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See detailOn the Pragmatics of Subjectification: Emergence and Modalization of an Allative Future in Ancient Egyptian
Grossman, Eitan; Polis, Stéphane ULg

Conference (2010, November 11)

In this talk, we argue for a pragmatic basis for semantic change of the type observed in grammaticalization, viz., the conventionalization of conversational inferences (see, e.g., Bybee et al. 1994 ... [more ▼]

In this talk, we argue for a pragmatic basis for semantic change of the type observed in grammaticalization, viz., the conventionalization of conversational inferences (see, e.g., Bybee et al. 1994, Traugott & Dasher 2002, Ariel 2008) or more generally, the diachronic transfer of meaning from context to code (Givón 2005). Specifically, we claim that addressees (listeners/readers as active discourse participants) make inferences and in turn, as speakers/writers, propagate them, leading to their generalization. A crucial distinction must be made between SUBJECT-ORIENTED and SPEAKER-ORIENTED inferences, implicitly argued for in Bybee et al. (1994) and clearly downplayed in contemporary discussions such as Traugott & Dasher (2002). In SUBJECT-ORIENTED inferences, addressees interpret the utterance as a speaker’s report about the subject’s state of mind, while in the SPEAKER-ORIENTED ones, addressees interpret the utterance as reporting on the state of mind of the speaker. Speaker-oriented inferences are those that lead to the relaxing of selectional restrictions on subjects observed in a number of grammaticalization paths (illustration with allative future in the talk). Speaker-oriented inferences also lead to a rise in context-expansion and text frequency of constructions, which in turn catalyze many of the phenomena associated with grammaticalization. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the pragmatics of subjectification: The grammaticalization of verbless allative futures (with a case study in Ancient Egyptian)
Grossman, Eitan; Polis, Stéphane ULg

in Acta Linguistica Hafniensia : International Journal of Linguistics (2014), 46(1), 25-63

In this paper, we argue that an expanded conception of the distinction between speaker-oriented and subject-oriented inferences is crucial for understanding the motivations and mechanisms of semantic ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we argue that an expanded conception of the distinction between speaker-oriented and subject-oriented inferences is crucial for understanding the motivations and mechanisms of semantic change in grammaticalization and subjectification, on the one hand, and for clarifying the links between semantic change and reductive formal changes, on the other. Speaker-oriented inferences have significant consequences, leading to the relaxation of selectional restrictions on a construction. In turn, the relaxation of selectional restrictions can create conditions in which the type and token frequency of a construction can rise considerably. Furthermore, changes in the selectional restrictions on a construction can themselves catalyze semantic change by coercing listeners into new form–function pairings. This framework is applied to allative futures, a typological comparative concept developed in order to compare structurally diverse future tenses. Following the typological discussion, a diachronic case study of the emergence and grammaticalization of a verbless allative future in Ancient Egyptian is presented. Such verbless allative futures provide evidence against assumptions that purpose constructions as such are not grammaticalized as future tense constructions (Schmidtke-Bode 2009). Rather, they corroborate earlier hypotheses that it is the allative component of source constructions that crucially leads to intention meanings, and from intention to prediction (see, e.g., Bybee, Pagliuca, and Perkins 1994). [less ▲]

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See detailOn the presence of a day-of-the-week effect in the foreign exchange market
Corhay, Albert ULg; Fatemi, Ali M; Tourani-Rad, Alireza

in Managerial Finance (1995), 21(8), 32-43

The purpose of this paper is to study the presence of the day-of-the-week effect in the foreign exchange market using an extensive data set of six exchange rates and employing two alternative types of ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this paper is to study the presence of the day-of-the-week effect in the foreign exchange market using an extensive data set of six exchange rates and employing two alternative types of distributional assumptions and also distribution-free tests. Our findings support the hypotheses of higher Wednesday returns prior to October 1, 1981, for the British pound, the Canadian dollar, the Deutsch mark, the French franc, the Swiss franc and the Japanese yen. Pursuant to the change in the settlement procedures which took effect October 1, 1981, the differential Wednesday returns disappear. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the privacy of file sharing services
Nikiforakis, Nick; Gadaleta, Francesco ULg; Younan, Yves et al

