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See detailMonitorage des fractions inspirées et alvéolaires
Duranteau, R.; Brichant, Jean-François ULg

in Anesthésie par inhalation (1987)

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See detailMonitoring a shallow geothermal experiment in a sandy aquifer using electrical resistivity tomography: a feasibility study
Hermans, Thomas ULg; Vandenbohede, Alexander; Nguyen, Frédéric ULg et al

Poster (2010, May 06)

Geothermal resources, especially groundwater resources, are increasingly used around the world. It is therefore necessary to improve the characterisation of thermal parameters of the aquifers. This is ... [more ▼]

Geothermal resources, especially groundwater resources, are increasingly used around the world. It is therefore necessary to improve the characterisation of thermal parameters of the aquifers. This is done mostly with thermal response tests. In this work, we monitored with electrical resistivity tomography a geothermal test on the campus of Ghent University (Belgium). We injected warm water (45°C) into a sandy aquifer where the groundwater has a temperature of 10°C at a rate of 100 liter/hour during three days. Laboratory measurements indicated that we could expect at most a change of 2%/°C of the water electrical conductivity. The time-lapse series of electrical images show clearly the thermal plume corresponding to the injected water with a maximum change of minus 20% after 72 hours of injection. A comparison with a geothermal model shows that the anomaly is well detected but also distorded due to the inversion regularization (smoothness constraint). ERT enabled to follow the evolution of the injected heated water with more spatial coverage that traditionnal techniques. ERT is thus an interesting tool to monitor the exploitation of geothermal resources. In the future, it will be necessary to improve the inversion process to use quantitavely such results in a calibration process. [less ▲]

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See detailMonitoring an odour in the environment with an electronic nose : requirements for the signal processing
Romain, Anne-Claude ULg; Delva, Julien ULg; Nicolas, Jacques ULg

Conference (2007, January)

Artificial olfaction system (the so-called electronic nose) is a very promising tool to monitor the malodour in the field. Usual measurement techniques of odour use human olfaction or conventional ... [more ▼]

Artificial olfaction system (the so-called electronic nose) is a very promising tool to monitor the malodour in the field. Usual measurement techniques of odour use human olfaction or conventional analytical techniques. The first category represents the real odour perception but is not applicable to measure continuously bad odours in the field. The second class of techniques gives the mixture composition but not the global information representative of the odour perception. The e-nose has the potentialities to combine "the odour perception" and the "monitoring in the field". However to be able to reach that goal, the signal processing has to be adapted to work in complex environment. The research group in Arlon has more than ten years experience in the measure of environmental malodours in the field. The paper presents the minimal requirements that the group considers as essential for artificial olfaction system to become successful for this application. [less ▲]

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See detailMonitoring an Odour in the Environment with an Electronic Nose: Requirements for the Signal Processing
Romain, Anne-Claude ULg; Nicolas, Jacques ULg

in Gutierrez, Agustin; Marco, S. (Eds.) Biologically Inspired Signal Processing for Chemical Sensing (2009)

Artificial olfaction system (the so-called electronic nose) is a very promising tool to monitor the malodour in the field. Usual odour measurement techniques use human olfaction or analytical techniques ... [more ▼]

Artificial olfaction system (the so-called electronic nose) is a very promising tool to monitor the malodour in the field. Usual odour measurement techniques use human olfaction or analytical techniques. The first category represents the real odour perception but is not applicable to measure in continuous bad odours in the field. The second class of techniques gives the composition of the mixture but not the global information representative of the odour perception. The e-nose has the potentialities to combine “the odour perception” and the “monitoring in the field”. However to be able to reach this goal, the signal processing has to be adapted to work in complex environment. We have more than teen years experiments in the measure of environmental malodours in the field and the paper presents the minimal requirements that we consider essential for artificial olfaction system to become successful for this application. [less ▲]

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See detailMonitoring and mapping landslide displacements: a combined DGPS-stereophotogrammetric approach for detailed short- and long-term rate estimates
Demoulin, Alain ULg

in Terra Nova (2006), 18(4), 290-298

Although desirable for a reliable hazard assessment, rate estimates of landslide motion rarely combine a good time resolution and a sufficiently long time of observation. Here, both angles are tackled for ... [more ▼]

Although desirable for a reliable hazard assessment, rate estimates of landslide motion rarely combine a good time resolution and a sufficiently long time of observation. Here, both angles are tackled for the Manaihan landslide (East Belgium), dramatically reactivated in September 1998. I monitored the landslide displacements by repeated Global Positioning System (GPS) surveys from 1999 to 2005. Two digital elevation models were also produced, one of the landslide topography in 1999 by GPS and a second by stereophotogrammetry from aerial photographs of 1953. Subtracting one model from the other, I mapped the height changes within the landslide over the 1953-1999 period. All measurements consistently showed that, beyond the sudden similar to 1.5 m slip of September 1998, the landslide moved at a mean rate of c. 20 cm yr(-1) since 1980. Most displacements occurred around the winter's end, when long-lasting precipitation combined with minimal evaporation and occasional intense daily rainfall. The motions are spatially determined by seepage from a broken sewage pipe inducing local high pore pressures. [less ▲]

