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Peer Reviewed
See detailInternational laws: collecting, transporting and ownership of fossils - Belgium.
Gerrienne, Philippe ULiege

in Jones, T.P.; Rowe, N.P. (Eds.) Fossil Plants and Spores: Modern Techniques. (1999)

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (2 ULiège)
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See detailThe International Liquid Mirror Telescope (ILMT) as a Variability Time Machine
Poels, Joël ULiege; Borra, Ermanno; Hickson, Paul et al

in Griffin, Elisabeth (Ed.) New Horizons In Time-Domain Astronomy, IAU Symposium No. 285, 2011 (2011)

During the year 2012 the International Liquid Mirror Telescope (a collaboration between astronomical institutions in Belgium, Canada, India and Poland) will see first light. The instrument will provide ... [more ▼]

During the year 2012 the International Liquid Mirror Telescope (a collaboration between astronomical institutions in Belgium, Canada, India and Poland) will see first light. The instrument will provide substantial, in-depth sky coverage and make an unprecedented number of nightly observations. [less ▲]

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See detailThe International Liquid Mirror Telescope : first mercury test report
Finet, François ULiege

Scientific conference (2011, March 04)

The ILMT is a four meter diameter liquid mirror telescope built in Liège by a collaboration of astronomers from Canada, India, ROB and ULg. In January 2011, for the first time, the mirror was tested with ... [more ▼]

The ILMT is a four meter diameter liquid mirror telescope built in Liège by a collaboration of astronomers from Canada, India, ROB and ULg. In January 2011, for the first time, the mirror was tested with liquid Mercury. After reminding liquid mirror basics, we present the different phenomenons that may affect the mirror surface quality. We then present a method created to test the ILMT surface quality and we summarize the course of the recent mercury tests. [less ▲]

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See detailThe International Liquid Mirror Telescope project: optical quality tests and prospective detection of multiply imaged quasars
Finet, François ULiege

Doctoral thesis (2013)

The International Liquid Mirror Telescope (ILMT) project is a joint collaboration between different universities and research institutes in Belgium, Canada, India and Poland, for the design, construction ... [more ▼]

The International Liquid Mirror Telescope (ILMT) project is a joint collaboration between different universities and research institutes in Belgium, Canada, India and Poland, for the design, construction and operation of a 4 meter liquid mirror telescope at the Devasthal Observatory (India). In the framework of the present thesis, we have contributed to the development of the ILMT. We have namely designed and manufactured an innovative instru- ment capable of measuring the optical quality of the primary mirror that may be affected by the propagation of wavelets on the mercury layer. The instrument is composed of a laser source, emitting a beam whose reflection on the mirror is modulated by slope variations induced by the wavelets. Preliminary tests were carried out showing the validity of the method for on site testing of the mirror. The ILMT has been designed to perform a photometric variability survey of a narrow strip of sky, making it very suitable for the detection and follow-up of photometrically variable sources such as supernovae and quasars. In the second part of this thesis, we present an estimate of the number of QSOs to be detected within the ILMT survey, and of the expected number of multiply imaged sources among these caused by the presence of a deflector near the lines-of- sight. We have studied the impact of various parameters on the expected number of detected gravitational lens systems, such as the instrumental resolution of the telescope, the galaxy population type(s) and corresponding lensing model(s), and the cosmological parameters. The statistical sample of multiply imaged QSOs is intended to be used as a cosmological probe. In order to make a sensitivity comparison between vari- ous modelling approaches, we introduce a new formalism to estimate the lensing probabilities, based on the joined probability density of the observed QSOs. This new formalism allows to calculate three probability densities: that asso- ciated with the optical depth distribution, as well as those related to the deflector and the lensed source redshift distributions. For the case of FLRW universes, we compare the sensitivity of these distributions as a function of the cosmological mass density. [less ▲]

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See detailThe International Liquid Mirror Telescope
Borra, Ermanno; Hickson, Paul; Surdej, Jean ULiege

in Optics and Photonics News [= OPN] (2009), 20(4), 28-33

Detailed reference viewed: 78 (30 ULiège)
See detailThe International Liquid Mirror Telescope: Science and Technology
Surdej, Jean ULiege

Conference (2001, April 20)

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See detailInternational Marketing, a European Perspective
Cadiat, Anne-Christine ULiege

Scientific conference (2014, April 24)

This presentation aims at highlighting the specific features of the European Union and its consequences on local marketing strategies and actions.

