Browsing
     by title


0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

or enter first few letters:   
OK
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMorpho-anatomy of the otic region in carapid fishes : eco-morphological study of their otoliths
Parmentier, Eric ULg; Vandewalle, Pierre ULg; Lagardère, Françoise

in Journal of Fish Biology (2001), 58

Carapid species are characterized by so-called otophysical structures (sonic muscles, broad first apophyses covering the anterior part of the swimbladder, etc.) The family includes pelagic (Pyramodon and ... [more ▼]

Carapid species are characterized by so-called otophysical structures (sonic muscles, broad first apophyses covering the anterior part of the swimbladder, etc.) The family includes pelagic (Pyramodon and Snyderidia) and benthic (Echiodon) species and ones that are either commensal with (Onuxodon, Carapus) or parasites of (Encheliophis) invertebrates (sea cucumbers, etc). The aim of the present work was to seek possible relationships between the structures of the inner ear (particularly the sagitta) on the one hand and otophysical structures and lifestyles within the Carapidae family. In the eight species studied, the otic cavity is wide, the saccular otosac and its sagitta are particularly developed. The sacculi touch each other on the median line. A comparison of the inner ear structures reveals notably that the species with the most developed sagitta and sacculus are those with the largest parapophyses and have a commensal or parasitic lifestyle. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMORPHO-BIOMETRIC CHARACTERIZATION OF TWO LOCAL CHICKEN BREEDS IN VIETNAM
Do Duc, Luc ULg; Moula, Nassim ULg; Antoine-Moussiaux, Nicolas ULg et al

in The Role of Poultry in Improving Human Welfare (2012, September)

In Vietnam, 84% of the 188 million chickens are indigenous. The following local breeds are recorded: Ri, Mia, Te, Tau Vang, Ac, Oke, H’mong, Tre, Choi, Phu Lu Te, To, Dan Khao, Ho, Dong Tao and Van Phu ... [more ▼]

In Vietnam, 84% of the 188 million chickens are indigenous. The following local breeds are recorded: Ri, Mia, Te, Tau Vang, Ac, Oke, H’mong, Tre, Choi, Phu Lu Te, To, Dan Khao, Ho, Dong Tao and Van Phu. Mia, Ho and Dong Tao are reported as endangered or critical, while the Van Phu breed could have been lost during the last years. The phenotypes of the Mia and Ri breeds are described as quite close. The objective of this study is to characterize phenotypically Ri and Mia chickens. The morpho-biometric characterization was conducted according to the recommendation of FAO (1981). A total of 227 adults Ri (174 females and 53 males) and 53 adults Mia (18 males and 35 females) were used for the study. The following colors were observed for Ri and Mia respectively: tan (43.17% and 37.73%), gold salmon (24.23% and 26.42%), wheat (15.42% and 26.42%), dark red (9.69% and 5.66%), silver salmon (3.52% and 3.77%) and copper black (3.96% and 0%). Comb was mostly simple (91.19% and 100%) and red (100% and 100%) for both breeds. The wattles were of the same color as the comb while the color of the legs was yellow. The weights of adult males (2433.89g) and females (1752.86g) of the Mia breed were significantly higher than those of Ri (2053.02g and 1459.22g for males and females respectively). The results show that the external aspect of both breeds is not very different while body weights in the Ri breed were found lower than in the Mia breed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 139 (33 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMorpho-histology and genotype dependence of in vitro morphogenesis in mature embryo cultures of wheat.
Delporte, Fabienne; Pretova, Anna; du Jardin, Patrick ULg et al

in Protoplasma (2014)

Cellular totipotency is one of the basic principles of plant biotechnology. Currently, the success of the procedure used to produce transgenic plants is directly proportional to the successful insertion ... [more ▼]

