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Peer Reviewed
See detailApplication of canonical transformation with missing values to multitrait evaluation of Jersey type
Gengler, Nicolas ULg; Wiggans, G. R.; Wright, J. R. et al

in Journal of Dairy Science (1997), 80(10), 2563-2571

A multitrait animal model was used to calculate predicted transmitting ability and reliabilities for final score and 15 linear type traits of 225,632 US Jersey cows. Records were adjusted for age and ... [more ▼]

A multitrait animal model was used to calculate predicted transmitting ability and reliabilities for final score and 15 linear type traits of 225,632 US Jersey cows. Records were adjusted for age and stage of lactation before analysis. The model contained effects for interactions of herd and date scored; year scored, parity, and age; and herd and sire; effects of permanent environment and additive genetics were also included. Of the 381,511 records included, some observations were missing for final score (8%), body depth (43%), and teat length (33%). The evaluation system used a canonical transformation, included several random effects, and estimated missing values with each iteration. Inbreeding was considered in the computations. Convergence was achieved in approximately 50 rounds of iteration. Correlations between animal and sire model predicted transmitting ability ranged from 0.56 to 0.95 and generally were higher for bulls than for cows and for more recent birth years. Genetic trend was strongly positive for dairy form, final score, and rear udder traits (height and width) and negative for udder depth. For other traits, genetic trend was small. This methodology should improve the accuracy of genetic evaluations for type traits of US Jerseys. [less ▲]

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See detailApplication of CAPE techniques to the revamping of existing electrical power plants: an example of interdisciplinary collaboration.
Heyen, Georges ULg; Vrielynck, B.; Kalitventzeff, Boris ULg

in Computers & Chemical Engineering (1998), 22(Suppl. S), 239-246

Coupling of a partial oxidation reactor with a gas turbine. is proposed to increase the capacity and efficiency of thermal power plants. The exhaust of the partial oxidation gas turbine:is a preheated ... [more ▼]

Coupling of a partial oxidation reactor with a gas turbine. is proposed to increase the capacity and efficiency of thermal power plants. The exhaust of the partial oxidation gas turbine:is a preheated fuel that can be burned with little modification in the existing steam generator. The feasibility study requires the development of a reliable model for an existing 250 MW power plant. Data reconciliation is found valuable for obtaining precise mass and energy balances and for screening out unreliable measurements. The identification of model parameters from reconciled values is then straightforward. The same validation Software is later applied to rating simulation of the modified plant, by merging the partial oxidation gas turbine in the model. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailAPPLICATION OF CHEMICAL MASS BALANCE METHODOLOGY TO IDENTIFY THE DIFFERENT SOURCES RESPONSIBLE FOR THE OLFACTORY ANNOYANCE AT A RECEPTOR-SITE
Clarke, Kevin; Romain, Anne-Claude ULg; Locoge, Nadine et al

in Del Rosso, Renato (Ed.) Chemical engineering transactions : NOSE2012 International Conference on Environmental Odour (2012, September)

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See detailApplication of data mining to optimize settings for generator tripping and load shedding system in emergency control at Hydro-Quebec
Huang, J. A.; Harrison, S.; Vanier, G. et al

in COMPEL (2004), 23(1 Sp. Iss. SI), 21-34

This paper describes the on-going work done by Hydro-Quebec to optimize the settings of automatic devices installed in its main power plants to maintain secure operation under extreme contingencies. The ... [more ▼]

This paper describes the on-going work done by Hydro-Quebec to optimize the settings of automatic devices installed in its main power plants to maintain secure operation under extreme contingencies. The automatic generator tripping and load shedding system (RPTC) described in this paper is installed at the Churchill Falls hydroelectric power plant (5,500 MW) in Labrador. Data mining techniques such as decision trees and regression trees have been used. Real time snapshots of the Hydro-Quebec power system collected over a 5 year period have been used to generate large amounts of results by transient stability simulations. The processing of these data has been done using software developed by the University of Liege. This approach gives the most relevant parameters and finds optimal settings for the RPTC system, minimizing the number of tripped generator units while maintaining the same performance in terms of security coverage. New operation rules can thus be established. [less ▲]

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See detailAPPLICATION OF DESIGN OF EXPERIMENTS AND DESIGN SPACE METHODOLOGY FOR THE HPLC-UV SEPARATION OPTIMIZATION OF APORPHINE ALKALOIDS FROM LEAVES OF Spirospermum penduliflorum THOUARS
Rafamantanana, Mamy; Debrus, Benjamin ULg; Raoelison, Guy et al

in Journal of Pharmaceutical & Biomedical Analysis (2012), 62

Spirospermum penduliflorum Thouars (Menispermaceae) is an endemic species of Madagascar traditionally used as vasorelaxant. Recently, two aporphine alkaloids known to possess antihypertensive activity ... [more ▼]

