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See detailNonaqueous capillary electrophoretic behavior of 2-aryl propionic acids in the presence of an achiral ionic liquid - A chemometric approach
Francois, Yannis; Varenne, Anne; Juillerat, Emilie et al

in Journal of Chromatography. A (2007), 1138(1-2), 268-275

Ionic liquids (ILs) appear really attractive as electrolyte additives in nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis (NACE). These salts may offer new possibilities of interactions to modulate analyte effective ... [more ▼]

Ionic liquids (ILs) appear really attractive as electrolyte additives in nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis (NACE). These salts may offer new possibilities of interactions to modulate analyte effective mobilities. The presence of 1-n-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (BMIM NTf2) in acetonitrile/alcohol background electrolytes (BGEs) was investigated in this work. The aim of this study was to elucidate the influence of the IL concentration on the electrophoretic behavior of four arylpropionic acids and to identify the interactions between the analytes and the 1L cation. The influence on mobility of the IL concentration, the nature and the proportion of the organic solvents, and the concentration of the ionic components of the BGE was first studied by a univariate approach. A four-factor D-optimal experimental design was then applied to provide a deeper insight into analyte interaction with IL cation present both free in BGE and adsorbed onto the capillary wall. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailNonaqueous electrokinetic chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry using anionic cyclodextrins
Mol, Roelof; Servais, Anne-Catherine ULg; Fillet, Marianne ULg et al

in Journal of Chromatography. A (2007), 1159(1-2), 51-57

The set-up of an on-line method for coupling nonaqueous electrokinetic chromatography (NAEKC) and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) is presented. It allows the use of the single-isomer ... [more ▼]

The set-up of an on-line method for coupling nonaqueous electrokinetic chromatography (NAEKC) and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) is presented. It allows the use of the single-isomer derivative anionic cyclodextrins heptakis(2,3-di-O-methyl-6-O-sulfo)-beta-cyclodextrin (HDMS-beta-CD) and heptakis(2.3-di-O-acetyl-6-O-sulfo)-beta-cyclodextrin (HDAS-beta-CD) for chiral and achiral separations of positively charged analytes. The effect of the cyclodextrins (CDs) on the MS signal intensities of model compounds was studied. When a voltage is applied over the CE capillary, the overall mobility of the CDs is towards the inlet vial preventing CDs from entering the ion source. However, the sodium counter ions of the CDs still enter the ion source and appeared to cause ionization suppression. Nevertheless, significant analyte signals could still be detected with detection limits in the sub-mu g/ml. System parameters such as sheath liquid composition and flow rate, nebulizing gas pressure, capillary position in the sprayer and the drying gas flow and temperature were studied and optimized. The selection of a relatively low nebulizing gas pressure appeared to be important to achieve optimum sensitivity. The chiral selectivity of the NAEKC-ESI-MS system could be improved by addition of camphorsulfonate to the background electrolyte. Using mixtures of drugs and drug-related compounds, the NAEKC-ESI-MS system is shown to offer potential for (chiral) drug profiling. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Noncatalytic Triad of Alpha-Amylases: A Novel Structural Motif Involved in Conformational Stability
Marx, J. C.; Poncin, J.; Simorre, J. P. et al

in Proteins (2008), 70(2), 320-328

Chloride-activated alpha-amylases contain a noncatalytic triad, independent of the glycosidic active site, perfectly mimicking the catalytic triad of serine-proteases and of other active serine hydrolytic ... [more ▼]

Chloride-activated alpha-amylases contain a noncatalytic triad, independent of the glycosidic active site, perfectly mimicking the catalytic triad of serine-proteases and of other active serine hydrolytic enzymes. Mutagenesis of Glu, His, and Ser residues in various alpha-amylases shows that this pattern is a structural determinant of the enzyme conformation that cannot be altered without losing the intrinsic stability of the protein. (1)H-(15)N NMR spectra of a bacterial alpha-amylase reveal proton signals that are identical with the NMR signature of catalytic triads and especially a deshielded proton involving a protonated histidine and displaying properties similar to that of a low barrier hydrogen bond. It is proposed that the H-bond between His and Glu of the noncatalytic triad is an unusually strong interaction, responsible for the observed NMR signal and for the weak stability of the triad mutants. Furthermore, a stringent template-based search of the Protein Data Bank demonstrated that this motif is not restricted to alpha-amylases, but is also found in 80 structures from 33 different proteins, amongst which SH2 domain-containing proteins are the best representatives. [less ▲]

