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See detailKey challenges and priorities for modelling European grasslands under climate change
Kipling, Richard P.; Virkajärvi, Perttu; Breitsameter, Laura et al

in Science of the Total Environment (2016), 566–567

Abstract Grassland-based ruminant production systems are integral to sustainable food production in Europe, converting plant materials indigestible to humans into nutritious food, while providing a range ... [more ▼]

Abstract Grassland-based ruminant production systems are integral to sustainable food production in Europe, converting plant materials indigestible to humans into nutritious food, while providing a range of environmental and cultural benefits. Climate change poses significant challenges for such systems, their productivity and the wider benefits they supply. In this context, grassland models have an important role in predicting and understanding the impacts of climate change on grassland systems, and assessing the efficacy of potential adaptation and mitigation strategies. In order to identify the key challenges for European grassland modelling under climate change, modellers and researchers from across Europe were consulted via workshop and questionnaire. Participants identified fifteen challenges and considered the current state of modelling and priorities for future research in relation to each. A review of literature was undertaken to corroborate and enrich the information provided during the horizon scanning activities. Challenges were in four categories relating to: 1) the direct and indirect effects of climate change on the sward 2) climate change effects on grassland systems outputs 3) mediation of climate change impacts by site, system and management and 4) cross-cutting methodological issues. While research priorities differed between challenges, an underlying theme was the need for accessible, shared inventories of models, approaches and data, as a resource for stakeholders and to stimulate new research. Developing grassland models to effectively support efforts to tackle climate change impacts, while increasing productivity and enhancing ecosystem services, will require engagement with stakeholders and policy-makers, as well as modellers and experimental researchers across many disciplines. The challenges and priorities identified are intended to be a resource 1) for grassland modellers and experimental researchers, to stimulate the development of new research directions and collaborative opportunities, and 2) for policy-makers involved in shaping the research agenda for European grassland modelling under climate change. [less ▲]

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See detailKey criteria for the design of polymeric stabilizers for aqueous titanium dioxide dispersions of high solid content
Creutz, Serge; Jérôme, Robert ULg

in e-Polymers (2001), (14), 1-9

Amphiphilic copolymers consisting of an animated hydrophobic block and a hydrophilic poly(sodium methacrylate) one have been synthesized with different structures and tested as stabilizers for aqueous ... [more ▼]

Amphiphilic copolymers consisting of an animated hydrophobic block and a hydrophilic poly(sodium methacrylate) one have been synthesized with different structures and tested as stabilizers for aqueous dispersions of alumina coated titanium dioxide (80 wt.-% solid). The dispersion stability is ruled by the strength of the anchoring of the aminated block onto the pigment and by the dynamics of the micelles formed by the copolymer. Any decrease in the anchoring strength, for example as a result of higher steric hindrance for the adsorbing block or of random rather than blocky distribution of the aminated co-units, is detrimental to the dispersion stability and makes this stability more dependent on the copolymer composition. Indeed, the position and dynamics of the unimers micelles equilibrium then control the adsorption of the copolymer on the pigment during the grinding process. [less ▲]

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See detailKey Issues for a Work Program to Implement Article 6 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
van Ypersele, Jean-Pascal; Semal, Nathalie ULg

Speech/Talk (2002)

This allocution aimed to contribute to: • the defining of recommendations to make for the elaboration of a SBSTA work program for the development of Article 6 of the FCCC; • the analysis and discussion of ... [more ▼]

This allocution aimed to contribute to: • the defining of recommendations to make for the elaboration of a SBSTA work program for the development of Article 6 of the FCCC; • the analysis and discussion of strategies that promote the development of programs for education, training and public awareness on climate change, with a special emphasis on capacity building; • the identification of useful initiatives that facilitate the coordination of measures taken regarding climate change, in order to avoid the useless repetition of similar efforts and to make the most of combined actions. [less ▲]

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See detailThe key role of corneocytes in pityrosporoses.
Pierard, Gérald ULg; Xhauflaire, Emmanuelle ULg; Pierard, Claudine ULg

in Dermatology : International Journal for Clinical & Investigative Dermatology (2006), 212(1), 23-6

Pityrosporoses encompass various Malassezia-driven conditions. Dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis are members of this family of disorders. Their precise pathomechanisms have not been completely elucidated ... [more ▼]

Pityrosporoses encompass various Malassezia-driven conditions. Dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis are members of this family of disorders. Their precise pathomechanisms have not been completely elucidated so far. This review focuses on the role of corneocytes in these disorders. Malassezia yeasts are not evenly distributed at the surface of the stratum corneum. Rather, they are clumped on some corneocytes while other corneocytes in their vicinity are almost free of these microorganisms. The corneocytes heavily coated by yeasts suggest a cell-related defect in the mechanisms controlling the skin biocene including the natural antimicrobial peptides and nitric oxide. Most environmental factors influencing pityrosporoses indeed affect the natural human defenses against certain microorganisms. We frame as a hypothesis that the primary defect in some Malassezia-driven disorders resides in the corneocytes and their precursor keratinocytes. [less ▲]

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See detailThe key role of Fe oxide coatings on pedogenic clay minerals in the formation of organo-mineral associations in Podzol
Cornelis, Jean-Thomas ULg; Rouxhet, paul; Van Ranst et al

Scientific conference (2013)