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See detailMonitoring and Measuring the biomass of the floating macrophytes by numerical image processing: Case duckweeds (Lemna minor) in Waste Stablisation Ponds
Tangou Tabou, Thierry ULg; Musibono Eyul"Anki, Dieudonné; Vasel, Jean-Luc ULg

Poster (2011, August)

In hot countries temperature conditions allow the use of various WSP technologies, including floating macrophytes. We studied duckweeds and they have been used for industrial or domestic waste water ... [more ▼]

In hot countries temperature conditions allow the use of various WSP technologies, including floating macrophytes. We studied duckweeds and they have been used for industrial or domestic waste water treatment. However, the vegetable carpet formed on the water surface must be managed in order to maintain a good efficiency. The duckweeds must be harvested regularly. Otherwise when the biomass is getting too large there is some overlap, mortality increases, and dead cells sink and degrade at the bottom creating a new pollution. In addition, a hazardous harvest of the lenses can involve the reduction in the capacity of purification and also support the development of algae. We tried to monitor the biomass and the environmental parameters of the system (luminosity, temperature, pH, nitrogen, phosphorus, alkalinity, COD…) as well. Indeed, the duckweed biomass measurements were carried out by many researchers (Köner and Vermaat, 1998; Caicédo et al., 2000; Rhamani and Sternberg, 1999; Edwards et al., 1992;…) according mainly to two methods, : the measurement of fresh or dry weight. It appears that these two methods present disadvantages especially for rather long experiments. If the last one is more reliable but destructive, the first on the other hand is less destructive but less accurate and not very reproducible. In the present work, we considered numerical image processing by adapted soft wares, namely: ACDsee® and Image Pro-Plus®. The purpose of this study is thus to establish the surface-biomass relationship for a possible comparison of the resulting biomasses by image and weighing [less ▲]

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See detailMonitoring Antibiotic Use and Residue in Freshwater Aquaculture for Domestic Use in Vietnam
Pham Kim, Dang; Chu, Jacqueline; Nga Thuy, Do et al

in EcoHealth (in press)

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See detailMonitoring batch lipase catalyzed interesterification of palm oil and fractions by differential scanning calorimetry
Danthine, Sabine ULg; DeClercq, Nathalie; Dewettinck, Koen et al

in Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry (2014)

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See detailMonitoring biologique des greffes de cellules souches hématopoïétiques
GOTHOT, André ULg

in Focus Diagnostica (2001), 9

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See detailA Monitoring Campaign for Luhman 16AB. I. Detection of Resolved Near-Infrared Spectroscopic Variability
Burgasser, A. J.; Gillon, Michaël ULg; Faherty, J. K. et al

in Astrophysical Journal (2014), 785

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See detailMonitoring certain endocrine parameters for predicting stillbirth in dairy cows
Szenci, Otto; Bajcsy, A Cs; Brydl, E. et al

in Proceedings: XVII International congress of mediterranean federation of health and production of ruminants (2009)

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See detailMonitoring color alteration of ornamental flagstones using digital image analysis.
Lebrun, Vincent; Toussaint, Caroline; Pirard, Eric ULg

in Prykryl, R. (Ed.) Dimension Stone (2004)

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See detailMonitoring continu du glucose: où en est on?
RADERMECKER, Régis ULg

Conference (2011, May 21)

Présentation des données actuelles sur le monitoring continu du glucose en Diabétologie.

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See detailLe Monitoring de la pression artérielle en pratique médicale : apports et limites
Saint-Remy, Annie ULg; Rorive, Georges ULg

in Blood Pressure Profil (1994), 3

"L'article de Mme Saint-Remy et de G. Rorive constitue une bonne mise au point sur les controverses qui continuent à se développer autour de la place à réserver au monitorage ambulatoire de la pression ... [more ▼]

