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See detailLes organisations de commerce équitable entre solidarité et marché
Huybrechts, Benjamin ULg

in Turcotte, Marie-France; Hervieux, Chantal (Eds.) Mettre en marché pour une cause : Enjeux commerciaux et impacts du commerce équitable (2010)

Toutes les organisations de commerce équitable (OCE) ont en commun d’être confrontées aux tensions traversant l’ensemble du mouvement équitable, entre une logique de solidarité et une logique de marché ... [more ▼]

Toutes les organisations de commerce équitable (OCE) ont en commun d’être confrontées aux tensions traversant l’ensemble du mouvement équitable, entre une logique de solidarité et une logique de marché. Ce qui différencie les OCE, c’est la manière de gérer cette tension et de se positionner par rapport à ces différentes logiques. L’objectif de cette contribution est d’éclairer ces différents positionnements à travers l’étude des objectifs organisationnels, des ressources, du statut juridique et des instances de gouvernance des OCE. Nous commençons par présenter la grille théorique qui introduit ces différents indicateurs organisationnels. Ensuite, nous proposons quatre scénarios possibles (et empiriquement observés) de gestion des tensions : le scénario commercial, le scénario socio-politique, le scénario intégratif et le scénario de dédoublement. Ces scénarios sont illustrés par des exemples d’OCE du Nord. Enfin, après une synthèse de ces quatre scénarios, nous nous penchons sur leurs implications sur l’avenir du mouvement équitable. [less ▲]

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See detailOrganisations et changements en entreprises
Robert, Jocelyne ULg

Book published by Editions de l'Université de Liège (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 104 (22 ULg)
See detailOrganiser et animer des formations
Schiffers, Bruno ULg; Schiffers, Christophe ULg

Learning material (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (16 ULg)
See detailOrganiser l'apprentissage de l'écriture à l'école fondamentale
Mouvet, Bernadette ULg

in Fijalkow, J. (Ed.) Décrire l'écrire : actes de l'Université d'été de Toulouse, 6-12 juillet 1988 (1990)

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See detailOrganiser l'enseignement des langues dans l'institution et dans les classes
Defays, Jean-Marc ULg

in Jaafar, Khalid (Ed.) Actes des Journées d'études : "Langue, Communication et Informatique" (2005, November 14)

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See detailOrganiser la formation CAPAES : une expérience qui suscite quelques questions
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in Puzzle (2006), (20), 31-35

Bilan de l'expérience CAPAES à l'Université de Liège après quatre ans. Analyse au départ de cinq grandes questions

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See detailOrganiser la formation continue des enseignants
de Landsheere, Gilbert ULg

in Education-Formation (1990)

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See detailOrganiser les entités territoriales wallonnes en structures porteuses de projets et de solidarité pour répondre aux besoins (Dynamique "Horizon 2022" : Mobilisation du territoire, les communautés de territoire et leur organisation)
Breuer, Christophe ULg; Hanin, Yves

Report (2013)

Le rapport trace les enjeux d'une réorganisation du territoire wallon autour d'une nouvelle structuration infrarégionale de l'espace régional. Il dresse succinctement l'évolution récente des coopérations ... [more ▼]

Le rapport trace les enjeux d'une réorganisation du territoire wallon autour d'une nouvelle structuration infrarégionale de l'espace régional. Il dresse succinctement l'évolution récente des coopérations supracommunales et interrégionales, notamment autour des villes. [less ▲]

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See detailOrganising access to evidence-based medicine resources on the web
Delvenne, Catherine ULg; Pasleau, Françoise ULg

in Computer Methods & Programs in Biomedicine (2003), 71(1), 1-10

The continuing education is a challenge for health care professionals, considering the growing amount and variable quality of information in this field. In this context, we developed a method allowing ... [more ▼]

The continuing education is a challenge for health care professionals, considering the growing amount and variable quality of information in this field. In this context, we developed a method allowing clinicians to have a centralised access to the best current medical evidence supporting medical decision-making. Relevant data has been gathered according to the rules stated for Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) and organised in a free-of-charge Web site, created by using common software applications. The general aim of our study was to encourage individual practice of EBM by providing tutorials as well as a selection of free access tools for searching medical information on the Web. In addition to the education part, we provided clinicians, through a Web interface, with up-to-date, accurate and quality data obtained from heterogeneous sources and presented in a full text format when available. The developed methodology has been applied to human prostate cancer. URL address: http://www.ebm.lib.ulg.ac.be/prostate/index.htm. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailOrganisms as ecosystems engineers: the case of amphipod grazers from Posidonia oceanica meadows
Michel, Loïc ULg; Schnitzler, Joseph ULg; Dupont, Alessandra et al

Poster (2011, February 25)

Posidonia oceanica is a seagrass endemic to the Mediterranean Sea, and is able to form large monospecific areas, called meadows. These meadows shelter high biomasses and biodiversities of amphipod ... [more ▼]

