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See detailP53, Bax and Bcl-2 in Vivo Expression in the Murine Thymus after Apoptogenic Treatments
Denis, Ghislaine; Humblet, Chantal ULg; Verlaet, Myriam ULg et al

in Anticancer Research (1998), 18(5, Sep-Oct), 3315-21

BACKGROUND: Neoplasia can results from a lack of cell elimination by apoptosis. In order to determine if mechanisms controlling apoptosis are disturbed during neoplastic transformation in a model of ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Neoplasia can results from a lack of cell elimination by apoptosis. In order to determine if mechanisms controlling apoptosis are disturbed during neoplastic transformation in a model of murine radio-induced thymic lymphomas, we have assessed the kinetics of p53, Bax and Bcl-2 in situ expression after induction of thymic apoptosis by irradiation or glucocorticoids at first in normal mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: TUNEL method was used for in situ detection of apoptosis and protein expression was determined by indirect immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: After hydrocortisone injection, levels of p53 and Bax, but not Bcl-2, expression were raised. A whole body sublethal irradiation led to an increase of p53 and Bcl-2, but not Bax, expression. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first in vivo report of in situ protein expression in the thymus after apoptogenic treatments of mice. The results suggest that Bax could be involved in glucocorticoid-mediated apoptosis. The increased levels of Bcl-2 expression are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailp53-dependent downregulation of metastasis-associated laminin receptor
Modugno, Michele; Tagliabue, Elda; Ardini, Elena et al

in Oncogene (2002), 21(49), 7478-7487

Based on observations suggesting a role for the tumor suppressor protein p53 in regulating expression of the 67-kDa laminin receptor precursor, 37LRP, we analysed the 37LRP promoter activity in a wild ... [more ▼]

Based on observations suggesting a role for the tumor suppressor protein p53 in regulating expression of the 67-kDa laminin receptor precursor, 37LRP, we analysed the 37LRP promoter activity in a wild-type p53 (wt p53) ovarian carcinoma cell line and in a cisplatin-resistant subline with mutated p53. We observed an increased promoter activity in wt p53 cells as compared to the mutated-p53 line when the first intron of the 37LRP gene was present in the reporter construct. Cotransfection experiments showed that the promoter is downregulated by both wt and mutated p53. Deletion analysis of the first intron localized an enhancer activity in the first 5' 214 bp that upregulates both 37LRP and SV40 promoter activity and is repressed by both wt and mutant p53. Cotransfection, mutagenesis and gel-shift experiments identified a functional AP-2 cis-acting element in this intron region that is repressed by increased levels of both wt and mutated p53. Coimmunoprecipitation studies revealed AP-2 in physical association in vivo with both wt and mutated p53, indicating for the first time that interaction of p53 with AP-2 is involved in the repression mechanism and in the regulation of genes involved in cancer growth and progression. [less ▲]

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See detailp63 is a prostate basal cell marker and is required for prostate development.
Signoretti, Sabina; Waltregny, David ULg; Dilks, James et al

in American Journal of Pathology (2000), 157(6), 1769-75

The p53 homologue p63 encodes for different isotypes able to either transactivate p53 reporter genes (TAp63) or act as p53-dominant-negatives (DeltaNp63). p63 is expressed in the basal cells of many ... [more ▼]

The p53 homologue p63 encodes for different isotypes able to either transactivate p53 reporter genes (TAp63) or act as p53-dominant-negatives (DeltaNp63). p63 is expressed in the basal cells of many epithelial organs and its germline inactivation in the mouse results in agenesis of organs such as skin appendages and the breast. Here, we show that prostate basal cells, but not secretory or neuroendocrine cells, express p63. In addition, prostate basal cells in culture predominantly express the DeltaNp63alpha isotype. In contrast, p63 protein is not detected in human prostate adenocarcinomas. Finally, and most importantly, p63(-/-) mice do not develop the prostate. These results indicate that p63 is required for prostate development and support the hypothesis that basal cells represent and/or include prostate stem cells. Furthermore, our results show that p63 immunohistochemistry may be a valuable tool in the differential diagnosis of benign versus malignant prostatic lesions. [less ▲]

