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See detailParticle packing density and limestone fillers for more sustainable cement
He, Huan ULg; Courard, Luc ULg; Pirard, Eric ULg

in Key Engineering Materials [=KEM] (2012), 517

Cement blending with mineral admixtures, especially with byproduct or waste product powder, can effectively reduce consumption of cement and promote the ecology. Recently, an innovative concept was ... [more ▼]

Cement blending with mineral admixtures, especially with byproduct or waste product powder, can effectively reduce consumption of cement and promote the ecology. Recently, an innovative concept was proposed to replace of “coarse” cement grains by the inert fillers for sustainable cement in the low w/c concrete cement. As a basic mechanism, particle packing plays an important role in such replacement or blending. In the first part of study, the paper discusses the particle packing aspect of cement grains, limestone filler (LF) and LF blended cement. The new developed wet packing method and a dry packing method are proposed for the evaluation purpose. The paper presents results of packing tests with the influences of PSD, cement type, vibration, mixing, blending proportions, etc. The advantages and limitations of two packing methods are also discussed in this paper. [less ▲]

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See detailParticle packing of concrete containing blended cement
He, Huan ULg; Courard, Luc ULg; Pirard, Eric ULg

Conference (2010, September 20)

Physical particle packing is becoming a hot topic in concrete technology as more and more types of granular materials are used in concrete either for ecological or for engineering purposes. Aggregate is ... [more ▼]

Physical particle packing is becoming a hot topic in concrete technology as more and more types of granular materials are used in concrete either for ecological or for engineering purposes. Aggregate is used as concrete’s skeleton, whereby the particles are stabilized by the cementitious matrix. Packing efficiency governs the spatial characteristics of this structure and thereby influences concrete’s properties. Fine-grained sand can be used to further improve density of the aggregate structure. The particulate cement is also frequently blended by fine mineral admixtures to influence performance of the paste and the properties of the matured concrete. The so-called filler effects increase packing density of the blended cement and possibly reduce water demand. High performance characteristics require suitable blending materials of proper properties (fineness, shape, chemical components, etc.). A number of theoretical packing models have been proposed for prediction of packing characteristics and the resulting concrete properties. A minimum voids ratio has been mathematically derived for certain particle size distributions. This allowed establishment of some optimum graded mixtures for concrete production. On the other hand, the computer simulation approach provides a powerful tool for simulating particle packing. Computational concrete (compucrete) has been developed for a wide range of research purposes. Application of computer simulation to particle packing offers a promising perspective in concrete technology; it provides a proper representation of the heterogeneous concrete material, and renders the possibility of studying the effects of a wide range of technological parameters. In this study, an advanced DEM will be utilized for investigate the packing properties of admixtures blended cement. This new-developed system is capable of packing simulations of arbitrary-shaped particles. Experimental shape analysis of each identical group of particles provides fundamental references of shape simulation strategy. Finally, computer simulation structures of blended cement paste both in fresh and hardened states will be compared with the experimental approach. Correlation of particle packing characteristics and properties of blended cement paste will be analyzed and discussed. Optimization of blending efficiency and improvement of concrete properties are pursued using packing modeling. [less ▲]

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See detailParticle Production in a Hadron Collider Rapidity Gap: The Higgs Case
Cudell, Jean-René ULg; Hernandez, Oscar F

in Nucl. Phys. (1996), B471

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See detailParticle size analysis : a multidimensional approach
Grandfils, Christian ULg

Conference (2004, November 09)

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See detailParticle size analysis in pharmaceutical industry: specific requirements
Grandfils, Christian ULg

Conference (2010, February 22)

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See detailParticle Size and Shape Characterisation - Current Technology and Practice
Hart, Jarrod; Zhu, Yingdan; Pirard, Eric ULg

in Christidis, George (Ed.) Advances in the Characterization of Industrial Minerals (2011)

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See detailParticle size distribution of limestone fillers: granulometry and specific surface area investigations
Courard, Luc ULg; Michel, Frédéric ULg

in Particulate Science and Technology (2014), 32(4),

Mineral fillers can be defined as “inert materials included in a mix design for some useful purpose”. They can be added to compounds in order to complete a large variety of final properties without ... [more ▼]

Mineral fillers can be defined as “inert materials included in a mix design for some useful purpose”. They can be added to compounds in order to complete a large variety of final properties without increasing costs or to improve specific characteristics like hardness, brittleness, impact strength, compressive strength, softening point, fire resistance, surface texture, electrical conductivity, …etc. In Belgium, locally available limestone fillers are specifically very well-adapted for the optimisation of particle packing and flow behaviour of cementitious pastes in concrete mixes. Limestone fillers may be easily characterized in terms of chemical and mineralogical properties. These properties are fundamental for the study of the behaviour of concrete mixes in fresh state and for understanding interactions existing at the level of the Interfacial Transition Zone between aggregates and cement paste. These properties are however insufficiently discriminant and particle size, as well as shape distribution, seem to have a potential influence on physical phenomena which happen during the setting process. The aim of this paper is to compare five major techniques used to quantify the size and the shape of limestone fillers particles: laser diffraction scattering, wet sieving and image analysis for particle size measurement and BET adsorption and Blaine permeability methods for specific surface area. [less ▲]

