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See detailThe occurrence of 2-hydroxy-6-methoxybenzoic acid methyl ester in Securidaca longepedunculata Fresen root bark.
Lognay, Georges ULg; Marlier, M.; Seck, D. et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2000), 4(2),

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See detailOccurrence of AIP Mutations in Sporidic Pituitary Adenomas and Familial Isolated Pituitary Adenomas Kindreds in Valencia, Spain
Fajardo Montanaña, C.; Daly, Adrian ULg; Tichomirowa, M. A. et al

in ENDO 2008: 90th Annual Meeting of the Endocrine Society - Abstract book (2008)

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See detailOccurrence of anthropogenic and naturally-produced organohalogenated compounds in tissues of Black Sea harbour porpoises
Weijs, Liesbeth; Das, Krishna ULg; Neels, Hugo et al

in Marine Pollution Bulletin (2010), 60

Harbour porpoises are one of the three cetacean species inhabiting the Black Sea. This is the first study to report on polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and naturally-produced compounds, methoxylated ... [more ▼]

Harbour porpoises are one of the three cetacean species inhabiting the Black Sea. This is the first study to report on polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and naturally-produced compounds, methoxylated PBDEs (MeO-PBDEs) and polybrominated hexahydroxanthene derivatives (PBHDs), in tissues (kidney, brain, blubber, liver, muscle) of male harbour porpoises (11 adults, 9 juveniles) from the Black Sea. Lipid-normalized concentrations decreased from muscle > blubber > liver > kidney > brain for the sum of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and for the sum of PBDEs. Among the naturally-produced compounds, levels of PBHDs were higher than of MeO-PBDEs, with tri-BHD and 6-MeO-BDE 47 being the dominant compounds for both groups, respectively. Concentrations of naturally-produced compounds decreased from blubber to brain, similarly to the sum of DDT and metabolites (DDXs). Concentrations of DDXs were highest, followed by PCBs, HCB, PBHDs, PBDEs and MeO-PBDEs. Levels of PCBs and PBDEs in blubber were lower than concentrations reported for harbour porpoises from the North Sea, while concentrations of DDXs were higher. [less ▲]

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See detailOccurrence of aphid predator species in both organic and conventional corn and broad bean
Vandereycken, Axel ULg; Joie, Emilie ULg; Francis, Frédéric ULg et al

in Entomologie Faunistique = Faunistic Entomology (2013), 66

Organic farming has been suggested to enhance beneficial species abundance and diversity in agrosystem habitats. In this study, the abundance of aphid predators was compared in organic and conventional ... [more ▼]

Organic farming has been suggested to enhance beneficial species abundance and diversity in agrosystem habitats. In this study, the abundance of aphid predators was compared in organic and conventional corn and broad bean fields during a two-year inventory. In both farming strategies, there were no differences between species diversity. Five aphid predator species were mainly observed: Coccinella septempunctata L. 1758 (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), Propylea quatuordecimpunctata (L. 1758) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), Harmonia axyridis Pallas 1773 (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens 1836) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) and Episyrphus balteatus (De Geer 1776) (Diptera: Syrphidae). Differences in abundance of aphidophagous species between conventional and organic crop fields were observed even if not always in favour of the latter condition. The abundance of the five above- mentioned aphidophagous species varied for the most part according to almost all the observed parameters, including sampled year, crop and agricultural practices. In conclusion, our findings do not support organic practices in corn and broad bean as key options to increase the biodiversity and abundance of aphid natural enemies. [less ▲]

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See detailOccurrence of aphid predators in Belgian agro-ecosystems
Vandereycken, Axel ULg; Durieux, Delphine ULg; Joie, Emilie ULg et al

Poster (2011, March 06)

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See detailOccurrence of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in the Río Negro Estuary, Argentina, and their mid-distance movements along the Northeast Patagonian coast
Failla, Mauricio; Seijas, Veronica; Vermeulen, Els ULg

in Latin American Journal of Aquatic Mammals (in press)

A systematic study on the presence of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in the Río Negro Estuary (RNE), Patagonia Argentina, was carried out between the months March – July from 2008 to 2011. Data ... [more ▼]

