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See detailMotiver pour éduquer, un éclairage qualitatif
Cloes, Marc ULg; Ledent, Maryse ULg; Piéron, Maurice ULg

in Carlier, Ghislain (Ed.) Si l’on parlait du plaisir d’enseigner l’éducation physique (2004)

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See detailMotives and values in farming local cattle breeds in Europe: a survey on 15 breeds
Gandini, G.; Avon, L.; Bohte-Wilhelmus, D. et al

in Animal Genetic Resources (2010), 47

Within the EURECA project (Towards self-sustainable EUropean REgional CAttle breeds), we interviewed a total of 371 farmers of 15 local cattle breeds in eight European countries. Besides collecting data ... [more ▼]

Within the EURECA project (Towards self-sustainable EUropean REgional CAttle breeds), we interviewed a total of 371 farmers of 15 local cattle breeds in eight European countries. Besides collecting data on farmers, land use, herd composition and economic role of cattle, we aimed at understanding farmers’ motives and values in keeping local cattle. The most frequent first reason to keep the local breed was productivity, followed by tradition. When comparing the local breed with a mainstream breed, only in four breeds was productivity considered the same, while in three breeds more than 50 percent of farmers valued the local breed as more profitable. The local breed was valued as always superior or the same on functional traits. Farmers were asked which type of appreciation they thought representatives of various stakeholders had on their local breed: a positive appreciation was observed in 33 percent of farmers. On average across breeds, 39 percent of farmers expect to increase the size of their herd in the next few years and 5 percent plan to give up farming. The degree of dependence of farmers on economic incentives was estimated by asking farmers their expected behaviour under three scenarios of change of subsidies. Most farmers demanded activities for promoting local breed farming. The results are discussed in terms of breed sustainability and conservation. [less ▲]

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See detailMotives to begin physical education studies. A case study
Kerfes, Nabil; Alem, Jaouad; Cloes, Marc ULg

Poster (2010, October)

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See detailMotives to begin physical education studies. Comparative analysis in Algeria and Wallonia
Kerfes, Nabil; Alem, Jaouad; Cloes, Marc ULg

Conference (2011)

There are many reasons explaining why students choose one professional project and/or an academic programme. Usually, they consider higher education according to various aspects focusing on the content of ... [more ▼]

There are many reasons explaining why students choose one professional project and/or an academic programme. Usually, they consider higher education according to various aspects focusing on the content of the programme as well as on professions to which the latter leads. This study is in the field on comparative education. It offers a comprehensive reading of two education systems in a spirit of openness and expansion of knowledge. With inspiration from two studies conducted in the education of physical educators in very different cultural contexts (Research Group MJS, 1993, for Algeria – Groupe de recherche interuniversitaire, 2003, for French-speaking Belgium), we have assumed that the students’ motives for registering in studies in physical education should differ considerably. The purpose of this research has therefore been to determine the reasons motivating students to begin a physical education programme at the university or at a non university context. Our research was based, firstly, on the analysis of official texts concerning the organization of higher education in the field of physical education and, secondly, on data collected from the actions involved in four educational institutions, two in the Algiers region and two in the Liege region. In both cultural contexts, one institution belonged to one university and the other one was organized in a non university context. Our results relate to a total sample of 290 subjects (40 members of teaching staffs, 108 students and 142 graduates). The staff members were interviewed while the subjects of two other groups have responded to questionnaires. The Arabic version of each instrument was translated from an original French version. One expert has assured the validity check. In this paper, we are focusing our attention on the analysis of the responses provided by the three types of actors to a question aiming to identify, through four levels Lickert scales, the degree of importance accorded by subject to nine reasons of registration for studies in physical education. Answer were encoded in a computer database and processed using the Statistica software (Stat Soft, 2006). No significant difference was identified when comparing the answers of respondents. However, we noticed that the love of sport and the desire to do sport belonged to the most important reasons for the registration of the new students for training programs in physical education. Cultural context does not seem to affect the opinions of the subjects. [less ▲]