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See detailParticle size, shape and structure characterisation
Pirard, Eric ULg

Scientific conference (2012, May 15)

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See detailParticle texture analysis using polarized light imaging and grey level intercepts
Pirard, Eric ULg; Lebichot, Sophie; Krier, William

in International Journal of Mineral Processing (2007), 84(1-4), 299-309

The usual characterization of particulate ore material with image analysis includes modal analysis and liberation analysis. Both methods include stereological corrections based on intercept length ... [more ▼]

The usual characterization of particulate ore material with image analysis includes modal analysis and liberation analysis. Both methods include stereological corrections based on intercept length distributions within each phase of interest. The first principle of stereology relies on a simple assumption of uniform random sectioning, whereas the liberation models require all particles to have similar textural properties. However, for the sake of adequate prediction of ore behavior in industrial processes it is becoming more and more important to be able to describe particle populations in terms of texture classes. Among the texture analysis techniques, this paper focuses on mean intercept length (MIL). It brings two important improvements: the first one is to improve grain boundary imaging by using images of bireflectant minerals under plane polarized illumination, the second one is to consider intercept analysis on grey level images instead of binary ones. The method is illustrated on a selection of critical hematite textures found within banded iron formations. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailParticle-accelerating colliding-wind binaries: from the study of a few objects to a science case study
De Becker, Michaël ULg

Conference (2013, April 18)

The study of massive stars, and in particular of colliding-wind binaries, revealed the capability of some of them to accelerate particles up to relativistic energies. Since the 1980's, what appeared at ... [more ▼]

The study of massive stars, and in particular of colliding-wind binaries, revealed the capability of some of them to accelerate particles up to relativistic energies. Since the 1980's, what appeared at first sight to be an anomaly in their observational properties turns out to be the signature of important physical processes at work in a large number of objects. In this contribution, I summarize the current census of information relevant to the catalogue of Particle-Accelerating Colliding-Wind Binaries (PACWBs) that constitute a particular class of objects likely to contribute to the production of low energy Galactic cosmic-rays. On the basis of this census of information, some prospects for future observational strategies are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailParticle-in-particle morphology for the dispersed phase formed in reactive compatibilization of SAN/EPDM blends
Pagnoulle, Christophe; Jérôme, Robert ULg

in Polymer (2001), 42(5), 1893-1906

Poly(ethylene-co-propylene-co-diene) (EPDM) containing 50 wt% of poly(ethylene-co-propylene) grafted with maleic anhydride (EP-g-MA) has been melt blended with poly(styrene-co-acrylonitrile) (SAN) added ... [more ▼]

Poly(ethylene-co-propylene-co-diene) (EPDM) containing 50 wt% of poly(ethylene-co-propylene) grafted with maleic anhydride (EP-g-MA) has been melt blended with poly(styrene-co-acrylonitrile) (SAN) added with various amounts of reactive SAN, i.e. SAN bearing either primary amine (SAN-NH2) or carbamate groups (SAN-carb). Carbamate groups are precursors of primary amines by thermal thermolysis during melt processing. These reactive systems are good models for studying the effect of the kinetics of the interfacial reaction on the phase morphology. Reaction of maleic anhydride with the primary amine is indeed very fast, at high temperature, in contrast to the reaction with carbamate, which is controlled by the carbamate thermolyis into primary amine. Special attention has been paid to the experimental conditions required for the development of the particle-in-particle morphology for the dispersed phase. Depending on the mixing sequence and the grafting kinetics (NH2/MA versus carb/MA), this particular phase morphology can be forced or occurs spontaneously. [less ▲]

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See detailLe particolarità linguistiche dell'Anfitrione
Longrée, Dominique ULg

Scientific conference (2014)

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See detailA particular multiple endocrine neoplasia
Boccar, S; VROONEN, Laurent ULg; HAMOIR, Etienne ULg et al

in 23rd meeting of the Belgian Endocrine Society - Abstract book (2013, October 19)

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See detailParticular points of elastic analysis of clad pitched roof portal frame structures
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg

in Thin-Walled Structures (1984), 2(2), 165-174

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See detailParticularités de la contraction électro-induite : implications rééducatives
Vanderthommen, Marc ULg; Zahlan, O.; BAUVIR, Philippe ULg et al

in Kine 2000 (1999), 10

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See detailParticularités de la personne âgée malade
Petermans, Jean ULg

Conference (2013, March 22)

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See detailParticularités de la prise en charge de l’excès pondéral chez l’adolescent : résultats d’une enquête exploratoire
Glowacz, Fabienne ULg; Bourguignon, J. P.; Born, Michel ULg

in Bulletin d’Education du Patient (2000), 19(3), 132-140

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See detailParticularités des organismes des abysses et des sources hydrothermales.
Dauby, Patrick ULg; Coulon, Pierre

Article for general public (2003)

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See detailParticularités métaboliques et énergétiques de la contraction électrostimulée
Vanderthommen, Marc ULg

in Julia, M.; Perrey, S.; Dupeyron, A. (Eds.) et al Fatigue musculaire (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (4 ULg)