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See detailNew Data on Political Interest and Participation of the Young People (16-18 y. old) in Liège, Belgium
Fournier, Bernard ULg; Reuchamps, Min ULg

Conference (2007, September 06)

In 1990, one of us administered a questionnaire to 640 students from nine high schools in Liège (Belgium) and its suburb. The survey aimed at measuring the political interest of the youth and their level ... [more ▼]

In 1990, one of us administered a questionnaire to 640 students from nine high schools in Liège (Belgium) and its suburb. The survey aimed at measuring the political interest of the youth and their level of participation in a wide range of associations. The questionnaire, which was also administered in Quebec and Paris, was made of 200 other indicators (confidence toward the institutions, impact of the political decisions, role of the state, etc.). Last spring, we administered a similar questionnaire to the same schools in order to compare the data gathered in our previous researches and the new data. The comparison will engage the oft-asked questions in the field about political participation—or its decline—amongst the youth. The new data show, as in 1990, that approximately two-thirds of the students (16-18 years old) participate in associational life in a broad sense. Political participation sensu stricto is still less popular than participation in organisations campaigning for the defence of human rights or the environment. We also observe significant differences in the traditional sociological categories. Yet, as we did for the 1990 data, we shall move our analysis beyond the usual sociological categories in order to stress the internal differences between groups. As such, we shall privilege the analysis in terms of classifications. With a more precise image of the various forms of participation as well as the attitudes related to it, different patterns will characterise young people’s participation. Accordingly, our understanding of the political socialisation’s mechanisms will be adapted. Such an inquiry seems necessary in order to engage the traditional views on political participation and interest of today’s youth. [less ▲]

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See detailNew data on the ichthyosaur Platypterygius hercynicus and its implications for the validity of the genus
Fischer, Valentin ULg

in Acta Palaeontologica Polonica (2012), 57(1), 123134

The description of a nearly complete skull from the late Albian of northwestern France reveals previously unknown anatomical features of Platypterygius hercynicus (Kuhn 1946), and of European Cretaceous ... [more ▼]

The description of a nearly complete skull from the late Albian of northwestern France reveals previously unknown anatomical features of Platypterygius hercynicus (Kuhn 1946), and of European Cretaceous ichthyosaurs in general. These include a wide frontal forming the anteromedial border of the supratemporal fenestra, a parietal excluded from the parietal foramen, and the likely presence of a squamosal, inferred from a very large and deep facet on the quadratojugal. The absence of a squamosal has been considered as an autapomorphy of the genus Platypterygius for more than ten years and has been applied to all known species by default, but the described specimen casts doubt on this putative autapomorphy. Actually, it is shown that all characters that have been proposed previously as autapomorphic for the genus Platypterygius are either not found in all the species currently referred to this genus, or are also present in other Ophthalmosauridae. Consequently, the genus Platypterygius must be completely revised. [less ▲]

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See detailNew data on the intraindividual variation of cystatin C.
Delanaye, Pierre ULg; Cavalier, Etienne ULg; Depas, Gisèle ULg et al

in Nephron. Clinical Practice (2008), 108(4), 246-8

BACKGROUND: Cystatin C is a new interesting marker of glomerular filtration rate (GFR). However, data regarding its biological variance are scarce and conflicting. The ability of cystatin C to ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Cystatin C is a new interesting marker of glomerular filtration rate (GFR). However, data regarding its biological variance are scarce and conflicting. The ability of cystatin C to longitudinally follow renal function in patients therefore remains questionable. METHODS: 12 healthy subjects (6 men and 6 women) were included in the final statistical analysis. Serum creatinine, plasma cystatin C and GFR were measured twice after a 1-week interval on the same day, at the same time, and under the same preanalytical and analytical conditions. GFR was measured with an iohexol method. Serum creatinine was measured with a compensated Jaffe and an enzymatic method. Plasma cystatin C was measured by a particle-enhanced immunonephelometric method. Analytical (CV(A)) and within-subject (CV(I)) variances were classically calculated. RESULTS: CV(A) for creatinine (Jaffe and enzymatic methods) and cystatin C was 2.5, 0.97 and 1.29%, respectively. CV(I) was 5.8, 5 and 4.5% for the Jaffe creatinine, enzymatic creatinine and cystatin C determinations, respectively. CONCLUSION: Our study confirms that intraindividual variation of cystatin C and creatinine are similar. Therefore, from a biological point of view, cystatin C seems as accurate as creatinine for the longitudinal follow-up of renal function in daily clinical practice. [less ▲]