Posidonia oceanica is a seagrass endemic to the Mediterranean Sea, and is able to form large monospecific areas, called meadows. These meadows shelter high biomasses and biodiversities of amphipod crustaceans. Moreover, It is now established that several species of these amphipods feed on the macro-epiphytes present on the leaves of the seagrass. Here, we performed in situ experiments to assess whether this grazing activity could impact the dynamics of the leaves’ epiphytic cover, and thus influence the functioning of the meadow as an ecosystem. We used microcosms containing monospecific populations of 3 amphipods taxa (Apherusa chiereghinii, Dexamine spiniventris and Gammarus spp.), and placed them directly in the meadow, at a depth of 10m. Biomasses of erected macroalgae and erected animals (hydrozoans, bryozoans) were lower in all grazed treatments. However, none of the studied taxa seemed to consume encrusting epiphytes, either vegetal or animal. This selective grazing pressure by amphipods may release encrusting epiphytes from competition for space, light and/or nutriments with the fast-growing erected algae, and could thus play an important role in the structuring of the epiphytic cover from P. oceanica leaves. Moreover, this top-down control might keep erected algae biomass to a normal, sustainable level, therefore also benefiting the seagrass itself. Our results also indicate that amphipod trophic activity caused nitrogen enrichment in both grazed (erected algae) and non-grazed (encrusting algae & seagrass leaves) vegetal tissues. A plausible interpretation could be that sloppy feeding and excretion by the grazers enhanced availability of this nutrient, which is typically limiting for photosynthesis in shallow P. oceanica meadows. This emphasizes the fact that grazing is not a simple negative interaction, but that it can also benefit the primary producers. Our results thus indicate that amphipods from P. oceanica meadows seem to be bound to the epiphytic cover of the leaves by complex and multilateral trophic interactions, and have an indirect influence on the seagrass itself. Amphipods may therefore play an important part in the functioning of the epiphyte/seagrass/grazer system of these meadows, and thus act as ecosystems engineers. This abstract is dedicated to the freshly born Adèle and Côme. [less ▲]

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See detailOrganization and activation of behavior in quail: role of testosterone metabolism.
Balthazart, Jacques ULg; Schumacher, M.

in Journal of Experimental Zoology (The) (1984), 232(3), 595-604

In quail, the hypothalamus enzymatically transforms testosterone (T) into estradiol (E2), 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone (5 alpha-DHT), and 5 beta-dihydrotestosterone (5 beta-DHT). During the embryonic life ... [more ▼]

In quail, the hypothalamus enzymatically transforms testosterone (T) into estradiol (E2), 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone (5 alpha-DHT), and 5 beta-dihydrotestosterone (5 beta-DHT). During the embryonic life, the 5 beta-reductase activity is very high, which probably protects the brain of males from being behaviorally demasculinized by their endogenous T. 5 beta androstanes are inactive androgens. The decrease of 5 beta reductase with age during sexual maturation corresponds to a potentiation of the effects of T as shown by experiments that compared the effects of T and 5 alpha-DHT in adult and young quail. T metabolism is also involved in the activation of male behavior in the adult. T aromatization is probably essential for behavioral activation, but nonaromatizable androgens such as methyltrienolone, and to some extent 5 alpha-DHT, can also stimulate sexual behavior in castrates. These enzymatic activities show a clear neuroanatomical localization and are sexually dimorphic. Males produce more active metabolites (E2, 5 alpha-DHT) than females, which could explain the male's greater sensitivity to T treatments. It thus appears that T metabolism is involved in the differentiation and activation of behavior in quail. [less ▲]

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See detailOrganization and Human Resource Management
Lisein, Olivier ULg

Learning material (2014)

Aiming at giving the students an overview of the main "Organization and Human Resources Management" practices, issues, and challenges, the "Organization and Human Resources Management" e-book is divided ... [more ▼]

Aiming at giving the students an overview of the main "Organization and Human Resources Management" practices, issues, and challenges, the "Organization and Human Resources Management" e-book is divided into 4 main chapters: 1. "Understanding the diversity of organizations" 2. "From organizational configurations to HRM models" 3. "HRM policies: internal and external consistencies" 4. "HR Function and HR Department" This e-book contains several complementary resources that will help the students in their learning process: 1. The e-book first contains in-depth explanations of the main usual "Organization Theory" notions as well as of the main current "Human Resources Management" challenges and issues. These explanations are completed by several syntheses (tables, figures, graphics, etc.) throughout the theoretical developments. 2. Videos and Podcasts are also used to introduce the content of each chapter as well as to offer complementary explanations on some key theoretical issues and complex concepts. 3. As well, students will find articles and references at the end of each chapter. This "reading portfolio" offers the students the opportunity to complete their knowledge and to deepen their understanding of the main theoretical concepts, through additional and complementary points of views. 4. Finally, several video case studies are presented throughout the theoretical explanations. These video case studies are not only practical illustrations of the concepts but are also a great opportunity for the students to concretely check out their understanding of the main theoretical concepts through real case analyses. To do so, each video case study is introduced by questions that guide the students in their watching of the videos and in their analyses of the case studies. [less ▲]

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See detailOrganization of a quality-assurance project in all Belgian multidisciplinary diabetes centres treating insulin-treated diabetes patients: 5 years' experience.
Debacker, Nathalie ULg; Nobels, F.; Vandenberghe, H. et al

in Diabetic Medicine : A Journal of the British Diabetic Association (2008), 25(2), 179-85

