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See detailNC100100, a new echo contrast agent for the assessment of myocardial perfusion--safety and comparison with technetium-99m sestamibi single-photon emission computed tomography in a randomized multicenter study.
Binder, T.; Assayag, P.; Baer, F. et al

in Clinical cardiology (1999), 22(4), 273-82

BACKGROUND AND HYPOTHESIS: Myocardial contrast echocardiography using second-generation agents has been proposed to study myocardial perfusion. A placebo-controlled, multicenter trial was conducted to ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND AND HYPOTHESIS: Myocardial contrast echocardiography using second-generation agents has been proposed to study myocardial perfusion. A placebo-controlled, multicenter trial was conducted to evaluate the safety, optimal dose, and imaging mode for NC100100, a novel intravenous second-generation echo contrast agent, and to compare this technique with technetium-99m sestamibi (MIBI) single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). METHODS: In a placebo-controlled, multicenter trial, 203 patients with myocardial infarction > 5 days and < 1 year previously underwent rest SPECT and MCE. Fundamental and harmonic imaging modes combined with continuous and electrocardiogram-- (ECG) triggered intermittent imaging were used. Six dose groups (0.030, 0.100, and 0.300 microliter particles/kg body weight for fundamental imaging; and 0.006, 0.030, and 0.150 microliter particles/kg body weight for harmonic imaging) were tested. A saline group was also included. Safety was followed for 72 h after contrast injection. Myocardial perfusion by MCE was compared with myocardial rest perfusion imaging using MIBI as a tracer. RESULTS: NC100100 was well tolerated. No serious adverse events or deaths occurred. No clinically relevant changes in vital signs, laboratory parameters, and ECG recordings were noted. There was no significant difference between adverse events in the NC100100 (25.7%) and in the placebo group (17.9%, p = 0.3). Intermittent harmonic imaging using the intermediate dose was superior to all other modalities, allowing the assessment of perfusion in 76% of all segments. Eighty segments (96%) with normal perfusion by SPECT imaging also showed myocardial perfusion with MCE. However, a substantial percentage of segments (61-80%) with perfusion defects by SPECT imaging also showed opacification by MCE. This resulted in an overall agreement of 66-81% and a high specificity (80-96%), but in low sensitivity (20-39%) of MCE for the detection of perfusion defects. CONCLUSION: NC100100 is safe in patients with myocardial infarction. Intermittent harmonic imaging with a dose of 0.03 microliter particles/kg body weight can be proposed as the best imaging protocol. Myocardial contrast echocardiography with NC 100100 provides perfusion information in approximately 76% of segments and results in myocardial opacification in the vast majority of segments with normal perfusion as assessed by SPECT. Although the discrepancies between MCE and SPECT with regard to the definition of perfusion defects requires further investigation, MCE with NC 100100 is a promising technique for the noninvasive assessment of myocardial perfusion. [less ▲]

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See detailNCA asymmetric synthesis of 2-[18F]fluoro-L-tyrosine.
Lemaire, Christian ULg; Plenevaux, Alain ULg; Damhaut, Ph. et al

in Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals (1993), 32

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See detailNCA asymmetric synthesis of 6-[18F]fluoro-L-dopa.
Lemaire, Christian ULg; Guillaume, M.; Cantineau, R. et al

in Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals (1991), 30

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See detailNCA synthesis of an N-w-[18F]fluoroethyl analog of altanserine, a serotonine S2 receptor ligand.
Lemaire, Christian ULg; Damhaut, Ph.; Cantineau, R. et al

in Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals (1991), 30

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See detailNCX3 knockout mice exhibit increased hippocampal CA1 and CA2 neuronal damage compared to wild-type mice following global cerebral ischemia
Jeffs, G. J.; Meloni, B.; Sokolow, S. et al

in Experimental Neurology (2008), 210

There is uncertainty as to whether the plasma membrane Na(+)/Ca(2+)exchanger (NCX) has a neuroprotective or neurodamaging role following cerebral ischemia. To address this issue we compared hippocampal ... [more ▼]

There is uncertainty as to whether the plasma membrane Na(+)/Ca(2+)exchanger (NCX) has a neuroprotective or neurodamaging role following cerebral ischemia. To address this issue we compared hippocampal neuronal injury in NCX3 knockout mice (Ncx3(-/-)) and wild-type mice (Ncx3(+/+)) following global cerebral ischemia. Using a bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCCAO) model of global ischemia we subjected NCX3 knockout and wild-type mice to 17 and 15 minutes of ischemia. Following the 17 minute period of ischemia, wild-type mice exhibited approximately 80% CA1 neuronal loss and approximately 40% CA2 neuronal loss. In contrast, NCX3 knockout mice displayed >95% CA1 neuronal loss and approximately 95% CA2 neuronal loss. Following the 15 minute period of ischemia, wild-type mice did not exhibit any significant hippocampal neuronal loss. In contrast, NCX3 knockout mice displayed approximately 45% CA1 neuronal loss and approximately 25% CA2 neuronal loss. The results clearly demonstrate that mice deficient in the NCX3 protein are more susceptible to global cerebral ischemia than wild-type mice. Our findings suggest NCX3 has a positive role in maintaining neuronal intracellular calcium homeostasis following ischemia, and that when exchanger function is compromised neurons are more susceptible to calcium deregulation and cell death [less ▲]

