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See detailOpening the black box : agencies as socio-technical networks
Fallon, Catherine ULg; Thoreau, François ULg; Joris, Geoffrey ULg

Conference (2010, September 09)

Agencies have historically developed in Belgium, endorsing public activities not only at the federal level, but also at the level of decentralised governments (regions and communities). The current ... [more ▼]

Agencies have historically developed in Belgium, endorsing public activities not only at the federal level, but also at the level of decentralised governments (regions and communities). The current landscape in the Southern part of the county is more and more taking the form of a mosaic with very little efforts in terms of cooperation : this is particularly true when the agencies addressing similar target groups in a given sector are responding to different levels of governments with very little interaction, the coordination being organised by the users' themselves, according to their own strategies. At the same time, some agencies are taking more of a centre stage position : they not only provide services and support to their target group, they also fruitfully contribute to their status and identity building. Using a cultural approach may help study the "art of the state" in its diversity (Hood, 1998). We propose to concentrate the analysis on the emergence of two Agencies whose mission is to support professionals working in the public sector. Based on a recent field work on the transformation of the sector of public research, we will analyse how the FNRS (an agency funding public research) succeeded to survive as an independent agency through since 1928 (Halleux & Xhayet, 2008), adapting to the transforming socio-political context: it emerged as an industry based project and transformed into a "mertonian" institution of knowledge contributing to unify the scientific community at the level of the country, while bypassing the historical divisions of the three worlds of universities in the country (Fallon, 2009). A diachronic analysis helps underline how socially constructed is such an institution, and how the configuration of networks are continuously reshaping themselves to better be embedded in a specific historic society (Laborier, 2003). The FNRS is currently struggling to define new forms of cooperation with the universities (and their researchers) which are themselves embarked in the current stream of transformations introducing techniques derived from New Public Management in research organisations (de Boer, Enders, Schimank, 2007). In quite a different sector, another field work using the same methodological approach analysed the emergence of a very recent agency, EASI-WAL, serving the regional administration in order to encourage administrative simplicity (OCDE, 2003, 2005) and reported the shortcomings of this organisation in organising avenues for professional change with the civil servants (Thoreau, Fallon, Joris,2009). The two field work research were organised as case study analysis, with document analysis, face to face interviews and in situ observation, using research tools derived from the sociology of science (Actor-Network Theory in Callon,1986). The paper will present the outcomes of the analysis of the dynamics of the cooperation between the agency and its target groups (FNRS & researchers; EASI-WAL & civil servants) and their outcomes in terms of innovation and organisational learning. We observe the implementation of two institutions both designed to support the emergence of some common goal within their target collectives (elitist -research; administrative simplicity): they autonomously gave shape to their internal procedures of categorisation and hierarchisation, with identification processes contributing to the definition of institutional boundaries defining a specific field while ensuring its inscription in the network through a specific legitimating strategy (Douglas, 1986). This analysis will unveil some of the mechanisms of cooperation of the different stakeholders supporting the institution, and also the struggle between stakeholders for the definition of settings of participation and administrative and political control. [less ▲]

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See detailOpening the door is not sufficient : each child has rights to take part in the everyday life of an ECEC service
Camus, Pascale ULg

Conference (2011, December 01)

Despite the fact that Belgium has ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1992, few children with special needs are taken care of in mainstream services. When they have access to a ... [more ▼]

Despite the fact that Belgium has ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1992, few children with special needs are taken care of in mainstream services. When they have access to a service, everything is focused on their deficiency. Professionals think they have to be trained to give what is considered as the “right” treatment to make the child « catch the others up ». There is an alternative way of thinking that focuses on each child’s competences. Adopting this way of thinking means to consider that what matters is every little thing a child can bring to the group, whatever his characteristics may be, and how he can benefit from daily life with other children and adults. The workshop has been focused on conditions that can help increase quality provisions : Who is welcomed everyday? How does an ECEC service welcome each family? Are there children and families who don’t come to ECEC services? Why don’t they come? Are they sufficiently informed on the inclusive approach of ECEC services, Etc The conference has referred to some testimonies collected by professionals from the French Community of Belgium. [less ▲]

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See detailOpening the politics in participatory technology assessment: On power and ethics
Van Oudheusden, Michiel ULg

Scientific conference (2013, April 20)

In participatory technology assessment (pTA), technical and nontechnical communities convene to share their views on a sociotechnical challenge, in an attempt to render technology research and development ... [more ▼]

In participatory technology assessment (pTA), technical and nontechnical communities convene to share their views on a sociotechnical challenge, in an attempt to render technology research and development more socially robust. Taking these commitments to transdisciplinary collaboration and co-construction of technology as entry points, this paper describes key tensions that emerged in a Flemish pTA project on nanotechnologies, entitled ‘Nanotechnologies for Tomorrow’s Society’ (NanoSoc). The tensions pertain to how the terms of participation were enacted, the potentially conflicting aims embedded in the project’s mission and methods, the various roles initiating pTA researchers (social scientists) assumed throughout the project’s duration, and the deliberative-democratic rationale that sustains pTA frameworks at large. The paper is a response to a pressing question posed to the author by pTA professionals, project participants, and policymakers who ask publics to partake in science and technology decision making: Now that NanoSoc is terminated, what can we learn from it? [less ▲]

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See detailOpera latina : le nouveau site Internet du LASLA
Denooz, Joseph ULg

in Citti, Francesco; dell Vecchio, Tommaso (Eds.) Proceedings of the Colloquium (2007)

