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See detail"Instrumentos de ciência regulatória: as transformações no contexto europeu relacionadas a novas controvérsias
Fallon, Catherine ULg

Scientific conference (2012, November 08)

Analysing the organisation of politico-administrative relations in networks of heterogeneous actors, who are actively creating specific forms of regulatory regimes (Hood et al 1996) must be done with a ... [more ▼]

Analysing the organisation of politico-administrative relations in networks of heterogeneous actors, who are actively creating specific forms of regulatory regimes (Hood et al 1996) must be done with a pragmatic approach to consider what the agency (EFSA eg.) does and how it does it, taking enough distance from official discourses to observe "agency in action". [less ▲]

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See detailLes instruments anciens - cadrans de hauteur
Nazé, Yaël ULg

Article for general public (2013)

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See detailLes instruments anciens - le nocturlabe
Nazé, Yaël ULg

Article for general public (2013)

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See detailLes instruments anciens - mesures d'angles
Nazé, Yaël ULg

Article for general public (2013)

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See detailLes instruments anciens - volvelles
Nazé, Yaël ULg

Article for general public (2014)

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See detailInstruments de gestion économique des crises sanitaires touchant les animaux de production en Europe
Vandeputte, Sébastien ULg; Humblet, Marie-France ULg; Fecher-Bourgeois, Fabienne ULg et al

in Revue Scientifique et Technique / Office International des Epizooties = Revista Cientifica y Tecnica / Officina Internacional de Epizootias = Scientific and Technical Review / International Office of Epizootics (2011), 30(3), 683-701

The importance of animal health crises has considerably increased over the last few years. When a crisis occurs, farmers can receive financial support through various public, private and mixed ... [more ▼]

The importance of animal health crises has considerably increased over the last few years. When a crisis occurs, farmers can receive financial support through various public, private and mixed compensation schemes. Economic losses resulting from diseases may be direct and indirect. If a disease is covered by European Union regulations then countries have a legal obligation to partly compensate farmers for direct losses, either directly through the national budget, or through a specific fund. The European Veterinary Fund also cofinances these losses. Only a few countries provide compensation for indirect losses. The private insurance sector also provides protection against some direct and indirect losses but the risks covered are variable. To encourage farmers to subscribe to this kind of insurance, some public authorities provide subsidies to help pay the premium. Insurance companies do not generally cover the risks linked to contagious diseases, but some companies do extend cover to include this type of risk. Several alternatives, such as mutual funds, are available to improve risk coverage. There is a lack of harmonisation among the various compensation schemes of different countries. Public authorities cannot provide full compensation, but mutual funds and private insurance companies are alternatives that should be further investigated and their use should be extended to other countries. A classification of diseases would harmonise the situation at the European level. [less ▲]

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See detailLes instruments de la fiscalité environnementale
Bourgeois, Marc ULg

Conference (2008, November 13)

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See detailInstruments for collective design in a professional context : Digital format or new processes
Ben Rajeb, Samia ULg; Leclercq, Pierre ULg

in Proceedings of the eighth International Conference on Advances in Computer-Human Interactions, ACHI 2015 (2015)

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See detailInstruments souples, instruments non contraignants, instruments du marché : une alternative pertinente ?
Pâques, Michel ULg

in JADOT, Benoît (Ed.) Acteurs et outils du droit de l'environnement. Développements récents, développements (peut-être) à venir (2010)

The question is whether the traditional administrative law instruments, authoritarian, are best suited for environmental protection. The rational economic agent or capitalist is not naturally inclined to ... [more ▼]

The question is whether the traditional administrative law instruments, authoritarian, are best suited for environmental protection. The rational economic agent or capitalist is not naturally inclined to protect the environment. The environmental law almost always must thwart individual liberty and the pursuit of profit or comfort. Consequently, consensual and non-binding instruments are not the most naturally suited to protecting the environment. The main legal instruments of environmental law are reviewed: prohibition, authorization, non-legal action, gentlemen's agreements, contracts, tax incentives, market pollution… [less ▲]

