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See detailPhenomenology of $\alpha_s$ at intermediate energy: the quark-hadron duality approach
Courtoy, Aurore ULg

in PoS - Proceedings of Science (2013)

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See detailPhenomenology of future-oriented mind-wandering episodes
Stawarczyk, David ULg; CASSOL, Héléna ULg; D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg

in Frontiers in Psychology [=FPSYG] (2013), 4

Recent research suggests that prospective and non-prospective forms of mind-wandering possess distinct properties, yet little is known about what exactly differentiates between future-oriented and non ... [more ▼]

Recent research suggests that prospective and non-prospective forms of mind-wandering possess distinct properties, yet little is known about what exactly differentiates between future-oriented and non-future-oriented mind-wandering episodes. In the present study, we used multilevel exploratory factor analyses to examine the factorial structure of various phenomenological dimensions of mind-wandering, and we then investigated whether future-oriented mind-wandering episodes differ from other classes of mind-wandering along the identified factors. We found that the phenomenological dimensions of mind-wandering are structured in four factors: representational format (inner speech vs. visual imagery), personal relevance, realism/concreteness, and structuration. Prospective mind-wandering differed from non-prospective mind-wandering along each of these factors. Specifically, future-oriented mind-wandering episodes involved inner speech to a greater extent, were more personally relevant, more realistic/concrete, and more often part of structured sequences of thoughts. These results show that future-oriented mind-wandering possesses a unique phenomenological signature and provide new insights into how this particular form of mind-wandering may adaptively contribute to autobiographical planning. [less ▲]

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See detailPhenomenology of supersymmetric neutrino mass models
Vicente, Avelino ULg

Doctoral thesis (2011)

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See detailPhenomenology, function, and neural correlates of mind-wandering
Stawarczyk, David ULg; Majerus, Steve ULg; D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg

Conference (2011, May 27)

Mind-wandering refers to the occurrence of thoughts whose content is both decoupled from stimuli present in the immediate environment and unrelated to the task currently being carried out. In a series of ... [more ▼]

Mind-wandering refers to the occurrence of thoughts whose content is both decoupled from stimuli present in the immediate environment and unrelated to the task currently being carried out. In a series of experiments, we used a newly designed experience sampling method to assess mind-wandering episodes and to distinguish them from other kinds of distractions (irrelevant interoceptive/exteroceptive sensory perceptions and interfering thoughts related to the appraisal of the current task). In Experiment 1, we examined the impact of mind-wandering on performance of the Sustained Attention to Response Task (SART; a Go/No-Go task). Analyses demonstrated that episodes of mind-wandering impair SART performance to the same extent as irrelevant sensory perceptions. In Experiment 2, we focused on the content of mind-wandering in order to assess its possible functions. We observed that most of reported mind-wandering episodes refer to the anticipation and planning of future events. Furthermore, this “prospective bias” was increased when participants’ attention had been oriented toward their personal goals prior to performing the SART. In Experiment 3, we examined the neural correlates of mind-wandering using functional magnetic resonance imaging. The results showed that the brain regions that were more active during episodes of mind-wandering are similar to the regions that have been associated with imagining future events in previous studies. Together, these results suggest that although episodes of mind-wandering negatively impact current task performance, they may have important adaptive value and could, in particular, play a key role in planning for the future. [less ▲]

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See detailPhenotype Classification of Zebrafish Embryos by Supervised Learning
Jeanray, Nathalie ULg; Marée, Raphaël ULg; Pruvot, Benoist ULg et al

Conference (2011, September 02)

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See detailPhenotype of thymic lymphomas in the mouse.
Greimers, Roland ULg; Rongy, Anne Michel; Defresne, Marie-Paule ULg et al

in Leukemia Research (1986), 10(7), 777-82

The MP2 cell line was established from a murine leukemia virus-induced thymic lymphoma. Half of the cells were consistently L3T4 positive and less than 5% of the cells were Lyt-2 positive. Single cell ... [more ▼]

The MP2 cell line was established from a murine leukemia virus-induced thymic lymphoma. Half of the cells were consistently L3T4 positive and less than 5% of the cells were Lyt-2 positive. Single cell cloning on the basis of the presence or absence of Lyt-2 allowed the isolation of four clones with stable phenotypes: (1) Lyt-2-, L3T4-; (2) Lyt-2+, L3T4+; (3) Lyt-2-, L3T4+; (4) Lyt2+, L3T4-. These data are discussed in relation to tumour cell heterogeneity and to normal T-cell differentiation pathways. [less ▲]

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See detailPhénotypes des Escherichia coli K99
Pohl, P.; Lintermans, P.; Mainil, Jacques ULg et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1988), 132

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See detailPhenotypic analysis of strains deleted for genes with unknown function: data and general reasoning.
Bianchi, M.; Sartori, G.; Vandenbol, Micheline ULg et al

Poster (2001, August)

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See detailPhenotypic analysis of strains deleted for genes with unknown function: data and general reasoning.
Bianchi, M.; Sartori, G.; Vandenbol, Micheline ULg et al

in Yeast (Chichester, England) (2001), 18(S97), 5-31

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See detailPhenotypic analysis on media containing drugs
Vandenbol, Micheline ULg; Hilger, François; Portetelle, Daniel ULg

Poster (1999)

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See detailPhenotypic analysis on media containing drugs.
Vandenbol, Micheline ULg; Hilger, F.; Portetelle, Daniel ULg

in Fourth Eurofan Meeting (1999)

