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See detailAsteroseismic observations and modelling of 70 Ophiuchi AB
Eggenberger, P.; Miglio, Andrea ULg; Carrier, F. et al

in Journal of Physics Conference Series (2008), 118(1), 012053-

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See detailThe Asteroseismic Potential of Kepler: First Results for Solar-Type Stars
Chaplin, W. J.; Appourchaux, T.; Elsworth, Y. et al

in Astrophysical Journal Letters (2010), 713

We present preliminary asteroseismic results from Kepler on three G-type stars. The observations, made at one-minute cadence during the first 33.5 days of science operations, reveal high signal-to-noise ... [more ▼]

We present preliminary asteroseismic results from Kepler on three G-type stars. The observations, made at one-minute cadence during the first 33.5 days of science operations, reveal high signal-to-noise solar-like oscillation spectra in all three stars: about 20 modes of oscillation may be clearly distinguished in each star. We discuss the appearance of the oscillation spectra, use the frequencies and frequency separations to provide first results on the radii, masses, and ages of the stars, and comment in the light of these results on prospects for inference on other solar-type stars that Kepler will observe. [less ▲]

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See detailAsteroseismic probing of internal rotation in hot B subdwarf stars: Testing spin-orbit synchronism in two close binary systems
Van Grootel, Valérie ULg; Charpinet, Stéphane; Fontaine, Gilles et al

in Journal of Physics: Conference Series (2009, June), 172

We present internal rotation profiles derived from asteroseismology for the hot pulsating B subdwarf stars PG 1336-018 and Feige 48. These two pulsators are primaries of close binary systems of known ... [more ▼]

We present internal rotation profiles derived from asteroseismology for the hot pulsating B subdwarf stars PG 1336-018 and Feige 48. These two pulsators are primaries of close binary systems of known orbital period and, therefore, provide laboratories to test, for the first time, spin-orbit synchronization as a function of depth. We show that PG 1336-018 and Feige 48 clearly rotate as solid bodies with periods equal to their orbital periods from the surface down to at least ~ 0.5 and ~ 0.3 their radius, respectively. Deep tidal locking has therefore developed within the relatively short lifetime of these stars (~ 10^8 yr). [less ▲]

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See detailAsteroseismic Solutions for the Two Fast Subdwarf B Pulsators Balloon 090100001 and PG 1336-018
Charpinet, Stéphane; Van Grootel, Valérie ULg; Brassard, Pierre et al

in Leaflet - Astronomical Society of the Pacific (2008, January), 392

We present two new asteroseismic studies of the rapid sdB pulsator PG 1336-018 and the hybrid sdB pulsator Balloon (BAL) 090100001. For PG 1336-018, the analysis is based on 25 periods extracted from the ... [more ▼]

We present two new asteroseismic studies of the rapid sdB pulsator PG 1336-018 and the hybrid sdB pulsator Balloon (BAL) 090100001. For PG 1336-018, the analysis is based on 25 periods extracted from the white-light photometry of the Xcov17 Whole Earth Telescope campaign (Kilkenny et al. 2003). For BAL 090100001, we use 10 periods of high amplitudes for which constraints on the ℓ-index have been derived from high S/N multicolour photometry. From asteroseismology, we estimate important structural parameters for these two stars, including the stellar mass and the H-rich envelope thickness. The analyses presented here are of particular interest since the asteroseismic results can be tested using independent constraints, which confirm the robustness of the solutions in both cases. [less ▲]

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See detailAn asteroseismic study of the beta Cephei CoRoT main target HD 180642: results from the ground-based campaign
Briquet, Maryline ULg; Uytterhoeven, K.; Morel, Thierry ULg et al

in American Institute of Physics Conference Series (2009, September 01)

The β Cephei star HD 180642 was observed by the CoRoT satellite during a run of 156 days in 2007. The space white light photometry revealed the rich frequency spectrum of the star (Degroote et al. 2009 ... [more ▼]

The β Cephei star HD 180642 was observed by the CoRoT satellite during a run of 156 days in 2007. The space white light photometry revealed the rich frequency spectrum of the star (Degroote et al. 2009). In the present study, we provide additional information on the target, based on both ground-based multi-colour photometry and high-resolution spectroscopy. We place our object in the (T[SUB]eff[/SUB], log g) diagram. In addition, we derive the chemical abundances of several elements as well as the metallicity of HD 180642. Finally, we put constraints on the identification of some modes. All these observational constraints will be used to compute stellar models of the target. [less ▲]