A systematic study on the presence of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in the Río Negro Estuary (RNE), Patagonia Argentina, was carried out between the months March – July from 2008 to 2011. Data on the dolphin’s activity patterns were gathered via an Ad Libitum focal group sampling mode accompanying dorsal fin images taken for identification and re-identification of individuals. A total effort of 188 h resulted in 58 h of positive observation of 124 dolphin groups (sightings per unit effort (SPUE) = 0.66 groups/h). Data analysis showed two main activity states for the observed groups, travelling (65%) and foraging (26%). The remaining 9% of the groups were involved in other activity states. The photo-identification effort, which started opportunistically in 2006, resulted in a catalogue of 21 individual dolphins, with a total mean re-identification rate of 9 days (max = 24 days). When comparing these pictures to the existing catalogue of Bahía San Antonio (approximately 200 km west from the study area) dorsal fins of 20 individuals could be positively matched and most (n = 17) could be subsequently re-identified in both areas, indicating their long distance movements along the North Patagonian coast during the austral autumn months. This season coincides with the lowest amount of feeding activity observed in Bahía San Antonio. This study suggests that bottlenose dolphins enter RNE, mainly during autumn, to forage. It appears that the search for food resources may be the trigger for their movement patterns along the North Patagonian coast during this season, at least for certain individuals. More research is needed to accurately confirm this hypothesis. [less ▲]

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See detailOccurrence of cardiovascular calcifications in normal, aging rats.
Roosens, B; Bala, G; Droogmans, S et al

in Experimental Gerontology (2012), 47(8), 614-9

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular calcification is an independent predictor of morbidity and mortality and increases with age. Animal models are frequently used to investigate the underlying pathophysiology ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular calcification is an independent predictor of morbidity and mortality and increases with age. Animal models are frequently used to investigate the underlying pathophysiology. Only scarce data regarding the effect of aging on calcifications in these animal models are available. The aim of this study is to investigate the occurrence of cardiovascular calcifications in normal, aging rats. METHODS: A mixed inbred/outbred population of 44 male Lewis/Wistar rats was studied. Group 1 of three-month-old rats, group 2 twelve-month-old, group 3 twenty-four-month-old and group 4 thirty-month-old rats. Calibrated integrated backscatter (cIB) values and blood parameters (creatinine, parathyroid hormone (PTH)) were measured, followed by ex-vivo micro-CT and histology as reference methods. RESULTS: Cardiovascular calcifications developed with age, as demonstrated by significantly increasing cIB values of the aortic valve and myocardium. This was confirmed by a significant increase in the calcified volume on ex-vivo micro-CT and in the histological calcium score. There was also a significantly higher level of creatinine and PTH with age. CONCLUSIONS: As in humans, cardiovascular calcifications progressively increase with age in the normal rat. Therefore the aging rat model could be used for studying calcifying cardiovascular disease. cIB might have a value in future studies for the early detection of subclinical calcifications in humans. [less ▲]

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See detailOccurrence of contrasting skarn formations in dolomites of the Traversella deposit (Ivrea, Italy)
Vander Auwera, Jacqueline ULg; Verkaeren, Jean

in Geologische Rundschau : Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Geologie (1993), 82

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See detailOccurrence of D-alanyl-(D)-meso-diaminopimelic acid and meso-diaminopimelyl-meso-diaminopimelic acid interpeptide linkages in the peptidoglycan of Mycobacteria
Wietzerbin, Juana; Das, Bhupsh C.; Petit, Jean-François et al

in Biochemistry (1974), 13(17), 3471-3476

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See detailOccurrence of equine coital exanthema in mares from an embryo transfer center
Barrandeguy, Maria; Perkins, Julio; Mac Donough, Jorge et al

in Journal of Equine Veterinary Science (2010), 30

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See detailOccurrence of glucomuramic acid in gram-positive bacteria
Wheat, R.-W.; Ghuysen, Jean-Marie ULg

in Journal of Bacteriology (1971), 105(3), 1219-1221

Analyses of 48 gram-positive bacteria indicate only glucomuramic acid and no galactomuramic acid in cell walls.