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See detailNd and Pb isotope signatures of the clay-size fraction of Labrador Sea sediments during the Holocene: Implications for the inception of the modern deep circulation pattern
Fagel, Nathalie ULg; Hillaire-Marcel, Claude ULg; Humblet, Marc et al

in Paleoceanography (2004), 19(3),

Nd and Pb isotopes were measured on the fine fraction of one sediment core drilled off southern Greenland. This work aims to reconstruct the evolution of deep circulation patterns in the North Atlantic ... [more ▼]

Nd and Pb isotopes were measured on the fine fraction of one sediment core drilled off southern Greenland. This work aims to reconstruct the evolution of deep circulation patterns in the North Atlantic during the Holocene on the basis of sediment supply variations. For the last 12 kyr, three sources have contributed to the sediment mixture: the North American Shield, the Pan-African and Variscan crusts, and the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Clay isotope signatures indicate two mixtures of sediment sources. The first mixture (12.2-6.5 ka) is composed of material derived from the North American shield and from a "young'' crustal source. From 6.5 ka onward the mixture is characterized by a young crustal component and by a volcanic component characteristic of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Since the significant decrease in proximal deglacial supplies, the evolution of the relative contributions of the sediment sources suggests major changes in the relative contributions of the deep water masses carried by the Western Boundary Undercurrent over the past 8.4 kyr. The progressive intensification of the Western Boundary Undercurrent was initially associated mainly with the transport of the Northeast Atlantic Deep Water mass until 6.5 ka and with the Denmark Strait Overflow Water thereafter. The establishment of the modern circulation at 3 ka suggests a reduced influence of the Denmark Strait Overflow Water, synchronous with the full appearance of the Labrador Seawater mass. Our isotopic data set emphasizes several changes in the relative contribution of the two major components of North Atlantic Deep Water throughout the Holocene. [less ▲]

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See detailNd and Pb isotopic signatures of detrital fractions from Labrador Sea and Iceland Basin sediments: Deep oceanic circulation changes over the Holocene
Fagel, Nathalie ULg; Brasseur; Mattielli, N. et al

in Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta (2008), 72(12), 251-251

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See detailThe Nd-123 superconducting system: From single crystal to top-seeded large grain. Physical and chemical parameters influence
Auguste, F.; Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg; Ausloos, Marcel ULg et al

in Applied Superconductivity (1998), 6(2-5), 77-85

Nd-123 signle crystals have been produced via the Aux method in alumina crucibles by controlling the chemical composition of the flux. For so doing, quenched materials have been prepared and analyzed in ... [more ▼]

Nd-123 signle crystals have been produced via the Aux method in alumina crucibles by controlling the chemical composition of the flux. For so doing, quenched materials have been prepared and analyzed in order to get information about the optimum barium: copper ratio for an unchanged neodymium concentration. Non corrosive fluxes with a low viscosity have been put into evidence and can thus be used for single crystal production. Experiments have been performed with three different chemical compositions of the Aux and by considering various amounts of neodymium oxide for each system. The single crystals have been analyzed by energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis and used for the synthesis of large Dy-123 single-domains? [less ▲]

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See detailND3 and ND4L subunits of mitochondrial complex I, both nucleus encoded in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, are required for activity and assembly of the enzyme
Cardol, Pierre ULg; Lapaille, Marie ULg; Minet, P. et al

in Eukaryotic Cell (2006), 5(9), 1460-1467

Made of more than 40 subunits, the rotenone-sensitive NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex I) is the most intricate membrane-bound enzyme of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. In vascular plants ... [more ▼]

Made of more than 40 subunits, the rotenone-sensitive NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex I) is the most intricate membrane-bound enzyme of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. In vascular plants, fungi, and animals, at least seven complex I subunits (ND1, -2, -3, -4, -4L, -5, and -6; ND is NADH dehydrogenase) are coded by mitochondrial genes. The role of these highly hydrophobic subunits in the enzyme activity and assembly is still poorly understood. In the unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, the ND3 and ND4L subunits are encoded in the nuclear genome, and we show here that the corresponding genes, called NUO3 and NUO11, respectively, display features that facilitate their expression and allow the proper import of the corresponding proteins into mitochondria. In particular, both polypeptides show lower hydrophobicity compared to their mitochondrion-encoded counterparts. The expression of the NUO3 and NUO11 genes has been suppressed by RNA interference. We demonstrate that the absence of ND3 or ND4L polypeptides prevents the assembly of the 950-kDa whole complex I and suppresses the enzyme activity. The putative role of hydrophobic ND subunits is discussed in relation to the structure of the complex I enzyme. A model for the assembly pathway of the Chlamydomonas enzyme is proposed. [less ▲]