Cellular totipotency is one of the basic principles of plant biotechnology. Currently, the success of the procedure used to produce transgenic plants is directly proportional to the successful insertion of foreign DNA into the genome of suitable target tissue/cells that are able to regenerate plants. The mature embryo (ME) is increasingly recognized as a valuable explant for developing regenerable cell lines in wheat biotechnology. We have previously developed a regeneration procedure based on fragmented ME in vitro culture. Before we can use this regeneration system as a model for molecular studies of the morphogenic pathway induced in vitro and investigate the functional links between regenerative capacity and transformation receptiveness, some questions need to be answered. Plant regeneration from cultured tissues is genetically controlled. Factors such as age/degree of differentiation and physiological conditions affect the response of explants to culture conditions. Plant regeneration in culture can be achieved through embryogenesis or organogenesis. In this paper, the suitability of ME tissues for tissue culture and the chronological series of morphological data observed at the macroscopic level are documented. Genetic variability at each step of the regeneration process was evaluated through a varietal comparison of several elite wheat cultivars. A detailed histological analysis of the chronological sequence of morphological events during ontogeny was conducted. Compared with cultures of immature zygotic embryos, we found that the embryogenic pathway occurs slightly earlier and is of a different origin in our model. Cytological, physiological, and some biochemical aspects of somatic embryo formation in wheat ME culture are discussed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMorpho-Imaging : a veterinary website of anatomy and imaging
Noble, Prisca ULg; van Thielen, Bert; Verhelle, Filip et al

Conference (2011, July 07)

Introduction: The Morpho-Imaging website is based on an interactive multi-dimensional presentation of the anatomy and its relevant imaging. Its objective is to teach a practical approach of veterinary ... [more ▼]

Introduction: The Morpho-Imaging website is based on an interactive multi-dimensional presentation of the anatomy and its relevant imaging. Its objective is to teach a practical approach of veterinary anatomy that must be adapted to the clinician work. Methods: From domestic animals : imaging (Radiography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Computed Tomography and Echography) was performed and correspondant dissections (Osteology, Arthrology and Myology) were photographed. Morpho-Imaging and its content was produced using Adobe programs. It was hosted on the RVC1 multimedia platform and linked to the educational Philips iSiteTM Picture Archiving and Communication System (PACS) of the VUB5. Results: Morpho-Imaging consists of three major components named anatomy, imaging and pathological imaging. The pages are transversally and vertically connected with others, and always surmounted by a navigation bar with drop-down menus (DDM). The first DDM corresponds to the anatomy menu by species, the second and third DDMs correspond to the normal and pathological Imaging respectively. The Morpho-Imaging website is linked towards to WikiVet1 and the PACS5 by means of URL’s. Conclusion: The three dimensional viewing of anatomy and pathology is better presented using modern visualization tools and techniques, such as Volume Rendering Technique and Multi Planar Reconstruction. In addition, a real anatomic related atlas of multiple imaging sources is available for the users. Morpho-Imaging is a valuable tool used to challenge the cognitive process during training sessions of veterinary anatomy and imaging. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 66 (10 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailMorpho-structural analysis and mass movements Case study of Oued El Kaïm reservoir dam Nort-East Algeria
Draidia, Salah ULg; Havenith, Hans-Balder ULg; Benabbas, Chaouki

in Annual International Conference on Geological & Earth sciences_GEOS-2013 (2012, December)

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailMorphodynamic incidences of the trepanning of the endokarst by solution pipes. Examples of chalk caves in Western Europe (France and Belgium)
Rodet, Joël; Willems, Luc ULg; Brown, Joël et al

in Contributed Papers Proceedings 15th International Congress of Speleology (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailMorphodynamics of the Meuse River and its tributaries in the Ardenne Massif
Petit, François ULg

in Symposium pour la Protection de la Meuse (2004)

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailMorphodynamique des côtes et caractéristiques énergétiques de la houle étudiée grâce au SAR de ERS-1
Ozer, André ULg; Cornet, Yves ULg; Comhaire, A. L.