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See detailOpera latina : une base de données sur internet
Denooz, Joseph ULg

in Euphrosyne (2004), 32

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See detailOpera Latina, le CD-ROM de textes latins classiques du LASLA
Purnelle, Gérald ULg

in Le Médiéviste et l’Ordinateur (1996), 33(printemps), 21-25

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See detailOpera Latina : la banque de données de textes latins du L.A.S.L.A. sur CD-ROM
Purnelle, Gérald ULg

in Revue. Informatique et Statistique dans les Sciences Humaines (1995)

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See detailOperate or wait and see after complete response of CRT
COIMBRA MARQUES, Carla ULg

Conference (2013, June 20)

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See detailOperating in the fog: security management under uncertainty
Panciatici, Patrick; Bareux, Gabriel; Wehenkel, Louis ULg

in IEEE Power & Energy Magazine (2012)

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See detailOpération "Bear 97". L'armée belge en mutation
Dumoulin, André ULg

Book published by GRIP (1994)

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See detailL’opération de régularisation des sans-papiers de 2000 en Belgique : vers une nouvelle politique d’immigration ?
Martiniello, Marco ULg

in Leveau, R.; Wihtol de Wenden, Catherine; Mohsen-Finan, K. (Eds.) Nouvelles Citoyennetés : réfugiés et sans-papiers dans l’esapce européen (2001)

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See detailL'opération RESSAC : diagnostic métacognitif avant la période de 'bloque'
Leclercq, Dieudonné ULg; Detroz, Pascal ULg; Dupont, Chantal ULg et al

in Actes du 16ème colloque international de l'ADMEE-Europe, 4-6 septembre 2003 (2003)

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See detailOperation rules determined by risk analysis for special protection systems at Hydro-Québec
Huang, Jinan; Vanier, Guy; Valette, Alain et al

(2004)

This paper describes a new approach used by Hydro-Québec to determine the rules of automatic devices installed in its main power plants to maintain secure operation under extreme contingencies. An example ... [more ▼]

This paper describes a new approach used by Hydro-Québec to determine the rules of automatic devices installed in its main power plants to maintain secure operation under extreme contingencies. An example of application of this approach is given to illustrate how to apply data mining technique for the rules of the automatic generator rejection and remote load shedding system (RPTC: Rejet de Production et Télédélestage de Charges in French) installed at the Churchill Falls hydroelectric power plant (5500 MW) in Labrador. Real time snapshots of the Hydro-Québec power system collected over several years data have been used to generate large amounts of results (database) by transient stability simulations. The database is processed by the data mining software developed by the University of Liege to construct the decision trees. This approach gives the most relevant parameters and finds optimal settings for the RPTC system at the Churchill Falls, minimizing the number of generator rejection while maintaining the same performance in terms of security coverage. New operation rules have thus been established. [less ▲]

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See detailL'opération sources en Belgique : premières analyses statistiques des résultats et légitimité des cartes "nitrates".
Wattecamps, J. M.; Bernier, Jacques; De Backer, Louis et al

in Hydrological Sciences Journal = Journal des Sciences Hydrologiques (2000), 45(1), 43-60

L'opération sources du WWF (Worldwide Fund for Wildlife) est une action éducative de sensibilisation à la qualité des eaux souterraines. Elle implique principalement les élèves de cinquième et sixième ... [more ▼]

L'opération sources du WWF (Worldwide Fund for Wildlife) est une action éducative de sensibilisation à la qualité des eaux souterraines. Elle implique principalement les élèves de cinquième et sixième primaires de Belgique. Depuis 1994, des centaines de dosages des ions nitrates ont été effectués dans un grand nombre de sources et de puits à l'aide de bandelettes colorimétriques. A l'issue de chaque campagne, les points d'eau surveillés ont été reportés sur une carte de Belgique où leur couleur indique leur qualité eu égard à la concentration en nitrates. L'objectif pédagogique étant atteint, la validation de ces cartes en tant qu'image de la réalité pose le problème de la vérification du lien entre la concentration réelle (mg l-1) du point d'eau visité et sa couleur sur la carte. A cette fin, des vérifications ont été réalisées sur 308 points d'eau choisis au hasard dans l'ensemble des sources et puits visités. L'analyse statistique révèle que la relation entre le test colorimétrique et le contrôle réalisé en laboratoire est hautement significative. Ce résultat justifie des investigations ultérieures, notamment la mobilisation de l'information régionale pour la qualification d'un point d'eau peu surveillé et la comparaison des cartes dans le temps. [less ▲]

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See detailL'opération « Talent » aux États-Unis
de Landsheere, Gilbert ULg

in Travail Humain (Le) (1961), (3-4), 193-200

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See detailOperational Determination of Multiqubit Entanglement Classes
Bastin, Thierry ULg

Conference (2009)

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See detailOperational Determination of Multiqubit Entanglement Classes via Tuning of Local Operations
Bastin, Thierry ULg; Thiel, C.; von Zanthier, J. et al

in Physical Review Letters (2009), 102

We present a physical setup with which it is possible to produce arbitrary symmetric long-lived multiqubit entangled states in the internal ground levels of photon emitters, including the paradigmatic ... [more ▼]

We present a physical setup with which it is possible to produce arbitrary symmetric long-lived multiqubit entangled states in the internal ground levels of photon emitters, including the paradigmatic Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger and W states. In the case of three emitters, where each tripartite entangled state belongs to one of two well-defined entanglement classes, we prove a one-to-one correspondence between well-defined sets of experimental parameters, i.e., locally tunable polarizer orientations, and multiqubit entanglement classes inside the symmetric subspace. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (11 ULg)