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See detailAn asteroseismic study of the beta Cephei star beta Canis Majoris
Desmet, M.; Briquet, Maryline ULg; Mazumdar, A. et al

in Communications in Asteroseismology (2006), 147

We present a spectroscopic study of the beta Cephei star beta Canis Majoris. Hundreds of high-resolution spectra were gathered during 4.5 years and the Si III line profiles centered on 4560 A were ... [more ▼]

We present a spectroscopic study of the beta Cephei star beta Canis Majoris. Hundreds of high-resolution spectra were gathered during 4.5 years and the Si III line profiles centered on 4560 A were subjected to a detailed line profile analysis. We searched for oscillation frequencies in different line diagnostics, compared them with those known from photometric studies and concluded the presence of three frequencies in our dataset: f_1 = 3.97933 c/d, f_2 = 3.99959 c/d and f_3= 4.1832 c/d, which were already found earlier from photometric data. By means of the moment method and from amplitude and phase variations across the profiles we could identify two of the modes as (l_1,m_1)=(2,2) and (l_2,m_2)=(0,0$. We present our first results of modelling based on the oscillation frequencies and place constraints on the mass, age and core overshooting of this massive evolved beta Cephei star. [less ▲]

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See detailAn asteroseismic study of the O9V star HD 46202 from CoRoT space-based photometry
Briquet, Maryline ULg; Aerts, C.; Baglin, A. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2011), 527

The O9V star HD 46202, which is a member of the young open cluster NGC 2244, was observed by the CoRoT satellite in October/November 2008 during a short run of 34 days. From the very high-precision light ... [more ▼]

The O9V star HD 46202, which is a member of the young open cluster NGC 2244, was observed by the CoRoT satellite in October/November 2008 during a short run of 34 days. From the very high-precision light curve, we clearly detect β Cep-like pulsation frequencies with amplitudes of ~0.1 mmag and below. A comparison with stellar models was performed using a χ[SUP]2[/SUP] as a measure for the goodness-of-fit between the observed and theoretically computed frequencies. The physical parameters of our best-fitting models are compatible with the ones deduced spectroscopically. A core overshooting parameter α[SUB]ov[/SUB] = 0.10 ± 0.05 pressure scale height is required. None of the observed frequencies are theoretically excited with the input physics used in our study. More theoretical work is thus needed to overcome this shortcoming in how we understand the excitation mechanism of pulsation modes in such a massive star. A similar excitation problem has also been encountered for certain pulsation modes in β Cep stars recently modelled asteroseismically. The CoRoT space mission was developed and is operated by the French space agency CNES, with the participation of ESA's RSSD and Science Programmes, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Germany, and Spain. [less ▲]

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See detailAn asteroseismic study of the β Cephei star 12 Lacertae: multisite spectroscopic observations, mode identification and seismic modelling
Desmet, M.; Briquet, Maryline ULg; Thoul, Anne ULg et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2009), 396

We present the results of a spectroscopic multisite campaign for the β Cephei star 12 (DD) Lacertae. Our study is based on more than thousand high-resolution high S/N spectra gathered with eight different ... [more ▼]

We present the results of a spectroscopic multisite campaign for the β Cephei star 12 (DD) Lacertae. Our study is based on more than thousand high-resolution high S/N spectra gathered with eight different telescopes in a time span of 11 months. In addition, we make use of numerous archival spectroscopic measurements. We confirm 10 independent frequencies recently discovered from photometry, as well as harmonics and combination frequencies. In particular, the slowly pulsating B-stars (SPB)-like g-mode with frequency 0.3428d[SUP]-1[/SUP] reported before is detected in our spectroscopy. We identify the four main modes as (l[SUB]1[/SUB], m[SUB]1[/SUB]) = (1, 1), (l[SUB]2[/SUB], m[SUB]2[/SUB]) = (0, 0), (l[SUB]3[/SUB], m[SUB]3[/SUB]) = (1, 0) and (l[SUB]4[/SUB], m[SUB]4[/SUB]) = (2, 1) for f[SUB]1[/SUB] = 5.178964d[SUP]-1[/SUP], f[SUB]2[/SUB] = 5.334224d[SUP]-1[/SUP], f[SUB]3[/SUB] = 5.066316d[SUP]-1[/SUP] and f[SUB]4[/SUB] = 5.490133d[SUP]-1[/SUP], respectively. Our seismic modelling shows that f[SUB]2[/SUB] is likely the radial first overtone and that the core overshooting parameter α[SUB]ov[/SUB] is lower than 0.4 local pressure scale heights. [less ▲]

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See detailAn asteroseismic study of the β Cephei star β Canis Majoris
Mazumdar, A.; Briquet, Maryline ULg; Desmet, M. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2006), 459