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See detailOccurrence of Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in field crops
Vandereycken, Axel ULg; Brostaux, Yves ULg; Joie, Emilie ULg et al

in European Journal of Entomology (2013), 110(2),

Abstract. The Multicoloured Asian Ladybird, Harmonia axyridis Pallas (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) is known to thrive principally in shrubby and arboreal habitats. This study focuses on the occurrence of ... [more ▼]

Abstract. The Multicoloured Asian Ladybird, Harmonia axyridis Pallas (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) is known to thrive principally in shrubby and arboreal habitats. This study focuses on the occurrence of this exotic species and its seasonal abundance in various field crops. The abundance of adults, larvae and pupae of H. axyridis was evaluated over a three-year period, from 2009 to 2011, in four important agronomical crops (wheat, corn, broad bean and potato) in Belgium. From May to September, 48 1-m² quadrats were visually inspected in each of the fields sampled on several farms every seven days. H. axyridis colonized and reproduced in all of the four crops studied, with the largest numbers recorded in corn and broad bean crops. Larvae and adults of H. axyridis were recorded mainly in corn and to a much less extent in wheat and potato crops. From 2009 to 2011, the mean weekly abundance of H. ayxridis remained constant except in corn crops, where the recorded densities of all the immature stages and adults were higher in 2011 than in 2009. The population dynamics of aphids and H. axyridis are well described by a symmetric logistic function (S-shape) of cumulative population size. H. axyridis was not always recorded where aphids were abundant, e.g. aphids were abundant on wheat where no H. axyridis were recorded. H. axyridis start reproducing after the peak in aphid population, suggesting that H. axyridis is able to complete its development by feeding on alternative prey such as larvae and pupae of the same and other species of ladybird and other aphidophagous species. H. axyridis is often considered to be bivoltine but it only completes one generation per year in field crops. The second generation generally develops late in the season in other habitats. [less ▲]

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See detailOccurrence of MRSA endocarditis during linezolid treatment
Ben Mansour, El Hassan; Jacob, Eric; Monchi, Mehran et al

in European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases : Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology (2003), 22(6), 372-373

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See detailThe occurrence of multicolored ladybird, Harmonia axyridis Pallas, a biological control agent in agroecosystems in Wallonia
Vandereycken, Axel ULg; Durieux, Delphine ULg; Haubruge, Eric ULg et al

Conference (2010, May 18)

The Asian ladybird, Harmonia axyridis Pallas (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), was imported in 1997 in Belgium to control aphid populations in greenhouses. It took only few years to the insect to get adapted ... [more ▼]

The Asian ladybird, Harmonia axyridis Pallas (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), was imported in 1997 in Belgium to control aphid populations in greenhouses. It took only few years to the insect to get adapted to temperate climate conditions and to spread out all over Europe. Now, H. axyridis is one of the coccinellid with the biggest size in Belgium, causing damages to the ecosystems through e.g. intraguild predation (IGP). We are still lacking information about the consequences of the introduction of this superpredator in our agro-ecosystems. This work focuses on the potential impacts of H. axyridis on the entomofauna associated with several crops (potatos, corn, wheat, broad bean). We evaluated in 2009 the occurrence as well as the interactions between aphids and their natural enemies (hoverflies, coccinellids and lacewings) in several agro-ecosystem sites in northern Wallonia. After one year of field observations, were found thirteen coccinellid species, most of the catched individuals being H. axyridis with 64% of the coccinellids, Propylea 14-punctata, 15%, or Coccinella 7-punctata, 14%. This invasive ladybird dominates the group of coccinellids generally in all crops in north Wallonia. The results with the sticky traps show that the maximum occurrence of H. axyridis in crops is observed in chicory, sugar beet and potatoes. The relationship aphid-ladybird in wheat for example, brings out that increase of density of Asian ladybird in mid-July follow the increase of aphids (Sitobion avenae, Sitobion fragariae, Metopolophium dirhodum, Aphis fabae) in the end of June. We also observe that, in most agro-ecosystems, hoverflies and lacewings are the dominant aphid natural enemies. In all crops investigate, the multicolored ladybird occurs with 5% of the aphidophagous after the Chrysopidae, 12% and the Syrphidae, 76%. In 2009, the agro-ecosystems with the most aphidophagous species are carrot and broad bean and these habitats are dominated by hoverflies. [less ▲]

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See detailOccurrence of N-glycolylmuramic acid in bacterial cell walls: a preliminary survey
Azuma, I.; Thomas, D. W.; Adam, A. et al

in Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - General Subjects (1970), 208(3), 444-451

The N-acyl substituent of muramic acid in the cell walls of some species of Actinomycetales and of the related family of Corynebacteriaceae has been studied. The N-glycolyl derivative, recently identified ... [more ▼]