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULiège)
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See detailInternational Migration and Its Regulation
Gsir, Sonia ULiege; Baganha, Maria; Doomernik, Jeroen et al

in Penninx, Rinus; Berger, Maria; Kraal, Karen (Eds.) The Dynamics of International Migration and Settlement in Europe. A State of the Art. (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (1 ULiège)
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See detailInternational Multi-Specialty Delphi Survey: Identification of Diagnostic Criteria for Hepatic and Renal Cyst Infection.
Lantinga, Marten A.; Darding, Alexander J. M.; de Sevaux, Ruud G. L. et al

in Nephron (2016), 134(4),

BACKGROUND: Cyst infection is one of the complications of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease and polycystic liver disease. The diagnosis is typically made on a mix of clinical, laboratory and ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Cyst infection is one of the complications of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease and polycystic liver disease. The diagnosis is typically made on a mix of clinical, laboratory and imaging abnormalities but the importance of individual items is uncertain. We aimed to perform a Delphi survey amongst physicians to achieve consensus on diagnostic criteria. METHODS: We retrieved diagnostic items from the literature and conducted physician and patient interviews. All items were combined to create the online questionnaire. Participants rated each item during 3 consecutive rounds. Items were rated for diagnostic helpfulness for hepatic and renal cyst infection on a 9-point scale with anchors, from extremely unimportant (n = 1) to extremely important (n = 9). We determined consensus with the disagreement index. The median rating of each item was calculated and categorized into inappropriate (</=3.4), uncertain (3.5-6.4) or appropriate (>/=6.5). By combining all items that reached an appropriate consensus rating, we developed a diagnostic algorithm based on expert consensus. RESULTS: We invited 58 physicians to participate in the survey. In total, 35 (60%) responded to round 1 of which 91% (n = 32) and 86% (n = 30) responded to round 2 and 3, respectively. The final panel included 23 nephrologists, 5 hepatologists, a nuclear medicine specialist and an infectious disease physician from 11 countries (male 67%, mean age 47 +/- 11 years, median clinical experience 21 years). The panel rated the diagnostic helpfulness of 59 potential items. Ultimately, 22 hepatic and 26 renal items were rated appropriate, including positive blood cultures and fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission CT imaging. Ultrasonography and absence of intracystic bleeding were amongst those deemed uncertain or inappropriate. Subsequently, by combining items rated appropriate, we developed a clinical tool to diagnose hepatic and renal cyst infection. CONCLUSIONS: We identified diagnostic items for hepatic and renal cyst infection and developed an expert-based diagnostic algorithm, which may aid physicians in the diagnostic work-up. A prospective study is necessary to validate this algorithm. [less ▲]

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See detailInternational Myeloma Working Group updated criteria for the diagnosis of multiple myeloma
Rajkumar, Vincent; Dimopoulos, Meletios; Palumbo, Antonio et al

in Lancet Oncology (2014)

This International Myeloma Working Group consensus updates the disease defi nition of multiple myeloma to include validated biomarkers in addition to existing requirements of attributable CRAB features ... [more ▼]

This International Myeloma Working Group consensus updates the disease defi nition of multiple myeloma to include validated biomarkers in addition to existing requirements of attributable CRAB features (hypercalcaemia, renal failure, anaemia, and bone lesions). These changes are based on the identifi cation of biomarkers associated with near inevitable development of CRAB features in patients who would otherwise be regarded as having smouldering multiple myeloma. A delay in application of the label of multiple myeloma and postponement of therapy could be detrimental to these patients. In addition to this change, we clarify and update the underlying laboratory and radiographic variables that fulfi l the criteria for the presence of myeloma-defi ning CRAB features, and the histological and monoclonal protein requirements for the disease diagnosis. Finally, we provide specifi c metrics that new biomarkers should meet for inclusion in the disease defi nition. The International Myeloma Working Group recommends the implementation of these criteria in routine practice and in future clinical trials, and recommends that future studies analyse any diff erences in outcome that might occur as a result of the new disease defi nition. [less ▲]

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See detailInternational norms and regions: Mercosur and ASEAN at the time of cultural diversity
Vlassis, Antonios ULiege

Conference (2016, June 25)

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See detailThe International Office : An Analysis. A Belgian Case Study
Petit, Patricia ULiege; Quertenmont, Pierre; Duqué, Christian

in Internationalisation of Higher Education : A Handbook (2016)

By analysing how administrative departments work in three French-speaking universities in Belgium, we can identify – beyond specific organisational choices – a few key factors in common. Different ... [more ▼]

By analysing how administrative departments work in three French-speaking universities in Belgium, we can identify – beyond specific organisational choices – a few key factors in common. Different International Offices (IOs) exist within the same legislative context, which means that their universities have the same sources of funding, but much can be learned from the variety of solutions they offer. We will describe key factors of efficiency by presenting the evolution of the IOs’ missions, then through a more in-depth analysis of their main categories of activities and the resulting administrative organisation. The actual processes implemented in the three universities illustrate various approaches to centralising or de-centralising international activities, both to faculties and to other university departments. This analysis includes a description of the various administrative structures and concludes by identifying common features, all of which can make a valuable contribution to the reflections led by university IOs. [less ▲]