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See detailNDS27 combines the effect of curcumin lysinate and hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin to inhibit equine PKCδ and NADPH oxidase involved in the oxidative burst of neutrophils
Derochette, Sandrine ULg; Mouithys-Mickalad, Ange ULg; Franck, Thierry ULg et al

in FEBS Open Bio (2014), 4(0), 1021-1029

Polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) are involved in host defence against infections by the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), but excessive PMN stimulation is associated with the development of ... [more ▼]

Polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) are involved in host defence against infections by the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), but excessive PMN stimulation is associated with the development of inflammatory diseases. After appropriate stimuli, protein kinase C (PKC) triggers the assembly of NADPH oxidase (Nox2) which produces superoxide anion (O2●-), from which ROS derive. The therapeutic use of polyphenols is proposed to lower ROS production by limiting Nox2 and PKC activities. The purpose of this study was to compare the antioxidant effect of NDS27 and NDS28, two water-soluble forms of curcumin lysinate respectively complexed with hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD) and γ-cyclodextrin (γ-CD), on the activity of Nox2 and PKCδ, involved in the Nox2 activation pathway. Our results, showed that NDS27 is the best inhibitor for Nox2 and PKCδ. This was illustrated by the combined effect of HPβCD and curcumin lysinate: HPβCD, but not γ-CD, improved the release of curcumin lysinate and its exchange against lipid or cholesterol as demonstrated by the lipid coloration with Oil red O, the extraction of radical lipophilic probes recorded by ESR and the HPLC measurements of curcumin. HPβCD not only solubilised and transported curcumin, but also indirectly enhanced its action on both PKC and Nox2 activities. The modulatory effect of NDS27 on the Nox2 activation pathway of neutrophils may open therapeutic perspectives for the control of pathologies with excessive inflammatory reactions. [less ▲]

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See detailThe NDWI as a drought index applied to Belgium and Heilongjiang
Tychon, Bernard ULg; Pêcheur, Céline; Ozer, Pierre ULg

in Tychon, Bernard (Ed.) Belgian and Chinese Crop Growth Monitoring Systems: comparison, adaptation and improvement (2003)

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See detailNe dites plus Constitution
Petit, Nicolas ULg

Article for general public (2009)

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See detailNe VI spectrum
Kramida, A. E.; Bastin, Thierry ULg; Biémont, Emile ULg et al

in Journal of the Optical Society of America. B, Optical Physics (1999), 16

On the basis of all the available observations of the Ne VI spectrum, particularly the new beam-foil spectra obtained at Liège University, approximately 50 new line assignments are proposed and ... [more ▼]

On the basis of all the available observations of the Ne VI spectrum, particularly the new beam-foil spectra obtained at Liège University, approximately 50 new line assignments are proposed and approximately 30 new energy levels are determined in Ne VI. All known energy levels have been improved, and a new value is proposed for the ionization potential. The new line identifications are supported by Hartree–Fock calculations combined with parametric fitting of energies and transition rates. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Neandertal lower right deciduous second molar from the “Trou de l'Abîme” at Couvin, Belgium
Toussaint, M.; Olejniczak, A. J.; El Zaatari, S. et al

in Journal of Human Evolution (2010), 58(1), 56-67

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See detailThe Neandertals of Spy (Belgium) and their context: results of the radiocarbon dating program
Semal, P.; Hauzeur, Anne ULg; Rougier, H. et al

Conference (2011)

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See detailNeanderthals see red : production of red powder in the Late Mousterian in Ormesson, France
Salomon, Hélène ULg; Geurten, Stéphanie; Bodu, Pierre et al

Poster (2013, February 07)

Les Bossats, near Ormesson, is a newly discovered late Mousterian site dated around 47.000 B.P. by thermoluminescence. The archaeological level, fossilized by loess, revealed a rich industry based on the ... [more ▼]

Les Bossats, near Ormesson, is a newly discovered late Mousterian site dated around 47.000 B.P. by thermoluminescence. The archaeological level, fossilized by loess, revealed a rich industry based on the discoide mode, associated with numerous fragments of red iron-rich rocks. The geological sources were identified by means of SEM-EDX, XRD, Raman spectroscopy, PIXE and by petrographical observation of thin sections. The past mechanical and morphological modifications of the pigment blocks were characterized by macro-photography, microscopy and topographical micro- measures of the used surfaces. It was thus possible to demonstrate that the colouring materials were selected in the neighbouring by the Neanderthals. Fourteen blocks and fragments show different use wears such as facets, grooves and scars. The Neanderthals implemented numerous techniques in order to produce preferentially red powder. The archaeological remains reveal an organized and versatile processing sequence of red ferruginous materials. During the late Mousterian a great phenomenon in expansion in western Europe is remarkable by the much wider exploitation of mineral red and black materials corresponding to technical modifications and divers utilizations under development. [less ▲]

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See detailLe néant comme fondement et comme liberté : pour une laïcité radicale !
Jamin, Jérôme ULg

Scientific conference (2006)

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See detailLe néant comme fondement et comme liberté
Jamin, Jérôme ULg

Article for general public (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (3 ULg)