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See detailMotoneuropathie hereditaire: la forme proximale de l'adulte liee au sexe (ou maladie de Kennedy). Observations cliniques et neuroendocrinologiques.
Schoenen, Jean ULg; Delwaide, P. J.; Legros, Jean-Jacques ULg et al

in Journal of the Neurological Sciences (1979), 41(3), 343-57

Clinical, electrophysiological, histological and neuroendocrinological findings in a peculiar form of progressive spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy affecting 4 members in two different families are ... [more ▼]

Clinical, electrophysiological, histological and neuroendocrinological findings in a peculiar form of progressive spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy affecting 4 members in two different families are reported. The clinical hallmarks, which characterize this entity among the group of degenerative motor neuron diseases are: sex-linked recessive inheritance; onset in the third decade; slow progression; involvement of facial and bulbar muscles in addition to wasting of the proximal and, in some cases, the distal musculature; asymmetry of clinical signs; consistent and abundant fasciculations predominantly in the peri-oral muscles; intention tremor and a well-developed gynaecomastia, which is the first clinical sign. Electrophysiological and histological findings confirm the neurogenic origin of the muscular atrophy; in addition, muscle biopsy shows "myopathic-like" changes in one case and serum muscle enzyme levels are elevated in all neurologically affected patients. It is believed that the clinical entity corresponds to the rare type III proximal hereditary motor neuropathy (or "Kennedy's disease"), of which 25 published cases are reviewed. Neuroendocrinological data in two patients demonstrate an androgenic insufficiency of hypothalamo-hypophyseal origin and high levels of circulating oestrogens, which probably have induced gynaecomastia. Dynamic neuroendocrinological tests suggest that lesions of certain hypothalamic nuclei may exist, which should be looked for in the forthcoming anatomical studies. [less ▲]

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See detailMotor and phosphene thresholds to transcranial magnetic stimuli: a reproducibility study
Fumal, Arnaud ULg; Bohotin, V.; Vandenheede, Michel et al

in Acta Neurologica Belgica (2002), 102(4), 171-175

OBJECTIVES: As repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is often applied on different days, it is of interest to know whether motor (MT) and phosphene (PT) thresholds are reproducible across ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: As repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is often applied on different days, it is of interest to know whether motor (MT) and phosphene (PT) thresholds are reproducible across time and whether the intensity determined on the first day can be used in subsequent sessions. METHODS: We studied MT and PT over 5 separate recordings in 10 healthy volunteers using a focal coil and a Magstim(Rapid stimulator. After the initial recording (session 1), the others (2 to 5) were performed respectively after 1 day, 7 days, 1 month and 4 months. RESULTS: Mean MT at rest were 65.30 +/- 5.54%, 65.7 +/- 7.18%, 60.4 +/- 4.27%, 61.8 +/- 4.34%, and 63 +/- 9.1% at sessions 1 to 5. Mean PT were 71.43 +/- 6.68%, 66.29 +/- 10.67%, 60.71 +/- 8.64%, 60.57 +/- 8.08%, and 68.71 +/- 15.48% at sessions 1 to 5. MT and PT were reproducible (ANOVA analysis), however, as shown by coefficients of variation, variability between the first 3 sessions exceeded 10% for MT in 3 subjects and in 4 subjects for PT. CONCLUSIONS: It seems preferable to determine thresholds and adapt output intensity of the stimulator at each rTMS session. [less ▲]

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See detailMotor and somatosensory evoked potentials in cervical spondylotic myelopathy
MAERTENS DE NOORDHOUT, Alain ULg; MYRESSIOTIS, Sophie ULg; DELVAUX, Valérie ULg et al

in Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology (1998), 108

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See detailMotor control and low back pain in elite soccer players
GROSDENT, Stéphanie ULg; Demoulin, Christophe ULg; Namurois, Guy et al

in Abstract Book of 7th Biennial Congress of The Belgian Back Society (2014, December)