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See detailNew Data on the Late Neandertals: Direct Dating of the Belgian Spy Fossils
Semal, P.; Rougier, H.; Crevecoeur, I. et al

in American Journal of Physical Anthropology (2009), 138

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See detailNew data on the palaeobiogeography of Early Jurassic marine reptiles: the Toarcian ichthyosaur fauna of the Vocontian Basin (SE France)
Fischer, Valentin ULg; Guiomar, Myette; Godefroit, Pascal

in Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Palaontologie. Abhandlungen (2011), 261(1), 111-127

The Vocontian Basin (SE France) was formed along the northwestern border of Tethys during Mesozoic times. Mainly known for its rich ammonite fauna, this basin has also yielded several Lower Jurassic ... [more ▼]

The Vocontian Basin (SE France) was formed along the northwestern border of Tethys during Mesozoic times. Mainly known for its rich ammonite fauna, this basin has also yielded several Lower Jurassic ichthyosaurs. The specimens discussed here were discovered in lower Toarcian limestone and marl successions in the vicinity of Digne-les-Bains, High-Provence Alps. The best-preserved specimen is identified as Suevoleviathan sp., a rare taxon previously reported only in southern Germany. Along with this specimen, premaxillae and paddle elements of Eurhinosaurus sp. and probable Stenopterygiidae centra were found in neighbouring localities. These specimens were preserved thanks to the deposition of soft anoxic marls or calcarodetritic sediments, coeval with other anoxic shales in Europe (the Toarcian Oceanic Anoxic Event or T-OAE), which allows faunal comparisons between these basins. The localities from the Vocontian Basin are closer to the Tethys than any other sites where identifiable Toarcian ichthyosaurs have been found in Europe. Nevertheless, the Vocontian ichthyosaur assemblage is strikingly similar to those in other basins across Europe. It suggests that Toarcian ichthyosaurs had a wide palaeobiogeographical distribution, reflecting their anatomical adaptations as highly mobile swimmers. [less ▲]

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See detailNew data on the palaeobiogeography of Toarcian (Lower Jurassic) ichthyosaurs
Fischer, Valentin ULg; Guiomar, Myette; Godefroit, Pascal

Conference (2009, February)

The Vocontian Basin of SE France was formed along the northwestern border of Tethys during Mesozoic times. Mainly known for its rich ammonite fauna, this basin has also yielded Jurassic and Cretaceous ... [more ▼]

The Vocontian Basin of SE France was formed along the northwestern border of Tethys during Mesozoic times. Mainly known for its rich ammonite fauna, this basin has also yielded Jurassic and Cretaceous ichthyosaur fossils. The specimens discussed here were discovered in lower Toarcian limestone and marl successions in the vicinity of Digne-les-Bains, High-Provence Alps. One of best-preserved specimens is identified as Suevoleviathan sp., a relatively rare genus previously reported only in the German basins. The specimen is fairly complete but crushed and embedded in limestone from the Falciferum ammonite zone. Because the skull is too damaged to see bone sutures, assignation to this genus is mostly based on fin and coracoid morphology. Along with this specimen, a premaxilla and paddle elements of Eurhinosaurus longirostris and possible Stenopterygiidae centra were found in nearby black marls of the Exaratum ammonite subzone (Falciferum zone, Lower Toarcian; see Floquet et al., 2003 for a detailed stratigraphy). These soft marls were deposited in anoxic waters and are coeval with the Posidonia shales of southwest Germany, the Jet rock formation of northeast England and Grandcourt shales of Luxembourg, which allows faunal comparisons between these basins. The localities from the Vocontian Basin are closer to the Tethys than other sites where Toarcian identifiable ichthyosaurs have been found in Europe. Nevertheless all identifiable specimens from the Vocontian Basin are also identified in other basins across Europe. It suggests that Toarcian ichthyosaurs had wide palaeogeographical distributions and were highly mobile swimmers, perfectly adapted to open marine environments. [less ▲]