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See detailL'insuffisance cardiaque du sujet age.
D'ORIO, Virginie ULg; LANCELLOTTI, Patrizio ULg; Pierard, Luc ULg

in Revue medicale de Liege (2014), 69(5-6), 309-14

Heart failure in the elderly represents a major public health problem.In this population, the general objective of therapy, defined by current guidelines, does not differ from that proposed for younger ... [more ▼]

Heart failure in the elderly represents a major public health problem.In this population, the general objective of therapy, defined by current guidelines, does not differ from that proposed for younger patients: the aims are to decrease symptoms, to improve quality of life, to decrease hospitalizations, and to increase survival. However, in this category of patients, respect for autonomy and quality of life remains a priority, and requires a personalized approach because of the geriatric characteristics of many patients. [less ▲]

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See detailInsuffisance cardiaque et diabete
ANCION, A.; Lancellotti, Patrizio ULg; Pierard, Luc ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2005), 60(5-6, May-Jun), 536-40

Diabetic patients frequently develop heart failure and have a guarded prognosis because of the combination of diabetic cardiomyopathy, hypertension and ischaemic heart disease. The lack of patient ... [more ▼]

Diabetic patients frequently develop heart failure and have a guarded prognosis because of the combination of diabetic cardiomyopathy, hypertension and ischaemic heart disease. The lack of patient awareness of the association between diabetes and cardiovascular disease contributes to the risk of heart failure in the diabetic population. Therefore, physicians should consider the risk of comorbidities and use appropriate screening tests to achieve early identification and initiate preventive strategies. There is evidence suggesting that adequate glycaemic control may improve cardiac metabolism and myocardial function in diabetics with heart failure. Improvement in cardiac function engendered by neurohumoral inhibition is associated with a decrease in mortality that is at least as great in the diabetic patients with heart failure as it is in the non diabetic patients. However, several therapeutic interventions have not yet been specifically validated in diabetic subjects. Thus, physicians should be encouraged to use therapies tested in the diabetic population, such as B-blockers and ACE inhibitors. Diabetic patients would benefit from more aggressive preventive programs aimed at reducing the incidence of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. [less ▲]

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See detailInsuffisance cardiaque et diabete de type 2: une relation a double sens.
De Flines, Jenny ULg; Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2007), 62(2), 112-7

The present article analyses the intimate relationship between diabetes mellitus and congestive heart failure. This relationship is indeed "bidirectional". On the one hand, it is well known that diabetes ... [more ▼]

The present article analyses the intimate relationship between diabetes mellitus and congestive heart failure. This relationship is indeed "bidirectional". On the one hand, it is well known that diabetes mellitus, especially type 2 diabetes, predisposes to congestive heart failure due to intricated mechanisms. In most cases, there is a combination of various well-known risk factors, such as obesity, arterial hypertension and coronary heart disease, with a specific diabetic cardiomyopathy, whose pathophysiology is complex. On the other hand, several studies showed that congestive heart failure increases the risk of new type 2 diabetes, probably due to decreased muscular perfusion and excessive neurohumoral response. Remarkably, such a risk could be reduced by a drug capable of inhibiting the renin-angiotensin system, as previously reported in patients with arterial hypertension. The recent launch and the increasing use of thiazolidinediones (glitazones) raise the interest for congestive heart failure in diabetic patients. Indeed, because of their positive effect on insulin resistance and various pleiotropic effects, glitazones may exert some cardiovascular protection; however, both rosiglitazone and pioglitazone are associated with fluid retention, which could reveal or aggravate episodes of congestive heart failure. [less ▲]

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See detailInsuffisance hépatique aigue: traitement conservateur et alternatives thérapeutiques
DETRY, Olivier ULg

Conference (2015, November 17)

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (2 ULg)