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See detailLe nonce et le confesseur princier: jeux d'influence au sein des Pays-Bas espagnols durant la première moitié du xviie siècle
Pirlet, Pierre-François ULg

in Revista de la Inquisicion (2012), 16

À Bruxelles, à la cour des archiducs puis des Gouverneurs-généraux, le confesseur princier est vu comme un personnage influent. Les nonces, soutenus par la secrétairerie d'État romaine, vont développer ... [more ▼]

À Bruxelles, à la cour des archiducs puis des Gouverneurs-généraux, le confesseur princier est vu comme un personnage influent. Les nonces, soutenus par la secrétairerie d'État romaine, vont développer, au cours du xviie siècle, un ensemble de stratégies pour faire de ce personnage la pièce maîtresse de leur action. Ces religieux, quant à eux, se considèrent plutôt comme les serviteurs de la Couronne espagnole, dont les intérêts ne sont pas toujours en phase avec ceux de la papauté. Cette étude vise à démontrer l'asymétrie de la relation entre confesseurs et diplomates romains. [less ▲]

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See detailNonclinical Participants' Reports of Hallucinatory Experiences
Laroi, Frank ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

in Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science = Revue Canadienne des Sciences du Comportement (2005), 37

Hallucinatory experiences in nonclinical subjects were examined using a French adaptation of a self-report questionnaire (Launay-Slade Hallucinations Scale; LSHS). The factor structure of this ... [more ▼]

Hallucinatory experiences in nonclinical subjects were examined using a French adaptation of a self-report questionnaire (Launay-Slade Hallucinations Scale; LSHS). The factor structure of this questionnaire was examined. In addition to prevalence, we explored various characteristics of the reported hallucinatory experiences, including frequency, degree of control, emotional reaction, relationship to stressful events, and personal saliency. We also examined the relationship between the presence of hallucinatory experiences and other factors, such as substance use and social desirability. Two hundred and thirty-six nonclinical participants completed a modified version of the LSHS, a social desirability scale, and answered follow up questions. Factor analysis of the present version of the LSHS revealed a five-factor structure. Results regarding participants' hallucination frequency, perceived levels of control, and affective responses are reported. Additional results and implications are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailNoncollinear magnetism and single-ion anisotropy in multiferroic perovskites
Weingart, C.; Spaldin, N.; Bousquet, Eric ULg

in Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (2012), 86(9),

The link between the crystal distortions of the perovskite structure and the magnetic exchange interaction, the single-ion anisotropy (SIA), and the Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya (DM) interaction are investigated ... [more ▼]

The link between the crystal distortions of the perovskite structure and the magnetic exchange interaction, the single-ion anisotropy (SIA), and the Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya (DM) interaction are investigated by means of density functional calculations. Using BiFeO 3 and LaFeO 3 as model systems, we quantify the relationship between the oxygen octahedra rotations, the ferroelectricity, and the weak ferromagnetism (wFM). We recover the fact that the wFM is due to the DM interaction induced by the oxygen octahedra rotations. We find a simple relationship between the wFM, the oxygen rotation amplitude, and the ratio between the DM vector and the exchange parameter such that the wFM increases with the oxygen octahedra rotation when the SIA does not compete with the DM forces induced on the spins. Unexpectedly, we also find that in spite of the d5 electronic configuration of Fe3 +, the SIA is very large in some structures and is surprisingly strongly sensitive to the chemistry of the A-site cation of the ABO 3 perovskite. In the ground R3c state phase we show that the SIA shape induced by the ferroelectricity and the oxygen octahedra rotations are in competition such that it is possible to turn the wFM "on" and "off" through the relative size of the two types of distortion. © 2012 American Physical Society. [less ▲]

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See detailNonconsumption of the reinforcer under drug action
Faidherbe, J.; Richelle, Marc ULg; Schlag, J.

in Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior (1962), 5(4), 521-524

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See detailNonconventional radiographic projections in the equine orthopaedic examination
Richard, Eric ULg; Alexander, Kate

in Equine Veterinary Education (2007), 19(10), 551-559

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See detailNoncovalent functionalization of multi-walled carbon nanotubes by pyrene containing polymers
Petrov, Petar; Stassin, Fabrice; Pagnoulle, Christophe et al

in Chemical Communications (2003), (23), 2904-2905

Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) have been solubilized in water and in various organic solvents by noncovalent side-wall functionalization by pyrene containing polymers.