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See detailNew data on the Sambre-et-Meuse Band
Steemans, Philippe ULg

Conference (1995)

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See detailNew data on the transmission of pigeon circovirus
Duchatel, Jean-Pierre ULg; Todd, Danny; Curry, J. et al

in Veterinary Record : Journal of the British Veterinary Association (2005), 157

Nineteen racing pigeons aged from one to five years were examined postmortem. PCR tests showed that the spleens of 16 of them were positive for pigeon circovirus, the livers of six were positive, and ... [more ▼]

Nineteen racing pigeons aged from one to five years were examined postmortem. PCR tests showed that the spleens of 16 of them were positive for pigeon circovirus, the livers of six were positive, and blood from one of them was positive for the virus. Five of 44 embryos in embryonated eggs collected from three lofts were positive by PCR, but swabs taken from the crops of 64 adult birds which were feeding one- to 10-day-old squabs in these three lofts were negative for the viral DNA. [less ▲]

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See detailA new database of astrophysical interest
Biémont, Emile ULg; Palmeri, P.; Quinet, Pascal ULg

in Astrophysics & Space Science (1999), 269-270

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See detailNew decentralisation in the Congo
Kabamba, Bob ULg

in Courier (The) (2007), juillet-aoüt(n°1), 52-53

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See detailA new decomposition method and direct criterion for transient stability assessment of large-scale electric power systems
Xue, Yusheng; Van Cutsem, Thierry ULg; Ribbens-Pavella, Mania

in Proc. IMACS Symp. on Modelling and Simulation for Control of Lumped and Distributed Parameter Systems (1986)

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See detailA new definition and a lectotypification of the genus Cooksonia Lang 1937
Gonez, Paul ULg; Gerrienne, Philippe ULg

in International Journal of Plant Sciences (2010), 171

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See detailNew descriptor for skeletons of planar shapes : the Calypter
Pirard, Eric ULg; Nivart, Jean-François

(1994)

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See detailNew design antenna Gsm900/1800/Umts for sensor networks on High voltage line
Adegbola, Kayode Romaric Adebiyi ULg; Hajraoui

in Congrès méditerranéen des Télécommunications: CMT, Fès 22-24 Mars 2012 (2012, March 24)

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (27 ULg)
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See detailA new design model for the resistance of steel semi-compact cross-sections
Boissonnade, N.; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg; Oerder, R. et al

in Proceedings of EUROSTEEL 2008 (2008)

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See detailA New Design of Equilibrator to Monitor Carbon Dioxide in Highly Dynamic and Turbid Environments
Frankignoulle, M.; Borges, Alberto ULg; Biondo, Renzo ULg

in Water Research (2001), 35(5), 1344-7

A new design of equilibrator for carbon dioxide monitoring in natural waters is described. It consists in a vertical tube filled with marbles through which water is flowing while equilibrating with a ... [more ▼]

A new design of equilibrator for carbon dioxide monitoring in natural waters is described. It consists in a vertical tube filled with marbles through which water is flowing while equilibrating with a closed air circuit. It offers several advantages compared with classical equilibrators, among which is a fast response time (half-life constant approximately 30 s) and the potential to work in very turbid water. The proposed equilibrator is of particular interest to monitor carbon dioxide in coastal ecosystems, such as estuaries, which are known to be turbid and highly dynamic. Two performance tests and some field results are presented to illustrate the efficiency of the proposed system. [less ▲]

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See detailNew Development in Calculation Methods, in Basic Characteristics of low-cost houses in order to reduce the energy consumption for heating - Link programme - Coordination and consequences for the architectural design (synthesis)
Dupagne, Albert ULg; Hauglustaine, Jean-Marie ULg; Knowland, J. B. et al