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See detailMotor cortex excitability changes in mild Alzheimer's disease are reversed by donepezil.
BALLA, Christina; PEPIN, Jean-Louis ULg; MAERTENS DE NOORDHOUT, Alain ULg

in Dementia & Geriatric Cognitive Disorders (2014), 38

BACKGROUND: Recent neuroimaging studies in humans support the clinical observations that the motor cortex is affected early in the course of Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: We used transcranial ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Recent neuroimaging studies in humans support the clinical observations that the motor cortex is affected early in the course of Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: We used transcranial magnetic stimulation to measure the active cortical motor threshold (ACMT) in AD patients in the very early stage of the disease, and we explored whether and in which way the pharmacologic manipulation of the cholinergic system could have a direct effect on the excitability of the motor cortex. RESULTS: An increase of the ACMT was observed in AD patients in the early stage in comparison to controls. After 2 months of treatment with donepezil, the threshold did not differ significantly from normal subjects. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest an early functional impairment of cholinergic neurotransmission in AD, which is associated to early changes in the excitability of the motor system. [less ▲]

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See detailMotor cortex excitability in Alzheimer's disease and in subcortical ischemic vascular dementia.
Alagona, Giovanna; Ferri, Raffaele; Pennisi, Giovanni et al

in Neuroscience Letters (2004), 362(2), 95-8

Twenty Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients, 20 subcortical ischemic vascular dementia (SIVD) patients and 20 neurologically and cognitively normal subjects underwent transcranial magnetic stimulation to ... [more ▼]

Twenty Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients, 20 subcortical ischemic vascular dementia (SIVD) patients and 20 neurologically and cognitively normal subjects underwent transcranial magnetic stimulation to study motor cortex excitability changes. Motor threshold (MT), amplitude of motor evoked potentials, silent period and the H/M ratio (amplitude of maximal Hoffman reflex vs. that of maximal motor response) were considered. MT was lower in SIVD patients when compared with AD patients (P = 0.003) and the control group (P < 0.001) and lower in AD patients when compared with the control group (P < 0.001). The increment of motor cortex excitability in AD and SIVD did not lead us to distinguish clearly the two types of dementia. It is likely that the electrophysiological similarity between AD and SIVD could represent another common mechanism shared from these forms of dementia. [less ▲]

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See detailMotor fatigue measurement by distance-induced slow down of walking speed in multiple sclerosis
PHAN BA, Remy ULg; CALAY, Philippe ULg; GRODENT, Patrick ULg et al

in PLoS ONE (2012), 7(4), 34744

Background: Motor fatigue and ambulation impairment are prominent clinical features of people with multiple sclerosis (pMS). We hypothesized that a multimodal and comparative assessment of walking speed ... [more ▼]

Background: Motor fatigue and ambulation impairment are prominent clinical features of people with multiple sclerosis (pMS). We hypothesized that a multimodal and comparative assessment of walking speed on short and long distance would allow a better delineation and quantification of gait fatigability in pMS. Objectives: To compare 4 walking paradigms: the timed 25-foot walk (T25FW), a corrected version of the T25FW with dynamic start (T25FW+), the timed 100-meter walk (T100MW) and the timed 500-meter walk (T500MW). Methods: Thirty controls and 81 pMS performed the 4 walking tests in a single study visit. Results: The 4 walking tests were performed with a slower WS in pMS compared to controls even in subgroups with minimal disability. The finishing speed of the last 100-meter of the T500MW was the slowest measurable WS whereas the T25FW+ provided the fastest measurable WS. The ratio between such slowest and fastest WS (Deceleration Index, DI) was significantly lower only in pMS with EDSS 4.0-6.0, a pyramidal or cerebellar functional system score reaching 3 or a maximum reported walking distance !4000m. Conclusion: The motor fatigue which triggers gait deceleration over a sustained effort in pMS can be measured by the WS ratio between performances on a very short distance and the finishing pace on a longer more demanding task. The absolute walking speed is abnormal early in MS whatever the distance of effort when patients are unaware of ambulation impairment. In contrast, the DI-measured ambulation fatigability appears to take place later in the disease course. [less ▲]