Report (2010)

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See detailOn the Production and Kinematics of Sodium Atoms in the Head of Comet Hale-Bopp
Rauer, H.; Arpigny, Claude ULg; Hutsemekers, Damien ULg et al

in Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society (1997, July 01), 29

The interpretation of the presence and extent of the atomic sodium observed in comet Hale-Bopp raises a number of questions related to the production, motion, and lifetime of these Na atoms under the ... [more ▼]

The interpretation of the presence and extent of the atomic sodium observed in comet Hale-Bopp raises a number of questions related to the production, motion, and lifetime of these Na atoms under the action of the solar radiation near 1 AU. Here we report on data which pertain to the study of sodium in the head of the comet, yielding information on the Na emission in the coma out to ~ 0.15 x 10(6) km on the sunward side, to ~ 0.2 x 10(6) km tailwards. The observations were carried out at the Observatoire de Haute-Provence, with the 1.93 m telescope and the ELODIE spectrometer, which is fed by a pair of optical fibers with 2-arcsec apertures separated by 1.8 arcmin. In particular, spectra were obtained on 15-17 April, 1997, near the discovery date of the sodium tail at the La Palma Observatory. These spectra (resolution ~ 7 km/s) were used to determine Na D line profiles, as well as the relative intensities of the emissions corresponding to the two positions observed simultaneously. The main outcome of our first analysis concerns the profiles recorded some distance away from the optical centre, which all show velocity shifts and asymmetric line broadening in the direction of anti-sunward velocities. Some evidence is found to suggest the existence of an extended or multi-source production of sodium atoms, at least in the coma. Another series of spectra secured just before perihelion, 25-27 March, was analysed in the same way as the April spectra. Comparison between the two sets of data provides a nice illustration of the marked influence of the heliocentric radial velocity, not only upon the strength of the fluorescence ("Swings effect"), but also upon the motion of the emitting atoms, which are accelerated by the radiation pressure to widely different degrees as their excitation wavelengths fall at different places within the Fraunhofer Na D line profiles. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the projective geometry of the supercircle: a unified construction of the super cross-ratio and Schwarzian derivative
Michel, Jean-Philippe ULg; Duval, Christian

in International Mathematics Research Notices (2008), 2008

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See detailOn the properties of the hotelling’s T2 control chart with variable sampling intervals
Faraz, Alireza ULg; Chalaki, Kamyar; Moghadam, M. B.

in Quality & Quantity (2011), 45(3), 579-586

When T 2 control chart is used to monitor a process, it is usually assumed that the samples of size n0 is taken at constant intervals t0 . In this paper, we investigate the T 2 control chart for ... [more ▼]

When T 2 control chart is used to monitor a process, it is usually assumed that the samples of size n0 is taken at constant intervals t0 . In this paper, we investigate the T 2 control chart for monitoring the process mean vector when the sampling intervals are variable. Recent studies have shown that the variable sampling interval (VSI) scheme helps practitioners detect process shifts more quickly than the classical scheme Fixed Ratio Sampling (FRS). In this paper, it is assumed that the length of time the process remains in control is exponentially distributed. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the Protoporphyrin Monolayers Conformation
Humbert, Christophe; Dreesen, Laurent ULg; Sartenaer, Yannick et al

in Chemphyschem : A European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry (2006), 7

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See detailOn the Provision of a Fast Connect Facility in a Connection-Mode Transport Service
Leduc, Guy ULg; Danthine, André ULg

in The OSI95 Transport Service with Multimedia Support (1994)

A "fast connect" facility in a connection-mode service allows the calling service user to send service data units without waiting for the rount trip delay associated with the successful establishment of ... [more ▼]