in Kaldeich, Brigite (Ed.) Proceedings of the First ERS1 Symposium "Space at the service of our environment" (1993)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMorphodynamisme d'un tronçon de la Loire bourbonnaise depuis le XVIIIe siècle
Leteinturier, B.; Engels, Patrick ULg; Petit, François ULg et al

in Géomorphologie : Relief, Processus, Environnement (2000)

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (15 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailMorphogenesis and fibronectin in sexual differentiation of rat embryonic gonads.
Paranko, J.; Pelliniemi, L. J.; Vaheri, A. et al

in Differentiation : Research in Biological Diversity (1983), 23(Suppl), 72-81

The possible role of fibronectin in the organization of the sex-specific gonadal components was studied by immunocytochemistry combined with electron and light microscopy in rat fetuses at the ages of 12 ... [more ▼]

The possible role of fibronectin in the organization of the sex-specific gonadal components was studied by immunocytochemistry combined with electron and light microscopy in rat fetuses at the ages of 12-15 days. Fibronectin was evenly distributed in both sexes under the basal lamina of the surface epithelium. Other basal laminae were not seen using light or electron microscopy inside the gonadal ridges at the age of 12 days. As the first sign of sexual differentiation, fibronectin-negative gonadal cords appeared in 13-day-old fetuses. In the males the cords were bigger than those in the females. The cords were clearly separated from the interstitium in 15-day-old fetuses of both sexes. A continuous layer of fibronectin had formed between the testicular surface epithelium and the elongated cords indicating the formation of a tunica albuginea. In females the surface epithelium-cord connection was maintained at all stages. Connections of the gonadal cords to mesonephric tubuli were seen in the rete region of both sexes. The electron optical basal lamina around the gonadal cords became continuous by the age of 15 days. The present results suggest that fibronectin is intimately involved in the sexual differentiation of the gonads, but not under the regulation of H-Y antigen or other testis-organizing factor. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMorphogenesis of a Highly Replicative EGFPVP22 Recombinant Marek’s Disease Virus in Cell Culture
Denesvre, Caroline; Blondeau, Caroline ULg; Lemesle, Monique et al

in Journal of Virology (2007)

Marek’s disease virus (MDV) is an alphaherpesvirus for which infection is strictly cell associated in permissive cell culture systems. In contrast to most other alphaherpesviruses, no comprehensive ... [more ▼]

Marek’s disease virus (MDV) is an alphaherpesvirus for which infection is strictly cell associated in permissive cell culture systems. In contrast to most other alphaherpesviruses, no comprehensive ultrastructural study has been published to date describing the different stages of MDV morphogenesis. To circumvent problems linked to nonsynchronized infection and low infectivity titers, we generated a recombinant MDV expressing an enhanced green fluorescent protein fused to VP22, a major tegument protein that is not implicated in virion morphogenesis. Growth of this recombinant virus in cell culture was decreased threefold compared to that of the parental Bac20 virus, but this mutant was still highly replicative. The recombinant virus allowed us to select infected cells by cell-sorting cytometry at late stages of infection for subsequent transmission electron microscopy analysis. Under these conditions, all of the stages of assembly and virion morphogenesis could be observed except extracellular enveloped virions, even at the cell surface. We observed 10-fold fewer naked cytoplasmic capsids than nuclear capsids, and intracellular enveloped virions were very rare. The partial envelopment of capsids in the cytoplasm supports the hypothesis of the acquisition of the final envelope in this cellular compartment. We demonstrate for the first time that, compared to other alphaherpesviruses, MDV seems deficient in three crucial steps of viral morphogenesis, i.e., release from the nucleus, secondary envelopment, and the exocytosis process. The discrepancy between the efficiency with which this MDV mutant spreads in cell culture and the relatively inefficient process of its envelopment and virion release raises the question of the MDV cell-to-cell spreading mechanism. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 ULg)
See detailMorphogenesis of bovine leukemia virus (BLV).
Dekegel, D.; Mammerickx, Marc; Burny, Arsène et al

in Burny, Arsène (Ed.) Bovine leukosis: various methods of molecular virology (1977)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailMorphological adaptations of Pearlfish (Carapidae) to their various habitats
Parmentier, Eric ULg; Vandewalle, Pierre ULg

in Kapoor, B. G.; Val, Aldaberto Luis (Eds.) Fish adaptations (2003)