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See detailMotor memory and the preselection effect in Huntington's and Parkinson's disease
Pasquier, F.; Van der Linden, Martial ULg; Lefebvre, V. et al

in Neuropsychologia (1994), 32

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See detailMotor neuron disorders : novel electrophysiologic approach (MUFDEC protocol)
WANG, François-Charles ULg; Le Forestier, Nadine; WANG, Pascale ULg et al

in Clinical Neurophysiology (2009), Suppl(Vol 60), 143-152

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See detailMOTOR UNIT INVOLVEMENT IN PLS, ALS AND KENNEDY’S DISEASE
WANG, François-Charles ULg; Le Forestier, Nadine; GERARD, Pascale ULg et al

in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis & Other Motor Neuron Disorders (2005)

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See detailMOTOR UNIT INVOLVEMENT IN PLS, ALS AND KENNEDY’S DISEASE
WANG, François-Charles ULg; Le Forestier, Nadine; GERARD, Pascale ULg et al

Poster (2005)

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See detailLes mots de la jeunesse. Réflexions critiques sur l'utilisation d'un concept en Belgique francophone
Guillaume, Jean-François ULg

in Gauthier, Madeleine; Guillaume, Jean-François (Eds.) Définir la jeunesse ? D'un bout à l'autre du monde (1999)

Dans la Belgique de cette fin de siècle, il ne semble pas que la jeunesse soit à la mode ou que la mode soit à la jeunesse comme durant les années soixante, à un moment où une génération, numériquement ... [more ▼]

Dans la Belgique de cette fin de siècle, il ne semble pas que la jeunesse soit à la mode ou que la mode soit à la jeunesse comme durant les années soixante, à un moment où une génération, numériquement nombreuse, était apparue sur la scène sociale, plus différente que jamais des anciennes générations. Pourtant, les jeunes sont bien présents. Présents dans les revendications estudiantines qui ont secoué la Belgique francophone entre 1994 et 1996, dans les centres destinés à prolonger la formation de ceux qui ont décroché du système scolaire traditionnel, dans les émeutes urbaines qui ont secoué en 1997 les quartiers défavorisés de Bruxelles, dans des établissements scolaires de zones d’éducation prioritaire où parfois des enseignants sont victimes d’agression, dans les campagnes prophylactiques ou dans les enquêtes sur la santé physique et mentale, dans les représentations sociales de l’insécurité urbaine. On les retrouve également au cœur d’actions politiques qui sont plus particulièrement destinées à faciliter leur insertion professionnelle. Le statut qu’on leur reconnaît associe âge et rapport problématique à la formation ou au monde du travail. [less ▲]

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See detailLes mots du corps : une ethnographie des émotions des soignants en cancérologie
Bilhaut, Anne-Gaël ULg

in ethnographiques.org (2007), 14

In a gynecological cancer unit, nurses and care assistants work together in treating their patients with a « global approach to the person ». Such an approach implies that the tumor, the body, the ... [more ▼]

In a gynecological cancer unit, nurses and care assistants work together in treating their patients with a « global approach to the person ». Such an approach implies that the tumor, the body, the physical appearances, and the emotional well-being of each patient are all considered at the time of treatment. As such, they pay close attention to their patients' personal views and emotions which are expressed to them both verbally and physically. Through their presence, their availability and their knowledge of this incurable disease, the nursing staff has a privileged relationship with their patients. In this regard, their continued treatment of cancer patients takes a toll on their emotions, which they speak about to each other and note in the patient's file. In this paper, through an ethnography of narratives and through my personal observations of care practices, I will be analyzing both the patients' and nursing staff's sharing of emotions as well as the way in which they are expressed and communicated. [less ▲]

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See detailMots et citatios grecs dans "l'Éloge de la Folie"
Denooz, Joseph ULg

in Delfosse, Annick; Glesener, Thomas (Eds.) Lire, écrire et éduquer à la Renaissance, Mélanges en l'honneur de Franz Bierlaire (2013)

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See detailLes mots et les Belges : enquête sociolinguistique à Liège, Charleroi, Bruxelles
Lafontaine, Dominique ULg

Book published by Service de la Langue Française (1990)

Detailed reference viewed: 77 (7 ULg)