A "fast connect" facility in a connection-mode service allows the calling service user to send service data units without waiting for the rount trip delay associated with the successful establishment of the connection. In this paper we investigate how such a fast connect facility can be added to a connection-mode transport service. Starting from the eXpress Transfer Protocol (XTP) which is at the origin of the concepr, we analyse the High Speed Transport Service (HSTS) and study how it can be improved by the introduction of a listening interaction at the called side. After having criticized these two transport facilities, we finally propose three possible models of the fast connect facility. The first one is the 4-primitive connection establishment from the Broadbant Transport Service (BTS) and the last ones are two 3-primitive connection establishment. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the Purification of Women: Churching in Northern France, 1100-1500, by Paula M. Rieder
L'Estrange, Elizabeth ULg

in Medieval Feminist Forum [= MFF] (2007), 43(2), 73-76

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See detailOn the Quality of BGP Route Collectors for iBGP Policy Inference
Cittadini, Luca; Vissicchio, Stefano; Donnet, Benoît ULg

in IFIP Networking (2014, June)

A significant portion of what is known about Internet routing stems out from public BGP datasets. For this reason, numerous research efforts were devoted to (i) assessing the (in)completeness of the ... [more ▼]

A significant portion of what is known about Internet routing stems out from public BGP datasets. For this reason, numerous research efforts were devoted to (i) assessing the (in)completeness of the datasets, (ii) identifying biases in the dataset, and (iii) augmenting data quality by optimally placing new collectors. However, those studies focused on techniques to extract information about the AS-level Internet topology. In this paper, we show that considering different metrics influences the conclusions about biases and collector placement. Namely, we compare AS-level topology discovery with \iac inference. We find that the same datasets exhibit significantly diverse biases for these two metrics. For example, the sensitivity to the number and position of collectors is noticeably different. Moreover, for both metrics, the marginal utility of adding a new collector is strongly localized with respect to the proximity of the collector. Our results suggest that the ``optimal'' position for new collectors can only be defined with respect to a specific metric, hence posing a fundamental trade-off for maximizing the utility of extensions to the BGP data collection infrastructure. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the Quantum Potential and Pulsating Wave Packet in the Harmonic Oscillator
Dubois, Daniel ULg

in Dubois, Daniel (Ed.) COMPUTING ANTICIPATORY SYSTEMS (2008)

A fundamental mathematical formalism related to the Quantum Potential factor, Q, is presented in this paper. The Schrödinger equation can be transformed to two equations depending on a group velocity and ... [more ▼]

A fundamental mathematical formalism related to the Quantum Potential factor, Q, is presented in this paper. The Schrödinger equation can be transformed to two equations depending on a group velocity and a density of presence of the particle. A factor, in these equations, was called “Quantum Potential” by D. Bohm and B. Hiley. In 1999, I demonstrated that this Quantum Potential, Q, can be split in two Quantum Potentials, Q1, and Q2, for which the relation, Q=Q1+Q2, holds. These two Quantum Potentials depend on a fundamental new variable, what I called a phase velocity, u, directly related to the probability density of presence of the wave-particle, given by the modulus of the wave function. This paper gives some further developments for explaining the Quantum Potential for oscillating and pulsating Gaussian wave packets in the Harmonic Oscillator. It is shown that the two Quantum Potentials play a central role in the interpretation of quantum mechanics. A breakthrough in the formalism of the Quantum Mechanics could be provoked by the physical properties of these Quantum Potentials. The probability density of presence of the oscillating and pulsating Gaussian wave packets in the Harmonic Oscillator is directly depending on the ratio Q2/Q1 of the two Quantum Potentials. In the general case, the energy of these Gaussian wave packets is not constant, but is oscillating. The energy is given by the sum of the kinetic energy, T, the potential energy, V, and the two Quantum Potentials: E=T+V+Q1+Q2. For some conditions, given in the paper, the energy can be a constant. The first remarkable result is the fact that the first Quantum Potential, Q1, is related to the ground state energy, E0, of the Quantum Harmonic Oscillator: Q1=[barred aitch]omega/2=E0. The second result is related to the property of the second Quantum Potential, Q2, which plays the role of an anti-potential, Q2=-V(x), where V is the harmonic oscillator potential. This Quantum Potential counter-balances the harmonic oscillator potential, so there is no more harmonic potential in the quantum harmonic oscillator. It remains just a constant potential given by the first Quantum Potential, Q1. The interpretation is as follows: a quantum system can annihilate a classical potential, and so gives rise to a quantum tunnelling, which violates the principles of Classical Mechanics. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the Rayleigh-Marangoni-Benard instability of a Ferrofluid Layer, submitted to a Vertical Magnetic Field
Hennenberg, M.; Weyssow, B.; Slavtchev, S. et al

in 2nd International Marangoni Association Congress (2004)