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See detailPhenotypic and genetic variability of production traits and milk fatty acid contents across days in milk for Walloon Holstein first-parity cows.
Bastin, Catherine ULg; Gengler, Nicolas ULg; Soyeurt, Hélène ULg

in Journal of Dairy Science (2011), 94(8), 4152-63

The objective of this study was to assess the phenotypic and genetic variability of production traits and milk fatty acid (FA) contents throughout lactation. Genetic parameters for milk, fat, and protein ... [more ▼]

The objective of this study was to assess the phenotypic and genetic variability of production traits and milk fatty acid (FA) contents throughout lactation. Genetic parameters for milk, fat, and protein yields, fat and protein contents, and 19 groups and individual FA contents in milk were estimated for first-parity Holstein cows in the Walloon Region of Belgium using single-trait, test-day animal models and random regressions. Data included 130,285 records from 26,166 cows in 531 herds. Heritabilities indicated that de novo synthesized FA were under stronger genetic control than FA originating from the diet and from body fat mobilization. Estimates for saturated short- and medium-chain individual FA ranged from 0.35 for C4:0 to 0.44 for C8:0, whereas those for monounsaturated long-chain individual FA were lower (around 0.18). Moreover, de novo synthesized FA were more heritable in mid to late lactation. Approximate daily genetic correlations among traits were calculated as correlations between daily breeding values for days in milk between 5 and 305. Averaged daily genetic correlations between milk yield and FA contents did not vary strongly among FA (around -0.35) but they varied strongly across days in milk, especially in early lactation. Results indicate that cows selected for high milk yield in early lactation would have lower de novo synthesized FA contents in milk but a slightly higher content of C18:1 cis-9, indicating that such cows might mobilize body fat reserves. Genetic correlations among FA emphasized the combination of FA according to their origin: contents in milk of de novo FA were highly correlated with each other (from 0.64 to 0.99). Results also showed that genetic correlations between C18:1 cis-9 and other FA varied strongly during the first 100 d in milk and reinforced the statement that the release of long-chain FA inhibits FA synthesis in the mammary gland while the cow is in negative energy balance. Finally, results showed that the FA profile in milk changed during the lactation phenotypically and genetically, emphasizing the relationship between the physiological status of cow and milk composition. [less ▲]

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See detailPhenotypic and genotypic characterisation of Brucella strains isolated from cattle in the Gambia.
Bankole, A. A.; Saegerman, Claude ULg; Berkvens, D. et al

in Veterinary Record : Journal of the British Veterinary Association (2010), 166(24), 753-6

Thirty-five serum samples and six hygroma fluid samples were collected from sexually mature cattle in one herd with clinical signs of brucellosis (abortion and hygromas) in the Western Region of the ... [more ▼]

Thirty-five serum samples and six hygroma fluid samples were collected from sexually mature cattle in one herd with clinical signs of brucellosis (abortion and hygromas) in the Western Region of the Gambia in order to isolate and characterise Brucella species. Information on the sex, age, number of calvings, number of abortions, presence of hygromas, and presence of orchitis was also collected for each animal sampled. Twenty-six (74 per cent) of the serum samples were positive in the rose bengal test and 29 (83 per cent) were positive by indirect ELISA. Three isolates of Brucella, biotyped as Brucella abortus biovar 3, were cultured from six hygroma fluid samples. The multiple locus variable number tandem repeat analysis assay clustered the isolates as B abortus with the same profile for the three isolates, suggesting a common origin of contamination. [less ▲]

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See detailPhenotypic and genotypic characterization of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli serotypes O8:KX105 and O8:K"2829" strains isolated from piglets with diarrhea
Broes, A.; Fairbrother, J. M.; Mainil, Jacques ULg et al

in Journal of Clinical Microbiology (1988), 26

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See detailPhenotypic Characterization of Osteoblasts from the Sclerotic Zones of Osteoarthritic Subchondral Bone
Sanchez, Christelle ULg; Deberg, Michelle ULg; Bellahcene, Akeila ULg et al

in Arthritis and Rheumatism (2008), 58(2), 442-55

OBJECTIVE: To determine the phenotype of osteoblasts from the sclerotic zones of human osteoarthritic (OA) subchondral bone. METHODS: Human osteoblasts were isolated from sclerotic or nonsclerotic areas ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To determine the phenotype of osteoblasts from the sclerotic zones of human osteoarthritic (OA) subchondral bone. METHODS: Human osteoblasts were isolated from sclerotic or nonsclerotic areas of subchondral bone and cultured for 14 days in monolayer. The expression of 14 genes was investigated by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. The activities of alkaline phosphatase (AP) and transglutaminases (TGases) were quantified by enzymatic assays. C-terminal type I procollagen propeptide (CPI), interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), IL-6, IL-8, transforming growth factor beta1 (TGFbeta1), osteocalcin (OC), and osteopontin (OPN) were assayed in the culture medium by immunoassay. RESULTS: Gene expression levels of matrix metalloproteinase 13, COL1A1 and COL1A2, OPN, tissue-nonspecific AP, OC, vascular endothelial growth factor, ANKH, TGase 2, factor XIIIA, and dentin matrix protein 1 were significantly up-regulated in sclerotic osteoblasts compared with nonsclerotic osteoblasts. In contrast, parathyroid hormone receptor gene expression was depressed in sclerotic osteoblasts, but bone sialoprotein levels were unchanged. The activities of AP and TGases were increased in sclerotic osteoblasts, while matrix mineralization, revealed by alizarin red staining, was decreased. In parallel, protein synthesis of CPI, OC, OPN, IL-6, IL-8, and TGFbeta1 was significantly higher in sclerotic osteoblasts than in nonsclerotic osteoblasts, while IL-1beta production was similar in both groups. CONCLUSION: These findings contribute to a better understanding of the mechanisms involved in subchondral bone sclerosis and identify osteoblasts with an altered phenotype as a potential target for future OA therapies. [less ▲]

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