Aims.We present the results of a detailed analysis of 452 ground-based, high-resolution high S/N spectroscopic measurements spread over 4.5 years for β Canis Majoris with the aim of determining the ... [more ▼]

Aims.We present the results of a detailed analysis of 452 ground-based, high-resolution high S/N spectroscopic measurements spread over 4.5 years for β Canis Majoris with the aim of determining the pulsational characteristics of this star, and then using them to derive seismic constraints on the stellar parameters.<BR /> Methods: .We determined pulsation frequencies in the Si III 4553 Å line with Fourier methods. We identified the m-value of the modes by taking the photometric identifications of the degrees ℓ into account. To this end we used the moment method together with the amplitude and phase variations across the line profile. The frequencies of the identified modes were used for a seismic interpretation of the structure of the star.<BR /> Results: .We confirm the presence of the three pulsation frequencies already detected in previous photometric datasets: f[SUB]1[/SUB] = 3.9793~c d[SUP]-1[/SUP] (46.057~μHz), f[SUB]2[/SUB] = 3.9995~c d[SUP]-1[/SUP] (46.291~μHz), and f[SUB]3[/SUB] = 4.1832~c d[SUP]-1[/SUP] (48.417~μHz). For the two modes with the highest amplitudes, we unambiguously identify (ℓ_1,m_1) = (2,2) and (ℓ_2,m_2) = (0,0). We cannot conclude anything for the third mode identification, except that m[SUB]3[/SUB] > 0. We also deduce an equatorial rotational velocity of 31 ± 5~km s[SUP]-1[/SUP] for the star. We show that the mode f[SUB]1[/SUB] must be close to an avoided crossing. Constraints on the mass (13.5 ± 0.5~μHz), age (12.4 ± 0.7 Myr), and core overshoot (0.20 ± 0.05 H_P) of β CMa are obtained from seismic modelling using f[SUB]1[/SUB] and f_2.<BR /> [less ▲]

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See detailAn asteroseismic study of the β cephei star θ ophiuchi : constraints on global stellar parameters and core overshooting
Briquet, Maryline ULg; Morel, Thierry ULg; Thoul, Anne ULg et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2007), 381(4), 1482-1488

We present a seismic study of the beta Cephei star theta Ophiuchi. Our analysis is based on the observation of one radial mode, one rotationally split l = 1 triplet and three components of a rotationally ... [more ▼]

We present a seismic study of the beta Cephei star theta Ophiuchi. Our analysis is based on the observation of one radial mode, one rotationally split l = 1 triplet and three components of a rotationally split l = 2 quintuplet for which the m values were well identified by spectroscopy. We identify the radial mode as fundamental, the triplet as p(1) and the quintuplet as g(1). Our non-local thermodynamic equilibrium abundance analysis results in a metallicity and CNO abundances in full agreement with the most recent updated solar values. With X epsilon [0.71, 0.7211] and Z epsilon [0.009, 0.015], and using the Asplund et al. mixture but with a Ne abundance about 0.3 dex larger, the matching of the three independent modes enables us to deduce constrained ranges for the mass (M = 8.2 +/- 0.3 M circle dot) and central hydrogen abundance (X-c = 0.38 +/- 0.02) of theta Oph and to prove the occurrence of core overshooting (alpha(ov) = 0.44 +/- 0.07). We also derive an equatorial rotation velocity of 29 +/- 7 km s(-1). Moreover, we show that the observed non-equidistance of the l = 1 triplet can be reproduced by the second-order effects of rotation. Finally, we show that the observed rotational splitting of two modes cannot rule out a rigid rotation model. [less ▲]

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See detailAn asteroseismic study of the β Cephei star θ Ophiuchi: spectroscopic results
Briquet, Maryline ULg; Lefever, K.; Uytterhoeven, K. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2005), 362

We present the results of a detailed analysis of 121 ground-based high-resolution, high signal-to-noise ratio spectroscopic measurements spread over 3 yr for the β Cephei star θ Ophiuchi. We discovered θ ... [more ▼]