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See detailNondestructive Detection of Delaminations in Concrete Bridge Decks: A First Experimental Study
Van der Wielen, Audrey ULg; Courard, Luc ULg; Nguyen, Frédéric ULg

in Proceedings of the XIII International Conference on Ground Penetrating Radar (2010)

To detect delaminations in concrete bridge decks, nondestructive techniques (NDT) permit a frequent and large inspection of the slabs without damaging structures. This research was devoted to detect ... [more ▼]

To detect delaminations in concrete bridge decks, nondestructive techniques (NDT) permit a frequent and large inspection of the slabs without damaging structures. This research was devoted to detect simulated defects in twelve repaired concrete slabs. These were scanned with high frequency ground penetrating radar (GPR) with the common offset (CO) and common midpoint (CMP) methods. The electromagnetic waves speed was determined from CMPs. A 3D visualization program was also created to display the CO measurements. The visibility of the inserted defects revealed to be dependent on their lateral extension, their thickness and their constitutive material. [less ▲]

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See detailNondestructive testing by using long wave infrared interferometric techniques with CO2 lasers and microbolometer arrays
Alexeenko, Igor; Vandenrijt, Jean-François ULg; Pedrini, Giancarlo et al

in Applied Optics (2013), 52(1), 57-67

We describe three different interferometric techniques (electronic speckle pattern interferometry, digital holographic interferometry, digital shearography), using a long wave infrared radiation produced ... [more ▼]

We describe three different interferometric techniques (electronic speckle pattern interferometry, digital holographic interferometry, digital shearography), using a long wave infrared radiation produced by a CO2 laser and recording on a microbolometers array. Experimental results showing how these methods can be used for nondestructive testing are presented. Advantages and disadvantages of these approaches are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailA nondetergent sulfobetaine improves protein unfolding reversibility in microcalorimetric studies
D'Amico, Salvino ULg; Feller, Georges ULg

in Analytical Biochemistry (2009), 385(2), 389-91

A nondetergent sulfobetaine (NDSB) was found to improve unfolding reversibility of several proteins by inhibiting heat-induced aggregation. As a consequence, DeltaH(cal)/DeltaH(vH) ratios were also ... [more ▼]

A nondetergent sulfobetaine (NDSB) was found to improve unfolding reversibility of several proteins by inhibiting heat-induced aggregation. As a consequence, DeltaH(cal)/DeltaH(vH) ratios were also improved to values close to 1 for a two-state unfolding. NDSB is effective in a wide range of pH values and especially at acidic pH generally used to calculate DeltaC(p) values by the Kirchhoff relation. The sulfobetaine also allows recording protein refolding by protecting the heat-induced unfolded state against aggregation. [less ▲]

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See detailA nondetergent sulfobetaine prevents protein aggregation in microcalorimetric studies
Collins, T.; D'Amico, Salvino ULg; Georlette, D. et al

in Analytical Biochemistry (2006), 352(2), 299-301

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See detailNondispersive two-electron wave packets in driven helium
Schlagheck, Peter ULg; Buchleitner, A.

in European Physical Journal D -- Atoms, Molecules, Clusters & Optical Physics (2003), 22(3), 401-415

We provide a detailed quantum treatment of the spectral characteristics and of the dynamics of nondispersive two-electron wave packets along the periodically driven, collinear frozen planet configuration ... [more ▼]

We provide a detailed quantum treatment of the spectral characteristics and of the dynamics of nondispersive two-electron wave packets along the periodically driven, collinear frozen planet configuration of helium. These highly correlated, long-lived wave packets arise as a quantum manifestation of regular islands in a mixed classical phase space, which are induced by nonlinear resonances between the external driving and the unperturbed dynamics of the frozen-planet configuration. Particular emphasis is given to the dependence of the ionization rates of the wave packet states on the driving field parameters and on the quantum mechanical phase space resolution, preceded by a comparison of 1D and 3D life times of the unperturbed frozen planet. Furthermore, we study the effect of a superimposed static electric field component, which, on the grounds of classical considerations, is expected to stabilize the real 3D dynamics against large (and possibly ionizing) deviations from collinearity. [less ▲]

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See detailNondispersive two-electron wave packets in the collinear driven helium atom
Schlagheck, Peter ULg; Buchleitner, A.

in Europhysics Letters [=EPL] (1999), 46(1), 24-30

Nondispersive two-electron wave packets are found in the Floquet spectrum of the driven, one-dimensional helium atom. In classical phase space, they are anchored to the principal nonlinear resonance ... [more ▼]