Detailed reference viewed: 227 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMorphological alterations in oxidative muscles and mitochondrial structure associated with equine atypical myopathy
Cassart, Dominique ULg; Baise, Etienne ULg; Cherel, Yann et al

in Equine Veterinary Journal (2007), 39(1), 26-32

REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: There is a lack of well documented studies about muscular lesions in equine atypical myopathy (EAM). <br /> <br />OBJECTIVES: To characterise morphopathological changes of ... [more ▼]

REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: There is a lack of well documented studies about muscular lesions in equine atypical myopathy (EAM). <br /> <br />OBJECTIVES: To characterise morphopathological changes of striated muscles and myocardium, to progress understanding of this disease. <br /> <br />METHODS: Thirty-two horses age 0.5-7 years kept on pasture were referred for a sudden ataxia/myoglobinuria syndrome. Clinical examination (stiffness, muscle pain, muscle fasciculations, abnormal gait, recumbency, myoglobinuria, tachycardia, sweating) and plasma CPK, LDH and AST levels were consistent with extensive myonecrosis and, together with anamnestic data, with so-called 'equine atypical myopathy' (EAM), a disease of unknown aetiology reported since 1939. Macroscopic and microscopic (histology, histoenzymology, ultrastructure) lesions were evaluated. <br /> <br />RESULTS: Necropsic examination revealed large areas of muscle necrosis, the extent and severity of which varied between cases and muscles, but which were clearly more constant and severe in respiratory and postural muscles and in the myocardium. Histology highlighted a multifocal and monophasic process compatible with Zenker degeneration/necrosis that mostly and segmentally affected type 1 fibres. Histochemical evaluation revealed a weak and disorganised pattern of NADH tetrazolium reductase staining, the absence of calcium salts precipitates and a dramatic accumulation of lipid droplets. Ultrastructural examination often revealed fibres of which the sole modifications were altered mitochondria and sarcoplasmic lipidosis. <br /> <br />CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, the data suggest that a primary alteration of mitochondria should be considered, although secondary mitochondrial abnormalities have yet to be ruled out. <br /> <br />POTENTIAL RELEVANCE: The morphological features gathered here reveal that EAM shares most of the characteristics of toxic myopathies. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 234 (21 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMorphological alterations of blood platelets induced by Platelet Activating Factor (PAF) and partial inhibition by Ketoprofen in calves
Bastos da Silva, Miriam; Doizé, Cécile ULg; David, Jean-Louis ULg et al

in Veterinary Research (1997), 28(5 Sep-Oct), 489-502

The influence of platelet activating factor (PAF) was investigated in vivo on the ultrastructure of bovine platelets, and on the platelet count. The effect of an intravenous administration of ketoprofen ... [more ▼]

The influence of platelet activating factor (PAF) was investigated in vivo on the ultrastructure of bovine platelets, and on the platelet count. The effect of an intravenous administration of ketoprofen (a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug) pretreatment followed by PAF infusion was also observed in a group of six healthy male Friesian calves. PAF infusion alone caused a moderate thrombocytopenia, which peaked one minute post challenge and returned to levels not significantly different from control after 30 min. Electron microscopy revealed that after PAF infusion, platelets lost their lentiform shape and became irregular, with many pseudopods. Their microtubules became impossible to distinguish. The numbers of alpha granules and dense bodies were significantly decreased. Glycogen particles became rare or even disappeared. Giant platelets occasionally appeared. The Golgi apparatus was more often visible and the number of mitochondria was significantly increased. Ketoprofen pretreatment lowered PAF-induced thrombocytopenia and decrease in the number of dense bodies. Under these conditions, the Golgi apparatus was rarely visible and giant platelets were not observed. These results showed that the morphological ultrastructure of blood platelets in bovines were modified following PAF infusion and that ketoprofen pretreatment before PAF infusion provided partial protection, limiting the extent of the morphological alterations and maintaining a normal platelet count [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 95 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMorphological alterations of zooxanthellae in bleached cnidarian hosts
Ladrière, Ophélie ULg; Compère, Philippe ULg; Decloux, Nicole ULg et al