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See detailp65 homodimer activity in BAL cells is correlated to lung dysfunction in equine heaves
Sandersen, Charlotte ULg; Bureau, Fabrice ULg; Turlej, R. et al

in Proceedings: 2001 World Equine Airways Symposium (2001)

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See detailP65 Homodimer Activity in Distal Airway Cells Determines Lung Dysfunction in Equine Heaves
Sandersen, Charlotte ULg; Bureau, Fabrice ULg; Turlej, R. et al

in Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology (2001), 80(3-4), 315-26

Nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activity, which is a key regulator of inflammatory gene expression, is increased in bronchial epithelial cells from horses suffering from heaves (a hypersensitivity ... [more ▼]

Nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activity, which is a key regulator of inflammatory gene expression, is increased in bronchial epithelial cells from horses suffering from heaves (a hypersensitivity-associated inflammatory condition of the lung). To determine whether this increased activity extends to distal airways and to other pulmonary cells, cells recovered by broncho-alveolar lavage (BAL) in healthy and heaves-affected horses were assessed for NF-kappaB activity. NF-kappaB activity was much higher in BAL cells from heaves-affected horses, especially during crisis (disease exacerbation), than in cells from healthy horses. Moreover, the level of NF-kappaB activity found in BAL cells was positively correlated to total lung resistance and to the proportion of neutrophils present in BAL fluid. Finally, prototypical p65-p50 NF-kappaB heterodimers were absent from BAL cells, which mostly contained p65 homodimers. These results (1) show that increased NF-kappaB activity is a general feature of heaves lung; (2) demonstrate the importance of p65 homodimers in neutrophilic inflammation; and (3) suggest that the use of specific NF-kappaB inhibitors could improve lung function in heaves-affected horses. [less ▲]

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See detailDe paardenstalfetisjist
Meesters, Gert ULg

in Over Taal (1998), 37(1), 16-18

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See detailLa PAC ? Marché conclu ?
Terrones Gavira, François ULg; Burny, Philippe ULg

Article for general public (2013)

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See detailLa PAC-Post 2013 : le cas de l'intégration de l'environnement
Habran, Maxime ULg

in Revue Agronomie environnement & sociétés (2013), volume 3(numéro 1),

Avec la réforme de la politique agricole commune (PAC) initiée en 2010, la politique de protection de l’environnement se trouve au centre de tous les débats. Le projet de verdissement ou greening proposé ... [more ▼]

Avec la réforme de la politique agricole commune (PAC) initiée en 2010, la politique de protection de l’environnement se trouve au centre de tous les débats. Le projet de verdissement ou greening proposé par la Commission européenne aurait dû marquer durablement les deux piliers de la PAC que sont le soutien aux marchés et le développement rural. Le Conseil des ministres de l’agriculture s’est prononcé lors de la session des 18 et 19 mars 2013 sur les quatre propositions de règlements. L’accord dégagé ne reflète pas la vision environnementale souhaitée par la Commission. Certes, le verdissement existe toujours, mais vidé de sa substance. Les négociations ne sont évidemment pas terminées. La prochaine étape sera un trilogue entre Commission européenne, Parlement européen et Conseil dans l’espoir d’aboutir à un texte final pour la fin du mois de juin et une entrée en vigueur partielle de la réforme en 2014 puis 2015. [less ▲]

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See detailPACELBRO, une technique originale d'enseignement programmé
Leclercq, Dieudonné ULg

in Education : Tribune Libre (1969), (n° 118), 3-7

Sur base de l'étude de Anne Bonboir (1960) sur l'Arithmétique en 6° primaire, qui fournit la liste des erreurs commises par 3000 élèves et les explications (par l'analyse de la réflexion parlée ... [more ▼]