Report (1984)

A previous research work developed within the frame of the first European R-D Energy Programme has led to the production of a manual design method mainly oriented to the design of low cost, low energy ... [more ▼]

A previous research work developed within the frame of the first European R-D Energy Programme has led to the production of a manual design method mainly oriented to the design of low cost, low energy houses. From the beginning, we know that this method remains uncompleted but its lacunas became particulary obvious and combersome when trying to apply it to the real design of 25 houses on a real ground. Therefore we devoted some research efforts to improve the manual method specially in calculation methods. These efforts do not intend to be definite answers to the difficult points we put in light. Some are a first proposal for solving specific problems like intergrating dynamic-thermal behaviour in the design of buildings. Others are particular issues of a continuous work developed in the Building Physics Laboratory for years like equivalent degree-day methods. The last group contents more specific points like shading factor calculation. Some has already been introduced in the new issue of the design methodology. Others have been used during the design of the houses but they need more work to become practical tools that can be introduced in the methodology. And some are kept for further development. In appearance, the present book is just the gathering of disjoined chapters, but the work is not as incoherent as it seems. All the methods have at least one thing in common: the desing orientation of their use. [less ▲]

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See detailNew developments for an efficient solution of the discrete material topology optimization of composite structures
Duysinx, Pierre ULg; Gao, Tong; Zhang, Weihong et al

in Faester, S.; Juul Jensen, D.; Ralph, B. (Eds.) et al Composite materials for structural performance: towards the higher limits (2011, September 05)

Optimal design of composite structures can be formulated as an optimal selection of material in a list of different laminates. Based on the seminal work by Stegmann and Lund (2005), the optimal problem ... [more ▼]

Optimal design of composite structures can be formulated as an optimal selection of material in a list of different laminates. Based on the seminal work by Stegmann and Lund (2005), the optimal problem can be stated as a topology optimization problem with multiple materials. The research work carries out a large investigation of different interpolation and penalization schemes for the optimal material selection problem. Besides the classical Design Material Optimization (DMO) scheme and the recent Shape Function with Penalization (SFP) scheme by Bruyneel (2011), the research introduces a generalization of the SFP approach using a bi-value coding parameterization (BCP) (Gao, Zhang, and Duysinx, 2011) The paper provides a comparison of the different parameterization approaches. It also proposes alternative penalization schemes and it investigates the effect of the power penalization. Finally, we discuss the solution aspects in the perspective of solving large-scale industrial applications. The conclusions are illustrated by a numerical application for the compliance maximization of an in-plane composite ply. [less ▲]

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See detailNew developments in artificially layered ferroelectric oxide superlattices
Dawber, Matthew; Bousquet, Eric ULg

in MRS Bulletin (2013), 38

Artifi cially layered superlattices of oxide materials have been intensely investigated for some time, but continue to reveal new potential as a route to advanced functional materials. As well as ... [more ▼]

Artifi cially layered superlattices of oxide materials have been intensely investigated for some time, but continue to reveal new potential as a route to advanced functional materials. As well as considering electrostatics and strain, a more complete picture of the interfaces in these systems also needs to incorporate the possibility of additional structural distortions, electronic redistributions, and complex polarization domain structures. Here we focus on superlattices composed of two perovskite oxide materials, where one is a ferroelectric, and discuss the important interactions between the component materials that determine the behavior of the new artifi cial material. We discuss interfaces both with and without electronic screening. The fi rst class of interface contains technologically relevant ultrathin ferroelectric capacitors and the more recently studied ferroelectric-metal superlattices. In these systems, the infl uence of the ferroelectric polarization decreases rapidly with distance from the interface. By contrast, in systems where the materials adjacent to the ferroelectric layers are dielectrics, the polarization of the ferroelectric layer infl uences the properties of the adjacent layers over a much longer distance, setting the stage for fascinating competition between the properties of the combined materials. [less ▲]

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