinas, André; Habraken, Anne ULg

in 4th International Conference NUMISHEET 1999 (1999)

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See detailMetal response of transgenic tomato plants expressing P1B-ATPase
Barabasz, Anna; Wilkowska, Anna; Ruszczyńska, Anna et al

in Physiologia Plantarum (2012), 145

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See detailMetal-coordination: an effective lever for cobalt-mediated radical polymerization
Debuigne, Antoine ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

in Polymer Preprints (2008), 49(27), 193-194

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See detailMetal-Forming Simulation via Eulerian-Lagrangian FEM with Contact Problems
Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg

in Proc. of NUMETA'90, Numerical Meth. in Engineering: Theory & Applications (1990)

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See detailMetal-free strategies for the synthesis of functional and well-defined polyphosphoesters
Clement, Benoît ULg; Grignard, Bruno ULg; Koole, Leo et al

in Macromolecules (2012), 45(11), 4476-4486

We report here metal-free strategies using organocatalysis based on supramolecular recognition for the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of several cyclic phosphate monomers (CPMs) by a variety of ... [more ▼]

We report here metal-free strategies using organocatalysis based on supramolecular recognition for the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of several cyclic phosphate monomers (CPMs) by a variety of organocatalysts such as 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU), 1,5,7-triazabicyclo[4.4.0]undec-5-ene (TBD), and a bicomponent thiourea−tertiary amine catalyst. Each of these catalysts is efficient to produce linear polyphosphoesters (PPEs) from CPMs but with different sensitivity toward transesterification side reactions. The strong basicity of DBU is sufficient to activate an alcohol initiating the polymerization in the absence of any other cocatalyst. Nevertheless, side chain transfer reactions leading to branched and/or cyclic polymeric structures are observed, especially for high monomer conversion. Unlike DBU, TBD is a dual catalyst activating both the alcohol and the monomer. This dual activation allows shorter polymerization time, but SEC analyses of polyphosphates reveal bimodal molecular weight distribution due to chains coupling. Finally, a mixture of DBU and thiourea (TU) appears by far the most efficient catalyst to carry out fast and controlled polymerization while minimizing transesterification reactions, even at near-complete conversion. Compared with polymerizations carried out with Sn(Oct)2 as a metal catalyst, the control of polymerization is much better so that it is possible to prepare polyphosphoesters (PPEs) with molecular weight close to 70 000 g mol−1 and polydispersity index below 1.10. Simultaneous activation by TU of both CPMs and the alcohol group of the initiator by DBU proves to be an effective and robust ROP catalytic system to synthesize polymers with predictable molecular weight and narrow polydispersity. The chain extension experiments through the use of hydroxy end- capped PPEs as macroinitiators confirm the controlled/living nature of the DBU/TU-catalyzed ROP of CPMs and pave the way to the synthesis of block copolymers based on polyphosphates. [less ▲]

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