Sur base de l'étude de Anne Bonboir (1960) sur l'Arithmétique en 6° primaire, qui fournit la liste des erreurs commises par 3000 élèves et les explications (par l'analyse de la réflexion parlée directement enregistrée), l'auteur propose une technique de correction originale. PACELBRO signifie Programme Auto-Correctif à Embranchements sous forme de Livre Brouillé à Réponses Ouvertes. Grâce à un petit carnet où les pages sont brouillées, l''étudiant est mis en mesure de diagnostiquer lui-même ses erreurs et de se rendre à la page appropriées pour la corriger. [less ▲]

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See detailPacemaker Implantation for Early Sinus Node Dysfunction after Orthotopic Heart Transplantation
RADERMECKER, Marc ULg; Defraigne, Jean-Olivier ULg; Fourny, J. et al

in Acta Chirurgica Belgica (1995), 95(1), 31-4

Among 60 patients who received OHT at our institution between November 1986 and January 1990, 4 actually needed implantation of a permanent pacemaker. Three patients with symptomatic early sinus node ... [more ▼]

Among 60 patients who received OHT at our institution between November 1986 and January 1990, 4 actually needed implantation of a permanent pacemaker. Three patients with symptomatic early sinus node dysfunction were identified and were satisfactorily paced on the VVIR mode. All three showed sinus recovery within three months following implantation and had their pacemaker switched from the VVIR mode to a simple ventricular demand pacing. Interestingly, administration of beta-blocking drugs quickly reinstituted pace dependence. The patients' outcome is excellent (18 to 48 months follow-up). No difference with the global cohort of our OHT recipients was noticed, apart from an apparent high incidence of infections (3/3) with (2/3) CMV and severe rejection (3/3) during the first month postoperatively. This data suggests that sinus dysfunction may be the result of a multifactorial (rejection, CMV, ...) injury to the conduction system, and is only clinically relevant beyond a threshold level. Denervation hypersensitivity, together with correction of these factors, may account for the restoration of a sufficient reserve of conduction system, and therefore appropriate sinus node function in basal conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailPachysolen tannophilus mutants defective in xylose assimilation
Thonart, Philippe ULg; Gomez, J.

Poster (1984, February)

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See detailLes Pachytheca de La Gileppe et de Nonceveux (Dévonien inférieur de Belgique)
Gerrienne, Philippe ULg

in Annales de la Société Géologique de Belgique (1991), 113

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See detailLe Pacifisme d'Auguste Beernaert. De l'homme d'Etat à l'homme des Etats
Genin, Vincent ULg

in Espace de Libertés : Magazine du Centre d'Action Laïque (2014), 429

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See detailPack ice: a significant source of Fe to Antarctic surface waters?
Lannuzel, Delphine; Chou, Lei; de Jong, Jeroen et al

Conference (2006, April)

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See detailPackage ‘minet’
Meyer, Patrick ULg; Lafitte, Frederic; Bontempi, Gianluca

in Bioconductor Packages (2010)

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See detailPaclitaxel-loaded PEGylated nanocarriers: Preparation, physicochemical characterization and in vitro anti-tumoral activity
Danhier, F.; Lecouturier, N.; Vroman, Benoit et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2008, February 16), 63(2), 124

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See detailPaclitaxel-loaded PEGylated PLGA-based nanoparticles: in vitro and in vivo evaluation
Danhier, Fabienne; Lecouturier, Nathalie; Vroman, Benoît et al

in Journal of Controlled Release (2009), 133(1), 11-17

The incorporation efficiency of PTX was higher with the nanoprecipitation technique. The release behavior of PTX exhibited a biphasic pattern characterized by an initial burst release followed by a slower ... [more ▼]