We present the results of a detailed analysis of 121 ground-based high-resolution, high signal-to-noise ratio spectroscopic measurements spread over 3 yr for the β Cephei star θ Ophiuchi. We discovered θ Oph to be a triple system. In addition to the already known speckle B5 companion of the B2 primary, we showed the presence of a low-mass spectroscopic companion and we derived an orbital period of 56.71 d with an eccentricity of 0.1670. After removing the orbit we determined two frequencies for the primary in the residual radial velocities: f[SUB]1[/SUB]= 7.1160 cd[SUP]-1[/SUP] and f[SUB]2[/SUB]= 7.4676 cd[SUP]-1[/SUP]. We also found the presence of f[SUB]3[/SUB]= 7.3696 cd[SUP]-1[/SUP] by means of a two-dimensional frequency search across the SiIII 4567-Åprofiles. We identified the m-value of the main mode with frequency f[SUB]1[/SUB] by taking into account the photometric identifications of the degrees l. By means of the moment method and the amplitude and phase variations across the line profile, we derived (l[SUB]1[/SUB], m[SUB]1[/SUB]) = (2, -1). This result allows us to fix the mode identifications of the whole quintuplet for which three components were detected in photometry. This is of particular use for our forthcoming seismic modelling of the primary. We also determined stellar parameters of the primary by non-local thermodynamic equilibrium hydrogen, helium and silicon line profile fitting and we obtained T[SUB]eff[/SUB]= 24000 K and logg= 4.1, which is consistent with photometrically determined values. [less ▲]

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See detailAn Asteroseismological Analysis of the Pulsating B Subdwarf Feige 48 Taking into Account Rotation
Van Grootel, Valérie ULg; Charpinet, Stéphane; Fontaine, Gilles et al

in Leaflet - Astronomical Society of the Pacific (2008, January), 392

We present a new analysis of the short period pulsating sdB star Feige 48 using the same observations as done in our previous work, but exploiting, this time, our new period-matching codes that include ... [more ▼]

We present a new analysis of the short period pulsating sdB star Feige 48 using the same observations as done in our previous work, but exploiting, this time, our new period-matching codes that include the rotation of the star. The pulsation spectrum of Feige 48 shows the signature of rotational splitting with a mean frequency spacing of about 28 μHz between the components of three different frequency multiplets. In addition, Feige 48 has been shown to be a member of a close binary system with an invisible (most likely a white dwarf) companion. Assuming various internal rotation laws, we are now able to fit all nine observed frequencies simultaneously, and not only the four m = 0 components that we identified a priori in our previous effort. For solid body rotation, our optimal model shows slightly different structural parameters than those obtained previously on the basis of purely spherical models. Interestingly, that optimal model is also characterized by a rotation period of 9.028 h, which falls exactly on the value of the orbital period found independently from spectroscopy, namely, 9.024 ± 0.072 h. This very strongly implies that Feige 48 is tidally locked, a suggestion quite consistent with theoretical expectations for such a close binary system. In the same vein, our investigations also demonstrate explicitly that the idea of a fast rotating core can be eliminated for Feige 48. [less ▲]

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See detailAn Asteroseismological Study of the Rapidly Pulsating Subdwarf B Star PG 0911+456
Randall, Suzanna K.; Green, Elizabeth M.; Van Grootel, Valérie ULg et al

in Leaflet - Astronomical Society of the Pacific (2008, January), 392

We present the analysis and interpretation of 57 hours of time-series photometry obtained with the new Mont4kccd on Mt. Bigelow, Arizona, for the rapidly pulsating sdB star PG 0911+456. Thanks to the ... [more ▼]

We present the analysis and interpretation of 57 hours of time-series photometry obtained with the new Mont4kccd on Mt. Bigelow, Arizona, for the rapidly pulsating sdB star PG 0911+456. Thanks to the impressively high S/N of the data we were able to extract 7 independent periodicities in the 140-200 s range with amplitudes down to 0.05 % of the mean stellar brightness. On the basis of these we performed an asteroseismological search for the optimal model and derived the star's fundamental parameters. Given that there are now 12 sdB stars for which asteroseismology has been performed, the results are starting to become significant from a statistical point of view and evolutionary trends are slowly emerging. [less ▲]

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See detailAsteroseismology and mode driving of the Herbig Ae star HD 104237
Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Théado, S.; Böhm, T. et al

in Communications in Asteroseismology (2007), 150

Eight pulsation frequencies were detected in the Herbig Ae star HD 104237 during two observational campaigns in 1999 -- 2000 (Böhm et al. 2004). Moreover, Böhm et al. (in preparation) detected recently in ... [more ▼]

Eight pulsation frequencies were detected in the Herbig Ae star HD 104237 during two observational campaigns in 1999 -- 2000 (Böhm et al. 2004). Moreover, Böhm et al. (in preparation) detected recently in their data two independent signatures of a signal at 95 hr that corresponds probably to rotational modulation. We present here a seismic study of this Pre-Main Sequence star based on these observations. Different possible interpretations of the pulsation spectrum are considered. The driving of the pulsation modes is not explained by standard models, the observed frequencies being too high for delta Scuti-type pulsations. We consider the effect of He accumulation in its partial ionization zones as a possible explanation for this driving. [less ▲]