in Cahiers de Biologie Marine (2008), 49(3), 215-227

Studying the morphological changes of zooxanthellae in the host gastroderm is essential to understand the mechanisms of bleaching. Transmission electron microscopy was used to observe samples from four ... [more ▼]

Studying the morphological changes of zooxanthellae in the host gastroderm is essential to understand the mechanisms of bleaching. Transmission electron microscopy was used to observe samples from four coral species-three collected from a barrier reef in Madagascar (Acropora digitifera (Dana, 1846), Echinopora hirsutissima Milne-Edwards & Haime, 1849 and Porites (Synaraea) rus Forskal, 1775)) and one cut from an aquarium-grown coral (Pocillopora damicornis (Linnaeus, 1758)-and from the hermatypic (zooxanthellae-containing) sea anemone Aiptasia pulchella (Carlgren, 1943). Zooxanthellae from bleached animals showed different stages of degradation or disorganization. Some were free, detached from the host gastroderm, associated or not with host-cell remains. Others were vacuolated, with abundant reserve material globules and angular holes probably created by the loss of crystalline material during cutting. Experimentally heat-shocked P. damicornis harboured, moreover, a greater number of dividing algae. Bleached individuals were found to vary as regards their response to stress, and zooxanthellae expelled from heat-shocked anemones showed a greater mitotic index and a higher survival rate than algae extracted or naturally externalized from healthy individuals. We propose a combination of morphological criteria for use in diagnosing the health state of algae-cnidarian symbiosis, so vulnerable in the case of bleaching. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 240 (54 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMorphological analysis of overproduction of hair cells and Deiters'cells in the E19 rat organ of Corti
Thiry, Marc ULg; Malgrange, B; Lefebvre, P

in Acta Oto-Rhino-Laryngologica Belgica (2002), 56

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMorphological Analysis of Slip-Cast Emulsion-Templated Alumina Foams by Microfocus Computer Tomography
Neirinck, Bram; Kerckhofs, Greet ULg; Wevers, Martine et al

in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CERAMIC SOCIETY (2010), 93(11), 3921-3928

Bulk alumina foams were generated by slip casting of suspensions combined with particle-stabilized emulsion droplets as pore templates. Because of the volatile nature of the template, the green foams ... [more ▼]

Bulk alumina foams were generated by slip casting of suspensions combined with particle-stabilized emulsion droplets as pore templates. Because of the volatile nature of the template, the green foams could be consolidated by sintering without a debinding step. The porous structure of the consolidated foams was analyzed nondestructively using image analysis of microfocus computer tomography (micro-CT) data. The fraction of open and closed pores, as well as the pore sizes and pore size distributions, were calculated from the generated 3D micro-CT datasets and correlated to the applied processing parameters. The anisotropy in the produced structures was assessed and elucidated by a detailed analysis of segmented tomography data. The results indicate that the width of the pore size distribution and the average macropore size, ranging from 225 to 136 mu m, depend on the slip rheology. Any anisotropy caused in the structure was linked to the template preparation but is only present in a narrow zone near the bottom of the foams. Although the macroporosity (>= 20 mu m) was only 24%-31%, tomographic analysis showed that over 90% of these macropores were interconnected through >= 20-mu m-diameter windows. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 ULg)