Browsing
     by title


0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

or enter first few letters:   
OK
Peer Reviewed
See detailPatterns of allozymic variation within Calluna vulgaris populations at seed bank and adult stages
Mahy, Grégory ULg; Vekemans, Xavier; Jacquemart, Anne Laure

in Heredity (1999), 82

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPatterns of aluminum hydroxychloride deposition onto the skin.
Mayeux, Geraldine; Xhauflaire-Uhoda, Emmanuelle; PIERARD, Gérald ULg

in Skin Research & Technology (2012), 18(1), 64-9

BACKGROUND: Aluminum hydroxychloride (AlCl(3) ) is an antiperspirant. AIM: To revisit the AlCl(3) deposition in vivo and in vitro on glass slides and stratum corneum (SC) harvested by cyanoacrylate skin ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Aluminum hydroxychloride (AlCl(3) ) is an antiperspirant. AIM: To revisit the AlCl(3) deposition in vivo and in vitro on glass slides and stratum corneum (SC) harvested by cyanoacrylate skin surface strippings (CSSS). METHODS: Transepidermal water loss (TEWL) was assessed following application of 5% AlCl(3) on the forearms. The AlCl(3) -coated skin, glass slides and CSSS were observed using two ultraviolet light-emitting CCD cameras in order to record changes in specular reflectance related to AlCl(3) deposition. In addition, the corneoxenometry bioassay was performed in order to predict AlCl(3) irritation. RESULTS: AlCl(3) deposited on glass slides looked as linear threads and rings of similar sizes. AlCl(3) deposits on skin were almost restricted inside the microrelief lines and as annular deposits at their crossings where acrosyringia are opening. After daily AlCl(3) applications, deposits extended on the CSSS plateaus. At rest in absence of sweating, TEWL was decreased following AlCl(3) applications. During physical exercise, the TEWL increase was limited on the AlCl(3) areas. CSSS appeared unreactive to AlCl(3) at the corneoxenometry bioassay. CONCLUSION: The similar aspect of AlCl(3) deposits on human SC and on glass slides suggested a physical property of AlCl(3) . Repetitive applications of AlCl(3) increased both the deposit area and the barrier function. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPatterns Of Bryophyte Diversity And Rarity At A Regional Scale
Vanderpoorten, Alain ULg; Engels, Patrick ULg

in Biodiversity & Conservation (2003), 12(3),

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPatterns of Clinical Management and Resource Utilisation for Postmenopausal Hormone-Receptor-Positive HER2-Negative (HR+ HER2-) Advanced Breast Cancer (BC) in Europe
ANDRE, Fabrice; MARINSEK, Nina; RICCI, Jean-François et al

in Value in Health (2012, November), 15(7), 419

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPatterns of crop damage by wild boar (Sus scrofa)in Luxembourg over a 10-year period
Schley, L.; Dufrêne, Marc ULg; Krier, A. et al

in European Journal of Wildlife Research (2008), 54(4), 589-599

In many European countries, the wild boar (Sus scrofa) is often associated with crop damage. In this study, we analyse data relating to 13,276 cases of wild boar damage to agricultural crops over a 10 ... [more ▼]

In many European countries, the wild boar (Sus scrofa) is often associated with crop damage. In this study, we analyse data relating to 13,276 cases of wild boar damage to agricultural crops over a 10-year period in Luxembourg (an area of 2,586 km2 in Western Europe). Results show that (1) damage is more severe in this area than in others; (2) damage to permanent grassland is far more frequent and more severe than damage to annual crops; (3) trichomatous crops such as barley are avoided; (4) damage is seasonally distributed according to type of crop; (5) damage is distributed spatially in a non-uniform manner; (6) damage intensity is significantly correlated with wild boar hunting bags, both over time and space. We suggest that wild boar management strategy should always take into account the issue of damage to agricultural crops. Our results imply that measures for preventing or reducing damage should be more targeted in time and space and that adjustments to cropping patterns should contribute towards a reduction of wild boar damage. © 2008 Springer-Verlag. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailPatterns of diversification in early eukaryotes
Javaux, Emmanuelle ULg

in Steemans, Philippe; Javaux, Emmanuelle (Eds.) Recent advances in palynology (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 ULg)
See detailPatterns of early eukaryote diversification
Javaux, Emmanuelle ULg

