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See detailNonlinear Targeted Energy Transfer in Mechanical and Structural Systems II
Vakakis, Alexander F.; Gendelman, O. V.; Bergman, L. A. et al

Book published by Springer (2009)

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See detailNonlinear thin shell finite element for steel and concrete structures subjected to fire: theoretical development
Talamona, Didier; Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg

in Journal of Applied Fire Science (2002), 11(4), 291-310

This article describes the features of a quadrilateral thin shell element, based on Marguerre's theory that has ben implemented in the finite element program SAFIR (from the University of Liege.) The ... [more ▼]

This article describes the features of a quadrilateral thin shell element, based on Marguerre's theory that has ben implemented in the finite element program SAFIR (from the University of Liege.) The element has four nodes (one at each corner) and each node has six degrees of freedom, i.e., three translations and three rotations (the sixth degree of freedom is a true one, which can be assimilated to the in-plane rotation.) This article presents some theoretical developments regarding the element formulation. The algorithm strategies for isotropic material (steel for example) and non-isotropic material 'concrete) and their modifications for elevated temperatures are described. Two verifications examples are presented (the patch test and Lee's frame at elevated temperatures). [less ▲]

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See detailNonlinear thin shell finite element for steel and concrete structures subjected to fire: verification and validation
Talamona, Didier; Castagne, Sylvie; Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg

in Journal of Applied Fire Science (2003), 12(1), 65-81

This article presents verification and validation examples for a nonlinear thin shell element developed for structures subjected to fire. The verification benchmarks are: a Z-shaped cantilever, a twisted ... [more ▼]

This article presents verification and validation examples for a nonlinear thin shell element developed for structures subjected to fire. The verification benchmarks are: a Z-shaped cantilever, a twisted cantilever beam, a hemispherical shell, and Lee's frame at room temperature and at elevated temperature. The element shows that it provides results in good agreement with theoretical results and other finite elements. The validation calculations have been performed on an H rolled profile and a concrete slab. The element demonstrates its ability to reproduce local buckling on a H-steel beam under fire conditions and that it predicts accurately the failure of a concrete slab subjected to fire. The theoretical development of this finite element has been published in the Journal of Applied Fire Science, Vol. 11, No. 4, pp. 291-310, "Nonlinear Thin Shell Finite Element for Steel and Concrete Structures Subjected to Fire: Theoretical Development." [less ▲]

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See detailNonlinear time-domain finite-element modeling of thin electromagnetic shells
V Sabariego, Ruth ULg; Geuzaine, Christophe ULg; Dular, Patrick ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 13th Biennial IEEE Conference on Electromagnetic Field Computation (CEFC2008) (2008, May)

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See detailNonlinear time-domain finite-element modeling of thin electromagnetic shells
V Sabariego, Ruth ULg; Geuzaine, Christophe ULg; Dular, Patrick ULg et al

in IEEE Transactions on Magnetics (2009), 45(3), 976-979

A nonlinear time-domain extension of the classical linear frequency-domain thin-shell approach is presented. The interface conditions are expressed in terms of the average magnetic flux density throughout ... [more ▼]

A nonlinear time-domain extension of the classical linear frequency-domain thin-shell approach is presented. The interface conditions are expressed in terms of the average magnetic flux density throughout the shell thickness and a number of higher order components. The method is elaborated in the frame of the magnetic vector potential formulation. The nonlinear system of algebraic equations is solved by means of the Newton–Raphson scheme. To validate the new formulation, we consider a magnetic plate placed above a double line carrying a sinusoidal current. Results are compared with those obtained with a fine finite-element model. [less ▲]

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See detailA nonlinear time-domain homogenization technique for laminated iron cores in three-dimensional finite-element models
Gyselinck, Johan; V Sabariego, Ruth ULg; Dular, Patrick ULg

in IEEE Transactions on Magnetics (2006), 42(4), 763-766

The authors present a novel nonlinear homogenization technique for laminated iron cores in three-dimensional (3-D) finite-element (FE) models of electromagnetic devices. The technique takes into account ... [more ▼]

The authors present a novel nonlinear homogenization technique for laminated iron cores in three-dimensional (3-D) finite-element (FE) models of electromagnetic devices. The technique takes into account the eddy current effects in the stacked core without the need of modeling all laminations separately. A nonlinear constitutive magnetic law is considered. The system of nonlinear algebraic equations obtained after time discretization is solved by means of the Newton-Raphson scheme. By way of validation, the method is applied to a 3-D FE model of a laminated ring core with toroidal coil. [less ▲]

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See detailNonlinear transport of Bose-Einstein condensates through mesoscopic waveguides
Paul, T.; Hartung, M.; Richter, K. et al

in Physical Review. A (2007), 76(6),

We study the coherent flow of interacting Bose-condensed atoms in mesoscopic waveguide geometries. Analytical and numerical methods, based on the mean-field description of the condensate, are developed to ... [more ▼]