The N-acyl substituent of muramic acid in the cell walls of some species of Actinomycetales and of the related family of Corynebacteriaceae has been studied. The N-glycolyl derivative, recently identified in Mycobacterium smegmatis, has been found in the three other species of Mycobacterium studied: M. kansasii, M. tuberculosis BCG, and M. phlei. The classical N-acetyl derivative has been found in Streptomyces albus and Corynebacterium fermentans. [less ▲]

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See detailOccurrence of perfluorooctane sulfonate and other perfluorinated alkylated substances in harbor porpoises from the Black Sea
Van de Vijver, Kristin Inneke; Holsbeek, Ludo; Das, Krishna ULg et al

in Environmental Science & Technology (2007), 41(1), 315-320

Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and other perfluorinated alkylated substances (PFAS) were determined in liver, kidney, muscle, brain, and blubber samples of 31 harbor porpoises (Phocoena phocoena relicta ... [more ▼]

Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and other perfluorinated alkylated substances (PFAS) were determined in liver, kidney, muscle, brain, and blubber samples of 31 harbor porpoises (Phocoena phocoena relicta) of different age and sex stranded along the Ukrainian coast of the Black Sea. In all individuals and in all tissues, PFOS was the predominant PFAS, accounting for on average 90% of the measured PFAS load. PFOS concentrations were the highest in liver (327 +/- 351 ng/g wet wt) and kidney (147 +/- 262 ng/g wet wt) tissue, and lower in blubber (18 +/- 8 ng/g wet wt), muscle (41 +/- 50 ng/g wet wt), and brain (24 +/- 23 ng/g wet wt). No significant differences could be determined between males and females, nor between juvenile and adult animals (p > 0.05). Perfluorononanoic acid, perfluorodecanoic acid, perfluoroundecanoic acid, and perfluorododecanoic acid could be detected in liver tissue of approximately 25% of the individuals. Perfluorobutane sulfonate, perfluorobutanoic acid, and perfluorooctanoic acid were not detected in any of the porpoise livers. Although we investigated a potential intraspecies segregation according to the source of prey, using stable isotopes, no statistically significant correlation between PFOS concentrations and stable isotopes could be determined. It is, however, noteworthy that the contamination by PFOS in the Black Sea harbor porpoises is comparable to levels found in porpoises from the German Baltic Sea and from coastal areas near Denmark and, therefore, might pose a threat to this population. [less ▲]

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See detailOccurrence of polyfunctional thiols in sorghum beer "ikigage" made with Vernonia amygdalina "umubirizi"
Lyumugabe Loshima, François ULg

in Flavour and Fragrance Journal (2012), 27(5), 372-377

Several polyfunctional thiols have been previously identified in beers made from barley and hops. These compounds have not been investigated in beers brewed with non-Western raw materials. Here we have ... [more ▼]

Several polyfunctional thiols have been previously identified in beers made from barley and hops. These compounds have not been investigated in beers brewed with non-Western raw materials. Here we have performed a thiol-specific extraction with p-hydroxymercuribenzoic acid on a traditional ikigage sorghum beer from Rwandese peasants (use of Vernonia amygdalina just for yeast propagation), and on two pilot beers with addition (or not) of V. amygdalina in the boiling kettle, instead of hops. Gas chromatography – olfactometry, gas chromatography –mass spectrometry and gas chromatography with pulsed flame photometric detectionanalyses of the extracts enabledustoidentify 14polyfunctional thiols.The well-known ho pconstituent3-methyl-2-buten-1-thiol emerged as a key flavour in the unhopped beers containing V. amygdalina flavour dilution >262 144). The addition of V. amygdalina during boiling also resulted in the presence of 1-butanethiol, but the production of 2-sulfanylethanol and 2-sulfanylethyl acetate was inhibited. Complementary data are required to understand how V. amygdalina leaves are able to impact upon the Ehrlich pathway leading to cysteine and homocysteine-derived thiols. [less ▲]

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See detailThe occurrence of reworked miospores in a Westphalian C microflora from South Limburg (The Netherlands) and its bearing on paleogeography.
Bless, M.J.M.; Streel, Maurice ULg

in Mededelingen - Rijks Geologische Dienst (1976), 27(1), 1-39

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 ULg)