"L'article de Mme Saint-Remy et de G. Rorive constitue une bonne mise au point sur les controverses qui continuent à se développer autour de la place à réserver au monitorage ambulatoire de la pression artérielle (MAPA) dans l'évaluation du patient hypertendu. La variabilité importante universellement admise de la pression artérielle rend le concept du monitorage pendant 24 heures particulièrement attrayant. L'utilité de cette nouvelle approche ne sera cependant définitivement établie que quand les résultats d'études prospectives visant à démontrer la supériorité du MAPA sur la mesure conventionnelle de la pression artérielle seront connus. Deux études sont au minimum actuellement en cours en ce sens : l'étude OVA et l'étude Systeur. En attendant, le manque de valeurs normatives est évidemment un handicap pour l'intérêt de la MAPA dans la pratique journalière et ce d'autant plus que le coût de cette nouvelle méthodologie reste élevé. Dans la revue de la littérature de ce numéro de Blood Pressure Profile, deux publications viennent confirmer ce qui est avancé dans l'article de Mme Saint-Remy. Bianchi et col, observant que la microalbuminurie est plus importante chez les hypertendus en l'absence de chute nocturne de la pression artérielle, argumentent en faveur du rôle de la MAPA dans l'évaluation du pronostic cardio-vasculaire du patient hypertendu. De plus, Mansoor et al, confirmant la meilleure reproductibilité de MAPA par rapport à la mesure conventionnelle de la pression artérielle, concluent également que la MAPA permettra de diminuer le nombre de patients à inclure dans des essais de pharmacologie clinique. Ces résultats, bien qu'encourageant pour les défenseurs du MAPA, ne doivent cependant pas nous faire oublier que la généralisation de l'utilisation de cette nouvelle technique est à l'heure actuelle prématurée" Prof. J.P. Degaute, Hypertension Clinic, Hôpital Universitaire Erasme, Chief Editor [less ▲]

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See detailMonitoring de la somnolence
Wertz, Jérôme ULg; François, Clémentine ULg; Verly, Jacques ULg

Conference (2012, November 09)

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See detailMonitoring delivery chains in a supply chain using multivariate control charts
Faraz, Alireza ULg; Heuchenne, Cédric ULg; Saniga, Erwin et al

Conference (2011, July 13)

The theory of the delivery chain considers the delivery of goods and services to customers within a specific time interval. Nowadays, organizations are focusing to satisfy their customers’ demands not ... [more ▼]

The theory of the delivery chain considers the delivery of goods and services to customers within a specific time interval. Nowadays, organizations are focusing to satisfy their customers’ demands not only to meet the expectations for products quality but also in delivery times through managing delivery chains. Obviously it is desirable that a company has minimum delivery time of goods and services to its customers. Therefore, establishing economic and reliable control charts for monitoring the key characteristics of delivery chain is of great importance especially for managers to improve the whole delivery chains performance. On the other hand, as we shall see in the present paper, the performance of a delivery chain is multivariate in nature because customers do not evaluate a delivery performance with a univariate mindset and also there are usually several production and delivery sites, and variety of different methods of transportation of goods and services. In this paper, we propose a relatively new application of the economic statistical design of the multivariate T2 control chart to monitor the delivery chain performance and it is illustrated through a case study in the TNT express mail in Iran. [less ▲]

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See detailMonitoring delivery chains using multivariate control charts
Faraz, Alireza ULg; Heuchenne, Cédric ULg; Saniga, Erwin et al

in European Journal of Operational Research (2013), 228(1), 282289

Delivery chains are concerned with the delivery of goods and services to customers within a specific time interval; this time constraint is added to the usual consumer demand for product or service ... [more ▼]

Delivery chains are concerned with the delivery of goods and services to customers within a specific time interval; this time constraint is added to the usual consumer demand for product or service quality. In this context, we address the idea of using process control tools to monitor this key variable of delivery time. In applications, there are usually several production and delivery sites and a variety of different ways to transport, treat and provide goods and services; that makes the problem multivariate in nature. We therefore propose to control the process using multivariate T2 control charts economically designed with the addition of statistical constraints, a design method called economic-statistical design. We illustrate the application in general through an illustrative example. [less ▲]

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See detailMonitoring depth of anaesthesia: is it worth the effort?
Bonhomme, Vincent ULg; Hans, Pol ULg

in European Journal of Anaesthesiology (2004), 21(6), 423-8

In this review paper, the authors critically analyse the use of a number of depth of anaesthesia monitors in light of the most recent literature and their own clinical experience. There appears to be ... [more ▼]

In this review paper, the authors critically analyse the use of a number of depth of anaesthesia monitors in light of the most recent literature and their own clinical experience. There appears to be increasing evidence that anaesthesia depth monitors reduce the incidence of unexpected intraoperative awareness and also that they improve the quality of anaesthesia. Proper use of these monitors necessitates background knowledge about the physiology of the loss of consciousness, the type of variable recorded and processed by the monitoring devices, the factors that might interfere with recording and the limits of use. The information provided by anaesthesia depth monitors is detailed and relationships with clinical practice are established to provide the reader with key features for optimal use of those monitors and correct interpretation of data. Practitioners and patient's knowledge and expectations regarding this matter, as well as the cost-benefit relationship are also discussed. [less ▲]

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