We study the coherent flow of interacting Bose-condensed atoms in mesoscopic waveguide geometries. Analytical and numerical methods, based on the mean-field description of the condensate, are developed to study both stationary as well as time-dependent propagation processes. We apply these methods to the propagation of a condensate through an atomic quantum dot in a waveguide, discuss the nonlinear transmission spectrum and show that resonant transport is generally suppressed due to an interaction-induced bistability phenomenon. Finally, we establish a link between the nonlinear features of the transmission spectrum and the self-consistent quasibound states of the quantum dot. [less ▲]

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See detailNonlinear transport of Bose-Einstein condensates through waveguides with disorder
Paul, T.; Leboeuf, P.; Pavloff, N. et al

in Physical Review. A (2005), 72(6),

We study the coherent flow of a guided Bose-Einstein condensate incident over a disordered region of length L. We introduce a model of disordered potential that originates from magnetic fluctuations ... [more ▼]

We study the coherent flow of a guided Bose-Einstein condensate incident over a disordered region of length L. We introduce a model of disordered potential that originates from magnetic fluctuations inherent to microfabricated guides. This model allows for analytical and numerical studies of realistic transport experiments. The repulsive interaction among the condensate atoms in the beam induces different transport regimes. Below some critical interaction (or for sufficiently small L) a stationary flow is observed. In this regime, the transmission decreases exponentially with increasing L. For strong interaction (or large L), the system displays a transition toward a time-dependent flow with an algebraic decay of the time-averaged transmission. [less ▲]

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See detailThe nonlinear tuned vibration absorber
Viguié, R.; Kerschen, Gaëtan ULg

in Proceedings of the International Conference on Structural Nonlinear Dynamics and Diagnosis (2012)

The objective of this paper is to introduce a new nonlinear dynamical absorber, the nonlinear tuned vibration absorber, through a rigorous nonlinear extension of the tuning rule for the linear tuned ... [more ▼]

The objective of this paper is to introduce a new nonlinear dynamical absorber, the nonlinear tuned vibration absorber, through a rigorous nonlinear extension of the tuning rule for the linear tuned vibration absorber. This nonlinear tuning methodology combined with the increased suppression bandwidth brought by the intentional use of nonlinearity leads to the development of an absorber that is effective in wide ranges of frequencies and motion amplitudes. The results are illustrated using a one-degree-of-freedom primary system. [less ▲]

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See detailNonlinear vibration absorber coupled to a nonlinear primary system: A tuning methodology
Viguié, Régis ULg; Kerschen, Gaëtan ULg

in Journal of Sound & Vibration (2009), 326(3-5), 780-793

This paper addresses the problem of mitigating the vibration of nonlinear mechanical systems using nonlinear dynamical absorbers. One particular feature of the proposed absorber is that it is effective in ... [more ▼]

This paper addresses the problem of mitigating the vibration of nonlinear mechanical systems using nonlinear dynamical absorbers. One particular feature of the proposed absorber is that it is effective in a wide range of forcing amplitudes. A qualitative tuning methodology is developed and validated using numerical simulations. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailNonlinearity Characterization for Nonlinear Dynamic System Identification Using an Expert Approach
Dimitriadis, Grigorios ULg; Vio, Gareth Arthur

in Proceedings of the 2006 International Conference on Noise and Vibration Engineering (2006, September)

The identification of nonlinear dynamic systems can be rendered significantly more parsimonious if the nonlinearity present in the system is known. While there are many successful non-parametric nonlinear ... [more ▼]

The identification of nonlinear dynamic systems can be rendered significantly more parsimonious if the nonlinearity present in the system is known. While there are many successful non-parametric nonlinear system identification methods, the resulting models do not describe the nonlinearity in physical terms and are difficult to obtain due to the large number of candidate terms that must be examined. In this paper an expert approach towards the characterization of nonlinearities in a dynamic system is presented. The methodology is based on simulations of dynamic systems with a variety of commonly occurring nonlinear functions. The responses of such systems to various types of excitation are analysed and rules are developed as to what nonlinearity is likely to be present in a system given the dynamic characteristics of measured responses. [less ▲]

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See detailNonlocal magnetic field-tuned quantum criticality in cubic CeIn3-xSnx (x=0.25)
Silhanek, Alejandro ULg; Ebihara, Takao; Harrison, N. et al

in Physical Review Letters (2006), 96(20),

We show that antiferromagnetism in lightly (approximate to 8%) Sn-doped CeIn3 terminates at a critical field mu H-0(c)=42 +/- 2 T. Electrical transport and thermodynamic measurements reveal the effective ... [more ▼]

We show that antiferromagnetism in lightly (approximate to 8%) Sn-doped CeIn3 terminates at a critical field mu H-0(c)=42 +/- 2 T. Electrical transport and thermodynamic measurements reveal the effective mass m(*) not to diverge, suggesting that cubic CeIn3 is representative of a critical spin-density wave (SDW) scenario, unlike the local quantum critical points reported in anisotropic systems such as CeCu6-xAux and YbRh2Si2-xGex. The existence of a maximum in m(*) at a lower field mu H-0(x)=30 +/- 1 T may be interpreted as a field-induced crossover from local moment to SDW behavior as the Neel temperature falls below the Fermi temperature. [less ▲]