Conference (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPatterns of genomic aberrations suggest that Burkitt lymphomas with complex karyotype are distinct from other aggressive B-cell lymphomas with MYC rearrangement.
Havelange, Violaine; Ameye, Genevieve; Theate, Ivan et al

in Genes, Chromosomes & Cancer (2013), 52(1), 81-92

We previously showed that complex karyotypes (CK) and chromosome 13q abnormalities have an adverse prognostic impact in childhood Burkitt lymphomas/leukemias (BL) and diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL ... [more ▼]

We previously showed that complex karyotypes (CK) and chromosome 13q abnormalities have an adverse prognostic impact in childhood Burkitt lymphomas/leukemias (BL) and diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL). The aim of our study was to identify recurrent alterations associated with MYC rearrangements in aggressive B-cell lymphomas with CK. Multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization (M-FISH) was performed in 84 patient samples (59 adults and 25 children), including 37 BL (13 lymphomas and 24 acute leukemias), 12 DLBCL, 28 B-cell lymphomas with intermediate features (DLBCL/BL), 4 B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemias (BCP-ALL), and 3 unclassifiable B-cell lymphomas. New (cytogenetically undetected) abnormalities were identified in 80% of patients. We also refined one-third of the chromosomal aberrations detected by karyotyping. M-FISH proved to be more useful in identifying chromosomal partners involved in unbalanced translocations and in revealing greater complexity of 13q rearrangements. Most of the newly identified or refined recurrent alterations involved 1q, 13q and 3q (gains/losses), 7q and 18q (gains), or 6q (losses), suggesting that these secondary aberrations may play a role in lymphomagenesis. Several patterns of genomic aberrations were identified: 1q gains in BL, trisomies 7 in DLBCL, and 18q-translocations in adult non-BL. BCP-ALL usually displayed an 18q21 rearrangement. BL karyotypes were less complex and aneuploid than those of other MYC-rearranged lymphomas. BCP-ALL and DLBCL/BL were associated with a higher rate of early death than BL and DLBCL. These findings support the categorization of DLBCL/BL as a distinct entity and suggest that BL with CK are indeed different from other aggressive MYC-rearranged lymphomas, which usually show greater genetic complexity. (c) 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPatterns of hybridization and hybrid survival in the invasive alien Fallopia complex (Polygonaceae)
Saad, Layla ULg; Tiébré, Marie-Solange; Hardy, Olivier et al

in Plant Ecology and Evolution (2011), 144(12-18),

Background -- Hybridization and polyploidization are considered important driving forces of invasive processes. In the invasive Fallopia spp. complex, hybridization between taxa of various ploidy levels ... [more ▼]

Background -- Hybridization and polyploidization are considered important driving forces of invasive processes. In the invasive Fallopia spp. complex, hybridization between taxa of various ploidy levels has been experimentally demonstrated. Extensive genetic variation has also been observed among hybrids in the field. However, what makes a certain hybridization event of evolutionary importance is still the subject of speculation considering the invasive potential of hybrid Fallopia. Aims -- The present study examined landscape scale patterns of interspecific hybridization within the alien invasive Fallopia complex, and tested whether cold winter might act as selective agent for hybrid survival. Methods -- Eighty seeds per clone were collected from four taxa (F. japonica, F. sachalinensis, F. aubertii, and F. xbohemica) and sown in greenhouse and outdoor conditions. Ploidy levels of the resulting seedlings were determined by flow cytometry at early stages of seedling growth and compared to those of mature clones present in the same landscapes. Key results -- The four studied taxa were involved in interspecific hybridization patterns. Seedlings resulting from hybridization had a large range of ploidy levels, including aneuploid and euploid progeny, and polyploid levels that were not observed in mature clones. Cold winter had a negative effect on germination success. However, a comparison of ploidy levels of seedlings that survived the cold winter with those grown under greenhouse conditions indicated that cold winter was not a significant selection agent for particular ploidy levels. Conclusions -- Our results stress the importance of interspecific hybridization and polyploidization events in generating invasive hybrids in the alien Fallopia spp complex. Cold winter represents a selection agent for the survival of early stages of progeny but does not explain the discrepancies in ploidy levels between produced seedlings and currently occurring mature clones. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 78 (14 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPatterns of Management Control for Sustainability
Crutzen, Nathalie ULg; Zvezdov, Dimitar; Schaltegger, Stefan

Conference (2013, March)

Detailed reference viewed: 69 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPatterns of molecular and morphological variation in Leucobryum albidum, L. Glaucum, and L-juniperoideum (Bryopsida)
Vanderpoorten, Alain ULg; Boles, S.; Shaw, A. J.