Spirospermum penduliflorum Thouars (Menispermaceae) is an endemic species of Madagascar traditionally used as vasorelaxant. Recently, two aporphine alkaloids known to possess antihypertensive activity (dicentrine and neolitsine) were isolated and identified from the leaves of this plant. In the present study, a HPLC-UV method allowing the separation of all alkaloids and the quantification of dicentrine in the alkaloidic extract of leaves was developed using design of experiments and design space methodology. Three common chromatographic parameters (i.e. the mobile phase pH, the initial proportion of methanol and the gradient slope) were selected to construct a full factorial design of 36 experimental conditions. The times at the beginning, the apex (i.e. the retention time) and the end of each peak were recorded and modelled by multiple linear equations. The corresponding residuals were normally distributed which confirmed that the models can be used for the prediction of the retention times and to optimize the separation. The optimal separation was predicted at pH 3, with a gradient starting at 32% of methanol and a gradient slope of 0.42%/min. Good agreement was obtained between predicted and experimental chromatograms. The method was also validated using total error concept. Using the accuracy profile approach, validation results gave a LOD and LOQ for dicentrine of 3 µg/ml and 10 µg/ml, respectively. A relative standard deviation for intermediate precision lower than 10% was obtained. This method was found to provide accurate results in the concentration range of 10 µg/ml to 75 µg/ml of dicentrine and is suitable for routine analysis. [less ▲]

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See detailApplication of deterministic and stochastic analysis to calculate a stadium with pressure measurements in wind tunnel
Blaise, Nicolas ULg; Denoël, Vincent ULg; De Ville De Goyet, Vincent ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Structural Dynamics EURODYN 2011 (2011, July)

This paper aims at comparing different analysis methods in the design of a roof subjected to buffeting wind forces. The specificity of this study is that pressures acting on the stadium roof are measured ... [more ▼]

This paper aims at comparing different analysis methods in the design of a roof subjected to buffeting wind forces. The specificity of this study is that pressures acting on the stadium roof are measured in a wind tunnel. The key idea is to fit a probabilistic model onto the measured data and to perform the stochastic analysis as a usual buffeting analysis. [less ▲]

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See detailApplication of different mathematical models for the prediction of bone regeneration in an in vivo bone chamber
Van Oosterwyck, Hans; Geris, Liesbet ULg; Gerisch, A. et al

in Lecture notes of workshop Numerical models of bone adaptation and repair (2004)

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See detailApplication of discontinuous Galerkin methods to shells and fracture of thin structures
Noels, Ludovic ULg

Scientific conference (2010, January)

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See detailApplication of dual cyclodextrin systems in capillary electrophoresis enantioseparations.
Servais, Anne-Catherine ULg; Fillet, Marianne ULg

in Methods in Molecular biology 970: Chiral Separations (2013)

The enantioseparation of acidic and neutral compounds can be successfully achieved in capillary electrophoresis (CE) using dual cyclodextrin (CD) systems. This chapter describes how to separate the ... [more ▼]

The enantioseparation of acidic and neutral compounds can be successfully achieved in capillary electrophoresis (CE) using dual cyclodextrin (CD) systems. This chapter describes how to separate the enantiomers of acidic or neutral substances using dual CD systems made up of a negatively charged CD derivative, i.e., sulfobutyl-beta-CD (SB-beta-CD) or carboxymethyl-beta-CD (CM-beta-CD), in combination with a neutral one, namely, heptakis(2,3,6-tri-O-methyl)-beta-CD (TM-beta-CD). An acidic compound (carprofen) and a weakly acidic drug (pentobarbital) were selected as model compounds. [less ▲]

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See detailThe application of EIA/SEA procedures to the urban cultural heritage active conservation
Teller, Jacques ULg; Dupagne, Albert ULg

in Proc. of 5th European Commission Conference on Research for Protection, Conservation and Enhancement of Cultural Heritage (2002)

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See detailApplication of Eurocode 3 to steel connections with four bolts per horizontal row
Demonceau, Jean-François ULg; Weynand, Klaus; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg et al

in Batista, E.; Vellasco, P.; de Lima, L. (Eds.) Proceedings of the SDSS'Rio 2010 conference (2010, September)

Eurocode 3 Part 1-8 provides detailed application rules for the design of bolted end-plate connections. Although these rules apply to connections with any number of bolt rows, they are limited to ... [more ▼]

Eurocode 3 Part 1-8 provides detailed application rules for the design of bolted end-plate connections. Although these rules apply to connections with any number of bolt rows, they are limited to configurations with two bolts in each row. However, it is sometimes more economical to place four bolts in one row. This configuration is commonly met in different countries in Europe and, in particular, in Germany. The theoretical model on which the Eurocode 3 application rules are founded is general and can be potentially applied to connections with four bolts per row. However, specific design rules need to be developed. In the present paper, easy-to-apply analytical design rules aimed at predicting the mechanical properties of connections with four bolts per row and in full agreement with the Eurocode 3 approach are detailed. Validations through comparisons to experimental test results recently performed in the framework of a German national project are also presented. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 535 (20 ULg)