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See detailAsteroseismology in action: a test of spin-orbit synchronism in the close binary system Feige 48
Van Grootel, Valérie ULg; Charpinet, Stéphane; Fontaine, Gilles et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2008), 483

Aims. In this paper, we provide a test of spin-orbit synchronism in the close binary system Feige 48. This system is made of a rapidly pulsating subdwarf B (sdB) star with an unseen companion, most likely ... [more ▼]

Aims. In this paper, we provide a test of spin-orbit synchronism in the close binary system Feige 48. This system is made of a rapidly pulsating subdwarf B (sdB) star with an unseen companion, most likely a white dwarf. The presence of nonradial oscillations offers the opportunity to infer the inner profile and period of rotation of the primary star through asteroseismology. This constitutes the key element for testing spin-orbit synchronism in depth, since stellar internal layers are inaccessible to traditional techniques. Methods. We carried out a new asteroseismic analysis of Feige 48 following the so-called “forward modeling” approach. This is done with our latest optimization algorithms, which have been updated to incorporate the effect of stellar rotation on pulsations, assuming various internal rotation laws. In this analysis, the simultaneous match of all the frequencies observed in Feige 48 leads objectively to the full identification of the pulsation modes through the determination of the indices k, l, m. It also leads to determining the structural and rotational parameters of Feige 48. Results. Our optimal model, obtained with a solid-body rotation law, is characterized by a spin period of 9.028 ± 0.480 h. This value is remarkably similar to the system’s orbital period of 9.024 ± 0.072 h, measured independently from radial velocity variations. We further demonstrate that the hypothesis of differential rotation of the core – including a fast rotating core – must be eliminated for Feige 48. Conclusions. These results strongly imply that Feige 48 rotates as a solid body in a tidally locked system. This constitutes the first explicit demonstration of spin-orbit synchronism in a binary star by asteroseismic means. [less ▲]

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See detailAsteroseismology of beta Cephei stars
Thoul, Anne ULg

Scientific conference (2011, October)

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See detailAsteroseismology of B stars
Thoul, Anne ULg

in Communications in Asteroseismology (2009), 159

Numerous B stars on the main sequence are found to be variable. These stars have a relatively simple structure, and yet they present some very interesting challenges. It is important to understand these ... [more ▼]

Numerous B stars on the main sequence are found to be variable. These stars have a relatively simple structure, and yet they present some very interesting challenges. It is important to understand these stars before we can expect to be able to understand stars which have a more complicated internal structure. Asteroseismology of B stars has made considerable progress in the last few years, thanks to the observations obtained from large multisite campaigns, and it is now possible to determine global parameters for these stars such as their masses, ages, metallicities, with very high accuracy. Many variable B stars are also observed with the CoRoT space mission, and statistical studies may become possible in the near future. Detailed studies of the oscillation spectra of β Cephei stars have already allowed to put some limits on the overshooting parameter, and this overshooting parameter is found to vary from one star to the next. Some β Cephei stars are found to present differential rotation in their envelopes, while others are compatible with solid body rotation. Some B stars present nitrogen enhancement, even though they are very slow rotators. The instability strips of B stars differ depending on the composition and the opacity tables adopted. Microscopic diffusion and radiative accelerations could produce an accumulation of iron-group elements in some layers of these stars. Hybrid pulsators, showing both β Cephei and SPB pulsations have been observed. Some of the best observed stars have pulsation spectra which still cannot be reproduced by modelling. Here I review the present status of the observations and of the modelling of β Cephei stars, emphasizing both the successes reached and the questions and problems which remain open today. [less ▲]

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See detailAsteroseismology of B stars with MESA
Thoul, Anne ULg

Conference (2013, December)

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See detailAsteroseismology of beta Cephei stars: effects of the chemical composition
Thoul, Anne ULg

Conference (2007, August)

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See detailAsteroseismology of delta Scuti Stars: Problems and Prospects
Goupil, Marie-José; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Samadi, R. et al

in Journal of Astrophysics & Astronomy (2005), 26

We briefly outline the state-of-the-art seismology of delta Scuti stars from a theoretical point of view: why is it so difficult a task? The recent theoretical advances in the field that these ... [more ▼]

We briefly outline the state-of-the-art seismology of delta Scuti stars from a theoretical point of view: why is it so difficult a task? The recent theoretical advances in the field that these difficulties have influenced are also discussed. [less ▲]

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