in Systematic Botany (2003), 28(4, OCT-DEC), 651-656

Restriction digest patterns from 18S-26S nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacers (ITS) were employed to investigate delineation between the morphologically similar moss species Leucobryum ... [more ▼]

Restriction digest patterns from 18S-26S nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacers (ITS) were employed to investigate delineation between the morphologically similar moss species Leucobryum glaucum, L. juniperoideum, and L. albidum. Discriminant analysis allowed assignment of specimens to haplotypes based on their morphological features and supported the recognition of L. glaucum and L. albidum. In contrast, L. albidum and L. juniperoideum both corresponded to the same haplotype. Many populations could be readily assigned to either L. glaucum or L. albidum by their morphological features. However, morphological variation between these two species was continuous and one of the ITS haplotypes could not be unambiguously characterized by its morphology. Genetically and morphologically identifiable specimens of L. albidum were sampled in Europe and North America, in contrast to the traditional interpretation of L. albidum as a North American endemic. Although L. albidum seems to have a more southern-Atlantic distribution pattern than L. glaucum, the two species occupy broadly overlapping geographic ranges and were sometimes found intermixed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPatterns of morphological evolution of the cephalic region in damselfishes (Perciformes: Pomacentridae) of the Eastern Pacific
Aguilar-Medrano, Rosalia; Frederich, Bruno ULg; De Luna, Efrain et al

in Biological Journal of the Linnean Society (2011), 102

Pomacentridae are one of the most abundant fish families inhabiting reefs of tropical and temperate regions. This family, comprising 29 genera, shows a remarkable diversity of habitat preferences, feeding ... [more ▼]

Pomacentridae are one of the most abundant fish families inhabiting reefs of tropical and temperate regions. This family, comprising 29 genera, shows a remarkable diversity of habitat preferences, feeding, and behaviours. Twenty-four species belonging to seven genera have been reported in the Eastern Pacific region. The present study focuses on the relationship between the diet and the cephalic profile in the 24 endemic damselfishes of this region. Feeding habits were determined by means of underwater observations and the gathering of bibliographic data. Variations in cephalic profile were analyzed by means of geometric morphometrics and phylogenetic methods. The present study shows that the 24 species can be grouped into three main trophic guilds: zooplanktivores, algivores, and an intermediate group feeding on small pelagic and benthic preys. Shape variations were low within each genus except for Abudefduf. Phylogenetically adjusted regression reveals that head shape can be explained by differences in feeding habits. The morphometric phylogeny recovered the subfamily Stegastinae and the relationship between Abudefduf troschelii and Chromis species. The cephalic profile of damselfishes contains a clear and strong phylogenetic signal. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 109 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPatterns of physical activity determined by heart rate monitoring among diabetic children
Massin, M. M.; Lebrethon, M. C.; Brumioul, Danielle ULg et al

in Archives of Disease in Childhood (2005), 90(12), 1223-1226

Background: Children with type 1 diabetes should be encouraged to participate in physical activity because exercise can benefit insulin sensitivity and improve known risk factors for atherosclerosis ... [more ▼]

Background: Children with type 1 diabetes should be encouraged to participate in physical activity because exercise can benefit insulin sensitivity and improve known risk factors for atherosclerosis. Methods: Physical activity patterns of 127 children and adolescents with stable type 1 diabetes were investigated by 24 hour continuous heart rate monitoring. The percentage of heart rate reserve was used to measure the amounts of physical activity at different intensities. The results were compared with normative data. Results: Diabetic preschoolchildren accumulated 192.7 (78.1), 39.1 (24.3), and 21.3 (9.4) minutes/day (mean (SD)) of light, moderate, and vigorous physical activity, respectively. At the same activity levels, diabetic schoolchildren accumulated 168.9 (76.7), 37.9 (15.9), and 19.0 (14.8) minutes/day, and diabetic teenagers accumulated 166.3 (67.5), 45.6 (26.9), and 25.2 (15.3) minutes/day. Diabetic schoolchildren were significantly more active than healthy peers when considering moderate activity; diabetic teenagers were significantly more active when considering moderate and vigorous activity. There was a negative correlation between the most recent glycated haemoglobin and the time spent in light activities in schoolchildren, and a negative correlation between mean glycated haemoglobin for one year and time spent in light and moderate activities in schoolchildren. Conclusion: The majority of our diabetic patients meet the classical paediatric guidelines for physical activity and compare favourably with their healthy peers. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailPatterns of regenerating structures in beet calli.
Carels, N.; Lepoivre, Philippe ULg; Dekegel, D. et al