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See detailAn international online survey of the practices and perceptions of higher education professors with respect to the assessment of learning in the classroom
Gilles, Jean-Luc ULiege; Detroz, Pascal ULiege; Blais, Jean-Guy

in Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education (2011), 36(6), 719-733

In a context where public action must demonstrate its effectiveness and efficiency, and where the links between teaching and the quality of learning are regularly highlighted, it seems relevant to ... [more ▼]

In a context where public action must demonstrate its effectiveness and efficiency, and where the links between teaching and the quality of learning are regularly highlighted, it seems relevant to identify the trends and logic that govern university professors’ decisions with respect to the modes of learning assessment favoured within the framework of their delivery of teaching services. Moreover, given that university teaching practices are changing rapidly due to the introduction of different views of the learning process, one might conclude that the same holds for assessment practices. Through our research work, we led to the development of a trilingual (English, French and Spanish) online survey devoted to an international investigation into the classroom assessment practices of higher education teachers. This survey proposes an online platform that will allow institutions of higher learning to document some of their current practices and to compare observed trends with what is happening elsewhere, in accordance with differing missions and traditions. These research notes are thus intended to describe the survey itself and to show how the questionnaire and individual items were structured, in addition to providingan overview of treatments within and between institutions that followed the testing. [less ▲]

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See detailInternational Osteoporosis Foundation and European Calcified Tissue Society working group. Recommendations for the screening of the adherence to oral bisphosphonates.
DIEZ-PEREZ, A; NAYLOR, K.E.; ABRAHAMSEN, B et al

in Osteoporosis International (2017), 28(3), 767-774

Summary: Adherence to oral bisphosphonates is low. A screening strategy is proposed based on the response of biochemical markers of bone turnover after 3 months of therapy. If no change is observed, the ... [more ▼]

Summary: Adherence to oral bisphosphonates is low. A screening strategy is proposed based on the response of biochemical markers of bone turnover after 3 months of therapy. If no change is observed, the clinician should reassess the adherence to the treatment and also other potential issues with the drug. Introduction: Low adherence to oral bisphosphonates is a common problem that jeopardizes the efficacy of treatment of osteoporosis. No clear screening strategy for the assessment of compliance is widely accepted in these patients. Methods: The International Osteoporosis Foundation and the European Calcified Tissue Society have convened a working group to propose a screening strategy to detect a lack of adherence to these drugs. The question to answer was whether the bone turnover markers (BTMs) PINP and CTX can be used to identify low adherence in patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis initiating oral bisphosphonates for osteoporosis. The findings of the TRIO study specifically address this question and were used as the basis for testing the hypothesis. Results: Based on the findings of the TRIO study, specifically addressing this question, the working group recommends measuring PINP and CTX at baseline and 3 months after starting therapy to check for a decrease above the least significant change (decrease of more than 38% for PINP and 56% for CTX). Detection rate for the measurement of PINP is 84%, for CTX 87% and, if variation in at least one is considered when measuring both, the level of detection is 94.5%. Conclusions: If a significant decrease is observed, the treatment can continue, but if no decrease occurs, the clinician should reassess to identify problems with the treatment, mainly low adherence. [less ▲]

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See detailThe International Osteoporosis Foundation: history, objectives and achievements.
Cooper, C.; Rizzoli, R.; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULiege

in Osteoporosis International (2009), 20 Suppl 3

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See detailThe International Photometric Observing Campaign on BW VUL : First Results
Sterken, C.; Snowden, M.; Young, A. et al

in Liege International Astrophysical Colloquia (1984)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (1 ULiège)
See detailThe international photometric observing campaign on BW Vul: first results.
Sterken, C.; Snowden, M.; Young, A. et al

in Theoretical Problems in Stellar Stability and Oscillations (1984)

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (0 ULiège)
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See detailInternational Political Economy
Santander, Sébastian ULiege

in Telò, Mario (Ed.) International Relations: A European Perspective (2009)

L'article porte sur l'économie politique en tant que sous-discipline des relations internationales. L'article montre que l'évolution du système international des années 1970 a eu pour effet de contribuer ... [more ▼]

L'article porte sur l'économie politique en tant que sous-discipline des relations internationales. L'article montre que l'évolution du système international des années 1970 a eu pour effet de contribuer à la disciplinarisation de l'économie politique internationale. Deux auteurs sont épinglés pour l'importance de leur contribution à cette sous-discipline: Robert Gilpin et Susan Strange. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 165 (20 ULiège)