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See detailKey role of intramolecular metal chelation and hydrogen bonding in the cobalt-mediated radical polymerization of N-vinyl amides
Debuigne, Antoine ULg; Morin, Aurélie; Kermagoret, Anthony ULg et al

in Chemistry : A European Journal (2012), 18

This work reveals the preponderance of an intramolecular metal chelation phenomenon in a controlled radical polymerization system involving the reversible trapping of the radical chains by a cobalt ... [more ▼]

This work reveals the preponderance of an intramolecular metal chelation phenomenon in a controlled radical polymerization system involving the reversible trapping of the radical chains by a cobalt complex, i.e. the bis(acetylacetonato)cobalt(II). The cobalt-mediated radical polymerization (CMRP) of a series of N-vinyl amides was considered in order to evidence the effect of the cobalt chelation by the amide moiety of the last monomer unit of the chain. The latter reinforces the cobalt-polymer bond in the order N-vinylpyrrolidone < N-vinyl caprolactam < N-methyl-N-vinyl acetamide, and is responsible for the optimal control of the polymerizations observed for the last two monomers. Such a double linkage between the controlling agent and the polymer, via a covalent bond and a dative one, is unique in the field of controlled radical polymerization and represents a powerful opportunity to fine tune the equilibrium between latent and free radicals. The possible hydrogen bond formation is also taken into account in the case of N-vinyl acetamide and N-vinyl formamide. These results are essential for understanding factors influencing a Co-C bond strength in general, and the CMRP mechanism in particular, but also for developing a powerful platform for the synthesis of new precision poly(N-vinyl amide)s, an important class of polymers which sustains numerous applications today. [less ▲]

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See detailKey role of metal-coordination in cobalt mediated radical polymerization
Debuigne, Antoine ULg; Poli, Rinaldo; Jérôme, Christine ULg et al

Poster (2008, May 22)

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See detailKey role of metal-coordination in cobalt-mediated radical polymerization of vinyl acetate
Debuigne, Antoine ULg; Poli, Rinaldo; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

in Matyjaszewski, Krzysztof (Ed.) Controlled/living radical polymerization: progress in RAFT, DT, NMP & OMRP (2009)

Cobalt mediated radical polymerization (CMRP) of vinyl acetate (VAc) follows a reversible termination mechanism when initiated from a preformed alkyl-cobalt(III) complex. In these particular conditions ... [more ▼]

Cobalt mediated radical polymerization (CMRP) of vinyl acetate (VAc) follows a reversible termination mechanism when initiated from a preformed alkyl-cobalt(III) complex. In these particular conditions, CMRP functions as a stable free radical process and fine tuning of the Co-C bond strength becomes crucial. Increase of temperature and addition of molecules, such as water, dimethylformamide and dimethylsulfoxide, able to coordinate the cobalt complex appeared as efficient strategies to weaken the Co-C bond and thus to speed up the polymerization while maintaining a very good control of the VAc polymerization. The key role of metal-coordination was investigated by kinetic measurements combined with DFT calculations. [less ▲]

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See detailThe key role of nitrones in the controlled radical polymerization of vinyl monomers
Sciannamea, Valérie

Doctoral thesis (2005)

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See detailKey roles for metal transport proteins in naturally selected Zn/Cd hyperaccumulation and tolerance in A. halleri
Talke, Ina N.; Hanikenne, Marc ULg; Ertych, N. et al

Poster (2007, June 26)

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See detailKey roles of LFA-1 in leukocyte migration and immune response
Zecchinon, Laurent ULg; Fett, Thomas ULg; Vanden Bergh, Philippe ULg et al

in Clinical & Applied Immunology Reviews (2006), 6

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See detailThe Key
Pagnoulle, Christine ULg

in Pagnoulle, Christine (Ed.) Writing (on) Short Stories (1997)

This, for once, is a creative text, in a collection that combines creation and criticism.

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See detailKey-Note Speaker about: The political participation of immigrants in the formal political system
Martiniello, Marco ULg

Scientific conference (1999, October 31)

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See detailKeynote Lecture: Past and current research trends in ORC power systems
Quoilin, Sylvain ULg

Speech/Talk (2015)

The past years have seen an almost-exponentially increasing number of published papers in the ORC research field. This profusion of publications sometimes makes it difficult to get a global picture of the ... [more ▼]

The past years have seen an almost-exponentially increasing number of published papers in the ORC research field. This profusion of publications sometimes makes it difficult to get a global picture of the main challenges and ongoing research. Recent literature has also been characterized by a certain lack of originality, the same methods and approaches being repeated multiple times with few new relevant insights. It is therefore of primary importance to highlight the state-of-the-art and foster new and original research, potentially resulting in new technological improvements. This keynote provides an overview of the state of the art and of the main research trends in ORC power systems. It does not aim at covering all research fields, but highlights and describes a few relevant topics originating from the previous ORC conferences and from the scientific literature. The main methods, mathematical tools and results are described in such a way to provide useful information for the replication of such studies. Recommendations are finally formulated, together with an open discussion regarding possible relevant future contributions in ORC research. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 143 (11 ULg)
See detailKeynote speech: Revisiting the Social Economy through Social Entrepreneurship
Defourny, Jacques ULg

Conference (2014, November 18)

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (1 ULg)