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See detailNonmyeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
Baron, Frédéric ULg; Beguin, Yves ULg

in Journal of Hematotherapy & Stem Cell Research (2002), 11(2), 243-63

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the most effective treatment for selected hematological malignancies. Its curative potential is largely mediated by an immune-mediated ... [more ▼]

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the most effective treatment for selected hematological malignancies. Its curative potential is largely mediated by an immune-mediated destruction of malignant cells by donor lymphocytes termed graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effect. However, because of its toxicity, conventional allogeneic HSCT is restricted to younger and fitter patients. These observations led several groups to set up new (less toxic) transplant protocols (nonmyeloablative stem cell transplantation or NMSCT) based on a two-step approach: first, the use of immunosuppressive (but nonmyeloablative) preparative regimens providing sufficient immunosuppression to achieve engraftment of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cells and, in a second step, destruction of malignant cells by the GVL effect. Preliminary results showed that NMSCT were feasible with a relatively low transplant-related mortality (TRM), even in patients older than 65 years. In addition, strong antitumor responses were observed in several hematological malignancies as well as in some patients with renal cell carcinoma. After discussing the mechanisms and efficacy of the GVL effect as well as the rationale for NMSCT strategies, this article reviews the first results of ongoing clinical trials. Innovative modalities that may permit amplification of the GVL effect while minimizing the risk of GVHD are discussed. Because the benefits of NMSCT over alternative forms of treatment remain to be demonstrated, this strategy should be restricted to patients included in clinical trials. [less ▲]

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See detailNonmyeloablative stem cell transplantation with CD8-depleted or CD34-selected peripheral blood stem cells.
Baron, Frédéric ULg; Baudoux, Etienne ULg; Frere, Pascale ULg et al

in Journal of Hematotherapy & Stem Cell Research (2002), 11(2), 301-14

To decrease the incidence of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) observed after nonmyeloablative stem cell transplantation (NMSCT), we studied the feasibility of CD8-depleted or CD34-selected NMSCT followed ... [more ▼]

To decrease the incidence of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) observed after nonmyeloablative stem cell transplantation (NMSCT), we studied the feasibility of CD8-depleted or CD34-selected NMSCT followed by CD8-depleted preemptive donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) given in incremental doses on days 40 and 80. Fourteen patients with high-risk malignancies and an HLA-identical sibling (n = 8) or alternative donor (n = 6) but ineligible for a conventional transplant were included. Nonmyeloablative conditioning regimen consisted in 2 Gy total body irradiation (TBI) alone, 2 Gy TBI and fludarabine (previously untreated patients) or cyclophosphamide and fludarabine (patients who had previously received > or =12 Gy TBI). Patients 1-4 (controls) received unmanipulated peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) and DLI and patients 5-14 CD8-depleted or CD34-selected PBSC followed by CD8-depleted DLI. Post-transplant immunosuppression was carried out with cyclosporine A (CsA) and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF). Initial engraftment was seen in all patients, but 1 patient (7%) later rejected her graft. The actuarial 180-day incidence of grades II-IV acute GVHD was 75% for patients 1-4 versus 0% for patients 5-14 (p = 0.0019). Five of 14 patients were in complete remission (CR) 180 days after the transplant and 6/14 had partial responses. The 1-year survival rate was 69%, and nonrelapse and relapse mortality rates were 16 and 18%, respectively. We conclude that CD8-depleted or CD34-selected NMSCT followed by CD8-depleted DLI is feasible and considerably decreases the incidence of acute GVHD while preserving engraftment and apparently also the graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effect. Further studies are needed to confirm this encouraging preliminary report. [less ▲]

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See detailNonmyeloablative Transplantation
Baron, Frédéric ULg; Sandmaier, Brenda

in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (2008)

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See detailNonnius et la cure de Spa
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg; Mélard, Marc; Lecomte, Jean et al

in Nonnius en de 'Diëtetiek'. Derde Symposium Geschiedenis der Geneeskundige Wetenschappen, 2 december 1995, Koninklijke Academie voor Genneeskunde van België (1996)

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See detailNonparametric additive location-scale models for interval censored data
Lambert, Philippe ULg

in Statistics and computing (2013), 23

An nonparametric additive model for the location and dispersion of a continuous response with an arbitrary smooth conditional distribution is proposed. B-splines are used to specify the three components ... [more ▼]

An nonparametric additive model for the location and dispersion of a continuous response with an arbitrary smooth conditional distribution is proposed. B-splines are used to specify the three components of the model. It can deal with interval censored data and multiple covariates. After a simulation study, the relation between age, the number of years of full-time education and the net income (provided as intervals) available per person in Belgian households is studied from survey data. [less ▲]

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See detailNonparametric censored regression using preliminary kernel smoothing
Heuchenne, Cédric ULg; Van Keilegom, Ingrid

in Proceedings of the 6th World Congress of the Bernoulli Society for Mathematical Statistics and Probability and the 67th Annual Meeting of the IMS (2004)

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