AIMS: To describe the IQED, a quality-assurance system started in 2001 in Belgian hospital-based multidisciplinary diabetes centres, and its effects on the quality of care. METHODS: The study was ... [more ▼]

AIMS: To describe the IQED, a quality-assurance system started in 2001 in Belgian hospital-based multidisciplinary diabetes centres, and its effects on the quality of care. METHODS: The study was conducted through four data collections (in 2001, 2002, 2004 and 2006). Approximately 120 diabetes centres provided data on a systematic random sample of 10% of their adult diabetic patients on at least two daily insulin injections. Data on patient characteristics, glycaemic control, cardiovascular risk, diabetes complications, follow-up procedures and treatment were obtained. Local quality promotion was encouraged by returning comprehensive feedback (benchmarks) and during information meetings. RESULTS: Nearly all diabetes centres (98-100%) participated. The pooled sample consisted of 9194 (32%) Type 1 and 19 828 (68%) Type 2 diabetes patients, with mean diabetes duration of 17 years and 14 years, prevalence of microvascular complications of 23% and 38% and prevalence of macrovascular complications of 9% and 26%, respectively. At the start, the quality of care was good in terms of risk-factor testing rates and moderate in terms of patients meeting goals for risk-factor management. At least 50% of the centres initiated quality-promoting initiatives. After 5 years, significant improvements were seen in risk-factor testing rates, apart from renal screening. Improvements in intermediate outcomes were less obvious, apart from an increase in patients reaching the targets for blood pressure and LDL cholesterol. CONCLUSIONS: It is feasible to implement a continuous quality-improvement project on a nationwide scale, with improvements particularly in process indicators. [less ▲]

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See detailOrganization of microbeads in Leidenfrost droplet
Maquet, Laurent ULg; Colinet, Pierre; Dorbolo, Stéphane ULg

in Soft Matter (2014), 10

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (13 ULg)
See detailOrganization of myxoviruses: structural basis of several biological properties of Newcastle Disease Virus
Rentier, Bernard ULg; Calberg-Bacq, C. M.; Reginster, Monique

in Proceedings (1973)

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See detailOrganization of networks with tagged nodes and biased links: A priori distinct communities The case of intelligent design proponents and Darwinian evolution defenders
Rotundo, G.; Ausloos, Marcel ULg

in Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications (2010), 389(23), 5479-5494

Among the topics of opinion formation it is of interest to observe the characteristics of networks with a priori distinct communities. The citation network(s) between selected members of the ... [more ▼]

Among the topics of opinion formation it is of interest to observe the characteristics of networks with a priori distinct communities. The citation network(s) between selected members of the Neocreationist and Intelligent Design and the Darwinian Evolution communities are unfolded through the available internet citations. The resulting adjacency matrix is not symmetric. A generalization of considerations pertaining to the case of networks with tagged nodes and biased links, directed or undirected, is presented. The main characteristic coefficients describing the structure of such networks are outlined. The structural features are discussed searching for statistical aspects of the communities. The degree distributions, each network's assortativity, specific global and local clustering coefficients and the Average Overlap Indices are especially calculated since the distribution of elements in the rectangular submatrices represent inter-community connections. The various closed and open triangles made from nodes, distinguishing the community, are listed. The z-scores of patterns are calculated. One can distinguish between opinion leaders, followers and main rivals and briefly interpret their relationships through intuitively expected behavior in defence of an opinion. Suggestions for more elaborate models describing such communities and their subsequent structures are found in conclusions. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailOrganization of partner preference and sexual behavior and its nocturnal rhythmicity in male rats.
Bakker, Julie ULg; van Ophemert, J.; Slob, A. K.

in Behavioral Neuroscience (1993), 107(6), 1049-58

Male rats were neonatally treated with 1,4,6-androstatriene-3,17-dione (ATD), which blocks aromatization of testosterone (T) to estradiol (E2), from Days 0, 2, or 5 through 14. Adult partner preference ... [more ▼]

Male rats were neonatally treated with 1,4,6-androstatriene-3,17-dione (ATD), which blocks aromatization of testosterone (T) to estradiol (E2), from Days 0, 2, or 5 through 14. Adult partner preference behavior (PPB; choice between estrous female rat [F] and active male rat [M]) was studied in the early part of the dark phase of the light-dark (LD) cycle. ATD Day 0 Ms showed a preference for the stimulus M or showed no preference for either of the stimulus Ss. Controls preferred the estrous F. ATD Days 2 and 5 Ms showed PPB intermediate between ATD Day 0 Ms and controls. Thus the neonatally sensitive period for organization of adult PPB extends beyond Day 5. Furthermore, PPB showed a nocturnal rhythmicity in ATD Ms but not in controls. In the late part of the dark phase, all Ms showed a preference for the stimulus F. ATD Days 2 and 5 Ms and control Ms were no longer different in PPB, but ATD Day 0 Ms still showed significantly lower preference scores for F than all other Ms. Thus the E2 metabolite of T suppresses organization of an adult nocturnal rhythm in PPB. [less ▲]

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