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See detailOn the real and apparent variations of the latitude of Greenwich
Folie, François ULg

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (1890), 51

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See detailOn the Recognizability of Self-Generating Sets
Kärki, Tomi ULg; Lacroix, Anne ULg; Rigo, Michel ULg

in Lecture Notes in Computer Science (2009), 5734

Let I be a finite set of integers and F be a finite set of maps of the form n->k_i n + l_i with integer coefficients. For an integer base k>=2, we study the k-recognizability of the minimal set X of ... [more ▼]

Let I be a finite set of integers and F be a finite set of maps of the form n->k_i n + l_i with integer coefficients. For an integer base k>=2, we study the k-recognizability of the minimal set X of integers containing I and satisfying f(X)\subseteq X for all f in F. In particular, solving a conjecture of Allouche, Shallit and Skordev, we show under some technical conditions that if two of the constants k_i are multiplicatively independent, then X is not k-recognizable for any k>=2. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the Recognizability of Self-Generating Sets
Kärki, Tomi; Lacroix, Anne ULg; Rigo, Michel ULg

in Journal of Integer Sequences (2010), 13

Let I be a finite set of integers and F be a finite set of maps of the form n->k_i n + l_i with integer coefficients. For an integer base k>=2, we study the k-recognizability of the minimal set X of ... [more ▼]

Let I be a finite set of integers and F be a finite set of maps of the form n->k_i n + l_i with integer coefficients. For an integer base k>=2, we study the k-recognizability of the minimal set X of integers containing I and satisfying f(X)\subseteq X for all f in F. In particular, solving a conjecture of Allouche, Shallit and Skordev, we show under some technical conditions that if two of the constants k_i are multiplicatively independent, then X is not k-recognizable for any k>=2. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the reduction of narrow-band photometry
Manfroid, Jean ULg

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (1993), 271

A method for the reduction of narrow-band photometry is presented based on a multi-night, multi-star, multi-telescope model, and incorporating the spectral properties of the atmosphere.

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See detailOn the relation between bond quality and impact-echo frequency spectrum
Piotrowski, Tomasz; Garbacz, Andrzej; Van der Wielen, Audrey ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 13th International Congress on Polymers in Concrete ICPIC 2010 (2010)

According to EN 1504-10 and ACI Concrete Repair Manual, bond strength and interface quality are the main features of repair system necessary to be assessed. Pull-off test is most commonly used for bond ... [more ▼]

According to EN 1504-10 and ACI Concrete Repair Manual, bond strength and interface quality are the main features of repair system necessary to be assessed. Pull-off test is most commonly used for bond strength evaluation but growing interest in nondestructive techniques (NDT) is recently noted. Impact-echo (IE) is treated as the most promising one for this purpose. The aim of this paper is to analyze an effect of bond quality on stress wave propagation in repair systems. A group of samples has been prepared in order to obtain repair systems of different bond quality. Prior to repair, quality of concrete substrates has been characterized according different techniques: compressive strength, superficial cohesion, surface roughness index and cracking quantification. Than a polymer-modified repair mortar has been applied. Af-ter hardening, IE signals have been recorded and pull-off bond strength determined. The rela-tionships between parameters characterizing surface quality, bond strength, IE frequency spec-trum and results of wavelet analysis of IE signal have been analyzed. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the Relation of Programs and Computations to Models of Temporal Logic [chap. 3]
Wolper, Pierre ULg

in Bolc, Leonard; Sza\las, Andrzej (Eds.) Time and Logic, a computational approach (1995)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 ULg)