The incorporation efficiency of PTX was higher with the nanoprecipitation technique. The release behavior of PTX exhibited a biphasic pattern characterized by an initial burst release followed by a slower and continuous release. The in vitro anti-tumoral activity was assessed using the Human Cervix Carcinoma cells (HeLa) by the MTT test and was compared to the commercial formulation Taxol® and to Cremophor® EL. When exposed to 25 µg/ml of PTX, the cell viability was lower for PTX-loaded nanoparticles than for Taxol® (IC50 5.5 vs 15.5 µg/ml). Flow cytometry studies showed that the cellular uptake of PTX-loaded nanoparticles was concentration and time dependent. Exposure of HeLa cells to Taxol® and PTX-loaded nanoparticles induced the same percentage of apoptotic cells. PTX-loaded nanoparticles showed greater tumor growth inhibition effect in vivo on TLT tumor, compared with Taxol®. Therefore, PTX-loaded nanoparticles may be considered as an effective anticancer drug delivery system for cancer chemotherapy. [less ▲]

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See detailPaclitaxel-Related Lymphedema and Scleroderma-Like Skin Changes
COLSON, Fany ULg; SIGHA, Berline; ARRESE ESTRADA, Jorge ULg et al

in Journal of Clinical Case Reports (2013), 3(11),

Paclitaxel is an antimucrotubule agent used for the treatment of metastatic breast cancer. The development of scleroderma-like skin changes is an exceptional adverse effect. We report two patients with ... [more ▼]

Paclitaxel is an antimucrotubule agent used for the treatment of metastatic breast cancer. The development of scleroderma-like skin changes is an exceptional adverse effect. We report two patients with metastatic breast cancer treated by paclitaxel who presented an enexplained unilateral lymphedema of the upper limb. Medical work-up did not demonstrate any mechanical or tumor obstruction of the lymphatic vessels. Dermatologic examination revealed cutaneous and bucutaneous indurations and hardening of certain areas of the involved arm. The clinical suspicion of scleroderma was confirmed by histology and immunohistology. Treatment was initiated with methotrexate and methylprednisolone, resulting in a clear reduction of the lymphedema and a regression of the scleroderma. These two cases suggest a pathogenic role of paclitaxel-induced scleroderma in the subsequent development of severe localized lymphedema. [less ▲]

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See detailLe “Pacte budgétaire” européen, quelle influence sur les finances publiques belges ?
Uhoda, Maxime ULg

in Pyramides : Revue du Laboratoire d’Etudes et de Recherches en Administration Publique (2014), 25(25 - 2014/1), 87-122

La contribution se propose d’étudier les nouvelles obligations qui découlent du « pacte budgétaire » contenu dans le « Traité sur la stabilité, la coordination et la gouvernance au sein de l'union ... [more ▼]

La contribution se propose d’étudier les nouvelles obligations qui découlent du « pacte budgétaire » contenu dans le « Traité sur la stabilité, la coordination et la gouvernance au sein de l'union économique et monétaire ». Il s’agit d’un traité intergouvernemental signé par vingt-cinq États membres de l’Union européenne (à l’exclusion du Royaume-Uni et de la République Tchèque) dont le contenu est appelé à être intégré dans le cadre juridique de l’Union avant le 1er janvier 2018. Dans le contexte d’une double dynamique que connaissent actuellement les finances publiques des États membres de la zone euro – d’un côté, la construction de l’Union économique et monétaire européenne et de l’autre côté, dans certains pays, des phénomènes de décentralisation fiscale – le resserrement de la discipline budgétaire européenne semble traduire une tendance vers l’émergence de nouveaux principes constitutionnels de type financier. En Belgique, les modalités concrètes de transposition de ces nouvelles obligations – à savoir, l’incorporation en droit belge d’une règle d’équilibre budgétaire définie en termes structurels, l’instauration d’un « mécanisme de correction interne » et la mise en place d’une autorité de contrôle budgétaire indépendante, passent par la signature d’un accord de coopération et de nouvelles missions confiées à la section « Besoins de financement des pouvoirs publics » du Conseil supérieur des finances. [less ▲]

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