Nondispersive two-electron wave packets are found in the Floquet spectrum of the driven, one-dimensional helium atom. In classical phase space, they are anchored to the principal nonlinear resonance between the collinear frozen planet orbit and the driving field linearly polarized along the orbit. These novel, highly correlated eigenstates of the driven three-body Coulomb problem, exhibit lifetimes of the order of 10(3)...10(7) periods of the driving field, with strong fluctuations reminiscent of chaos-assisted tunneling. [less ▲]

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See detailNONEQUILIBRIUM EFFECTS IN THE THERMAL-CONDUCTIVITY OF BI-BASED HIGH-TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTORS
Bougrine, Hassan ULg; SERGEENKOV, S.; Ausloos, Marcel ULg et al

in Solid State Communications (1994), 91(7), 571-575

Thermal conductivity of two Bi-based high temperature superconducting ceramics, 2212 and 2223, with a markedly different microstructure have been examined. A pulse technique has been used. Depending on ... [more ▼]

Thermal conductivity of two Bi-based high temperature superconducting ceramics, 2212 and 2223, with a markedly different microstructure have been examined. A pulse technique has been used. Depending on the heating pulse duration, the more weak-links-containing 2223 sample shows either equilibrium or nonequilibrium behavior. The temperature dependence of the thermal conductivity between 110 K and 180 K is found to obey the Arrhenius law. The experimental observations are interpreted as a thermally activated heat flux motion through the polycrystalline grain boundaries with an energy barrier of nearly 10meV. It is likely due to a phase slip mechanism. An extra relaxation process due to the pore content/structure is thus emphasized in such regimes. [less ▲]

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See detailNonequilibrium processes in the planetary and cometary atmospheres : theory and applications
Marov, M.Ya.; Shematovich, V. I.; Bisikalo, D. V. et al

Book published by Kluwer Academic Publ (1997)

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See detailNonexponential decay of Bose-Einstein condensates: a numerical study based on the complex scaling method
Schlagheck, Peter ULg; Wimberger, S.

in Applied Physics B : Lasers & Optics (2007), 86(3), 385-390

We study the decay dynamics of an interacting Bose-Einstein condensate in the presence of a metastable trapping potential from which the condensate can escape via tunneling through finite barriers. The ... [more ▼]

We study the decay dynamics of an interacting Bose-Einstein condensate in the presence of a metastable trapping potential from which the condensate can escape via tunneling through finite barriers. The time-dependent decay process is reproduced by means of the instantaneous decay rates of the condensate at a given population of the quasi-bound state, which are calculated with the method of complex scaling. Both for the case of a double-barrier potential as well as for the case of a tilted periodic potential, we find pronounced deviations from a monoexponential decay behavior, which would generally be expected in the absence of the atom-atom interaction. [less ▲]

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See detailNonfibrous mineralogical analysis of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from blast-furnace workers.
CORHAY, Jean-Louis ULg; Bury, Thierry ULg; Delavignette, Jean-Paul ULg et al

in Archives of Environmental Health (1995), 50(4), 312-9

Steelworkers are exposed to many pollutants, and they are at risk for developing lung cancer. We demonstrated previously that steelworkers may be subject to an occult exposure to amphiboles in the plant ... [more ▼]

Steelworkers are exposed to many pollutants, and they are at risk for developing lung cancer. We demonstrated previously that steelworkers may be subject to an occult exposure to amphiboles in the plant environment. In the current study, we further analyzed bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of steelworkers by measuring intramacrophagic trace-metal content and nonfibrous mineral particles, using the particle-induced x-ray emission method and electron microscopy, respectively. Forty-seven blast-furnace workers and 45 healthy white-collar workers volunteered for this study. Significantly increased levels of iron, titanium, zinc, and bromine were found in the steelworkers, and levels of lead, chromium, arsenic, and strontium tended to increase in the macrophages and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of the steelworkers. Nonfibrous particles, including illite, kaolinite, talc, chlorite, amorphous silica, quartz, iron (compounds), and titanium hydroxide, were found in both groups, but the particle number per ml bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (particularly iron hydroxides and silicates) was more pronounced in blast-furnace workers. These elements and particles may act synergistically with other occupational carcinogens and cigarette smoke, the result of which may be an increased incidence of lung cancer in the ironsteel industry. [less ▲]

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See detailNông nghiệp, nông thôn Việt Nam : từ chính sách đến thực tiễn
Mai, Lan Phuong ULg; Peemans, Jean-Philippe; Nguyen Mau, Dung et al

in Trường đại học nông nghiêp Hà Nội (Université d'Agriculture de Hanoi, Faculté d'Economie et de Développement rural) (Ed.) Nông nghiệp, nông thôn Việt Nam : từ chính sách đển thực tiễn (2012)

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