in Bulletin des Recherches Agronomiques de Gembloux (1990), 25(4),

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPatterns of seasonal and interannual changes of surface chlorophyll concentration in the Black Sea revealed from the remote sensed data.
Nezlin, Nikolay Pavlovich; Kostianoy, Andrey G.; Grégoire, Marilaure ULg

in Remote Sensing of Environment (1999), 69

Several years of CZCS-measured surface pigment’s ecosystems (e.g., Shushkina et al., 1995; Vinogradov et concentrations in the Black Sea are analyzed to appraise al., 1995; 1996a,b; Nihoul et al., 1998 ... [more ▼]

Several years of CZCS-measured surface pigment’s ecosystems (e.g., Shushkina et al., 1995; Vinogradov et concentrations in the Black Sea are analyzed to appraise al., 1995; 1996a,b; Nihoul et al., 1998). The analysis of the seasonal and year-to-year fluctuations of phytoplank- the images of the ocean color collected with the help of ton biomass and understand the causes of these fluctua- remote sensing seems to be one of the most productive tions in terms of the Black Sea’s general dynamics. The methods of estimation the general patterns of temporal pattern of seasonal variations is typical for subtropical and spatial variations of plant pigment concentration in rather than temperate regions. The range of the absolute surface layer of sea water. value of plant pigment surface concentration measured The chlorophyll concentrations measured by remote by remote sensing does not differ greatly from the values sensing methods are known to be the subject of serious measured by direct methods. The pattern of year-to-year discrepancies as compared with in situ measurements variations seems to correlate with cyclic oscillations of (e.g., Chavez, 1995; Martin and Perry, 1994; Mitchell, winter air temperature. In western shallow regions it is 1992; Nihoul et al., 1998). However, these observations also correlated with the Danube discharge intensity. are rather regular and numerous; thus they are worth at- More intensive winter–spring blooms and a slightly lower tention for the analysis of the variations of the Black level of pigment concentration during warm season are Sea’s ecosystem. typical for years of with a mild winter. The causes of The Coastal Zone Color Scanner (CZCS) was develthese regularities seem to be the peculiarities of hydrolog- oped by NASA. It was launched on the Nimbus-7 satelical and meteorological regimes of the Black Sea. The in- lite in October 1978. During its 7.5 year lifetime (Octotensity of winter–spring bloom of phytoplankton appears ber 1978–June 1986), the CZCS acquired nearly 68,000 to depend on hydrological mechanism (i.e., the intensity images, each covering up to 2 million square kilometers of water mixing during winter period due to thermic con- of ocean surface. The Nimbus Project Office in collabovection and wind mixing) rather than the illumination in- ration with the National Aeronautics and Space Administensity. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPatterns of the Immunohistochemical Expression of Melanoma-Associated Antigens and Density of Cd45r0+ Activated T Lymphocytes and L1-Protein Positive Macrophages in Primary Cutaneous Melanomas
Pierard-Franchimont, Claudine ULg; Letawe, C.; Nikkels, Arjen ULg et al

in International Journal of Molecular Medicine (1998), 2(6), 721-724

There is ample evidence for spontaneous antimelanoma immune reactivity mediated by melanocyte-differentiation-antigens (MDAs). Our aim was to determine whether MDA immunoreactivity is associated with ... [more ▼]

There is ample evidence for spontaneous antimelanoma immune reactivity mediated by melanocyte-differentiation-antigens (MDAs). Our aim was to determine whether MDA immunoreactivity is associated with increased tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) and macrophages (TIM). A retrospective study was conducted in 30 medium and high grade primary cutaneous melanomas (PCM) as identified by CART-analysis. All of the cases had developed clinical evidence for metastasis within 3 years following surgical excision of the PCM. We used immunohistochemistry and computerized image analysis to quantify MDAs positive cells (Melan A/MART-1, gp100/Pmel 17/HMB45, tyrosinase), CD45R0-positive TIL and LI-protein-positive TIM. A stochastic relationship was present between the MDA immuno-reactivities and the densities in TIL and TIM. An inverse relationship was yielded between TIL and TIM. No specific pattern of PCM immunoreactivity for MDAs, TIL and TIM was found to predict metastases. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailPatterns of the radial dendrites and radial glia in the barrel cortex after whisker removal in neonatal mice
Crandall, J. E.; Butler, D.; Caviness, V. S. et al

in Neuroscience (1989)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (0 ULg)